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  • 1. INCORPORATING IK INTO KERLA’S TENTH FIVE YEAR PLAN -A CASE STUDY PROF. G. M. NAIR, DIRECTOR   Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute Pacha-Palode, Thiruvananthapuram 695562, Kerala, India www.tbgri.org [email_address]
  • 2. GENESIS OF THE PROGRAMME
      • ORGANISED A PRE-WORKSHOP BRAIN STORMING SESSION ON
      • INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE STRATEGIES FOR KERALA,
      • AT GOVERNMENT SECRETARIAT, THIRUVANANTHAPURAM,
      • UNDER THE CHAIRMANSHIP OF HON’BLE CHIEF
      • MINISTER OF KERALA SRI A. K. ANTONY , ON
      • 20 TH SEPTEMBER 2002 THROUGH ASSISTANCE FROM
      • WORLD BANK IK GROUP
      • SENIOR BUREAUCRATS OF GOVERNMENT
      • OF KERALA, HEADS OF DEPARTMENTS, PLANNERS,
      • SENIOR SCIENTISTS, REPRESENTATIVES FROM WORLD
      • BANK IK GROUP AND DELEGATES FROM KENYA,
      • UGANDA AND ETHIOPIA PARTICIPATED.
  • 3. RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE BRAIN STORMING SESSION
    • IDENTIFY A NODAL AGENCY FOR ADVISING THE GOVERNMENT, FOR IMPLEMENTING IK PROGRAMMES
    • PREPARE AN INVENTORY OF IK FROM DIFFERENT SECTIONS OF THE COMMUNITIES
    • PRIORITISE IK FOR SHORT TERM AND LONG TERM PROJECT PROPOSALS
    • EAR MARK A CERTAIN PERCENTAGE OF BUDGETARY PROVISION FROM CONCERNED DEPARTMENTAL ALLOCATIONS FOR IK RELATED ACTIVITIES
    • SUBMIT TO THE GOVERNMENT OF KERALA AND THE KERALA STATE PLANNING BOARD, CONCRETE RECOMMENDATIONS FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF IK RELATED ACTIVITIES IN THE 10 TH PLAN
  • 4. FOLLOW UP PROGRAMME
    • ORGANISED A WORKSHOP ON “INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE STRATEGIES FOR KERALA” FROM 7-9 OCTOBER 2002, AT THIRUVANANTHAPURAM, WITH THE SUPPORT OF IK PROGRAMME, WORLD BANK, WASHINGTON DC.
    • WORKSHOP WAS INAUGURATED BY HON’BLE CHIEF MINISTER OF KERALA STATE, SRI A. K. ANTONY
    • SRI V. RAMACHANDRAN, VICE-CHAIRMAN, KERALA STATE PLANNING BOARD DELIVERED THE KEY-NOTE ADDRESS
    • SRI S. M. VIJAYANAND, SECRETARY, PLANNING AND ECONOMIC AFFAIRS, GOVERNMENT OF KERALA WAS ALSO PRESENT ON THE OCCASION
    • ATTENDED BY ABOUT 120 INVITEES, WHO ARE EXPERTS IN THEIR RESPECTIVE AREAS. PLANNERS, BUREAUCRATS, SCIENTISTS, ACADEMICIANS, FARMERS, MEDIA-PERSONS, TECHNOLOGISTS, TRIBALS AND TRADITIONAL MEDICAL PRACTITIONERS.
  • 5.  
  • 6.  
  • 7.  
  • 8.  
  • 9.  
  • 10.  
  • 11. FOLK DANCE TRADITIONAL FIRE DANCE
  • 12. OBJECTIVE
    • THE WORKSHOP WAS ORGANISED WITH A VIEW TO DEVELOP CONCRETE IK BASED PROPOSALS FOR SUBMISSION TO THE KERALA STATE PLANNING BOARD, SO THAT THESE PROPOSALS COULD BE INCORPORATED INTO THE 10 TH FIVE YEAR PLAN.
