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Governance & Financial assessment of Mehsana Municipality 13-14

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Study of institutional framework for spatial planning & development in Gujarat as a part of Urban Development Planning Studio 2014, Masters in Planning, CEPT University, Ahmedabad …

Study of institutional framework for spatial planning & development in Gujarat as a part of Urban Development Planning Studio 2014, Masters in Planning, CEPT University, Ahmedabad

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  • 1. URBAN GOVERNANCE Institutional Mapping
  • 2. 2 Urban Governance Larger expenditures have to be combined with better governance structures, strong political and administrative will to collect taxes and user charges, and improved capacity to deliver.“ Report on Indian Urban Infrastructure and Services, 2011 “They (Indian Cities) require technical skills to manage the delivery of urban services as well as provide a socio-economic environment in which the industry and services sectors can become globally competitive. Urban Planning Infrastructure Design Political Will / Autonomy Administrative Capacity Financial Viability / Autonomy
  • 3. 3 Urban Governance Political Will / Autonomy Administrative Capacity Financial Viability / Autonomy
  • 4. 1. Institutional Framework | Municipal Council 1. Elected and Administrative Wings 2. Functions of the Council 3. Institutional Capacity 2. Private participation in Service Delivery 3. Finance 4 Urban Governance Political Will / Autonomy Administrative Capacity Financial Viability / Autonomy Presentation Structure
  • 5. Institutional Framework Municipal Council 5
  • 6. 6 Institutional Framework | Municipal Council Background Center State ULB Three Tier Government
  • 7. 7 Institutional Framework | Municipal Council Background Center State ULB
  • 8. 8 Institutional Framework | Municipal Council Impact of the 74th CAA-Consolidated Report Vol - I_summary Background Center State ULBultra vires beyond the powers or authority granted by law
  • 9. 9 Institutional Framework | Municipal Council Background Center State ULBultra vires beyond the powers or authority granted by law
  • 10. 10 Institutional Framework | Municipal Council Background Center State ULBultra vires beyond the powers or authority granted by law
  • 11. 11 Institutional Framework | Municipal Council Background Types of ULBs Elections FunctionsFinances
  • 12. 12 Institutional Framework | Municipal Council Background Types of ULBs Elections FunctionsFinances
  • 13. 13 Institutional Framework | Municipal Council Background Types of ULBs Elections FunctionsFinances
  • 14. 14 Institutional Framework | Municipal Council Background Types of ULBs Elections FunctionsFinances GUJARAT MUNICIPALITY ACT 1963
  • 15. 15 Institutional Framework | Municipal Council Elected and Administrative Wings of the Municipal Council
  • 16. 16 Institutional Framework | Municipal Council Elected Administrative 17 Electoral Wards in City 3 Elected Councillors per ward President / Mayor 14 Department Chief Officer assigned by State Government from Administrative Services (GAS) 18 Committees 5 years tenure Employees of Municipal Council Characteristics of the Wings of Municipal Council in Mahesana
  • 17. 17 Institutional Framework | Municipal Council Elected Wing
  • 18. 18 Institutional Framework | Municipal Council General Body (Chaired by President) 17 Wards 3 Councilors per Ward Election Process
  • 19. 19 Institutional Framework | Municipal Council General Body (Chaired by President) Sanitary cum food and drugs control committee Light Committee Standing Committee Building and Road Committee Town Planning Committee Shops and Establishment Committee Water Works committee Hospital Committee Accounts committee Garden and sports committee Legal committee Revenue committee Underground sewerage scheme committee Staff committee Urban Community Development Project committee Crematorium and cemetery committee Gas committee Transport committee Functions of the Elected Wing
  • 20. 20 Institutional Framework | Municipal Council Gaps in the functioning of the Elected Wing Election Function
  • 21. 21 Institutional Framework | Municipal Council Gaps in the functioning of the Elected Wing Ward (Ground Conditions) Election Function
  • 22. 22 Institutional Framework | Municipal Council Gaps in the functioning of the Elected Wing Election Function Ward (Ground Conditions)
  • 23. 23 Institutional Framework | Municipal Council Gaps in the functioning of the Elected Wing Election Function Ward (Ground Conditions)
