Veg vs nonveg
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  • 1. VEG Vs NON-VEG DIET BY PRANAV KHAWALE BNYS (3rd year)
  • 2. Overview of the presentation What is vegetarian diet ? Types of vegetarian diet ? What is non-vegetarian diet ? Use of canine teeth Effect on human body systems According to medical science Concept of nutrients Application of vegetarian diet in treatment Effect on panchakosha A spiritual perspective
  • 3. What is vegetarian diet ? Vegetarian diet includes  plant-based diets (fruits, vegetables, etc.)  with or without the inclusion of dairy products or eggs  with the exclusion of meat
  • 4. Overview of the presentation What is vegetarian diet ? Types of vegetarian diet ? What is non-vegetarian diet ? Use of canine teeth Effect on human body systems According to medical science Concept of nutrients Application of vegetarian diet in treatment Effect on pancakosha A spiritual perspective
  • 5. Types of Vegetarians Lacto-OvoVegetarian:  does not eat meat and fish  Eats dairy and egg products OvoVegetarian:  does not eat meat, fish, and dairy products  Eats egg products Lacto Vegetarian:  does not eat meat, fish or eggs  Eats dairy products Vegan:  does not eat any animal products including meat, fish, eggs, dairy and honey5  do not use any animal products such as silk, leather and wool
  • 6. Advantages of vegetarian foods Easily chewable Easily digestible Vegetarian foods are cheaper than non-vegetarian foods Some vegetables can be eaten raw preventing the loss of nutrients while cooking Vegetarian foods do not contain as much fat as non-vegetarian foods
  • 7. Overview of the presentation What is vegetarian diet ? Types of vegetarian diet ? What is non-vegetarian diet ? Use of canine teeth Effect on human body systems According to medical science Concept of nutrients Application of vegetarian diet in treatment Effect on pancakosha A spiritual perspective
  • 8. What is non-vegetarian diet ? Anything that requires animal slaughter Food that is not of plant origin Which includes  Meat  Eggs  Fish  Sea food
  • 9. Advantages of Non-Vegetarian Rich in protein of high biological value Vit B complex, especially B12 Fish, especially the small varieties are a rich source of calcium Egg-white is good source of protein and easily digested
  • 10. Overview of the presentation What is vegetarian diet ? Types of vegetarian diet ? What is non-vegetarian diet ? Use of canine teeth Effect on human body systems According to medical science Concept of nutrients Application of vegetarian diet in treatment Effect on pancakosha A spiritual perspective
  • 11. Use of canine teeth Function of canine teeth for human beings is to tear food Canine teeth for a meat-based diet Just because humans have canines it doesn’t mean that they should eat meat
  • 12.  Humans are herbivores not a carnivores (According to biologists and anthropologists) (ADA) American diet association
  • 13. Humans and animals Structure of jaw Teeth Digestive enzyme Length of intestine Nail
  • 14.  According to a study  It has been observed that the body of non-vegetarian animals contain 10 times more amount of hydrochloric acid than that of vegetarian ones  Human body doesn’t have the same amount of hydrochloric acid
  • 15. Overview of the presentation What is vegetarian diet ? Types of vegetarian diet ? What is non-vegetarian diet ? Use of canine teeth Effect on human body systems According to medical science Concept of nutrients Application of vegetarian diet in treatment Effect on pancakosha A spiritual perspective
  • 16. Digestive system
  • 17. Respiratory system
  • 18. Excretory system
  • 19. Musculoskeletal system
  • 20. Nervous and endocrine system Correlation between Nervous system and endocrine system on diet
  • 21. Overview of the presentation What is vegetarian diet ? Types of vegetarian diet ? What is non-vegetarian diet ? Use of canine teeth Effect on human body systems According to medical science Concept of nutrients Application of vegetarian diet in treatment Effect on Pancakosha A spiritual perspective