    OUTCOME SPECIFIC SHORT-TERM AND LONG–TERM PROPOSALS, SUBMITTED AFTER DISCUSSION AND DEBATE BY VARIOUS GROUPS AND PANELS DURING THE WORKSHOP, WERE SUBMITTED TO THE GOVERNMENT OF KERALA.
  • 13. IK in Agriculture Animal husbandry Fisheries Art & Culture Biodiversity Conservation and Utilization Architecture Rural technology etc. Health care Diversity of Indigenous Knowledge (IK) TOPICS DISCUSSED
  • 14. ACTION INTEGRATING WITH 10 TH FIVE YEAR PLAN, KERALA STATE PLANNING BOARD SANCTIONED A PROJECT ON PROMOTION OF TRADITIONAL TECHNICAL KNOWLEDGE VIDE ORDER NO. A1-7033/03/SPB. DATED 23/10/2003 AT A TOTAL COST OF RUPEES 30 LAKHS, DURING THE YEAR 2003 AND 2004
    • FACILITATING INSTITUTIONS IN KERALA
    • TROPICAL BOTANIC GARDEN AND RESEARCH INSTITUTE, PALODE, THIRUVANANTHAPURAM.
    • KERALA FOREST RESEARCH INSTITUTE, THRISSUR
    • KERALA AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY, THRISSUR
    • CENTRE FOR WATER RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT AND MANAGEMENT (CWRDM), KOZHIKODE
    • KIRTADS, KOZHIKODE
    • AHADS, PALAKKAD
  • 15. INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE “ Indigenous Knowledge (IK) is a community based functional knowledge system developed, preserved and refined by generations of people through continuous interaction, observation and experimentation with their surrounding environment. It is a dynamic system, ever-changing,adapting and adjusting to the local situations and has close links with the culture, civilization and religious practices of the communities. IK covers all spheres of human activity such as art, literature, health, education, agriculture, environment etc.”
  • 16. Real observers/ protectors/ beneficiaries of Biodiversity is Indigenous/ local communities. Indigenous knowledge on biodiversity is the asset of the country which ensures the food, health and economic security of the nation. INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE
  • 17. IK related to traditional medicine in India Classical Health Tradition (CHT) Oral Health Tradition (OHT) Source
    • Traditionally trained folk healers/ village physicians
    • Not traditionally trained but experienced in certain health practices (eg.Dai,bonesetters,specialists in treating poisons, jaundice, mental disorders)
    • Aged people or different ethnic communities including women treating the patients based on the knowledge acquired from their predecessors.
    • Individuals who acquired(educated group) certain knowledge from their predecessors.
    • Tribal- tribal communities/ physicians/ aged individuals.
    • Vedic / classical texts and treatise like
    • Rigveda, Atharvaveda, Charakasamhita
    • (Text on ancient Indian Medicine)
    • Susrutha samhita (Text on ancient Indian surgery ),Ashtangahridaya ((Text on ancient Indian medicine & surgery) &other numerous related text books in both sanskrit and
    • regional languages
  • 18.
    • PRECISE OBJECTIVES
    • Survey, collection, inventory and documentation of tribal / local / folk medicines of the districts of Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam and Pathanamthitta.
    • Recording of traditional use and knowledge system on the local flora.
    • Study, analysis and organisation of the data and preparation of computerised database.
    • Preparation of report on the indigenous / traditional use of medicinal plants.
