History of SAS


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This document relates to SAS History of SAS Institute Inc. Cary NC USA. SAS has also completed 37 years and running successfully in Global Market. SAS is No.1 Software which is used in Analytics. I'm also Trained up in SAS Software. I also a member in SAS official Website since from 2010 to present.

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History of SAS

  1. 1. Providing software solutions since 1976 SAS HISTORY Stewardship for today, preservation for tomorrow SAS INSTITUTE INC. Cary NC, USAPrepared By Ms.Pramila Nagaraj First Class MBA Finance Graduate (2009-10) Global Academy of Technology, Bangalore (VTU- Belgaum) Trained Up in SAS @ NIDHI INFOTECH BANGALORE MEMBER IN OFFICIAL WEBSITE OF SAS INC. FROM 2010 TO PRESENT
  2. 2. HistoryStewardship for today, preservation for tomorrowOverviewSAS (pronounced "sass") once stood for "statistical analysis system," and began at North CarolinaState University as a project to analyze agricultural research. As demand for such software grew,SAS was founded in 1976 to help all sorts of customers - from pharmaceutical companies and banksto academic and governmental entities.SAS – both the software and company – thrived throughout the next few decades. Development ofthe software attained new heights in the industry by being able to run across all platforms, using themultivendor architecture for which it is known today. While the scope of the company spread acrossthe globe, the encouraging and innovative corporate culture remained the same.Explore each era of company history through various photos and descriptions of how SAS came tobe.1966-1976 Before there was SASIn 1966, there was no SAS. But there was a need for a computerized statistics program to analyzevast amounts of agricultural data collected through United States Department of Agriculture (USDA)grants.Development of such software was critically important to members of the University StatisticiansSouthern Experiment Stations, a consortium of eight land-grant universities that received the majorityof their research funding from the USDA. The schools came together under a grant from the NationalInstitutes of Health (NIH) to develop a general-purpose statistical software package to analyze all theagricultural data they were generating.The resulting program, the Statistical Analysis System, gave SAS both the basis for its name and itscorporate beginnings.
  3. 3. Next: Academic roots Academic rootsNorth Carolina State University, located in the capital city of Raleigh, North Carolina, became theleader in the consortium, largely because it had access to a more powerful mainframe computer thandid the other universities. The project eventually found a home in the Statistics Department.Next: Early leadership Early leadershipNorth Carolina State University faculty members Jim Goodnight and Jim Barr emerged as the projectleaders - Barr creating the architecture and Goodnight implementing the features that sat on top of thearchitecture and expanded the systems capabilities.When NIH discontinued funding in 1972, members of the consortium agreed to chip in $5,000 apieceeach year to allow NCSU to continue developing and maintaining the system and supporting theirstatistical analysis needs.
  4. 4. Next: Expanding team and clientele Expanding team and clienteleDuring the coming years, SAS software was licensed by pharmaceutical companies, insurancecompanies and banks, as well as by the academic community that had given birth to the project.Jane Helwig, another Statistics Department employee at NCSU, joined the project as documentationwriter, and John Sall, a graduate student and programmer, rounded out the core team.Next: First users conference First users conferenceMore than 300 people attended the first SAS users conference in 1976. With a growing customerbase that already numbered close to 100 academic, government and corporate entities, it was evidentthat success as an independent operation was possible.
  5. 5. 1976-1980Next: Building the foundation Building the foundationIn 1976 computers filled rooms the size of small houses, and programs and data were stored onpunch cards. Base SAS, consisting of about 300,000 lines of code, would produce about 150 boxes ofcards - a stack more than 40 feet high. Laid end to end, the boxes of cards would stretch more than180 feet.Next: First outstanding software recognition First outstanding software recognitionWithin a year of incorporation, SAS was recognized for its outstanding softwarewhen Datamation magazine named the company to the DataPro Software Honor Roll. It continued toappear on that list for the next three years.
  6. 6. Next: Every job is everyones job Every job is everyones jobAt the young start-up company, the business of doing business was everyones job. To meet thecompanys first major challenge of viability, employees shared a variety of responsibilities, includinganswering technical support phone calls, teaching classes, and telemarketing and selling new serviceagreements.When a shipment of users manuals arrived, everyone stopped what they were doing and formed ahuman chain to hoist each box, person to person, to storage space on the second floor. Anyonewithin reach was enlisted to pack boxes to ship the documentation to users.Barr, Goodnight and Sall continued writing code, Helwig continued writing documentation, and theSAS staff grew as administrative assistants, sales representatives, trainers and additionalprogrammers and documentation specialists came on board.Next: Customers and employees continue to grow Customers and employees continue to growAs the staff grew, so did the list of customers, and by 1978 there were 21 employees and 600 SAScustomer sites.