  • 22. According to the new developments inmedical sciences vegetarian diet is closer to and is more useful for human nature It is more scientific for human body  Because of this, people are now adopting vegetarian diet as part of new life-style  It is a fact that the non-vegetarian diet contains cholesterol and saturated fatty acid
  • 23. According to the new developments in medicalsciences cont… These are the root cause of problems like  Coronary heart disease  Cerebro-vascular accidents (strokes)  Eye diseases and high blood pressure In a non-vegetarian diet, only 40 % of its content is useful for human body, rest 60 % contains harmful and toxic products Non-vegetarian diet is heavy
  • 24. Cont… Disease causing organisms  Ex- swine-flu, bird-flu Example, Bovine Spongi cause Encephalopathy and mad cow disease is also a product of consumption of non-vegetarian diet -American Diet Association (ADA)
  • 25. significantly important difference betweenvegetarian and non-vegetarian diet Vegetarian diet contains dietary fibers whereas non- vegetarian diet is lacking in it Have low incidence of diseases like  Coronary heart diseases  Hiatus hernia  Ca of intestinal tract  Diverticulitis  Piles  Irritable bowel syndrome  Obesity  Dental caries  Diabetes  Gallstones  Constipation
  • 26. Overview of the presentation What is vegetarian diet ? Types of vegetarian diet ? What is non-vegetarian diet ? Use of canine teeth Effect on human body systems According to medical science Concept of nutrients Application of vegetarian diet in treatment Effect on pancakosha A spiritual perspective
  • 27. Good Sources of Protein Beans Tofu Egg-white Soymilk Peanut butter and nuts Dairy products
  • 28. Good Sources of Vitamin C Melons Citrus fruits Pineapple Strawberries Kiwi fruit Broccoli Peppers Tomatoes
  • 29. Good Sources of Vitamin D Sun light Fortified cereals Fortified soy milk Fortified orange juice Egg yolks Cow’s milk
  • 30. Good Sources of Vitamin B12 soymilk Nutritional yeast Cow’s milk Eggs
  • 31. Good Sources of Iron Bread and cereal Whole wheat bread and other whole grains Dried apricots, figs, prunes Leafy green vegetables Tomato juice Beans Nuts Soybeans and tofu
  • 32. Good Sources of Zinc Soybeans and other beans Whole grains foods like nuts, seeds, fortified ready-to-eat cereals Breads muffins
  • 33. Good Sources of Calcium Dairy products Green leafy vegetables Calcium fortified orange juice Calcium-fortified soymilk
  • 34. Good Sources of Magnesium grains whole-grain breads nuts and seeds green leafy vegetables Potatoes Beans Bananas milk
  • 35. Good Sources of Phosphorus best sources are dairy foods
  • 36. Good Sources of Potassium Potatoes green leafy vegetables citrus fruits Bananas dried fruits, legumes such as peas and lima beans
  • 37. Good Sources ofVitamin A Apricots Cantaloupe Mango Pumpkin Butternut squash Sweet potatoes Spinach Carrots
  • 38. Good Sources of Omega-3 fatty acids Flaxseeds and flaxseed oil Soybeans and soybean oil Tofu Walnuts and walnut oil
  • 39. Good Sources of Iodine Sea salt Leafy vegetable Plant products Dairy product
  • 40. Anti-oxidant theory Anti oxidant are the agent which stops the oxidation process Oxidation is the damage caused by the free radicles to muscle tissue, blood vessels and organs, etc Ex vit C
  • 41. Overview of the presentation What is vegetarian diet ? Types of vegetarian diet ? What is non-vegetarian diet ? Use of canine teeth Effect on human body systems Concept of nutrients Application of vegetarian diet in treatment Effect on pancakosha A spiritual perspective
  • 42. Cardiovascular: Health Benefits of Vegetarian Diets  Death from ischemic heart disease lower in vegetarians  Heart disease lowest in vegans  Lacto-ovo and vegans lower in blood cholesterol  Vegetarian diets not low fat but lower in saturated fat  higher fiber  higher consumption of soy protein  higher intakes of antioxidants42
  • 43. Hypertension: Health Benefits of Vegetarian Diets  Lower blood pressure (systolic and diastolic)  Lower rates of hypertension  Possible collective effect of beneficial compounds from plant foods B M Margetts, L J Beilin, R Vandongen, B K Armstrong Vegetarian diet in hypertension: a randomised controlled trial, BMJ,293 : 1468, December 198643