  • 19. TRAINING / AWARENESS ON DOCUMENTATION OF IK (INSTITUTE LEVEL) METHODOLOGY TRAINING/ AWARENESS ON IK DOCUMENTATION (PANCHAYATH LEVEL) RAPPORT ESTABLISHMENT WITH LOCAL BODY MEMBERS AND OWNERS OF IK TEAM BUILDING AND VISION DEVELOPMENT ENTRY TO PANCHAYATH INTERVIEW / MEETING WITH INDIVIDUALS/ IK HOLDERS DATA POOLING AND ANALYSIS PREPARATION OF DATABASE IK DOCUMENTATION SUGGESTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
  • 20. Documentation of Indigenous Knowledge (IK)   LOCATION OF THE STUDY AREA   The study area is in the Southern Zone of Kerala, comprising the districts of Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam and Pathanamthitta 1.      Eraviperoor 2.      Ezhumattoor 3.      Konni 4.      Thannithodu 5. Mailapra 3. Pathanamthitta 1.      Sooranad North 2.      Pooyappalli 3.      Thevalakkara 4.      Thrikkaruva 5. Aryankavu 2. Kollam 1.      Peringammala 2.      Vithura 3.      Perinkadavila 4.      Kuttichal 5. Amboori 1. Thiruvananthapuram Name of Gramapanchayath selected for study Name of district
  • 21. Inaugural address Dr.G.M.Nair Director, TBGRI Presidential Address Shri.Ozhukupara Aziz,Member, Peringammala Gramapanchayath A view of the audience ONE DAY SEMINAR ON IK AWARENESS HELD AT TBGRI ON 8 TH DECEMBER 2003 CONTACT PROGRAMME AT INSTITUTE LEVEL
  • 22. Theme lecture Dr.S.Rajasekharan, TBGRI Mrs.Ammukkutty amma ( 82), Birth attendant A custodian of IK from Peringammala Gramapanchayath Introductory remarks Dr.V.George,TBGRI
  • 23. CONTACT PROGRAMME AT PANCHAYAT LEVEL ONE DAY SEMINAR ON IK AWARENESS
  • 24. IK DOCUMENTATION
  • 25. Including TBGRI faculties Target achieved as per plan December 2003 Local body representatives and selected IK bearers including local healers 65 (b) No.of participants Institute level at TBGRI Target achieved as per schedule December 2003 Local body representatives and selected IK bearers including local healers - 1 (a) No.of trainings Preliminary training on team building and vision development 1. PHYSICAL ACHIEVEMENTS A Progressive total During the month Remarks Achievement Target Item/ Unit Particulars Sl. No
  • 26.
    • Vithura (Thiruvananthapuram)
    • Pooyappalli (Kollam)
    • Ezhumattoor (Pathanamthitta)
    Target achieved as per plan. January 2004 Local body representatives and selected owners of IK including local healers 200 (b) No.of participants
    • Vithura (Thiruvananthapuram)
    • Pooyappalli (Kollam)
    • Ezhumattoor (Pathanamthitta)
    Target achieved as per plan. January 2004 Local body representatives and selected owners of IK including local healers 3 (a)No.
    • Peringammala (Thiruvananthapuram)
    • Sooranadu North (Kollam)
    • Eraviperoor (Pathanamthitta)
    Target achieved as per plan December 2003 Local body representatives and selected owners of IK including local healers 275 (b) No.of participants
    • Peringammala (Thiruvananthapuram)
    • Sooranadu North (Kollam)
    • Eraviperoor (Pathanamthitta)
    Target achieved as per plan December 2003 Local body representatives and selected owners of IK including local healers 3 (a)No. Panchayath level training PRAs/Workshops/ meetings (specify) 2
  • 27.
    • Amboori (Thiruvananthapuram)
    • Thrikkaruva (Kollam)
    • Mylapra (Pathanamthitta)
    Target achieved as per plan. March April 2004 Local body representatives and selected owners of IK including local healers 160 (b) No.of participants
    • Amboori (Thiruvananthapuram)
    • Thrikkaruva (Kollam)
    • Mylapra (Pathanamthitta)
    Target achieved as per plan. March April 2004 Local body representatives and selected owners of IK including local healers 3 (a)No.
    • Kuttichal (Thiruvananthapuram)
    • Thevalakkara (Kollam)
    • Konni (Pathanamthitta)
    Target achieved as per plan. February March 2004 Local body representatives and selected owners of IK including local healers 175 (b) No.of participants
    • Kuttichal (Thiruvananthapuram)
    • Thevalakkara (Kollam)
    • Konni (Pathanamthitta)
    Target achieved as per plan. February March 2004 Local body representatives and selected owners of IK including local healers 3 (a)No.
