Bi final project

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Bi final project

  1. 1. JAIPURIA INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT LUCKNOW BUSINESS ISSUES PROJECT ON LAUNCH OF TATA NANOSUBMITTED BY: SUBMITTED TO:PRIYANKA (JIML-10-98) Ms ARJYA CHAKRAVARTYNUPUR RASTOGI(JIML-10-FS-31)NITIN GUPTA (JIML-10-FS-30)RAJ VARDHAN GAUR(JIML-10-108)PRADEEP TIWARI (JIML-10-094)NITIN TIWARI (JIML-10-90)
  2. 2. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTAn acknowledgement is the expression of one’s thanks giving to the people who have extendedtheir help in every possible way. Help is a voluntary fulfillment of duty, which, all the peoplementioned below have performed it to their maximum possible, in a way giving us and ourresearch the utmost importance.At the onset, we wish to express our gratitude to Ms. Arjya Chakravarty , faculty at JaipuriaInstitute Of Management for their keen interest, constant support and help in completing this reportsuccessfully. PRIYANKA NUPUR RASTOGI NITIN GUPTA RAJ VARDHAN GAUR PRADEEP TIWARI NITIN TIWARI 2
  3. 3. CONTENTSACKNOWLEDGEMENT………………………………………………………2INTRODUCTION………………………………………………………………4IDEA GENERATION…………………………………………………………..5COMPETENCIES OF TATA NANO…………………………………………6PROCUREMENT OF RAW MATERIAL…………………………………….7CONCEPT TESTING AND DEVELOPMENT……………………………….8PRODUCT DESIGNING ……………………………………………………….9PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT………………………………………………....10COST CUTTING FEATURE…………………………………………………..11VARIANTS OF NANO…………………………………………………………12PRICING STRATEGY………………………………………………………….13PROMOTION STRATEGY……………………………………………………13DISTRIBUTION CHANNEL…………………………………………………..14OBSTACLES TO NANO……………………………………………………….15FUTURE PLANS………………………………………………………………...16CORPORATE RIVALRY………………………………………………………17SWOT ANALYSIS………………………………………………………………17CONCLUSION………………………………………………………………….18 3
  4. 4. INTRODUCTIONBusiness issues are one of the subjects in management courses. Business issues dealswith the application, synchronization and learning by gaining knowledge applying skilland practicing right aptitude.The objective of this course is to comprehend inter connect amongst various functionaldisciplines. It is often seen that students, finds it difficult to use concepts, instrument andtechniques to practical advantage for the reason that, they cannot form holistic views andthey try to find solutions using a particular functional concept technique. Often they donot realize the true value or significance of the concepts in the absence ofinterdisciplinary linkages.Under this project we have taken the launch of tata nano by tata. In this we have tried toexplain the entire value chain in launch of tata nano and various which have been takeninto account or dealt with while launch of tata nano. We have taken into account thewhole process from idea generation to selling of tata nano. This project has helped us alot in knowing about various issues which takes place while launch of product. 4
  5. 5. IDEA GENERATION“I Saw families riding around on scooters with the kids standing up and the mothercarrying a baby and sitting pillion and decided to do something about it. It started as aquest for an affordable transportation solution “ Ratan Tata source : - business standard .Seeing an opportunity in the great number of Indian families with two-wheeled vehicles,tata motors began development of an affordable car in 2003. The purchase price of thisno frills auto was brought down by dispensing with most non essential features, reducingthe amount of steel used in its construction , and relying on low- cost Indian labor.It all started with the dream translated into a reality on the 10th of January, 2008 at theAuto Expo.The concept behind the creation of the people’s car was to fill the status void that was feltby the middle class families.After, the generation of the idea the next step is screening of idea:- 1) A scooter with two extra wheels at the back for better stability? 2) An auto-rickshaw with four wheels? 3) A three wheeled car like a closed auto-rickshaw? 4) A four wheeled car made of engineering plastics? 5) A four wheeled rural car? 6) Rolled up plastics curtains in place of windows? 7) A four wheeled open car with safety side bars? But the market wanted a car and if they build a people’s car and not something that people would say, “ ah that’s just a scooter with four wheels or an auto-rickshaw with four wheels and not really a car “ Trying to build a car cheap enough for motorcycle buyers seems to make sense now but seemed crazy several years ago when Ratan Tata, long time chairman of Tata motors, first mentioned his dream of building a one – lakh car in 2003. “ they are still saying it can’t be done ,” he says, insisting that it can and will. After we get done with it, there will hopefully be a new definition of low – cost “ 5
