Cross-border management of natural resources


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Cross-border management of natural resources

  1. 1. Cross-border management of natural resources Ewa Kochaoska RIC Pro-Akademia Bioenergy for the Region Cluster
  2. 2. Source: ….but Nature Knows No Borders…..
  3. 3. A G E N D A1. Climate change2. Air pollution3. Renewable energy projects:#Energy-efficient resource management - common models for small towns on the example of Kętrzyn and Svetly#Renewable sources of energy- method of improving the quality of natural environment within the area of the Lubaczów District and Javoriv Region3. Water Potection and Waste management projects:#Extension of the cross-border sewage treatment system in drainage area of the river Bug (Western)#Partnership for cross-border water protection in the area of Lithuanian, Polish and Russian4. The Baltic Sea pollution projects:#Improvement of water quality of the Baltic Sea through the development of Phase I and Phase II#Baltic Master II5. Protection of nature and biodiversity. Flora and fauna, Forests projects:#Optimisation of the role of the forest in the protection of water courses and humid zones
  4. 4. 1.Human rights must be asserted, apartheid and colonialism condemned2. Natural resources must be safeguarded3. The Earth’s capacity to produce renewable resources must be maintained4. Wildlife must be safeguarded5. Non-renewable resources must be shared and not exhausted6. Pollution must not exceed the environment’s capacity to clean itself7. Damaging oceanic pollution must be prevented8. Development is needed to improve the environment9. Developing countries therefore need assistance10. Developing countries need reasonable prices for exports to carry out environmental management11. Environment policy must not hamper development12. Developing countries need money to develop environmental safeguards13. Integrated development planning is needed14. Rational planning should resolve conflicts between environment and development15. Human settlements must be planned to eliminate environmental problems16. Governments should plan their own appropriate population policies17. National institutions must plan development of states’ natural resources18. Science and technology must be used to improve the environment19. Environmental education is essential20. Environmental research must be promoted, particularly in developing countries21. States may exploit their resources as they wish but must not endanger others22. Compensation is due to states thus endangered23. Each nation must establish its own standards24. There must be cooperation on international issues25. International organizations should help to improve the environment26. Weapons of mass destruction must be eliminated THE UNITED NATIONS CONFERENCE ON THE HUMAN ENVIRONMENT, Stokholm, 1972
  5. 5. Article 174Community policy on the environment shall contribute to pursuit of the followingobjectives:— preserving, protecting and improving the quality of the environment,— protecting human health,— prudent and rational utilisation of natural resources,— promoting measures at international level to deal with regional or worldwide environmental problems. THE TREATY ON EUROPEAN UNION AND OF THE TREATY ESTABLISHING THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITY
  6. 6. Climate change is not only an environmental problem.Climate change It is also clearly a development problem since its adverse effects will disproportionately affect the countries, whose economies are predominantly based on natural resources and related economic sectors (agriculture, forestry and fisheries). It is therefore in the general interest to promote, in the cross-border countries as well, sustainable trends in greenhouse gas emissions (GHG), the greatest culprits of climate change. Extreme weather events – storms, floods, droughts and heat waves – becoming more frequent and more severe.
  7. 7. Air pollution Air pollutants, including fine particles and ozone precursors, can travel thousands of kilometers across the continent by air. In many cities, only a part of local air pollution is generated by the city itself. European air pollutant concentrations still frequently exceed limit values set by the EU Air Quality Directives. Many Member States have either not complied, or will not comply by the required target dates, with legally- binding air quality limits set for the protection of human health. Only 14 European countries expect to comply with national 2010 emission ceilings for four pollutants (NOx, NMVOC, SO2 and NH3) set under EU and international legislation. The ceiling for nitrogen oxides (NOx) remains by far the most difficult for many countries to meet – 12 countries estimate they will exceed the ceiling, in some cases significantly, by up to 50 %. Cities emit 69 % of Europes CO2. There were 12.8 million new vehicles registered in the EU in 2011. The average CO2 emissions for these cars was 135.7 grams CO2 per kilometer, which is 4.6g CO2/km less than in 2010 – a reduction of 3.3 %. There were 8,700 pure electric cars registered in the EU in 2011. While this number is only 0.07 % of new cars registered, so did not significantly influence the EU average emissions, it is a 10-fold increase on 2010.
  8. 8. Czech Republic and Poland cross-border projects Improving the quality of the air at the borders of the Czech Republic and Poland, cross-border projects in Krkonoše and co- operation in other areas of nature conservation. In respect of air quality in the border region, the Ministers of Poland and Czech Republic agreed that efforts should be made to reduce the level of air pollution in the cross-border region of Silesia, support joint use of the funds from the EU programmes concerned with air protection, contribute to harmonising and increasing the effectiveness of instruments for managing air protection in the Polish-Czech cross-border areas and also increase sharing of information and mutual collaboration in effort to resolve the unsatisfactory quality of the air in the Moravian-Silesian Region and in the Silesian Voivodship. “The subject of air protection in the Moravian-Silesian Region, and not only there, is a highly important topic for us,” it is our goal to organise negotiations between representatives of the two countries with participation of local municipalities, regions and voivodships, which need to be consulted on the possibilities of improving air quality”.