  • 28. Preparation and submission of final consolidated report Target achieved as per plan. June 2004
    • Peringadavila (Thiruvananthapuram)
    • Aryankavu (Kollam)
    • Thannithodu (Pathanamthitta)
    Target achieved as per plan. April May 2004 Local body representatives and selected owners of IK including local healers 125 (b) No.of participants
    • Peringadavila (Thiruvananthapuram)
    • Aryankavu (Kollam)
    • Thannithodu (Pathanamthitta)
    Target achieved as per plan. April May 2004 Local body representatives and selected owners of IK including local healers 3 (a)No.of participants
  • 29. OBSERVATIONS / RESULTS DETAILS OF THE CASE STUDIES RECORDED (DISEASE WISE) 350 166 184 12 35 32 Amboori 345 198 147 22 30 32 Kuttichal 213 116 97 19 31 25 Perinkadavila 420 282 138 14 33 51 Vithura 423 369 54 3 33 37 Peringammala Thiruvananthapuram TOTAL COMBINATIO-NS SINGLE DRUG OTHERS NO. OF NON SPECIFIC CASE STUDIES NO. OF SPECIFIC CASE STUDIES NAME OF THE GRAMA PANCHAYAT NAME OF THE DISTRICT
  • 30. OBSERVATIONS / RESULTS DETAILS OF THE CASE STUDIES RECORDED (DISEASE WISE) 245 95 150 25 25 40 Aryankavu 420 122 298 33 37 43 Thrikkaruva 525 192 333 23 35 42 Thevalakkara 331 84 247 47 32 36 Pooyappalli 741 353 388 31 50 44   Sooranad North Kollam TOTAL COMBINATIONS SINGLE DRUG OTHERS NO. OF NON SPECIFIC CASE STUDIES NO. OF SPECIFIC CASE STUDIES NAME OF THE GRAMA PANCHAYAT NAME OF THE DISTRICT
  • 31. OBSERVATIONS / RESULTS DETAILS OF THE CASE STUDIES RECORDED (DISEASE WISE) 209 67 142 27 29 23 Mailapra 556 181 375 19 39 34 Thannithodu 790 336 454 57 44 43 Konni 448 381 67 36 43 52 Ezhumattoor 581 205 376 7 21 19   Eraviperoor    Pathanamthitta TOTAL COMBINATIONS SINGLE DRUG OTHERS NO. OF NON SPECIFIC CASE STUDIES NO. OF SPECIFIC CASE STUDIES NAME OF THE GRAMA PANCHAYAT NAME OF THE DISTRICT
  • 32.    Example I CASE STUDIES - PERINGAMMALA GRAMAPANCHAYATH We have recorded case studies on the following 37 specific diseases, 33 non-specific diseases and 3 other conditions based on 423 (54 single formulations + 369 combinations) information gathered on 287 medicinal plants. 1. Health promotive 2. Pre-natal care 3. Post-natal care 1.   Allergy 2.   Blood purifier 3.   Body pain 4.    Burning (chest region) 5.   Burning (scalp) 6.   Chest pain 7.   Cholesterol 8.   Cough 9.   Dandruff 10.  Dry cough 11.  Fatigue 12.  Gas trouble 13.  Hair tonic 14.  Head ache 1.  Arthritis 2.  Asthma 3.  Blood cancer 4.  Burns 5.  Cataract 6.  Centipede bite 7.  Chicken pox 8.  Chronic wounds 9.  Conjunctivitis 10.  Diabetes 11.  Diarrhoea 12.  Fever 13.  Filariasis 14.  Goitre 15.  Hypertension 16.  Infant diarrhoea 17.  Insanity 18.  Intestinal parasites 19.  Jaundice Others Non-specific Specific
  • 33. 15.  Inflammation/ swelling 16. Insect bite 17.  Intestinal colic 18.  Itching 19.  Joint pain 20.  Liver disorders 21.  Lumbago 22.  Nail infection 23.  Neurological disorders 24.  Otalgia 25.  Respiratory disorders 26.  Respiratory infection 27.  Retention of Urine (children) 28.  Rhinitis 29.  Skin diseases/ various dermatological conditions 30.  Sprain 31.  Tooth ache 32.  Vomiting 33. Wound due to snake bite 20.  Leucorrhoea 21.  Measles 22.  Migraine 23.  Oral cancer 24.  Psoriasis 25.  Scabies 26.  Scorpion bite 27.  Spider poison 28.  Stomatitis 39.  Stroke/ Cerebral haemorrhage 30.  Sinusitis 31.  TB 32.  Thyroid 33.  Tineapedis 34.  Tonsillitis 35.  Traumatic affections 36.  Ulcer/ Peptic ulcer 37. Vitiligo Others Non-specific Specific