  • 24. 24 Institutional Framework | Municipal Council Ward Sabhas Area Sabhas Gaps in the functioning of the Elected Wing Ward (Ground Conditions) Election Function
  • 25. 25 Institutional Framework | Municipal Council Ward Sabhas Area Sabhas Gaps in the functioning of the Elected Wing Ward (Ground Conditions) Election Function
  • 26. 26 Institutional Framework | Municipal Council Administrative Wing
  • 27. 27 Institutional Framework | Municipal Council Source: CDP Mehsana Organogram of the Administrative Wing Chief Officer Office Superintendent General Administration Shops & Establishment Taxes Water works department Dispensary Sanitary General work Public Garden IDSMT Sanitary U.C.D. T.P. & Building Regulation Underground Sewerage Sanitary
  • 28. 28 Institutional Framework | Municipal Council Source: CDP Mehsana Organogram of the Administrative Wing Chief Officer Office Superintendent General Administration Shops & Establishment Taxes Water works department Dispensary Sanitary General work Public Garden IDSMT Internal Auditor Building Inspector Encroachment Inspector Surveyor Cashier Clerk and Asst. clerk Enforcement Mukadam Enforcement labour/Peon Security guard Peon Shop Inspector Assistant clerk Clerk Assistant clerk Peon Water works Engineer Inspector Fitter Pumpman Medical officer Cash writer Dresser cum peon Dresser Family planning Compounder Chief sanitary inspector Food inspector Statistical clerk Assistant clerk Ward clerk Clerk Head mukadam Civil Enginner Overship Assistant clerk Carpenter Wire man Gardener Cremetorium watchman CNCD dept. Tree plantation Watchman Civil engineer Carpenter Overship Sanitary Mechanic foreman Driver Wire man electricity Wireman helper Cleaner Sanitary Mukadam U.C.D. Project officer Social Clerk Peon T.P. & Building Regulation Planning Assistant Surveyor Tracer Underground Sewerage Deputy Engineer Mechanic Supervisor Operator Overship Carpenter Clerk Watch man Mukadam Sweeper Sanitary Sweeper Building labour Water works
  • 29. 29 Institutional Framework | Municipal Council Source: CDP Mehsana Organogram of the Administrative Wing Chief Officer Office Superintendent General Administration Shops & Establishment Taxes Water works department Dispensary Sanitary General work Public Garden IDSMT Internal Auditor Building Inspector Encroachment Inspector Surveyor Cashier Clerk and Asst. clerk Enforcement Mukadam Enforcement labour/Peon Security guard Peon Shop Inspector Assistant clerk Clerk Assistant clerk Peon Water works Engineer Inspector Fitter Pumpman Medical officer Cash writer Dresser cum peon Dresser Family planning Compounder Chief sanitary inspector Food inspector Statistical clerk Assistant clerk Ward clerk Clerk Head mukadam Civil Enginner Overship Assistant clerk Carpenter Wire man Gardener Cremetorium watchman CNCD dept. Tree plantation Watchman Civil engineer Carpenter Overship Sanitary Mechanic foreman Driver Wire man electricity Wireman helper Cleaner Sanitary Mukadam U.C.D. Project officer Social Clerk Peon T.P. & Building Regulation Planning Assistant Surveyor Tracer Underground Sewerage Deputy Engineer Mechanic Supervisor Operator Overship Carpenter Clerk Watch man Mukadam Sweeper Sanitary Sweeper Building labour Water works 186, 3 1% 412, 6 9% Total Posts = 598 Occupied Vacant
  • 30. 30 Institutional Framework | Municipal Council 10 1 8 19 3 3 1 4 2 17 5 0 0 113 14 1 5 15 5 8 6 6 1 13 2 3 36 297 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Administrative Capacity Occupied post Vacant post
  • 31. 31 Institutional Framework | Municipal Council Municipal Functions
  • 32. 32 Institutional Framework | Municipal Council I Municipal Functions | Obligatory – GMA 1963 Mahesana 1 Urban planning including town planning 2 Giving immediate relief to persons rendered destitute by natural calamities 3 Establishing and maintaining primary schools 4 Regulating or abating offensive or dangerous trades or practices 5 Securing or removing dangerous buildings or places and reclaiming unhealthy localities 6 Obtaining a supply or an additional supply of water in case of unwholesomeness of the existing supply at a reasonable cost 7 Public vaccination 8 Water public streets and places 9 Cleansing and abating nuisance in public spaces not being private property whether such places are vested in the municipality or not 10 Introducing and maintaining the system of water closet so as to dispense with the removal of night soil by carrying the same in a receptacle cart or other means 11 Disposing of night soil and rubbish 12 Providing special medical aid accommodation for the sick in time of dangerous diseases and taking such measures as may be required to prevent the outbreak or to supress and prevent the recurrence of such diseases. 13 Establishing and maintaining public hospitals, dispensaries and family planning centers and providing public medical relief. 14 Acquiring and maintaining, changing and regulating places for the disposal of the dead and disposal of unclaimed dead bodies and carcasses of dead animals. Municipal Functions
