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110912 deutsche klima- und energiepolitik
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110912 deutsche klima- und energiepolitik


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  • 1. Friedemann Kraft Botschaft derCounselor for Environment Bundesrepublik Deutschland WarschauGerman Embassy Warsaw - Germanys Climate and Energy Policy - Challenges and Opportunities for Cooperation with Poland 11th September 2012
  • 2. Botschaft derContents Bundesrepublik Deutschland Warschau Germany’s Climate and Energy Policy EU Context Polish-German cooperation 2
  • 3. Botschaft derSome notes upfront … Bundesrepublik Deutschland Warschau In many ways, Poland and Germany face similar challenges, e.g. with regard to  meeting our global responsibility for climate protection  maintaining global competitiveness Due to different starting points: different approaches on how to deal with these challenges. Yet our energy systems are technically and economically interlinked  need for common steps, cooperation and coordination 3
  • 4. Introduction: Rationale of the German Botschaft der Bundesrepublik DeutschlandEnergy Concept Warschau IPCC: Emissions reduction requirement for industrialized countries until 2050 - 80 – 95%, decarbonisation of energy sector is key Energy Concept of 28 September 2010: Defining our Climate and Energy policy for beyond 2020 After Fukushima – Germany no longer views nuclear power as a bridging technology - high risk - unforeseeable costs Decisions of 6 June 2011: – Phasing-out of nuclear energy by 2022 – Accelerating transformation of energy system, comprehensive legislative package 4
  • 5. The economic rationale of the Botschaft der Bundesrepublik DeutschlandGerman Energy Concept Warschau■ Increasing energy efficiency improves the competitiveness of the economy.■ Developing new energy technologies and systems drives innovation and employment in the field of high-technology.■ RES and energy efficiency are lead markets of the future; pioneering in this field can contribute to maintaining technology leadership.■ Energy efficiency and RES reduce vulnerability to volatile energy prices and dependency on energy imports.■ Long term: cost efficient energy system.
  • 6. Botschaft derMain tasks of energy and climate policy Bundesrepublik Deutschland Warschau 1. Improving energy efficiency 2. Expanding the 3. Expanding grid use of renewable infrastructure and back-up energies capacity 6
  • 7. Botschaft derGoals of energy and climate policy Bundesrepublik Deutschland Warschau 7
  • 8. Botschaft derWhere are we today? Bundesrepublik Deutschland Warschau  Share of renewable energies in electricity supply: increase from around 6 to 20% in 12 years  Newly installed capacity – onshore wind power: more than 2,000 MW in 2011 (total: 29 GW) – PV: 7.500 MW in 2011 (total: 25 GW)  Renewable sources have become second-largest source for electricity generation in Germany (surpassing gas, hard coal and nuclear power)  Greenhouse gas emissions are 25% below 1990 levels, outperforming national Kyoto Target 8
  • 9. Development of German Electricity Prices Botschaft der Bundesrepublik Deutschlandand the RES apportionment Warschau 30 25 20 ct/kWh 15 10 5 0 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Households Industry RES apportionment 9
  • 10. Botschaft derCost curve: Photovoltaic Energy Bundesrepublik Deutschland Warschau 50 • Levy decreased 46,75 ct/kWh 8% from 46 Ct/kWh 45 9% in 2008 to 19.5 13 % Ct/kWh in April 40 3% 2012Feed-in tarrif (ct/kWh) 35 13% 58 % • Price for on-roof 30 installation 21 % 15 % decreased by 25 60% since 2008 20 19,5 ct/kWh • Free-standing 15 plants: 13,5 ct/kWh O l 08 O l 09 O l 10 O l 11 Ju 08 Ju 09 Ju 10 Ju 11 2 Ap 08 Ap 10 Ap 12 Ap 09 Ap 11 Ja 08 Ja 09 Ja 10 Ja 11 r1 n n n r r n n r r kt kt kt kt Ja
  • 11. Botschaft derChallenges Bundesrepublik Deutschland WarschauTransforming Germany‘s energy system has just begun Enhance energy efficiency (cheapest option) Keep RES costs to an acceptable level Market integration of renewable energies (new Market Premium) Expansion of electricity grid Demand side management - Smart meter Storage Key: system integration and costs 11
  • 12. Implications for cross-border Botschaft der Bundesrepublik Deutschlandcooperation WarschauTransforming Germany‘s energy system calls for intensified cooperation and coordination Renewables generation in Germany is being balanced in the European grid Flows lead to challenges for grid stability – need for action – within Germany (new north/south lines) – across borders (developing an efficient and modern European grid with an increased capacity) On the other hand, RES generation in Germany – contributes to energy security across Europe – supports innovation and reduces technology costs Enormous economic opportunities for cooperation 12
  • 13. Botschaft derChallenges at the EU level Bundesrepublik Deutschland Warschau German/Polish energy transformation needs to be embedded in an EU framework: – setting reliable long-term framework conditions for reducing emissions by 80-95% by 2050 – enhancing coordination and convergence of energy policies – identifying overlaps and possible common steps needed for all MS Importance of EU Climate and Energy Roadmaps  Long-term guidance and planning reliability Further development of EU climate and energy policy - The future of the ETS - EU framework for RES support scheme - Energy Efficiency 13
  • 14. Opportunities for Polish/German Botschaft der Bundesrepublik DeutschlandCooperation WarschauClose bilateral cooperation- Modernizing energy system- Support for RES- Increasing energy efficiency- Expansion of cross-border grid- Innovation and technology (system integration, storage) 14
  • 15. Ways of cooperation: Climate and Botschaft der Bundesrepublik DeutschlandEnergy Dialogue Warschau April 2011: Agreement between the Ministers for Environment that a forum is needed to – intensify Polish-German dialogue on climate and energy issues – understand the respective approaches, goals and challenges – develop joint strategies Launched on 31 August 2011 in Warsaw Bilateral Environmental Council: 11-12 October 2012 Workshop on Energy Efficiency, organized by the Polish Ministry of Economy and the German Environment Ministry: 15. October 2012 15
  • 16. Botschaft der Bundesrepublik Deutschland WarschauMore information available at: 16