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Presentatie henk cornelissen

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  • Verschil tussen community en wijk/buurt is primair dat een community gevormd wordt door bewoners die zichzelf en omwonende beschouwen als community terwijl een buurt/wijk gedefinieerd is aan de hand van geografische indeling Focus op economie

Presentatie henk cornelissen Presentatie henk cornelissen Presentation Transcript

  • The “Big Society” Phillip Blond Director, ResPublica ‘’ You cannot have popular capitalism if the poor don’thave any capital’’
  • The Core Problems
    • The ECONOMIC problem
    • - concentration of assets
    • The SOCIAL problem
    • - erosion of social capital
    • The CIVIC problem
    • - not enough people are getting involved
    • The POWER problem
    • - power has pooled in the state
  • The Economic Problem
    • Assets have become concentrated
    • The wealthiest half of households hold 91% of the UK’s total wealth
    • Bottom half of society has just 1% of liquid capital
    • Source: ONS, Wealth in Great Britain – Main Results from the Wealth and Assets Survey 2006/08 (2009)
  • The Social Problem
    • Social capital is declining
    • 97% of communities have become more socially fragmented over the past three decades
    • Source: Changing UK (Dec 2008), BBC Report
    • The level of social trust has almost halved over the last 40 years
    • Source: Civic Culture Study 1959; European and World Values Surveys 1990-2002/03
  • The Civic Problem
    • Civic engagement has decreased
    • Only 31% of Britons now provide nearly 90% of all volunteer hours
    • Source: Third Sector Research Centre (2010)
    • Netherlands , high concentrations of low income households = lower volunteering, voter turnout and contacts with relatives
    • Source: Schmeets & te Riele (Jan 2010)
  • The Power Problem
    • Power has pooled in the state
    • Nearly three out of four Britons agree that “the state intervenes too much”
    • Source, David Halpern, “The Wealth of Nations” (2007)
    • 48% of people would like to be more involved in local decision-making
    • Source: Ipsos MORI (2010)
  • The Diagnosis
    • Problems with the ‘right’ and ‘left’
    • Both welfarism and the ‘monopolised market’ have encouraged bureaucracy and asset concentration
    • The state and the market have squeezed out the ‘civic middle’, stripping it of capital and capacity
  • Britain’s Big Society
    • Transparency Democracy Locality
    • Demand side : Localism Bill: the right to buy, challenge and build - Public asset transfer, budgetary take over – self defining neighbourhoods
    • Supply side: Mutualisation of public services, payment by outcome, new providers
    • Devolving economic power and participation
  • Britain’s Big Society
    • Transparency Democracy Locality
    • Demand side : Localism Bill: the right to buy, challenge and build - Public asset transfer, budgetary take over – self defining neighbourhoods
    • Supply side: Mutualisation of public services, payment by outcome, new providers
    • Devolving economic power and participation
  • For public authorities
    • Define budgets not by services or silos but by areas and by outcome
    • Explore social finance models – move beyond social impact bonds for prisoners – to wider policy possibilities
    • What scope for the council to be a bridge for funding current action from future savings?
  • The new civic agenda
    • Economic – self and community build – platform for mass bottom up enterprise
    • Social – associate to create capital and skills
    • Civic – begin where people are - foster relationships and fraternity
    • Power – change governance – go bottom up
  • Development Trusts Community Trusts Bewonersbedrijven
    • are:
      • Independent
      • Led by local people
      • Driving social change
      • Trading for community benefit
      • Developing community assets and ownership
    Community trusts
    • Whilst all trusts are different, they typically :
    • Are small with income of between £100k and £500k
    • Focus on very specific neighbourhoods of up to 5,000 people
    • Own an asset or have use of a building or property
    • Are primarily led and driven by up to 3 or 4 individuals, even though boards may be much bigger
    • Are successful in overcoming ongoing income and other challenges
    Community Trusts
    • Most trusts have a mix of income sources, the main ones:
    • Grants (e.g. from Government, Lottery, grant making trusts) – average of 70% but varies enormously
    • Donations and fund raising (tiny %)
    • Contracts with public organisations to provide services
    • Rental and room hire income
    • Social enterprise including café/catering, consultancy, weddings, conferences, training, nursery fees, events
    Income
    • DTA Founded 1993
    • Emphasis on assets and enterprise
    • In practice similar organisations to settlements
    • Role of state funded regeneration programmes in the rapid growth of the movement – City Challenge - SRB – NDC
    Development Trusts  Rooted in the vision of there being "another way", a way of combining community-led action with business expertise and enterprise.
  • The top reasons for success
    • People/Leadership/Management
    • People/Leadership/Management
    • People/Leadership/Management
    • Services and community engagement
  • De verschillen met Nederland
    • Community (wijk) bepaald door bewoners niet door geografie
    • Bewoners hebben meerderheid in bestuur
    • Focus op wijkeconomie, niet op welzijn
    • In bezit van eigen vermogen/vastgoed en daardoor mogelijkheid om inkomsten te verwerven
    • Door eigen inkomsten niet alleen afhankelijk van subsidie
    • Professionals worden ingehuurd en werken letterlijk in dienst van
  • Experiment Bewonersbedrijven
    • Conferentie ruimte voor burgers 27 juni 2011
    • 14 bewonersgroepen zijn aan voorbereidingen begonnen
    • Start experimenten eerste helft 2012 als goed bedrijfsplan is gemaakt
    • Experimenten krijgen hulp van LSA en enig startkapitaal afhankelijk van plan
    • Onderzoek UK/NL gelijktijdig
  • A formula for success Leadership + Passion + Determination + Focus on need + Business skills = Success