  6. 6. COMPETENCIES OF TATA NANO• Expectations According to one report, India as well as other nations, such as European nations, have great expectations from the Nano and are keenly and eagerly eagerly awaiting it, especially the electric version of the Nano.• Modular design In fact, Tata envisions going even further, providing the tools for local mechanics to assemble the car in existing auto shops or even in new garages created to cater to remote rural customers. Nano innovations are also there.• Pricing strategy Tata initially targeted the vehicle as "the least expensive production car in the world"— aiming for a starting price of 100,000 rupees or approximately $2300 US despite rapidly rising material prices• Export expectation Being worlds cheapest car it is expected that not only India demand for Nanowill go rise at global level. Since it meeting Euro-4 norms at this price so this istaking as a future of small car segment .• Reputation and Acceptance of Tata After launch TATAs have shown the world what Indian engineering is truly capable of• Enthusiastic support Tata Motors is receiving preliminary and some very enthusiastic support in the media and officials, even from Europe, for the electric-version from India as well as other-nations. The enthusiasm is even higher than that for the petrol-version 6
  7. 7. PROCUREMENT OF RAW MATERIALThe raw material for Tata Nano is being procured from Reliance Industries and Haldiapetrochemicals, currently. Polymer demand is expected to soar in India from 5.4 millionm.t./year in 2007, to 12.5 million m.t./year in 2012. Indias economic developmentprogram includes $515 billion of investments in infrastructure including transportation,communication, and utilities, and it will provide huge opportunities for the petchemsector.India will overtake Japan to become the fourth-largest market for polymers by 2012.Tokeep up with the pace of demand,a new petrochemical complex will be constructed bythe end of next year in Visakhapatnam. AP Government has acted fast to clear the plant.One of the investors, by the way is Mittal Energy.Overseas companies including Bayer, ExxonMobil Chemical, Mitsubishi Chemical, Shelletc. are eyeing the Indian market, but they can only supply mainly from manufacturingbases in the Mideast and Asia. 7
  8. 8. CONCEPT TESTING AND DEVELOPMENTBefore starting the project, wagh did something no one at tata motors ever had: he talkedto customers. The three-wheeler men inevitably insisted on a cheap, dependable truckthat could go from village to market carrying, say, a ton of onions or potatoes, one night,as sunset approached, wagh stuck with one rickshaw driver. He says, “I kept asking thequestion. Why? Why? Why do you want a four-wheeler?” wagh remembered. Finally, hegot the real answer. It turned out it wasn’t really a problem of transportation of vegetable“if I had a four-wheeler, I would have better marriage prospects in my village,” the youngman said. Drivers of three-wheelers are looked down upon in India. Wagh realized thatfour wheels had emotional, not just practical appeal.Thus the new product was now to be developed.The car was to cost Ross. 1 lakh on road. 1) The car should be built on a different platform than conventional ones. 2) It must be meeting all the safety and regulatory requirements. 3) The car has to be designed so that it can be exported to other countries as the domestic demand may not materialize as per projections. 