  9. 9. Renewable energyEurope is in the midst of a dramatic energy transition, away from fossil fuels, and in some cases also from nuclear power, to renewableenergy. Bioenergy is the major renewable energy source, accounting for almost 70 percent of European renewables, and showing steadygrowth.
  10. 10. Primary energy production, gross electricity consumption and heat consumption from solid biomass in the European Union in 2011 Source: EuroObserver 2012
  11. 11. European support to development of joint management of PROJECT OUTCOMES  Five sector handbooks on investment requirements natural resources – best practices. CONSORTIUM (criteria considered by companies as important in 1. European Biomass Association, Belgium decision making process for cross-border 2. Austrian Biomass Association, Austria investments) for the sectors: biogas, small scale 3. Danish Bioenergy Association, Denmark heating, district heating, CHP and biofuels for 4. The Bioenergy Association of Finland transportation 5. German BioEnergy Association 6. Hungarian Biomass Competence Center  A comprehensive online database tool including a 7. Italian Agriforestry Energy Association Geographic Information System (GIS). Market 8. Latvian Bioenergy Association attractiveness appears in a comprehensive way as 9. Slovak Bioenergy Association well as framework conditions for investments and 10. Swedish Bioenergy Association project cooperation in EU cross-border areas. Also 11. Imperial College for Science, a B2B platform creates enabling easy access to Medicine and Technology, UK international project partners.
  12. 12. European support to development of joint management of The Cross Border Bioenergy project natural resources – best practices. …. practice-oriented criteria for the assessment of the market attractiveness for different bioenergy sectors which are elaborated in close collaboration with related industry representatives. …… is addressed to five market sectors:  Biogas for CHP and biomethane processing  Small-scale heat for private houses and single heat customers  Commercial biomass boilers for district heating  Solid biomass CHP technologies  Biofuels for transportation (biodiesel, bioethanol) …… supports the bioenergy industry in going international to diversity its sales markets; ….. is prepared by consortium of bioenergy associations, consultants and scientists gathered to provide a platform for European bioenergy businesses aiming at supporting their international activities.
  13. 13. Solar and wind energy LONDON ARRAY
  14. 14. Sweden Biogas fuel station in Västerås„Amanda” – biogas powered train in Lingoping CBiogasGas buses in Helsingborg Germany Norway Mercedes-Benz Citaro FuelCELL-Hybrid Electric cars
  15. 15. Kętrzyn Municipality is implementing a project entitled "Energy-efficient resource management -common models for small towns on the example of Ketrzyn and Svetly " co-financed by action -1.1. Sustainable use of environment ENPI CBC Programme Lithuania - Poland - Russia 2007-2013.The project partner is the Regional Administration of the City of Svetly Russian Federation (Kaliningrad).The project beneficiary and partner together will develop models for reducing energy consumption in municipalbuildings and public buildings that can be used in small towns in the area covered by the program.The activities of the project are planed for 24 months, the grant amount is 90% of the project - 787,635.00 Euro.The main objective of the project is to promote energy efficiency involving the reduction of energy consumption. Thiswill be achieved through the implementation of exemplary solutions for local governments, taking into account theexamples developed in Kętrzyn and Svetlym.The project will also include training in order to increase awareness and skills of employees of the Kętrzyn Municipalityand the District Administration Svetly City.
  16. 16. Renewable energyRenewable sources of energy- method of improving the quality ofnatural environment within the area of the Lubaczów District andJavoriv RegionThe tasks covered by the Polish partner include: purchase of the equipmentused for biomass acquisition from the district roadsides farm tractor with theadditional equipment, compatible with the tractor e.g. pallet forklift.The tasks covered by the Ukrainian partner include: solar installationimplementation to produce thermal energy for the laundry and kitchen inthe Novojavorivsk hospital. Solar collectors of active area- 253 m2 will be ableto produce 619,34 GJ annually.The Project implementation will provide for the reduction of non-renewablefuel consumption as heat demand for Complex of Schools in Oleszyce and thehospital in Novojavorivsk will partly be covered by the renewable fuels, e.g.biomass and solar energy.
