Non Western Cataloging LIS 653-03 Knowledge Organization Korean Cataloging: StrategiesMiddle Eastern Cataloging : and SolutionsTimothy R Fischer Allison GrilloCataloging across this region is faced Many institutions in Korea usewith the challenge of representing the Korean Decimal System,languages unrelated to the Indo- which was created after adoptingEuropean languages of the Western Dewey Decimal System; the twoworld. Modern cataloging systems are very similar.are western in origin must be adaptedto languages such as Arabic, which Due to the complexity andare literally written backwards in occasional ambiguity of both therelation to English. The lack of Korean language and its script,modern cataloging well into the 20th Hangul, Korean libraries havecentury led to adoption broad instituted unique qualities inadoption of adapted AACR2, Library their classification systems.of Congress and Dewey DecimalSystem rules. Cataloging Materials Relating to JAPAN/MARC: Cataloguing in Indigenous Peoples Japanese Joan Markey Elizabeth Beller Both the Dewey Decimal System and the JAPAN/MARC format following Library of Congress Classification System the Nippon Cataloging Rule use classification schemes based on Western convention uses a Description philosophy. Neither is well-suited to Independent System or DIS. classifying indigenous materials. In the late Fields for author, title, and 1960s and early 1970s, a few classification subject allow for three values; one schemes were developed for these materials. for mixed kanji & kana scripts, The introduction of the OCLC created a one for katakana and one for barrier to such schemes because the Romanized letters or Romanji. A materials classified by the use of other combination of 1 byte and 2 byte schemes could not be easily integrated into scripts are employed in encoding it. As a result, there has been a change in JAPAN/MARC. emphasis towards developing additional local subject heading lists and thesauri .
Libraries Museums Tagging Art & Cultural Objects: A Fable Folksonomies Found in public & academic librariesOPAC Enhancements• Tags• Reviews Tags provide highly detailed The associations users make• Recommendations lists of what is depicted: have personal meaning:• Other Editions tail belly leg pipe wall rope tusk ear pillar trunk fan tree branch But they may miss the elephant in the room. What’s in the pictureSocial discovery system used by Folksonomies, Controlled isn’t always what it’s about. Vocabularies, and Ganesha knows there are Cultural Heritage Using geographic difficult times ahead for some. He protects them with his location tags to: Ganesha holds the Using tags to increase access • Connect axe, or parashu, in gentle dagger, or chhuri, ways from evils they have keenly sharp, likened and promote learning • Share to the "razors edge," attracted. • Learn the narrow, difficult path the spiritual • Discover aspirant must walk. • Remember • Be heardGanesha prepares to Caitlyn Marino Jeff Edelstein Raises questions…throw his lotus in order Valerie Livingston Jordan deButts Is there a limit?to kill the demon ofegotism who had LIS 653-03 Knowledge Organization Where is the line betweenattacked him. Unable to Spring 2012 public and private?bear the fragrance of thedivine flower, the Ganesha, Lorddemon surrenders. of Auspicious Beginnings Geotagged voice notes Controlled Vocabularies Geotagging
An Examination of Digital Museum Collections: Enhancing and Expanding the Information Seeking ExperienceThe Metropolitan Museum of Art’s recent webpage redesign in 2009 sets a new standard for thedigitization, organization and display of art history materials. By assimilating primary source ob-jects with secondary reference resources, it creates an experience that merges a museum visit with alibrary of research. Social networking, tagging and interactive features make this website a leadingresource in the field and is setting the new standard for all digital museum collections. The Baroque Wall-Libary System Bridging the Gap Between Museums and the Solid Foundation and StrongPhilosophy Applied to Museum Digital Community Community: From Seattle to D.C. Collections by Bess Goden by Alma Lemburg by Jesse Brauner The Met Museum has been involved in- The Baroque wall-library system was orga- projects to bring the community into their - Technology allows musuems to expand andnized in such a way that the learned user of collections and into art in general. Digital display their collections to a wide audiencethe time would be able to find the book of museums greatest challenge is finding a way -In order to use that technology effectively, thetheir subject, as the books were arranged in to bridge the gap between scholars and its’ system being created must be based on estab- community. The Met has been used as an lished organizational principlesthe ‘natural order of subjects’, placed in de- example in a few different studies having to -Information technology advancements havescending importance from left to right. offered museums many new opportunities , i.e.- Similarly the Met website mirrors the expe- do with digital museums, such as the steve. -The Experience Music Project (EMP, Seattle,diency of this system through the variety of museum tagging project and googleart. It 1990’s) drew from multiple organizational/clas-catalog unrelated main access points. is necessary to figure out a way to incor- sification systems to catalog their materials-Much as in how items in a museum are or- porate the community while still making -Technology has also allowed museums to vastlyganized, a user can walk through the pages the collection accessible to historians and increase their role and presence within the com-of this website with the information laid out those who have a familiar background to munity and to frame cultural identity in newin front of them. The user can at once locate the collection. Social tagging can be the ways. i.e. NMAI Virtual Tourspecific information based on visual cues bridge between the two. Finding a common -Technology allowed Native American children language becomes the important factor in to personally catalog and describe culturaland an assumed natural order, and browse new studies. In its new inception (April artifacts as well as show their history to museumfor similar information as links to similar visitors more clearly than ever beforesubject headings and object descriptions are 2012) Googlart is a mass digital collection,physically grouped together on the page. bringing the community into the art world, that may make tagging obsolete.