COMPLICATING FOOD SECURITY ‐ A canary in the global mine? ‐ A deliverable commodity? ‐ A technological achievement?‐ An effect of private property rights … or a ‘commons’? ‐ A byproduct of market/trade/pricing reform? ‐ A form of justice; a human right?
Rhetorics of food security F.A.O.“Food security exists when all people, at all times, have physical, social and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life.”(World Food Summit, 1996)
Rhetorics of food security: U.S.D.A.‘Food security for a household means access by all members at all times to enough food for an active, healthy life. Food security includes at a minimum (1) the ready availability of nutritionally adequate and safe foods, and (2) an assured ability to acquire acceptable foods in socially acceptable ways (that is, without resorting to emergency food supplies, scavenging, stealing, or other coping strategies).’
‘Defining Elements’ of food security: Ryerson C.S.F.S.• Availability ‐ sufficient food for all people at all times• Accessibility ‐ physical and economic access to food for all at all times• Adequacy ‐ access to food that is nutritious and safe, and produced in environmentally sustainable ways• Acceptability ‐ access to culturally acceptable food, which is produced and obtained in ways that do not compromise peoples dignity, self‐respect or human rights• Agency ‐ the policies and processes that enable the achievement of food security
Complex associations: Food security and …• Food sovereignty• Food sustainability• Food safety• Food integrity• Food justice … as they relate to provision and consumption
Linked issues & tangled webs• Climate change, climate wars• Water, flood and drought• Demographic strain• Geopolitics, bioterrorism• Transportation systems & their consequences• Property regimes, commodification• Industrialization & rationalization of food production• Rationalization & ‘disenchantment of food’• Land (as more than a seedbed …)• Democracy and political participation• Democracy, knowledge, policy formation
Food security as a ‘systems issue’• Systems as ‐ manipulable complex objects ‐ environments• Incredibly complex systems• Intersecting and multidimensional systems• Systems which are not ‘objects’
Systems as constitutive environments • We study, live within, are constituted by food systems• ‘Food security’ as a system of discursive practices – The unconscious is structured like a language (Lacan) – ‘Food security’ is structured & practised like a language (Ramp)• De‐securitizing the ‘household’ & language of food?