  17. 17. Water protection and management Waste management1. Extension of the cross-border sewage treatment system in drainage area of the river Bug (Western)2. Partnership for cross-border water protection in the area of Lithuanian, Polish and Russian3. Improvement of water quality of the Baltic Sea through the development of Phase I i Phase II4. BalticMasterII project
  18. 18. Priority 2. Improving the quality of lifeThe Priority 2 is focused on management of environmental threats and actions promoting sustainable economic useof natural resources, development of renewable energy sources and energy saving, as well as increasing theefficiency of border infrastructure and procedures and improving border security.The priority 2 will include the following measures:Measure 2.1. Natural environment protection in the borderlandMeasure 2.2. Efficient and secure bordersMeasure 2.1 aims at protecting and improve the quality of the natural environment. Improvement of the quality of thenatural environment contributes to increasing inhabitants’ living standards as well as boosting the area’s tourist andinvestment attractiveness. This goal will be achieved mainly through investment in environmental infrastructure forregional or local impact and the improvement of cross-border cooperation on environmental protection.Measure 2.2 has the objective of increasing the efficiency of border infrastructure and procedures and to improveborder security. A higher throughput capacity at border crossing points and their security are critical for theachievement of the programme’s objectives. In order to better utilise and expand the social and economic potentialwithin the programme area, it is necessary to alleviate the administrative, institutional and infrastructural obstacles tothe free movement of goods, services and people across borders.
  19. 19. The core objective of the programme is support for cross-border developmentprocesses. The programme objectives will be realised through non-commercialprojects implemented within the following priorities and measures:Priority 1.Increasing competitiveness of the border area.Priority 2.Improving the quality of lifePriority 3.Networking and people-to-people cooperation.Total Programme budget: 202,9 million EUR(including 186,2 million EUR of the EU co-financing.)
  20. 20. Project: Extension of the cross-border sewage treatment system in drainage area of the river Bug (Western)Lead Partner: #Town Commune of Hajnówka (Poland)Partnership: #Poleski Agro-Ecological Institute of National Academy of Belarusian Sciences(Belarus) and #Municipal Unitary Multiple Productive Enterprise of Communal-HousingEconomy „Kamienieckie ŻKCh” (Belarus)Total budget: 3 970 198,88 €Programme Contribution: 3 573 178,99 €Duration: 24 months
  21. 21. The project area is situated in drainage area of the river Bug (Western) and the Partner cities are connected with the river Leśna, which is receiver of the sewage treatment products. So, there is a need of co-operation and co- ordination of investment policies for maintaining or even increase of cleanness level of river Leśna. The Project brings the reaction to problem of incompatibility of sanitary infrastructure to real weight of pollution loads and lack of integrated environment protection system in Polish – Belarusian borderland. Leśna River in Hajnówka The key to change the Present situation will be brought with strategic approach to sustainable environment and protection infrastructure management. Co-ordination of investment policy, realization of key cross-border projects, education means, exchange of experiences, know – how sharing and promotion of modern sustainable management solutions will bring synergy and real ecological benefits to whole borderland.International Wastewater Treatment Plant, Source:
  22. 22. Partnership for cross-border water protection in the area of Lithuanian, Polish and RussianIn September 2012 Olecko Municipality signed an agreement on the financing of the "Partnership forcross-border water protection in the area of Lithuanian, Polish and Russian, implemented within theCross-Border Cooperation Programme Lithuania-Poland-Russia 2007-2013.Total budget: 3 667 580,00 EUR (14 670 320,00 PLN)Cofinancing: 3 300 822,00 EUR (13 203 288,00 PLN) Source:
  23. 23. The sides of partnership are: #Poland: Regional authorities of Olecko, #Lithuania: Regional authorities of KozlovaRudy, #Russia: Regional authorities of Gusiev.Implementation period of the project is planned for 24 months, the project will be completed in mid-2014.The main results that will be achieved by the project are:1. Reduction of the emission of liquid waste into rivers and lakes in the area of ​cross-border thanks to built sewerage and water supply in the municipalities Olecko (Poland) and Kazlu Ruda (Lithuania), connected to a network (Municipality Olecko) and sewage treatment plant (City Kazlu Ruda).2. Creating the conditions for the implementation of environmental projects in the Russian partnership via development of technical documentation and feasibility studies for works in Gusiev (Russia).3. Promoting environmental attitudes and behavior among residents of the project area by developing a common strategy for the protection of cross border waters and the organization of an international seminar titled "How to save water" in Olecko (Poland), Kozlova Ruda (Lithuania) and Gusiev (Russia) for the residents of the three partner countries.Joint development, financing, management and implementation of the project with the Lithuanian partner and the Russian partner will helpstrengthen mutual trust, providing a basis for further cooperation in a cross-border and improve conditions and living standards of the area coveredby the project activities.
  24. 24. The Baltic Sea pollutionSerious threat, particularly to the Baltic coast, the sea level rise.So far the level raised by approximately 1,5-2,9 mm / year and it is estimated that by 2015 will rise from 0,1-0,97 mIn Poland, 1,789 km2 coastal areas could be flooded.Endangered feature 18 resorts located on the cliffs undergoing erosion, five large ports and houses of 120,000 people.