4) The car must be a beacon for the Indian automobile industry and prove to the world that we are capable to take any challenge and come out worthy winners.That quest to build the world’s cheapest car hasn’t ended. The mission began back in2003, when Ratan Tata, chairman of Tata motors and the $50 billion Tata conglomerate,set a challenge to build a “people car”.Tata gave three requirements for the new vehicle: it should be low-cost, adhere toregulatory requirements, and achieve performance targets such as fuel efficiency andacceleration capacity.The design team initially came up with a vehicle which had bars instead of doors andplastic flaps to keep out the monsoon rains. It was closer to a quadricycle than a car, andthe first prototype, even a bigger engine, which boosted the power by nearly 20%, wasstill dismal. But failure didn’t stop them they quickly realized it was necessary to bringeveryone on board. Everyone from manufacturers to vendor development teams wereasked to be a part of decision-making.The body had to be changed because Ratan Tata, over six feet tall himself, wanted it to beeasy for tall people to get in and out of the car. The attention to detail paid off: when thecar rolled onto the dais at the auto show in New Delhi in January, and Ratan Tata steppedout of the driver’s seat with ease, it made an immediate impact.The Nano, however, affords both safety and status. “ the innovation wasn’t technology;it was in a mindset change” 8
  9. 9. PRODUCT DESIGNINGSince the car had to be built within a cost of Rs. 1 Lac, no conventional design wouldwork as the costs shall be higher and so the entire car has to be redesigned.The design has to question the need of each and every component from the point of viewof its necessity of existence and also the minimum requirements of its functionality.TATA used the concept of Disruptive Technology which was cheaper than existingTechnology, much higher performing, is convenient to useand brings radical changes.The Guiding factor was that the cost has to be minimized for each componentYet maintaining its basic functionality.The Alternatives are: 1. Reduce Consumption of Material being used. 2. Alternate Suppliers to get same material at fewer prices. 3. Use alternate materialsThe design was outsourced to Italys Institute of Development in Automotiveengineering, but Tata himself ordered changes along the way. Most recently hevetoed the design of the windshield wipers. His solution: a single wiper instead of twoThe target was very clearly defined that within the given cost structure of 1Lakh all thecomponents have to be allocated a maximum price and the samehad to be achieved using the available alternatives.The Guiding factor was that the tax structure, on materials and manufacturing,must support the final cost of Rs. 1 Lakh.The Decisions were: 1. Establish factory in a tax free zone. 2. Get the tax advantages on infrastructure development. 3. Get the suppliers to establish base near the factory. 4. Get the concessions from state governmentIn short select a manufacturing location where all the advantages could be achieved. 9
  10. 10. PRODUCT DEVELOPMENTAnd finally the product was developed with the following features. 1. Engine Capacity Bosch 624 c.c. twin cylinder. 2. Low capacity, Lighter, sufficient with better Power Rear Engine to reduce the transmission length using a balancer shaft. 3. Speed Manual Gear Box. 4. All Aluminum Engine. 5. Higher thermal conductivity than cast iron, Lighter and so better mileage. 6. Engine Management System by Bosch. 7. Superb control over emission and smooth acceleration. 8. Dimensions L: 3.1m, W: 1.5m, H: 1.6m. 9. Less length but more inner cabin space due to height. Comfortable leg room. 10. Independent Front & Rear Suspension McPherson Strut in front & Coil spring & trailing arm in rear. 11. Better ride than Maruti 800. 12. Single piece ribbed steel body with safety features such as crumple zones, intrusion resistant doors, seat belts, strong seats & anchorages. 13. Safety requirements are adequately met. 14. Single Wiper in place of two. 15. Cost effective. 16. Tube less Tires. 17. Weight reduced by 2 Kg. Cost reductions 200 Rs. And in line with modern vehicles. 18. Instrument console in the centre. 19. Elegant to look at and can be used both in Left Hand & Right hand version. 10
  11. 11. COST CUTTING FEATUREThe nano’s design implements many cost-reducing innovations. 1) The nano’s trunk is only accessible from inside the car , as the rear hatch does not open. 2) One windscreen wiper instead of the usual pair. 3) No power steering, unnecessary due to its light weight. 4) Three lug nuts on the wheels instead of the usual four. 5) Only one wing mirror. 6) No radio or CD player. 7) No air conditioners 8) No airbags 9) 623cc engine has only 2 cylinders. 11
