Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
Job Safety Analysis
Job Safety Analysis
Job Safety Analysis
Job Safety Analysis
Job Safety Analysis
Job Safety Analysis
Job Safety Analysis
Job Safety Analysis
Job Safety Analysis
Job Safety Analysis
Job Safety Analysis
Job Safety Analysis
Job Safety Analysis
Job Safety Analysis
Job Safety Analysis
Job Safety Analysis
Job Safety Analysis
Job Safety Analysis
Job Safety Analysis
Job Safety Analysis
Job Safety Analysis
Job Safety Analysis
Job Safety Analysis
Job Safety Analysis
Job Safety Analysis
Job Safety Analysis
Job Safety Analysis
Job Safety Analysis
Job Safety Analysis
Job Safety Analysis
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Job Safety Analysis

3,669

Published on

This powerpoint is the partner to our webinar on Job Safety Analysis

This powerpoint is the partner to our webinar on Job Safety Analysis

Published in: Business, Health & Medicine
0 Comments
3 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
3,669
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
352
Comments
0
Likes
3
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. JOB SAFETY ANALYSIS
  • 2. Overview of Training Session The Need for Improved Safety Performance Factors Contributing to Accidents Fundamentals of Job Safety Analysis JSA Exercise AGENDA
  • 3.
    • Objectives
    • Review accident causation model
    • Introduce JSA and establish its role and
    • determine role in operations
    • Provide basic hazard recognition skills
    • JSA techniques to use
    • Define Job Safety Analysis
  • 4.
    • Improve quality.
    • Maintain a healthier work force.
    • Reduce injury and illness rates.
    • Increase acceptance of high-turnover jobs.
    • Allow employees to feel good about their work.
    • Reduce workers’ compensation costs.
    • Assist with regulatory compliance
    A JSA MAY:
  • 5. National Safety Council Statistics
    • An on the job fatal accident occurs on an average of each 90 minutes
    • An on the job injury requiring professional medical treatment occurs each 5.2 seconds
    • American employees lose over 100 Million days of productive work annaully due to on the job injuries
  • 6. National Safety Council Statistics
    • 50% of all on the job fatalities occur in companies of 100 employees or less
    • 33% of all on the job fatalities occur in companies of 20 employees or less
  • 7. National Safety Council Statistics--Economic Impact of Accidents on People and Business
    • Total Cost to US Economy= $122.6B
    • Average Cost per Death= $940,000
    • Average Cost per LT= $28,000
    • Average Cost per Employee= $910
  • 8. Four Risk Management Pillars
    • Protect the Company’s employees
    • Protect the Company’s physical assets
    • Protect the Company’s customers
    • Protect the Company’s reputation
  • 9. “ It is estimated that in the United States, 97% of the money spent for medical care is directed toward treatment of an illness, injury or disability. Only 3% is spent on prevention.” Self-help Manual for your Back H. Duane Saunders, MSPT
  • 10. Basic Definitions
    • Definition:
      • Occupational Safety is…
        • The control and elimination of recognized hazards in the workplace to attain an acceptable level of risk
      • An incident is…
        • Any unplanned event that results in personal injury, damage to property/equipment or environment, or an event that has the potential to result in such consequences
  • 11. Key Prevention Strategies
    • The key to incident prevention is anticipating possible incident causes and reducing or eliminating possible incident producing causes
    • The key to incident investigation is to:
      • Get all the facts surrounding the incident
      • Determine the incident causes
      • Take appropriate steps to prevent another incident from occurring
  • 12. Potential Contributors Incident Causation
    • The following factors may contribute to incident causation
      • Organizational culture
      • Management system
      • Unsafe behavior
      • Unsafe conditions
      • Non-work factors
  • 13. Potential Incident Contributors
    • Organizational Culture—”the way things are around here.”
      • How can organizational culture contribute to an accident?
  • 14. Potential Incident Contributors
    • The Management System
      • Managers who say one thing and do another
      • Daily activities that differ from stated values and priorities