  • 33. 33 Institutional Framework | Municipal Council I Municipal Functions | Obligatory – GMA 1963 Mahesana 15 Constructing, altering and maintaining public latrines and urinals 16 Constructing, altering and maintaining public streets, culverts, municipal boundaries marks, markets, slaughter houses, privies, drains, sewers, drainage works, sewerage works, baths, washing places, drinking fountains, tanks, wells, dams and like 17 Suitable accommodation for calves, cows, or buffaloes required within the municipal borough for the supply of animal lymph 18 Printing such annual reports of the municipal administration of the borough as may be required by general or special order of the state government 19 Paying the salary and the contingent expenditure on account of such police or guards as may be required by the municipality for the purpose of this act or for the protection of any municipal property 20 Improving agriculture by suitable measures 21 Devising town planning within the limits of the borough according to the law relating to town planning for the time being in force 22 Lighting public streets, places and buildings 23 Extinguishing fires and protecting life and property when fires occur 24 Removing obstructions and projections in public streets or places and in spaces not being private property, which are open to the enjoyment of the public, whether such properties rest with municipality or government 25 Erecting substantial boundary marks of such description and in such positions as shall be approved by the collector, defining limits or any alteration in the limits of the municipal borough 26 Registering births, marriages and deaths 27 Make payments to institutions identified by state government for anti-rabic treatment, leprosy and treatment for lunatics. Municipal Functions
  • 34. 34 Institutional Framework | Municipal Council II Municipal Functions | Discretionary - – GMA 1963 Mahesana 1 Giving relief to and establishing and maintain relief works in time of famine or scarcity for, destitute persons within the limits of municipal borough 2 Constructing, establishing or maintain , public parks, gardens libraries museums, lunatic asylums, halls, offices, shops market dharma shalas, rest houses, place of entertainment and homes for the disabled and destitute and other public buildings 3 The construction, maintenance, management, organisation or purchase of telephone lines or for guaranteeing the payment of interest on money expended for the construction of a telephone line subject to the previous sanction of the development commissioner when the line extends beyond the limits of the municipal borough 4 The construction, purchase, organisation , maintenance, extension and management of mechanically propelled transport facilities 5 Laying out, whether in areas previously built upon or not, new public streets and acquiring the land for that purpose, and the land required for the construction of building or cartilages thereof the abut on such streets 6 Planting and maintain roadside and other trees 7 The construction maintenance repairs purchase of any works for the supply of electrical energy or gas 8 The construction of sanitary dwellings for the poorer classes 9 Providing accommodation for all classes of servants employed by the municipality 10 Establishing and maintain pre primary schools and secondary schools such as balwadies balmandirs etc 11 Undertaking cultural activities 12 Making contribution by way of aid to pre-primary schools, secondary schools, institution providing higher or technical education and institution of educational societies 13 Establishing and maintain secondary schools and institutions for higher or technical education 14 Making contribution to the funds of local self government institute Municipal Functions