  12. 12. VARIANTS OF NANOThe Tata Nano will be available in four variants which are:-• Tata Nano standard• Tata Nano Deluxe• Tata Nano Luxury• Tata Nano EuropaTata Nano Standard: The car will be priced at Rs one lakh and twenty three thousand.The car will have no air conditioning, power windows, central locking etc. This standardvariant will have the following features• Seat Belts.• Speedometer.• Odometer.• High mounted Rear Stop lamp.• Centrally placed exhaust.• Driver seat adjust-sliding• Folding Rear Seats.• 2-Spoke Steering wheel.• Grey bumpers and interiors.colors: Ivory White, Racing Red and the Summer Blue colour.Tata Nano deluxe: the deluxe model will have the additional features of air conditioning,metallic paint, power windows, tinted glasses, central locking and power steering. Thedeluxe variant will come in the following colors: Champange Gold, Lunar Silver , IvoryWhite, Racing Red and Summer Blue.Tata Nano luxury: The luxury Tata nano will have additional features of• Tripmeter.• Anti lock braking system• Front Power windows.• Central Locking.• Front and Rear fog lamps.• Floor console with glass holder.• Anti-Glare inside rear view mirror.colors: Sunshine Yellow, Champange Gold, Lunar Silver. 12
  13. 13. PRICING STRATEGYTata initially targeted the vehicle as “ the least expensive producting in the world”-aiming for a strating price of 100,000 rupees or approximately $2000 US despite rapidlyrising material prices.As of august 2008, material costs have risen from 13% to 23% over the car’sdevelopment, and Tata now faces the choice of :  Introducing the car with an artificially low price through govt-subsidies and tax- breaks, or  Foregoing profit on the car, or  Using vertical-integration, or  Partially using inexpensive polymers or biodegradable plastics instead of a full metal-body, or  Raising the price of the car.An increase price on the nano will likely decrease demand. PROMOTION STRATEGYEnough use of one of the most important element of promotion mix ,publicity reduces thenecessity of other promotional devices for nano.Nano got publicity in the following ways:-• Publicity as “One lakh car” by mouth to mouth.•Auto expo 2008,New Delhi & GenevaFor other type of promotional activities, cost factor that is 1 lakh price tag is to bekeep in mind.ADVERTISING:- TV & other mass media will be less effective thus too much moneywill not be invested in this regard . Mainly word of mouth advertising will get moreemphasis.Internet will be a major media for advertising.SALES PROMOTION:- already a low priced product financing facilities will beprovided through Tata motor financing ltd and other banks.Online booking facility will be available. 13
  14. 14. DISTRIBUTION CHANNELDistribution network planning and strategising is full swing, despite the current shutdownat the main Nano plant in Singur, West Bengal. Tata has rejected the agreement betweenTrinamool Congress and the CPM-led state government in West Bengal saying that theycould not compromise on project land.It is being said that Tata Motors is going ahead with its distribution and financing plansfor the Nano car. Besides, the car maker is also given a thrust to the retail and financemodels too. Tata Motors is implementing a ‘hub-and-spoke’ model for Nano’sdistribution, which would mean that it would involve increasing dealership points as wellas adding sales and customer touch points.Tata Motors has said that dealerships based in bigger cities will be responsible forlooking after these touch points, which could be located even in the remotest corners ofthe country. As per the plan, the Tata Nano dealers in the cities would play the role ofhubs. They in turn will undertake the effectiveness of other sales and customer touchpoints, which would play the spokes. As per plan, Tata Motors would launched the Nanoacross the country.Tata Motors has reportedly decided to focus on semi urban and rural markets to sell thepeople’s car. It may be recalled that Ratan Tata recently had conveyed optimism thatNano will be launched on time, saying that all obstacles in its path would be removed.The Tatas are also going in for mass production of the Nano and this is expected to bedone very soon. Though work at Singur has come to an almost standstill, it is expectedthat Tata Motors will be able to keep its promise for launching the Nano at the price thatit promised, on the promised deadline. The Singur faciliy, located around 40 kilometersaway from Kolakata, has been seeing ryots on the war path with the government beingurged to return the 400 acres of land taken away from them for the plant. 14
