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“Academic Paternalism” Joan C. Callahan <ul><li>Are university, college, department policies or practices paternalistic? <...
Paradigm Case of Paternalism <ul><li>Paternalism: a relationship where one party acts on the presumption that he knows wha...
Problem of Paternalism in Higher Education <ul><li>When policies, decisions, or behaviors involve an interference with the...
Instructor/Student Relationship <ul><li>All policies or actions based on the presumption that one party knows what is best...
Rights of the Trainee <ul><li>Right to require a justification for professional decisions </li></ul><ul><li>Right (and fre...
Rights of the Professional <ul><li>Right to terminate the relationship if the client demands he/she act in ways below prof...
Goals of a University Education  <ul><li>Developing capacities for autonomous agency </li></ul><ul><li>Preparation for the...
University/Student vs. Parent/Child Relationship <ul><li>Student voluntarily enters into the relationship with another age...
Academic Paternalism and Paternalistic Rationales <ul><li>Departmental Requirements </li></ul><ul><li>College/University R...
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Ch 4 Callahan Academic Paternalism

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Transcript of "Ch 4 Callahan Academic Paternalism"

  1. 1. “Academic Paternalism” Joan C. Callahan <ul><li>Are university, college, department policies or practices paternalistic? </li></ul><ul><li>Two Classes of Possible Paternalistic Behavior: Academic and Non-Academic </li></ul><ul><li>What is the appropriate model of the university/student and faculty/student relationship? </li></ul>
  2. 2. Paradigm Case of Paternalism <ul><li>Paternalism: a relationship where one party acts on the presumption that he knows what is best for the other party.(106) </li></ul><ul><li>Paternalism involves beneficence or the interest in the well-being of the child. </li></ul><ul><li>Paternalism is objectionable when applied to adults- particularly when the acts lack beneficence. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Problem of Paternalism in Higher Education <ul><li>When policies, decisions, or behaviors involve an interference with the liberty of students for their own good. </li></ul><ul><li>When policies, decisions, or behaviors toward students involve treating students in patronizing or other ways which fail to recognize their adult status. (106) </li></ul><ul><li>Callahan argues that occurs in higher education is NOT paternalistic. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Instructor/Student Relationship <ul><li>All policies or actions based on the presumption that one party knows what is best for another does not count as paternalistic. </li></ul><ul><li>Fundamental difference is that the service being provided is requested by the client or trainee. </li></ul><ul><li>Relationship between the two is essentially contractual. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Rights of the Trainee <ul><li>Right to require a justification for professional decisions </li></ul><ul><li>Right (and freedom) to ignore the professional’s advice </li></ul><ul><li>Right to withdraw from the relationship </li></ul>
  6. 6. Rights of the Professional <ul><li>Right to terminate the relationship if the client demands he/she act in ways below professional standards. </li></ul><ul><li>Right to terminate if the pupil refuses to cooperate in the learning process. </li></ul><ul><li>Analogous Models: Professional/Client or the Master/Apprentice </li></ul>
  7. 7. Goals of a University Education <ul><li>Developing capacities for autonomous agency </li></ul><ul><li>Preparation for the professions </li></ul><ul><li>Formation of educated persons fit for citizenship in a free society </li></ul><ul><li>Cultivation of individuals for their own purposes.(107) </li></ul>
  8. 8. University/Student vs. Parent/Child Relationship <ul><li>Student voluntarily enters into the relationship with another agent/agency for a specific purpose </li></ul><ul><li>Student and university are free to terminate the relationship. </li></ul><ul><li>Relationship is essentially contractual. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Academic Paternalism and Paternalistic Rationales <ul><li>Departmental Requirements </li></ul><ul><li>College/University Requirements </li></ul><ul><li>In-Course Requirements </li></ul><ul><li>All requirements are justified provided they further academic ideals e.g.”What every educated person should know.” </li></ul>
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