  • 35. 35 Institutional Framework | Municipal Council II Municipal Functions | Discretionary - – GMA 1963 Mahesana 15 Undertaking measures of promotion of social and moral welfare of the population in the borough 16 Establishing and maintaining Gymnasia, playgrounds, theatres, libraries, reading rooms and other recreation centres 17 Arranging for the destruction or the detention and preservation of dogs 18 Securing or assisting in the securing of suitable places for the carrying on the offensive trades 19 Supplying, constructing and maintain receptacles, pipes and other appliances for the use of private premises 20 Establishing and maintaining a farm or factory for disposal of sewage 21 Setting up of diaries or farms for the supply, distribution and processing of milk and milk products 22 Promoting well being of Municipal employees and all class of Municipal employees and their dependents 23 Constructing, altering and maintain residential building for housing – Houseless persons 24 Encouraging Co-operative housing societies and assisting to them in construction of residential buildings 25 Undertaking manufacturing of building materials and their distribution at fair prices 26 Undertaking schemes of slum clearance or redevelopment of any area 27 Preparation of plans for economic development and social justice 28 The performance of functions and the implementation of the schemes that may be entrusted by the State govt. to it, including those in relation to that matters listed in the Twelfth schedule to the constitution of India 29 Any public reception, ceremony entertainment or exhibition within the municipal borough according to the rules made in this behalf by the state Government Municipal Functions
  • 36. 36 Institutional Framework | Municipal Council II Municipal Functions | Discretionary - – GMA 1963 Mahesana 30 Taking a census, and granting rewards for information which may tend to secure the correct registration of vital statistics 31 Making a survey 32 Paying the salaries and allowances, rent and other charges incidental to the maintenance of the court of any stipendiary or honorary magistrate or any portion of any such charges 33 Promoting the idea of Co-operation in different walks of life and organising and encouraging Co-operative institutions 34 With the previous sanction of the state govt. reclaiming wasteland and bringing it under cultivation 35 Training the urban community in self-help and self sufficiency on the principle of Municipal corporation 36 Starting of granaries 37 Constructing altering and maintain go downs and depots for preservation of food grains and vegetables 38 Conservation of manorial resources preparing compost manure. Organic manure and mixture and to arrange for making them easily available 39 Establishing and maintaining nurseries for fruit bearing trees and vegetable and also arranging for storage and distribution of fruits and vegetables grown 40 Undertaking measures for improvement of agriculture and cattle breed 41 Assisting in establishment of large scale small scale -cottage and craft industries 42 Taking any measures not specified in the foregoing provision of this section or in section 87, which is likely to promote the public safety, health, convenience, welfare of education Municipal Functions
  • 37. 37 Functions Obligatory Functions Discretionary functions 27/27 16/27(11) 15/42 not known
  • 38. 38 Institutional Framework | Municipal Council III Municipal Functions | 12th Schedule - Constitution of India Mahesana 1 Urban planning including town planning 2 Regulation of land-use and construction of buildings 3 Planning for economic and social development 4 Roads and bridges 5 Water supply domestic, Industrial and commercial purposes 6 Public health, sanitation, conservancy and solid waste management 7 Fire services 8 Urban forestry 9 Safeguarding the interests of weaker sections of society, including the handicapped and mentally retarded 10 Provision of urban amenities and facilities such as parks, gardens, playgrounds 11 Burials and burial grounds, cremations, cremation ghats/grounds and electric crematoria 12 Cattle pounds, prevention of cruelty to animals 13 Vital statistics including registration of births and deaths 14 Street lighting, Parking lots, bus stops and public conveniences 15 Regulation of slaughter houses and tanneries 16 Slum improvement and up gradation 17 Urban poverty alleviation. 18 Promotion of cultural, educational and aesthetic aspects Municipal Functions
  • 39. 39 Institutional Framework | Municipal Council Political and Administrative Autonomy Performance of Functions Capacity Finance
  • 40. Private participation in Service Delivery
  • 41. WHY NAGARPALIKA ADOPTED PPP ? CURRENT SITUATION OF MUNICIPALITY FINANCIAL CONSTRAINTS NON- AVAILABILITY OF SKILLS POOR SERVICE LEVELS HELP TO MEET FINANCIAL NEEDS SHALL IMPROVE SERVICE LEVELS & ACCOUNTABILITY PPP PROVIDE REQUIRED SKILLS & TECHNOLOGY
  • 42. SELECTION OF PPP PROJECTS NEEDS FOR PUBLIC FACILITIES ASSESSING ON BASIS OF URGENCY ,COST & TIMELINE SUBMITTED TO GENERAL BODY DETAILED COST ANALYSIS SUBMITTED TO GENERAL BODY PROCUREMENT OF PVT. PARTNER SELECTION OF PVT. PARTNER COMPETITIVE BIDDING PROCESS INVITATION TO PVT. COMPANIES SUBMISSION OF DPR BY COMPANIES ASSESSING THE PROPOSALS APPOINTING THE SUITABLE OOPS!!! WHERE IS PUBLIC PARTICIPATION IN THIS PROCESS?
