Complications of Diabetes Hypoglycemia To minimize risk of night times hypoglycemia, test your blood sugar periodically around 2 a.m. to 3 a.m. and determine how your level relates to your food, exercise, and insulin or medication the previous day. Adjust accordingly.
Cholesterol Total less than 200 mg/dl LDL (bad)-below 130 mg/dl but below 100 is optimal, if known heart disease 70-100 (the higher the risk, the lower the LDL) HDL (good)–over 40 mg/dl but ideally over 60mg/dl as that greatly lowers heart disease risk 1% drop in blood cholesterol translates into 2% drop in risk for heart disease
No matter which type of diabetes you have-type 1 insulin dependent, type 2 non-insulin dependent or gestational the single best way to manage your condition is to monitor the amount of glucose in your blood.
In people with type 1 diabetes you need to test four or five times a day - before each meal and before bedtime - and in the middle of the night (around 3 a.m.) once a week.
People with type 2 diabetes can also have high blood glucose levels and still feel fine so, when in doubt, test, When diet or activity levels change, or when you’re ill or under other stress, test more frequently.
The more often you test, the higher your control becomes.