  7. 7. Next: Focus on the customer Focus on the customerFrom the beginning, SAS primary focus was to meet customer needs. The company issued its firstformal invitation for suggestions from customers in 1976 with the first SASware Ballot®. At every pointof contact with customers, those first employees made a conscious effort to listen to customers andrespond to the unique needs of each one.Next: Reaching outside the United States Reaching outside the United StatesThe SAS software and users community grew. In 1979, the company granted its first overseassoftware license to Databank of New Zealand, and SAS software was adapted to run under IBMsVM/CMS system. In 1980, SAS broke new ground in the software industry with the release ofSAS/GRAPH® software for information presentation graphics and SAS/ETS® software foreconometric and time series analysis.The company celebrated another milestone that year when it opened its first subsidiary, SASSoftware Limited, in the United Kingdom.
  8. 8. Next: A corporate culture begins A corporate culture beginsRecognizing employees for their value to the company was part of the early SAS heritage. Peoplewho worked for the company during the days on Hillsborough Street tell stories of piling intoGoodnights station wagon and going down the street for pizza - with SAS picking up the tab -whenever the company added another 100 customer sites to the list.A flexible work environment and some of the "trademarks" of the employee-friendly SAS culture -including M&Ms and breakfast goodies - were born in the first months of the companys existence.The first company newsletter - in the form of typewritten sheets of paper tacked to a bulletin board -was written by Sall and published in 1978.Next: Picking up and moving Picking up and movingBy 1980, the growing company had expanded beyond the capacity of the Hillsborough Street building,and SAS, with its staff of 20, moved to the site of its present headquarters offices just outside Raleighin Cary, North Carolina.
  9. 9. 1980’sNext: Expanding frontiersExpanding frontiers: technology, work environment and geographyThe growth of SAS in the next decade was phenomenal: Inc. magazine named SAS one of thefastest-growing companies in America for five consecutive years.The new headquarters campus - huge compared to the Hillsborough Street location - grew from onebuilding with offices for 50 employees to 18 buildings, including a training center, publicationswarehouse and video studio.SAS also expanded its geographic boundaries, opening new offices on four continents and its first USregional sales offices. By the end of the decade, SAS had nearly 1,500 employees worldwide.Next: New operating systems, new challenges New operating systems, new challengesNot only was SAS growing, the entire computer hardware and software industry was changing, withnew operating systems and platforms placing new demands on software developers. One of the firststeps for SAS was to adapt the software to operate on IBMs Disk Operating System (DOS).But that was just the beginning of what would become a major effort to make the software systemcompatible with a wide range of operating systems. In the early 1980s, the company completelyrewrote a large part of its software code to give it more portability, and the door to mini-computerswas opened.
  10. 10. Next: Multivendor architecture Multivendor architectureWhen personal computers (PCs) came out in the mid 80s, users wanted to run SAS on that new,highly accessible hardware system. With several million lines of code, SAS would stretch the capacityof almost any PC virtually to its limits. So SAS was rewritten once again, this time in the popular Clanguage, abandoning the IBM-only PL/1 language.Once again, SAS broke new ground in the software industry, creating a software system that wouldrun across all platforms - the multivendor architecture that the company is known for today. Later on,the company would introduce a micro-to-mainframe link, allowing customers to link data stored onmainframes to the programs running on their PCs.Next: Enhancing the look and feel Enhancing the look and feelSAS software also was enhanced from the basic data management and statistics approach thatdisplayed results in a very text- and number-centric format. Now, SAS adopted a more user-friendlyapproach that mirrored the graphical user interfaces of the Macintosh and Windows environments.SAS software included full-screen spreadsheet capabilities, enhanced graphics and powerful datamodelling tools to visualize analytical results. Late in the decade, the company also released JMP®,its first packaged statistical program for the increasingly popular Macintosh computer.
  11. 11. Next: Industry recognition and leadership Industry recognition and leadershipThe software community recognized SAS for technological excellence as awards came infrom Datamation, Software News, Software Business Review, InformationWeek and other industrypublications. Meanwhile, customers found that SAS - with its growing analytic capabilities and itsability to run on any hardware platform they had in front of them - was critical to their success.SAS was moving toward the frontier of decision support. The company was in a unique position togive customers the ability to make sense out of mountains of data and make decisions based onthose discoveries, bringing them the competitive advantage they were seeking.Next: Children, fitness, health and food Children, fitness, health and foodFor SAS, breaking new ground was not limited to technology. Faced with the prospect of losing somevaluable programmers who were hesitant to return to work following maternity leave, the companyopened the first on-site childcare center in the basement of one of its world headquarters buildings in1981. This was at a time when corporate-sponsored daycare was almost unheard of.A recreation and fitness center, health care center and a café serving gourmet meals followed theopening of the childcare facility, further enhancing a culture that had always been responsive toemployees personal as well as professional needs.These services garnered SAS the first of many awards as a great place to work when Health andLivingmagazine named SAS to its list of the "Healthiest Companies to Work For" in the US.
