2. National Historic Landmark (NHL)
NHLs are the MVPs of America’s historic places. Each “represents an
outstanding aspect of American history and culture.”
3. NHLs are places…
with the strongest association with a
significant event in our nation's history.
4. NHLs are places…
that are an exceptional representation of a particular building or engineering
method, technique, or building type.
5. NHLs are places…
that best tells the story of an individual who played a significant role in
the history of our nation.
6. NHLs are
that have the potential to yield
new and innovative information
about the past through
7. There are fewer than 2,500 National
Historic Landmarks nationwide.
8. All NHLs
are automatically included in the
National Register for Historic
Places (but not vice versa).
9. National Register for Historic Places
The National Register is managed by the National Park Service, and
is the nation’s official list of historic structures.
10. The National Register…
has more than 80,000 listings, made up of 1.4 million individual resources --
buildings, sites, districts, structures, and objects.
11. The National Register…
includes at least one listing from nearly every county in the United
12. The National
focuses on buildings that are more
than 50 years old (newer buildings
must be especially significant).
13. Contrary to
neither of these designations (National Historic Landmark or the National
Register) affect what private owners can do with their property or come with
any obligation to open it to the public.
both do offer protections -- in the form of significant legal hurdles -- in the
event that federal government work threatens a place (when building a
highway, for example). They may also make property owners eligible for
preservation funds and federal historic tax credits.
15. State Registers
Where the rubber starts to meet the road from a property owner
perspective is at the state level. In many cases, listing here triggers
regulatory protection from state government actions or governs
whether a property owner is eligible for tax benefits and incentives.
16. Connect with
The National Conference of State Historic Preservation Officers can
connect you with your state’s historic preservation office, which should be
able to fill you in on the ins-and-outs of your state’s policies.
17. Local Registers
Communities may choose to enact a preservation ordinance to put
greater protections in place for their historic resources.
18. Local ordinances have two significant
They are tailored to the local community, and they offer the most protection for
privately owned buildings due to review requirements.
19. “Those review
requirements are what
people most often
notice (and complain)
preservation at a local
level. But remember
20. Local registers…
help preserve the character and
quality of the community over
21. Local registers…
give property owners more confidence in the long-term stability of the
neighborhood -- which means they’re more likely to make investments in their
property to the benefit of the entire community.
22. Local registers…
promote pride and appreciation of the character and history of the
23. Local registers…
help property owners begin to see themselves not only as owners but also as
stewards of history.
24. The National Trust for Historic Preservation works to save America’s
historic places. Preservation Tips & Tools helps others do the same
in their own communities.
For more information, visit blog.preservationnation.org.
Photos courtesy: NCinDC, Samet K Jian, Flickr; Slick-
O-Bot, Wikimedia Commons
Adam Fagen, Flickr; cmh2315fl, Flickr; ForestJay;
Wikimedia Commons; Don Shall, Flickr; Michele
Mazzoli, Flickr; Photos by Clark, Flickr; Troy B
Thompson, Flickr; NCinDC, Flickr; NPS Cultural
Landscape Program, Flickr; Teresa Boardman, Flickr;
US Army Corps of Engineers, Flickr; Don Shall, Flickr;
Ed!, Wikimedia Commons; Wally Gobetz, Flickr;
Fletcher6, Wikimedia Commons; NCinDC, Flickr;
Fletcher6, Wikimedia Commons; Emily Farah/Essential
Public Radio, Wikimedia Commons.
Adapted from “Preservation 101” prepared by
the Preservation Leadership Forum.