Introduction to Syntax

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Introduction to Syntax

  1. 1. <ul><li>The dog ate the bone. </li></ul><ul><li>The bone ate the dog. </li></ul><ul><li>The ate bone the dog. </li></ul><ul><li>Dog the ate bone the. </li></ul>
  2. 2. The fragrant white flower with green leaves is beautiful. <ul><li>the </li></ul><ul><li>flower </li></ul><ul><li>beautiful </li></ul><ul><li>is </li></ul><ul><li>fragrant </li></ul><ul><li>white </li></ul><ul><li>with </li></ul><ul><li>leaves </li></ul><ul><li>green </li></ul>
  3. 3. Prepared and Reported by Princess V. Lalwani Jordenn Alexandra Noble Syntax
  4. 4. Definition <ul><ul><li>Origin: Syntax is from a Greek word meaning order or arrangement . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A part of grammar that governs the form of strings by which language users make statements, ask questions, give directives, and so on. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>As a study, it deals with sentence structures. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. The Representation of Syntax as Sentence Patterns of Language <ul><ul><li>Constituents- the structural units that are relevant to some purpose or level of organization. They are also called the natural groupings or parts of a sentence. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Major Constituents of Sentences </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Noun Phrase- Subject </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Verb Phrase- Predicate </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Constituency <ul><ul><li>Constituency: We can view sentences as being made up, first, of their largest constituents. These large units can be analyzed into smaller units, which can also be analyzed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Linear Ordering of Constituents </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hierarchal Ordering of Constituents </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Structural Ambiguity </li></ul></ul></ul>

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