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Learning Learning Presentation Transcript

  • LEARNING
  • MEANING
    • Learning is CHANGE IN BEHAVIOUR ACQUIRED THROUGH PRACTICE, TRAINIG EXPERIENCE.
    • This is supplemented with 5 components:
    • 1. Performance
    • 2. Permanent Change
    • 3. Behavior
    • 4. Practice & Experience
    • 5. Reinforcement
  • DEFINITION
    • Learning may be defined as “A RELATIVELY PERMANENT CHANGE IN BEHAVIOUR THAT OCCURS AS A RESULT OF PRIOR EXPERIENCE”
    • Learning is “THE PROCESS OF HAVING ONE’S MODIFIED, MORE OR LESS PERMANENTLY, BY WHAT HE DOES & THE CONSEQUENCES OF HIS ACTION, OR BY WHAT HE OBSERVES”
  • LEARNING THEORY
            • THEORIES
    Classical Conditioning Social Conditioning Operant Conditioning Cognitive Conditioning
  • CLASSICAL CONDITIONING
    • Ivan Pavlov introduced Classical Conditioning Theory in 20 th Century.
    • He states that “CLASSICAL CONDITIONG AS A PHYSICAL EVENT – TERMED A STIMULUS THAT INITIALLY DOES NOT ELEICIT A PARTICULAR RESPONSE GRADUALLY ACQUIRES THE CAPACITY TO ELICIT THAT RESPONSE AS A RESULT OF REPAETED PAIRING WITH A STIMULUS THAT CAN ELICIT A REACTION”
    • Thus classical conditioning is an event, repeated several times evokes a desired response.
  • OPERANT CONDITIONG
    • Operant conditioning is also called INSTRUMENTAL CONDITIONING.
    • This refers to “ THE PROCESS THAT OUR BEHAVIOUR PRODUCES CERTAIN CONSEQUENCES & HOW WE BEHAVE IN THE FUTURE WILL DEPEND ON WHAT THESE CONSEQUENCES ARE”
    • Thus Operant Conditioning Theory is THE FUNCTION OF ITS CONSEQUENCES.
  • COGNITIVE THEORY
    • The CONTEMPORARY PERSPECTIVE about learning is Cognitive Process.
    • This process assumes that “ PEOPLE ARE CONSCIOUS, ACTIVE PARTICIPANTS IN HOW THEY LEARN” .
    • This assumes that the “ ORGANIZATION LEARNS THE MEANING OF VARIOUS OBJECTS & EVENTS & LEARNED RESPONSES DEPENDING ON THE MEANING ASSIGNED TO THE STIMULI” .
  • COGNITIVE THEORY PROCESS FEEDBACK PRIOR LEARNING BEHAVIOURAL CHOICE PERCIEVED CONSEQUENCES
  • SOCIAL LEARNING
    • This is also known as OBSERVATIONAL LEARNING, SOCIAL LEARNING, VICARIOUS LEARNING.
    • Social Learning Theory emphasizes “ THE ABILITY OF AN INDIVIDUAL TO LEARN BY OBSERVING OTHERS”
  • PRINCIPLES
    • MOTIVATION
    • REINFORCEMENT
    • PUNISHMENT
    • EXTINCTION
  • LEARNING STYLES
    • Learning Styles are “ THE ABILITY OF AN INDIVIDUAL TO LEARN”
    • Learning Styles are of 4 types:
          • ACCOMODATOR
          • DIVERGNCE
          • ASSIMILATION
          • CONVERGENCE
  • LEARNING & OB STIMULUS GENERALIZATION DISCRIMINATION STIMULI (WORK SITUATION) RESPONSE (CHOICE OF BEHAVIOUR) CONSEQUENCE (REINFORCEMENT) STIMULUS (NEW WORK SITUATION)
  • CONCLUSION
    • Thus as there is Intra – personal learning, there is Organizational Learning too.
    • Organizational Learning is “ THE PROCESS THROUGH WHICH MANAGERS SEEK TO IMPROVE ORGANIZATION MEMBERS’ DESIRE & ABILITY TO UNDERSTAND & MANAGE THE ORGANOZATON & ITS ENVIRONMENT SO THAT THEY CAN ENHANCE ORGANIZATIONAL EFFECTIVENESS” .
  • THANK YOU