  15. 15. OBSTACLES TO NANO However, Due to the Singur land dispute, the "Stalled Car Factory" is "Costing Jobs, Splitting Neighbors in West Bengal” “ Tatas problems in West Bengal are scaring off other industries hoping to locate here, including Infosys, a software maker that wanted to build a business park that would provide 5,000 jobs. Due to ongoing opposition to Tatas Singur car-factory by Mamta Banerjee, who demanded land to be returned from the factory, Tata Motors took decision to pull out of Singur. Tata Motors is manufacturing Tata Nano at its Pantnagar plant. Tata Motors announced it was pulling out its Nano small car industrial project from West Bengals Singur and blamed the Mamata Banerjee-led Trinamool Congress, which spearheaded the protests against the factory, for the painful decision. While existence of Tata Nano could lead to high industrial growth , the exit lead west Bengal a loss of more than 80,000 crore .How ever Tata has to suffer in terms of delay and settlement cost . 15
  16. 16. FUTURE PLANSAfter all the applause for being the cheapest car in the world, the Tata Nano is back in thenews again. Tata’s drawing up plans to build an electric and hybrid model using itsplatform.The Nano was built to fulfill the basic transportation needs of a family but the carcompromises on nothing, be it safety, mileage, performance and emissions.The Tata Nano is compared to legendary cars in the market like the Ford Model-T whichbrought a revolution in the automobile industry.A Tata Group report says ‘It’s not only a car for Tata it’s a platform for some higher endmodels too which will be sold at higher prices and will give greater profits.’Most probably these higher end models will be sold in the international markets. Tataalso have plans to introduce variants in Brazil, Indonesia, China and Russia.The Bajaj Chetak and Maruti 800 created history in the Indian automobile industry; theTata Nano also has all the fire power to redo the same thing.So there are pretty good chances of India and global markets to have a Tata Nano petrol,a Tata Nano diesel, a Tata Nano Convertible, a Tata Nano Station Wagon, a Tata NanoElectric and a Tata Nano Hybrid variants in the coming years. 16
  17. 17. CORPORATE RIVALRYTata nano was envisioned as the four wheelers for those who can only afford twowheelers, due to its affordable price Nano’s impact on two wheelers sales has beenwidely debated, nano will also affect sales of higher priced cars or will motivatecompetitors to reduce the prices resulting lowered margins for rest of the industry.It has been speculated that money to sustain such a prolonged protest involving thousandsof TMC party workers came from rival Two/four wheeler lobby. Bajaj auto is alsodeveloping a low cost car together with Renault-Nissan to rival Tata Nano. SWOT ANALYSISSTRENGTH: - price, mileage, style, brand name, all weather Vehicle, first innovation at such low price.WEAKNESS:- fiber body, low suspension power, low engine Low engine capacity, light vehicle, not Suitable for Hilly areas.OPPORTUNITY:- bikers can be motivated, auto rickshaw.THREATS: - Other competitors (bajaj, maruti) 17
  18. 18. CONCLUSION• Emerging markets are a fertile ground for innovation. The challenge of reaching dispersed, low-income consumers in emerging markets often spurs significant innovation.• As customers gain more power, they will demand more tailoring and value-added service to meet their needs. Companies that innovate on this dimension are likely to be richly rewarded.• World is getting tougher day by day being unique is a competitive advantage. Expectations to Nano has proved this .• After 100 years to Henry Ford , Tata has proved him again not only he came out of the expectations but also came out with a platform for Indian auto sector .• So this as per this project conclusion can be draw as a future car not only of Indian but also if exported than could be to the world. 18

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