      • Basic management system
        • Defined roles
        • Training to enable performance
        • Measures
        • Rewards
  • 15. Potential Contributors— Unsafe Behaviors
    • Operating without authority
    • Failure to warn others
    • Working at unsafe speeds
    • Making safety devices inoperative
    • Using unsafe equipment
    • Using safe equipment unsafely
    • Using unsafe postures
    • Working on moving/energized equipment
    • Horseplay
    • Failure to use PPE
  • 16. Potential Contributors Unsafe Conditions
    • Improper guarding
    • Defective equipment
    • Inadequate or defective warning devices or systems
    • Hazardous arrangement or storage
    • Improper illumination
    • Improper ventilation
  • 17. The Purposes of Job Safety Analysis
    • To establish safe work methods for various jobs
    • Recognize and identify hazards associate with various jobs
    • Provide a basis for consistent training
    • Establish efficient work methods for various jobs
  • 18. Determining Jobs to be Analyzed
    • Develop a list of occupations
    • Develop a list of jobs
    • (Create an index of jobs to be analyzed)
  • 19. Determining Jobs to be Analyzed
    • Possible criteria to be considered:
        • Injury frequency associated with a particular job
        • Potential injury severity
        • Regularity of a particular job (or infrequency)
        • Changes in equipment or operations
  • 20. Possible Criteria to be Considered
    • Environment
      • Tools
      • Equipment
      • Materials
      • Machinery
      • Potential sources of injurious contact
  • 21. Basic Steps of Conducting a JSA
    • Break the job down into steps or elements
    • Determine potential incident causes or hazards
    • Eliminate or reduce hazards
    • Complete writing a job hazard analysis
  • 22. Methods of Developing a JSA
    • Group discussion method
    • Supervisor and group that performs the job discuss the job hazards
      • Direct observation method
    • Supervisor or employee develops JSA by observing job being performed
  • 23. STEP 1 - DETERMINING JOB CONDITIONS
    • SET THE EMPLOYEE TO BE OBSERVED AT EASE.
    • POINT OUT THAT YOU ARE STUDYING THE JOB NOT PERFORMANCE!
    • INVOLVE THE EMPLOYEE IN THE ANALYSIS.
    • SPEAK WITH CO-WORKERS.
    • DETERMINE THE EFFECT OF THE JOB ON CO-WORKERS.
    • REVIEW ANTICIPATED RISK FACTORS
    • REVIEW GENERAL CONDITIONS FOR PERFORMING JOB.
  • 24. STEP 2 - BREAKING DOWN THE JOB
    • LIST EACH STEP IN ORDER OF OCCURRENCE.
    • RECORD EACH STEP OF JOB ACTION.
    • GO OVER THE STEPS WITH THE EMPLOYEE.
    • FINALIZE THE STEPS INVOLVED.
  • 25.
      • CAN CLOTHING OR JEWELRY GET CAUGHT?
      • WHAT FIXED OBJECTS COULD CAUSE PUNCTURES?
      • WHAT COULD THE WORKER GET CAUGHT “BETWEEN”?
      • WHAT CAN THE WORKER GET CAUGHT IN, REACHING OVER, UNDER, AROUND OR THROUGH ETC.?
      • IS THE WORKER OFF-BALANCE AT ANY TIME?
    STEP 3 - IDENTIFYING THE HAZARDS
  • 26.
      • IS THE WORKER POSITIONED DANGEROUSLY?
      • WHAT REPETITIVE MOTION INJURIES ARE LIKELY?
      • WHAT MOVING PARTS COULD STRIKE THE WORKER?
      • CAN THE WORKER FALL FROM ONE LEVEL TO ANOTHER?
      • CAN THE WORKER BE INJURED FROM CARRYING HEAVY OBJECTS?
      • WHAT ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARDS EXIST?
    STEP 3 - IDENTIFYING THE HAZARDS
    • ASK THESE KINDS OF (WHO & WHAT) QUESTIONS:
  • 27.
      • WHY ISN’T PPE SERVICEABLE?
      • WHY IS PPE IMPROPERLY WORN?
      • WHY DOESN’T PPE FIT PROPERLY?
      • HOW CAN LOCKOUT PROCEDURES BE IMPROVED?
      • WHY HAS PROPER TRAINING NOT BEEN CONDUCTED?
      • CAN WORK FLOW BE ORGANIZED BETTER?
    Continued STEP 4 - EVALUATING THE HAZARDS
    • ASK THESE KINDS OF (WHY & HOW) QUESTIONS:
  • 28.
      • REDUCE NECESSITY.
      • REDUCE FREQUENCY.
      • CONSIDER JOB ROTATION.
    STEP 5 - PROTECTIVE MEASURES
    • DETERMINE IF THE JOB COULD BE PERFORMED IN ANOTHER WAY TO REDUCE THE HAZARDS.
    • LIST EACH SAFER JOB STEP OR PROTECTIVE MEASURE.
    • BE SPECIFIC!
    • IF JOB HAZARDS ARE STILL PRESENT:
  • 29. How to Use Completed JSAs
    • New employee orientation
    • Refresher training for seasoned employees
    • Regulatory training
    • Training for infrequent jobs
    • Periodic safety meeting topics
  • 30. Reviewing/Revising JSAs
    • Review on a scheduled basis to be certain that they remain current
    • Revise whenever changes occur to the job, equipment, or environment

×