  • 43. SECTORS ADOPTING PPP MODELS IN MEHSANA NAGARPALIKA WATER SUPPLY SANITATION SEWERAGE DRAINAGE ROADS & BRIDGES STREET LIGHT SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT TAX COLLECTION PARKS & GARDENS CREMATORIUM MOU
  • 44. WATER SUPPLY: ROLE OF PUBLIC & PRIVATE WATER SUPPLY CONSTRUCTION OPERATION & MAINTENANCE OF ASSETS OWNERSHIP OF ASSETS PUBLICPRIVATE
  • 45. 45 TAX COLLECTION PUBLICPRIVATE TAX COLLECTION: ROLE OF PUBLIC & PRIVATE COLLECTION OF TAX REDRESSAL OF COMPLAINTS TAX AS A BASE OF REVENUE INCOME
  • 46. HIGHER COST OF PROJECT THAN SUBMITTED CONTRACTED FIXED PRICE WITH SOME ITEMS INDEXED TO INFLATION PVT. PARTNER RESPONSIBLE IF RELATED TO DESIGN, CONSTRUCTION, OPERATION & MAINTENANCE OF PROJECT POOR PERFORMANCE FINANCIAL PENALTIES DEFAULT PROVISIONS & REMEDIES THAT FAVOUR MUNICIPALITY TERMS OF REFERENCE WHAT IS THE RISK MITIGATION APPROACH BY NAGARPALIKA?
  • 47. ISSUES OBSERVED MISCONCEPTION CONTROVERSY FEAR COMMUNITY STAFF EXPERTISE LACK EXPERTISE VACANCY LACK EXPERIENCE APPROACH PUBLIC AWARENESS COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT COMMUNICATION CAPACITY BUILDING ENGAGE EXTERNAL EXPERTS APPOINT NEW OFFICIALS
  • 48. 48As a part of Urban Development Planning Studio 2014, Masters in Planning, CEPT University, Ahmedabad, 19 Feb 2014 Financeincome & expenditure Municipal
  • 49. 49 a u t h o r i t i e s │ i n s t i t u t i o n s │ p o w e r s │ r e s p o n s i b i l i t i e s │ r o l e s So what does the taxes collection signify about the authority? It signifies power, autonomy & independence of the authority for development over a space.
  • 50. 50 What does the expenses indicate?  Capacity to undertake developmental activities  Priorities of the authority for development a u t h o r i t i e s │ i n s t i t u t i o n s │ p o w e r s │ r e s p o n s i b i l i t i e s │ r o l e s
  • 51. 51 Developmental activities taken up by the following authorities at district level urban rural Collector DDO
  • 52. 52 villages Gram panchayat Taluka panchayat District panchayat Panchayat dept State government Institutional framework for developmental activities in 12 peri-urban 12peri-urbanvillages
  • 53. 53 Taxes Gram panchayat House tax Light tax Professional tax Cleanliness tax R u r a l
  • 54. 54 Gram panchayat │ Taluka panchayat │ District panchayat Land revenue Taxes R u r a l
  • 55. 55 13th Finance Commission Grant Annual Grants MP – MLA Fund Highdependencyratio Grants R u r a l
  • 56. 56 abc Special Grants xyz Highdependencyratio Grants R u r a l
  • 57. 57 Urban Municipality Collector State Government Institutional framework for developmental activities in areas - Approvals - Forward funds - Implementation - Planning - Identification M e h s a n a roles
  • 58. 58 Mehsana Municipality Taxes & own Income grants income Income Sources Mehsana Municipality
  • 59. 59 Income Opening balance Mehsana Municipality 2013 - 2014 Own income Grants & Funds 34.80 crore 20.75 crore 33.75 crore 89.30 crore own income grants & funds 60% 40% Income–dependencyratio As per Mehsana Municipality Budget 2013-14
  • 60. 60 Taxes & Charges Mehsana Municipality 2013 - 2014 User charge Property Rent Water Tax Penalty Electricity Tax Conservancy tax Professional Tax Water Charge Property Tax Gutter Tax TP Betterment charge Impact Fee 60%70%of total own income (20.75 crore) Income-ownincome
  • 61. 61 Taxes & Charges Mehsana Municipality 2013 - 2014 Thumb rules Professional Tax Water Charge Property Tax Area municipality limit : 3145 hec Population : 1.90 lakhs Rs. 6,500/- Rs. 11,000/- Rs. 22,000/- For 1 hectare inclusion of area in Mehsana municipality …approx. With FSI remaining same… Other Tax Rs. 10,000/- Approx. Rs. 50,000/- p.a. Income-ownincome-annual
  • 62. 62 Taxes & Charges Mehsana Municipality 2013 - 2014 Thumb rules TP Betterment charge Area municipality limit : 3145 hec Population : 1.90 lakhs Rs. 1,50,000*/- For 1 hectare floating of TP scheme … approx. Income-ownincome–onetime Collected over 10 years sometimes...
