Role of government in the development of the country

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based on govt approach for the development of the country and describes on the steps taken for improving the transport system in india

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Role of government in the development of the country

  1. 1. By Prapanja VIII
  2. 2. Green Revolution 1950 – 1957 50.8 MT 1970 – 71 108 MT 1980 – 81 130 MT 1996 – 97 198 MT More Than Four Times In 50 Years Average Yield Of Crops Per Hectare Less Than Half - Developed
  3. 3. Rural Development National Food For Work Programme Community Development Programme National Rural Employment Scheme
  4. 4. Development Programmes Intgrated Rural Development Programme Drought Prone Areas Programme Minimum NeedS Programme Jawahar Rozgar Yojna Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojna Indira Awaz Yojna Rajiv Gandhi National Water Mission Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojna
  5. 5. Industry: Basic – Iron, Steel Power Public Sector – Covers Areas Which Are Too Important Or Not Profitable Enough To Leave To The Market National Thermal Power Corporation(NTPC) Bharat Heavy Electricals (BHEL) Steel Authority Of India Limited(SAIL) Gas and Oil Corporation Of India
  6. 6. Railways And Postal System 1960s & 1970s  Shortage Of Foreign Exchange  Government Severely Restricted Import Of Goods  Encouraged Entrepreneurs – Manufacture Goods Indigenously  Quality Of Goods Improved With Time , Experience  Indian Industrialists Encourage To Import 1. Technical Knowhow 2. Enter Foreign Collaboration To Manufacture Equipment Locally+  1991 New Industrial Policy And Economic Reforms
  7. 7. New Policy : Power Telecommunication Aviation Opened to private Sector
  8. 8. Economic Reforms  Brought Foreign Competition  Expansion – Production Of Fast Moving Consumer Goods  Industrial Sector 1. 30% Of GDP 2. 17% Of Total Workforce 3. 1/3 in Household Industries
  9. 9. Roadways : Second Largest Network – World National Highway State Highways District Roads Other Roads (Urban , Village , Panchayat)
  10. 10. National Highway Authority of India (NHAI) Total Length Of The Roads 3.01 KM National Highways 34,608 KM State Highways 128,622 KM Street , Lanes 2,737,080 KM
  11. 11. National Highways 70% Freight 85% Passenger Traffic NH 7 – Largest Varnasi Kanyakumari 2369 KM On Going Massive Project ‘Golden Quadricateral’ 5,846 KM of Four/Six Lane Delhi , Mumbai , Kolkata , Chennai
  12. 12. Railways : Largest Railway Network – Single Management Biggest Employer In The World Domestic International Trade – Rely on Railways
  13. 13. Steps Taken to Improve Line Efficacy on Railways Plans Dedicated Freight Corridors High Speed Passenger Corridor 300 To 350 KM/Hr Four Regions Meter – Broad Gauge 11th Year Plan
  14. 14. Ports India’s Coast Line 5,472 KM Importance To Shipping Expansion Modernisation Of Ports 2007 12 Major Ports, 181 Minor Ports
  15. 15. Aviation : Modernisation Expansion Of Airports At Least 500 Operational Airports By 2020 Modernisation Of Airports – Delhi , Mumbai , Kolkatta , Chennai 35 Non – Metros
  16. 16. Importance Of Transport : Goods To Markets Raw Materials To Factories People – Place To Place Globalisation Of Markets International Economic Intregration Economic Competition Increased Importance Of Transport To – Day’s World Effective Transport Is Indispensable For Developmet

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