  • 34. Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute   DATA SHEET FOR ETHNO-MEDICO-BOTANICAL SURVEY OF MEDICINAL PLANTS General Information :   1 Name of tribal settlement and the adjoining forest area / place surveyed: Kochuvila – Peringammala Gramapanchayath 2. Date of Survey 3. Source: a. Oral b. Documental record c. Historical importance / mode of transmission of Indigenous Knowledge (IK). 4. Botanical details a. Scientific name: Example- Disclosed Undisclosed  Disclosed Partially disclosed 2003 12 17 Group  Individual Drawing Writing Fabaceae (Leguminosae) subfamily: Caesalpinioideae Family ssp. Linn. Auhtor occidentalis Species Cassia Genus
  • 35. b. Tribal/ local name Oolan thakara c. Sanskrit name d. State of plant e. Habit f. Habitat Open waste land g. Voucher specimen (i) Herbarium specimen (ii) Photograph (Y/N): Semi cultivated Introduced Cultivated  Wild Climber Tree  Shrub Herb - Herbarium deposit - Special collection if any: - Name of collector - Date of collection - Place of collection - Filed number
  • 36. h. Distribution 5. Utility based categorization of the plant Others specify……………………………. Rare  Common Others Toxic Narcotics Oil Ornaments Mushrooms Timber  Masticators Rituals Piscicide Pesticide Medicinal Gums and resins Fumigation Fuel Fodder Fibre Edible Dyes Construction Aromatic
  • 37. Indigenous Knowledge 1. Part used In combination(specify): 10 gm fresh leaves of Cassia occidentalis + 5 gm Allium cepa 2. Collection/ Harvesting Any other: Thorn Gum  Resin Seed Fruit Flower Pollen Leaf  Heart wood Stem bark Nectar Whole plant Root bark Root No specific time No specific time Root, Leaf Physical reaction if any (Allergic, Itching, boils, sneezing etc.) Harvesting methods Time of day for collection Time of year for collection Plant part e. d. c. b. a.
  • 38. 3. Ingredients - Quantity per month / year m. - Price l. - Buyer (direct / indirect) k. - Seller (direct / indirect) j. - Place of collection i. - Attack of pests/ insects (if any) h. - Storage method g. - By products (if any) - Final price - Processing materials (name if any) - Need for processing - Equipments (if any) Processing: f. Dried/ fresh Root 2. Cassia occidentalis Fresh Bulb Allium cepa Dried/ fresh Root 1. Cassia occidentalis Part condition Part Name of the plant
  • 39. 4. Method of preparation   1. 10 – 15 gm dried/ fresh root of Cassia occidentalis , prepared in the form of paste administered internally along with 30 - 60 ml milk. 2. 10 gm fresh leaves of Cassia occidentalis + 5 gm Allium cepa in the form of pounded mass 5. Administration of Drug. 6. Indications   7. Alternate plants used if the drug plant is not available (substitute) Sugar free diet Restrictions prescribed (if any) g. Unique Status of use (Common, Unique etc.) f. Animals  Curative Promotive ON Plants  Corrective Humans Preventive Therapeutic effect e. Cow’s milk Vehicle used if any d. Oral Mode of administration c. Twice daily Time and duration b. 10-15 gm paste Dosage a. Diabetes mellitus Modern terminology c. Madhumeham Ayurvedic terminology b. Prameham Local name of ailment a.