  12. 12. 1990’sNext: Mining the opportunities Mining the opportunitiesDuring the 1990s, SAS would grow its work force to more than 7,000 people around the world, withemployees on every continent, in every major US city and in the capitals of international commerce allover the planet.Next: Changing the way software is sold Changing the way software is soldSales efforts moved away from telemarketing to a direct sales force with a focus on geographicterritories. The company introduced its first vertical sales group with the release of SAS/PH-Clinical®software for the pharmaceutical industry. And the demand for packaged solutions, designed toaddress specific business needs across industries, led to the establishment of the Business Solutionsdivision, responsible for solutions such as SAS Financial Management and SAS Human CapitalManagement (formerly named CFO Vision and HR Vision ). ® ®
  13. 13. Next: New focus on education New focus on educationThe company moved into new territory by developing high-quality online curriculum resources for theclassroom. SAS® Curriculum Pathways® online interactive resources focus on materials difficult toconvey through conventional teaching methods. The tools cover subjects through coursework thatyou can “do, see and listen to,” providing information and encouraging insights in ways that textbookscannot. The software enables teachers to keep students engaged and learning while fosteringtechnology use in the classroom.Next: Real support for decision making Real support for decision makingMost importantly, SAS set itself apart from the pack as a provider of decision-support software withexpanded capabilities in areas such as guided data analysis and clinical trials analysis and reporting.The company introduced software for building customized executive information systems (EIS) andlaunched its Rapid Warehousing Program.As the Internet became a more vital tool for the business world, the demand for Web-enabledsoftware grew. As a result, SAS brought Web-enabled capabilities to its software, allowing customersto use SAS solutions to become even more competitive in a rapidly growing business environment.
  14. 14. Next: Understanding the customer Understanding the customerWith its powerful data mining capabilities, SAS was in a position to take the lead in an area that wasmore in demand than virtually any other business software offering available - customer relationshipmanagement. Now Web-enabled with new e-intelligence solutions, SAS continued to stay at thecutting edge of the business software industry.Next: The recognition keeps rolling in The recognition keeps rolling inRecognition for having quality software products continued to come from many sources around theworld, including Datamation, Data Warehousing World, Software Magazine, Computer WorldBrazil and PC Week, along with the prestigious French analyst association Yphise, and AustraliasCorporate Research Foundation. In addition, the US Food and Drug Administration recognized theintegrity of SAS software by selecting SAS technology as the standard for new drug applications.SAS continued to be recognized as a great place to work, receiving awards from FORTUNE, WorkingMother, Business Week and Mother Jones magazines, along with prominent print and broadcastmedia coverage in the United States, Europe and Australia.
  15. 15. 2000’s Next: Into the 21st century Into the 21st centurySAS celebrated its 25th anniversary in 2001, right on the heels of the turn of the millennium and theY2K frenzy that seemed to engulf the world of technology. With a new logo and tagline - THEPOWER TO KNOW® - in place, SAS set off to increase its visibility and global recognition.Next: Decade of best places to work Decade of best places to workSAS Australia was the first SAS office outside the United States to be recognized as a great place towork, beginning in 1999. Since then, the list has expanded to include SAS offices in the UnitedKingdom, Mexico, Portugal, Finland, China, The Netherlands, Belgium, Norway and Sweden – thelatter three named the No. 1 best place to work in 2010 and in years past.In the United States, SAS has been named one of FORTUNE magazines "100 Best Companies toWork For" every year since 1998, being named No. 1 on the list in 2010 and 2011. This consistentperformance earned the company a place as one of 22 members of the "Hall of Fame," introduced in2005.