  • 44. Cancer:Health Benefits of Vegetarian Diets Vegetarians have lower overall cancer rate, not clear what extent is due to diet No differences between vegetarians and nonvegetarians for lung, breast, uterine, or stomach cancer; nonvegetarians do have increased risk for prostate and colorectal cancer Vegetarians have higher fiber intake; higher intake of phytochemicals and isoflavones that have anticancer effects Reduced cancer risk in vegetarians: an analysis of recent reports,. Lanou and Svenson. Cancer Manag Res. 2011
  • 45. Diabetes:Health Benefits of Vegetarian Diets Diets that are more plant-based reduce risk of type II diabetes Lower Body Mass Index (BMI) of vegetarians and higher fiber intake improve insulin sensitivity David JA Jenkins., et al. Type 2 diabetes and the vegetarian diet. Am J Clin Nutr September 2003
  • 46. Obesity:Health Benefits of Vegetarian Diets Lower Body Mass Index (BMI) Mean BMI highest in meat eaters and lowest in vegans Vegetarians consume lower animal fat, higher fiber, lower alcohol, greater amounts of vegetables
  • 47. Kidney Disease:Health Benefits of Vegetarian Diets High intake of dietary protein may worsen existing kidney disease or increase risk in those susceptible Plant foods more beneficial effect on kidney function than animal protein Chronic Kidney Disease and Automatic Reporting of Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate: A Position Statement,. MJA 2005
  • 48. Gallstones:Health Benefits of Vegetarian Diets Nonvegetarians more than 2x likely as vegetarians to suffer from gallstones
  • 49. Diverticular Disease:Health Benefits of Vegetarian Diets Vegetarians 50% as likely to have diverticulitis compared with nonvegetarians Low fiber, high fat diets increase risk Meat intake may increase risk
  • 50. Overview of the presentation What is vegetarian diet ? Types of vegetarian diet ? What is non-vegetarian diet ? Use of canine teeth Effect on human body systems Concept of nutrients Application of vegetarian diet in treatment Effect on pancakosha A spiritual perspective
  • 51. 5 layers of existence At a physical level •eating a non-vegetarian diet •there is an increase in Tama component •likely to cause various diseases At a psychological level •increase in the Tama component •increase in thoughts relating to various desires •other taamasik thoughts such as sexual thoughts, greed, anger At a spiritual level • higher proportion of Sattva component in a vegetarian diet • conducive for spiritual practice.
  • 52. Overview of the presentation What is vegetarian diet ? Types of vegetarian diet ? What is non-vegetarian diet ? Use of canine teeth Effect on human body systems Concept of nutrients Application of vegetarian diet in treatment Effect on pancakosha A spiritual perspective
  • 53. Bhagavad gita says (Bhagavad Gita ch.17/ Shloka 8)  Foods like juicy, pure ghee, wholesome and pleasing to the heart purifies ones inner being, gives strength, health and happiness and satisfaction are considered to satvik quality of food
  • 54.  (Bagavad Gita 17/ 9)  Food that are bitter, too sour, salty, hot, pungent, dry and burning are dear to a person of Rajasik nature••• (Bagavad Gita 17/10) Stale, tasteless, decomposed, putrid and leftover food are dear to person of Tamasik nature
  • 55. A spiritual perspective
  • 56. --- Dr. H. R. Nagendra,
  • 57. References Diet and nutrition  By Bakharu Pubmed central  Chronic Kidney Disease and Automatic Reporting of Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate: A Position Statement,. MJA 2005  David JA Jenkins., et al. Type 2 diabetes and the vegetarian diet. Am J Clin Nutr September 2003  Reduced cancer risk in vegetarians: an analysis of recent reports,. Lanou and Svenson. Cancer Manag Res. 2011  B M Margetts, L J Beilin, R Vandongen, B K Armstrong Vegetarian diet in hypertension: a randomised controlled trial, BMJ,293 : 1468, December 1986 www.wikipedia.com