  • 40. Consent form
  • 41. Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute   DATA SHEET FOR ETHNO-MEDICO-BOTANICAL SURVEY OF MEDICINAL PLANTS General Information :   1 Name of tribal settlement and the adjoining forest area / place surveyed: Elanjium Kani tribal settlement – Peringanmala Gramapanchayath 2. Date of Survey 3. Source: a. Oral b. Documental record c. Historical importance / mode of transmission of Indigenous Knowledge (IK). 4. Botanical details a. Scientific name: Example- undisclosed  Undisclosed Disclosed Partially disclosed 2003 12 26 Group  Individual Drawing Writing - Family Ssp. - Auhtor - Species - Genus
  • 42. 4. Method of preparation   1. Decoction 2. Medicated oil 3. Pounded mass 5. Administration of Drug. 6. Indications   7. Alternate plants used if the drug plant is not available (substitute) Restrictions prescribed (if any) g. Unique Status of use (Common, Unique etc.) f. Animals  Curative Promotive ON Plants  Corrective Humans Preventive Therapeutic effect e. - Vehicle used if any d. - Mode of administration c. - Time and duration b. - Dosage a. Cancer, Hypertension Modern terminology c. Arbudam, Rekthadi mardam Ayurvedic terminology b. Arbumdam, Rektha sammardam Local name of ailment a.
  • 43. Consent form
  • 44. Enumeration of Indigenous knowledge Indigenous knowledge related to medicinal plants gathered from Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam and Pathanamthitta districts are enumerated Panchayat wise. Example-I (single drug) Botanical name: Ocimum sanctum Linn . Family: Lamiaceae Habit: Herb Vernacular name: Krishnatulsi ( PML, VTR, KUT, AMB, PDL, SDN, PPL, TLK, TKR, AYK, EPR, EMR, KNI, MPA, TND )* Parts used: Roots Method of preparation: Paste form. Mode of administration: Oral Dosage: 5-10 g, twice daily Vehicle: Cows milk Indication: Spider poison (SDN, TKR) During the survey we have collected 62 informations on Tulsi as a single drug to treat 55 specific and nonspecific diseased conditions from 15 Grama Panchayats. * PML-Peringammala, VTR-Vithura, KUT-Kuttichal, AMB-Amboori, PDL-Peringadavila, SDN- Sooranadu North, PPL-Pooyappalli, TLK-Thevalakkara, TKR-Trikkaruva, AYK-Aryankavu, EPR-Eraviperoor, EMR-Ezhuhattoor, KNI-Konni, MPA-Mailapra, TND-Thannithodu
  • 45. Example-II combinations Ingredients: Tulsi ( Ocimum sanctum ) – Leaves Kudukkamooli ( Aristolochia indica )- Roots Kurumulaku ( Piper longum ) – Seed Jaggery (Palm) Method of preparation: Decoction Mode of administration: Oral Dosage: 30 ml, thrice daily Vehicle: ---- Indication: Fever (EMR) Example-III combinations Ingredients: Tulsi ( Ocimum sanctum ) – Leaves Kuzhimundan ( Orthosiphon glabratus ) – Leaves Cheriyaulli ( Allium cepa ) – Bulb Method of preparation: Decoction Mode of administration: Oral Dosage: 60 ml, thrice daily Vehicle: ---- Indication: Chickenpox (AMB) In combination, we have collected 154 information on Tulasi for treating 62 specific and nonspecific diseased conditions from 15 Grama Panchayats.
  • 46.
    • CONCLUSIONS / SUGGESTIONS & RECOMMENDATIONS
    • To conserve / preserve / protect the IK, various awareness programmes have to be designed and implemented among the people. It is urgent, otherwise these knowledge will be wiped out gradually due to the changing lifestyle and social set up of the people.