  25. 25. Improvement of water quality of the Baltic Sea through the development of Phase I, October 2005 - June 2007City of Gdynia together with five partners: Kosakowo, Reda, Rumia and Wejherowo communes together with Klaipedain Lithuania received funding from the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) for the project .The total cost of the project is 1.4 million EURO.The main objective of the project is to reduce the amount of pollutants emitted with rainfall and snowmelt water to theBaltic Sea from the south-eastern part of the Baltic Sea Region.The main activities of the project include the development of the concept of the development of water managementsystems and the preparation of all technical documentation of the Investment for each Partners which is crucial forimproving the water quality of the Baltic Sea.
  26. 26. Improvement of water quality of the Baltic Sea through the development of Phase II, January 2013 – December 2014Programme: Lithuania-Poland-Russia CNB ENPI 2007-2013Lead Partner: Klaipeda City Municipality Administration (Lithuania)Partners: #Administration of the municipality Svetlogorskiy district (Russia), #State autonomous educationalinstitution of additional education of children "Kaliningrad Regional Children -Youth Centre forEnvironment, #Local Lore and Tourism” (Ecological centre) (Russia)Total budget:3 999 930.00 EURThe overall objective of the project is to contribute to reduction of the quantity of contaminants from rain andsurface waters drained into the Baltic Sea from the south-eastern part of the Baltic Sea Region.
  27. 27. Improvement of water quality of the Baltic Sea through the development of Phase II, January 2013 – December 2014Main estimated results of the project are as follows:1. Rain and surface water treatment systems are constructed in Klaipeda (Lithuania).2. Local sewage treatment engineer systems are constructed in the settlement Primorie of Svetlogorskiy districtmunicipality of the Kaliningrad region (Russia).3. Feasibility study for construction of the international ecological camp in the settlement Primorie of Svetlogorskiydistrict of the Kaliningrad region (Russia) is prepared.4. Operation efficiency of water treatment systems and qualification of municipal officials in managing watersystems, both aiming to preserve water environment of the Baltic Sea, are raised.5. The system of non-formal ecological education of children and youth is developed in the partner countries.6. Awareness is raised and conditions are created for engaging local community in the process of counteractingecological problems and preventing contamination of the Baltic Sea waters.7. Efforts of the territories of the western Lithuania and western part of the Kaliningrad region in solving the problems ofcontamination of the Baltic Sea by rain and surface drainage waters are united through engagement of coastalmunicipalities of the Kaliningrad region into the infrastructural cross-border cooperation network, which wasestablished during the project RAINNET 1.8. Experience/skills of international project management teams of the partners are improved.
  28. 28. Baltic MasterII ProjectThreats and remedies for the Baltic SeaThe Baltic Master II (Duration 25 January 2009 – 25 January 2012) addressed issues from the local and regionalperspective using cross-border and cross-sectoral collaboration in order to find viable hands-on solutions to globalproblems.This bottom-up approach is also a promising component for future efficient implementation of the EU Baltic SeaStrategy.Aim: The overall aim of Baltic Master II is to improve the on-land response capacity to oil spills in the Baltic Sea aswell as to enhance the prevention of pollution from maritime transport.The project brings together actors from a wide range of levels going from local, regional and national authorities toresearch institutes, universities and pan-Baltic organisations. Providing a link between the local/regional level and thenational level is an important task of the project in order to combine hands-on knowledge with strategic work.Baltic Master II also puts a significant effort in developing practical solutions to environmental safety problems in theBaltic Sea. Oil contingency plans in coastal regions and common ways of treating ship generated waste are twoexamples which will be further investigated.Lead Partner: Region Blekinge, SwedenPartnership 48 partners from 9 different countriesaround the Baltic Sea.Budget Approx 4 million Euro.
  29. 29. Project „Optimisation of the role of the forest in the protection of water courses and humid zones” – part of Interreg IIIA
  30. 30. „Europe 2020 is the EUs growth strategy for the coming decade.In a changing world, we want the EU to become a smart, sustainable and inclusiveeconomy. These three mutually reinforcing priorities should help the EU and the MemberStates deliver high levels of employment, productivity and social cohesion.Concretely, the Union has set five ambitious objectives - onemployment, innovation, education, social inclusion and climate/energy - to be reached by2020. Each Member State has adopted its own national targets in each of these areas.Concrete actions at EU and national levels underpin the strategy.” José Manuel Barroso President of the European Commission
  31. 31. 1) Smart growth: developing an economy based on knowledge and innovation2) Sustainable growth: promoting a more efficient, greener and more competitive economy3) Inclusive growth: fostering a high-employment economy delivering social and territorial cohesion 34 34
  32. 32. Good luck in cross-border co-operation!Thank you for your attention. Ewa Kochaoska RIC Pro-Akademia Bioenergy for the Region Cluster