  16. 16. Next: Introduction of Information Evolution Model Introduction of Information Evolution ModelSAS introduced the Information Evolution Model (IEM) in 2003, which was followed by the 2006publication ofInformation Revolution, by SAS Jim Davis, Gloria Miller and Allan Russell. The IEMdescribes how well a company manages and utilizes information as a strategic corporate asset. Byunderstanding and following the IEM, companies can gain insight to better align strategies andidentify critical relationships and gaps along four key company dimensions: people, process, cultureand infrastructure. The book has been translated into Italian, Japanese and Spanish, with a Russianversion in the works, and the company continues to use the model to open conversations withexecutive audiences.Next: Responding to demands brought by world eventsResponding to demands brought by world eventsWorld and market events drove new developments in the companys software products. Thegovernance and regulatory compliance requirements set forth in Basel II in Europe and the USAPatriot Act led to a high demand for software products that could help financial institutions managerisk and combat money laundering and fraud. SAS answered those needs with solutions thatachieved industry and analyst recognition, and further solidified SAS position as a leading provider ofsolutions for the financial sector.The company showed new strength in its outreach to executives through the acquisition of theknowledge portal BetterManagement.com in 2002. In the retail sector, SAS acquired Marketmax, andin risk management, it acquired Risk Advisory – both in 2003.
  17. 17. Next: Getting into the C-suite Getting into the C-suiteSAS effectively targets users and executives through The Premier Business Leadership Series, andthe annual data mining and forecasting series (M2000 and F2000) conferences, along with numerousexecutive conferences throughout the world and industry sectors. The largest annual usersconference, SAS Global Forum (formerly known as SAS Users Group International) continued to drawthousands of users; in 2007, the name of the annual conference was changed to SAS Global Forumto better reflect the diverse nature of the conference and its attendees.Next: Becoming a truly global company Becoming a truly global companyThe year 2007 ushered in a new era of globalization for SAS. With operations centralized at SASworld headquarters in Cary, North Carolina, the company looked for new ways to have consistent,global programs in areas such as sales strategy, education, publications, marketing, communicationsand more. Global councils and summits formed in many functional areas of the company, creatingopportunities for regular communication and collaboration that established SAS as a single, globalentity.
  18. 18. Next: Joining the Web 2.0 generation Joining the Web 2.0 generationSAS embraces the evolving media world by participating in continuous, online dialogue in respectivecommunities. Employees have been blogging since 2005, and the first external company blogappeared in 2007 (from SAS UK). By early 2008 the company had more than 300 internal bloggers,including nearly 20 executives.Event-based blogging appeared on the scene with the SAS Global Forum 2007 blog. An externalblog,sascom® voices, was promoted for the first time during that conference, as was a new externalonline community, sasCommunity.org.Podcasts and Webcasts are available daily, and SAS has its own channel on YouTube, the popularvideo-sharing Web site. The company is looking at ways to delve further into the rapidly expandingworld of social media.Next: Committed to corporate sustainability Committed to corporate sustainabilitySustainability has remained a top priority with SAS precisely because of its potential to delivertremendous business value. It’s not just the right thing to do; it’s the smart thing to do.In addition to employee engagement practices, from health care to expanded job opportunities, SAShas made great progress in reducing its environmental footprint. For example, a 1-megawatt solararray at SAS global headquarters is providing clean, renewable energy to the public energy grid forthe local utility.
  19. 19. Several construction projects at SAS offices around the world utilize low-environmental-impact design principles. Notably, SAS is pursuing Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) certification for a new conference facility and a new cloud computing facility at its global headquarters. About SAS Providing organizations with The Power to Know since 1976. ® SAS helps organizations anticipate business opportunities, empower action and drive impact. We do this through advanced analytics that turn data about customers, performance, financials and more into meaningful information. The result? Fact-based decisions for undeniable bottom line impact – this is how we transform the way our customers do business. Why SAS is different Commitment to Customers: Driven to solve customer business problems, privately-held SAS works closely with customers in all stages of research and development to ensure that they get the most out of new offerings. More than 13,000 employees across more than 400 SAS offices provide local, hands-on support for customers whenever and wherever they need it. Customer loyalty, evidenced by long-standing SAS user communities and a strong renewal history, echoes this customer partnership and our shared commitment to a successful future. People & Skills: SAS’ most important asset is its "creative capital," in the words of Chief Executive Officer Jim Goodnight. The technical and domain expertise of our employees helps SAS lead the way in high-performance analytics, empowering our customers to tackle complex problems using big data. Technology: Organizations have THE POWER TO KNOW through the combined strengths of SAS ® solutions and technologies. SAS solves real-world problems like combating fraud in Financial Services, expediting drugs to market in Life Sciences, and identifying cross-sell opportunities in Retail, as well as challenges facing every industry such as increasing the value of customer relationships, managing risk and optimizing IT networks – all through industry and cross-functional solutions that reflect our domain expertise. SAS addresses these complex business issues using a foundation based on three key capabilities: information management, analytics and business intelligence. SAS = the analytics of the future Source: www.sas.com