Lessons from the little red dot final
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lessons on Water management from Singapore, water scarce nation for India to manage its water resources more judiciously for future sustainability.

lessons on Water management from Singapore, water scarce nation for India to manage its water resources more judiciously for future sustainability.

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Lessons from the little red dot final Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Lessons from the Little Red Dot Observations on the effective management of water in Singapore
  • 2. Singapore Land Area 707 km2 Population 4.8 mil Average Annual Rainfall 2,400 mm Average Water Demand 1.6 mil m3/day
  • 3. Rivers extremely polluted Draught lead to severe rationing being Master plan imposed for Singapore River Water supply treaties signed Kallang Basin with Malaysia Cleanup 1950 1960 1970 Reservoirs not 1965- sufficient to Singapore supply water to becomes population of independent 1 million Water has to be imported Johar Malaysia
  • 4. •Sewerage Rehabilitation Program •Catchment Expansion Program PUB and MoE •Initiated commission conjunctive use of extensive water by blending reclamation NEWater in study reservoirs 1980 1990 2000 2010 Singapore River Singapore gets Achieves and Kallang its first water • 100% access to Basin Cleaned reclamation clean drinking up plant at Bedok water •100% Waste water wastewater gets treated to treatment very high •100% metered standards – water supply NEWater
  • 5. Singapore River – Shifting of ports activity and boats Courtesy: Remote Sensing of Earth Observation, Urban Development of Singapore Project
  • 6. Courtesy: Public Utility Board Courtesy: Public Utility Board
  • 7. Monitoring of Water Quality • Real time monitoring of multiple water qualities. Turbidity, TOC, DOC, BOC, COD, NO3 • System Setup: – Spectrometry Water quality sensor, Multi- parameters. – Logging computer and wireless communication system. – Web access and real time data publishing. Resource: Choo Chun Keong SysEng (S) Pte Ltd
  • 8. Integrated Water Quality Management System and Real Time Monitoring Courtesy: Public Utility Board
  • 9. LESSONS Supply and Demand Management Institutional Effectiveness and Political Will Effective and Functional Legal and Regulatory Framework R & D , Training and Technology in Water Sector
  • 10. Sources of water (National Taps) Demand Management Local Catchment Imported Water AIMS Using Water Network NEWater Automated Models and Water Desalinated Water Mapping and Tariff Scheme Information System Supply and Demand Management
  • 11. Strategies to Manage Catchment Water Quality Courtesy: Public Utility Board
  • 12. Automated Mapping and Information System Courtesy: Public Utility Board
  • 13. Effective demand has reduced over the years ! Demand has actually gone down!
  • 14. Institutional Effectiveness “Water management institution in a country can only be as efficient as its management of other development sectors.” – Cecilia Tortajada Public Utility Board ( PUB) – Autonomous – Significant political and public support – Financially viable (PUB tapped the commercial market for S$400 million bond issue)
  • 15. R &D , Training and Technology • Attract leading research institutes, universities, corporate labs to Singapore • Collaborate with leading research institutes, universities, corporate labs
  • 16. So What?
  • 17. Balancing ACT
  • 18. Singapore has successfully managed to find the right balances between: • water quantity and water quality considerations; • water supply and water demand management; • public sector and private sector participation; • efficiency and equity considerations; • strategic national interest and economic efficiency; and • strengthening internal capacities and reliance on external sources.
  • 19. India’s Journey to Clean Water ?
  • 20. • Woke up to Water ‘CRISIS’ late • Unreliable & poor quality water supply NOT ALL IS BAD NEWS Although Slow , Changes are Happening!
  • 21. Thank You!
  • 22. IUWM is an Integrated & Sustainable Model for Water Management PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE Water Resources Surface sources, Regional domain Ground water sources Water Supplies Sanitation GOVERNANCE Reliable, Toilet facilities, Solid Policy, Administration, equitable waste management Community Participation Wastewater Storm Water Drains Domestic, Infrastructure, Industrial maintenance City domain