  • 63. 63 Grants Mehsana Municipality 2013 - 2014 Income-grants Annual Grant Special Grant Basic per capita 63 Entertainment tax Land revenue Octroi grant Urban development G.M.F.B.G. Cleanliness abhiyan Town planning grant Health staff subsidy D.A.Allowance Water works Grant Pay & use grant Flood Relief fund S.J.C.M.UD yojana(DUDA) 15%Vivekadhin Incentive conservancy Nirmal gujarat S.J.yojana S.J.S.R.Y (Loan subsidy) Amrut Dhara Mission mangalam Town planning admin
  • 64. Revenue Grants G.M.F.B.G(State) Pay & use grant(State) Cleanliness abhiyan yojana(State) Road repair & main. (State) Town planning Grant(State) Malaria prevention(State) Shop & Establishment(State) Basic per capita grant(State) S.J.S.R.Y (Lone subsidy) (State) Cable T.V. (State) Proffessional Tax(State) Entertainment tax(State) Nirmal gujarat grant(State) Land revenue grant(State) Octroi grant(State) Health staff subsidy(State) Town planning admin(State) S.J.S.R.Y admin. (State) District administration(State) Town planning admin(State) Incentive conservancy(State) U.C.D.Grant subcidy(State) New Anganvadi Grant(State) M.L.A.Grant(State) M.P.Grant(central) Flood Relief fund(State/(central)) Urban development(State) Amrut dhara(State) 12th Finance commission(central) S.J.C.M.U.D (DUDA) (State) Water works(State) 13th Finance commission(central) 15%Vivekadhin Grant(State) Capital Grants
  • 65. • G.M.F.B.G • S.J.C.M.Urabn development yojana(DUDA) • Incentive conservancy • Cleanliness abhiyan Grant • Pay & use grant • Water works Grant • Amrut dhara • Swarnim jayanti C.M.urban developement yojana • 15%Vivekadhin Grant • Cable T.V. • Nirmal gujarat grant • Road repair & maintainance • Urban development grant Physical Infrastructure • New Anganvadi Grant • Shop & Establishment Social infrastructure Physical Infra. grant 18 crore 3%97% Social Infra. grant 60Lakh
  • 66. 66 Expenditures Mehsana Municipality 2013 - 2014 Revenue expenditure Capital expenditure 54.85 crore 20.82 crore 88.90 crore revenue exp. capital exp. 70% 30% Expenditures–operatingratio–capitalutilization Approx. Balance 13.23 crore As per Mehsana Municipality Budget 2013-14 75.67cr
  • 67. 67 Capital Expenditure Mehsana Municipality 2013 - 2014 Urban development Sanitary capital IDSMT Underground sewage Garden capital Water works capital Building Capital Elec. capital Crematorium Capital Road Works 30% of capital expenditure (54.85 crore) Income-ownincome 56%71%
  • 68. 68 Financial Health Mehsana Municipality’s 2013 - 2014 Financial analysis Operating Ratio = Operating expenses Revenue account Receipts Benchmark 0.99 Dependency Ratio = Revenue account Grants Revenue account Receipts 0.38 > 1 Mehsana Municipality is just short of meeting its OP with current sources. Possible Reason -Abolition of Octroi tax 2011- Replacement with Grant .
  • 69. 69 Financial Health Mehsana Municipality’s 2013 - 2014 Capital Utilization = Capital Expenditure Capital Receipts Cost Recovery = Revenue account Receipts Operating Expenses of that sector Water 52.3 % Electricity 51.64% SWM 25% Sewage 11.13% 235.71 % Mehsana Municipality uses revenue income & Grants for building capital sign of growt Benchmark > 100 %
  • 70. 70 Financial Health Mehsana Municipality’s 2013 - 2014 Financial analysis
  • 71. 71 Institutional Framework | Concluding Thoughts Future Growth Intentions of the ULB
  • 72. 72 Institutional Framework | Concluding Thoughts Existing Mahesana Municipality Area : 22.48 sqkm
  • 73. 73 Institutional Framework | Concluding Thoughts Mahesana Planning (Study) Area : 63.76 sqkm for ADA
  • 74. 74 Institutional Framework | Concluding Thoughts Conversion of the Planning area to Mahesana Corporation
  • 75. 75 Institutional Framework | Concluding Thoughts Is this the right model for future growth?
  • 76. 76 Institutional Framework | Concluding Thoughts Is this the right model for future growth? Can we propose an alternative?
  • 77. 77 Thank you….