    • Since scientific documentation of IK is a continuing programme, a sectoral wise IK documentation wing should be established in the respective R&D organization currently involved in the documentation work.
    • A Coordinating Centre may be established at TBGRI for coordinating the documentation work and also for providing guidelines for preparing new policies / legislations, programmes etc to protect the IK of Kerala State.
    • Digitalizing the IK is the need of the hour to save the same from piracy. New policies / programmes may be formulated for the preservation and protection of IK.
  • 47.
    • CONCLUSIONS / SUGGESTIONS & RECOMMENDATIONS
    • Develop new programmes / models to integrate IK into the planning process through effective participation of people at grass root level.
    • Develop new models / legislations for protecting IK under sui-generis system.
    • Encourage and give priority to conduct scientific research on IK for developing new technologies / new scientifically validated herbal drugs / nutraceuticals / other plant based products like cosmetics, functional food etc. This will help to generate additional income at local / National and even at Global level and further it will improve our health, food and economic security.
    • For patenting the new products arising of IK based research studies, a fast track policy may be evolved at Govt. level.
  • 48. CONCLUSIONS / SUGGESTIONS & RECOMMENDATIONS 9. Explore the possibilities of identifying suitable funding agencies for the implementation of IK related activities including documentation at state level. 10. During the survey we have come across interesting informations such as preparation of Thulasi pillow, Thevalakkara Puttu (a traditional / ethnic food item), several medicated oil for external application, single / simple herbal formulations etc. As an out come of the survey, can we think of a small scale / large scale production centre for thulasi pillows having some therapeutic effect like relieving stress / tension, ensure good sleep, remove lice etc. as claimed by the people of Peringamala Panchayat. Can we take up a popularization programme for production of traditional food items like ‘Thevalakkara puttu’ for relieving back ache as claimed by the people of Thevalakkara. Can we go for preparing single /simple herbal combinations for effective management of primary health care. 11. Another notable factor recorded was the keen interest shown by the people during the documentation work of the IK. Majority of them believe that IK is very important and it should be conserved / preserved and should be effectively utilized. Therefore a separate budgetary provisions may be provided to the Panchayats to enable them to implement IK related programmes.
  • 49. CONCLUSIONS / SUGGESTIONS & RECOMMENDATIONS 12 . The local body members also showed their keen interest and welcomed the integration of IK into the planning process. This is to be encouraged and supported. 13. Documentation of IK should be undertaken at Panchayat level involving students, NGOs, Youth and Nature Clubs. Necessary funds should be made available to them. 14. Whenever IK is utilized for a profitable / money generating venture, the IPR of the original custodians should be respected and there should be a just and equitable sharing of the benefit. 15. IK is chiefly applied for problem solving and as such has sufficient proven technical and scientific content. This should be expanded and developed and applied at a larger scale by creating necessary infrastructure and facilities.
  • 50. Pittosporum neelgherensis (Analivegom) Snake bite
  • 51. Barringtonia acutangula (Samudrakai) Sinusitis, Head ache
  • 52. Hibiscus rosa-sinensis ( Adukkuchemparuthi) Scalp & Hair cleaning (as shampoo / medicated oil)
  • 53. Lawsonia inermis (Mylanchi) Jaundice
  • 54. Vitex nigundo (Karunochi) Lumbago, Nervous disorders
  • 55. Wrightia tinctoria (Dandapala) Skin diseases
  • 56. Eclipta alba (Kaithonni) Anaemia, Hair tonic
  • 57. Zingiber zerumbet (Kattuchanna) Insect bite / Insect repellent
  • 58. Cycas circinalis (Kalanga) Health promotive (edible)
  • 59. Caesalpinia bonducella ( Kayatti) Intestinal colic / Hernia
  • 60. Pellionia heyneana (Chakklipplan) Snake bite / Immuno enhancer
  • 61. THANK YOU