2013.05.21 studentenplannen spoorzone presentaties rick & alexandra

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  • Moet deze sheet er wel in of is dit iets te Jip & Janneke?
  • Hier moet nog wat meer komen, moet ik nog bedenken.In ieder geval kort iets vertellen over allerlei soorten tijdelijke initiatieven, het lijkt wel een hype.
  • Over dat tijdelijkheid een relatief begrip is en dat tijdelijk de potentie kan hebben om semi-permanent of zelfs permanent te worden. En thenagain: wat is permanent?Met als voorbeeld BK faculteit.NB. Als je je irriteert aan die plaatjes zo opgemaakt, voel je vrij om ze aan te passen. Ik ben niet zo’n layout held..
  • Vind jij dit okee als definitie? Heb mijn eigen definitie toch weer een beetje aangepast ;)
  • Misschien wil ik dit nog anders opmaken, om ook de mogelijke negatieve uitwerking te laten zien. Misschien dat ik uiteindelijk alle voorbeelden toch weg haal en alles mondeling toelicht.
  • Uitleggen dat het altijd gaat om evenwicht van people-planet-profit en dat hier best een spanningsveld zit bij tijdelijkgebruik.
  • Tips en lessen die wij hebben getrokken die toepasbaar zijn bij de game.

Transcript

  • 1. Temporary useof vacant urban space26th of February, 2013
  • 2. Let us introduce ourselves..Rick de BoerGraduate student RE&H and UrbanismInternship at NS Stations (NationalRailway)Masterthesis:Interim Area Development: Thepotential value of temporary use duringthe trans-formation of StationareasAlexandra de JongGratuated July 2012RE&H: field of HousingMasterthesis:The socioeconomic value of temporary use
  • 3. ContentIntroductionDefinitionFunctions of temporary useValueInterim area development & urbanismTwo extremesSuccess factorsSustainable temporary useWhat to keep in mind when considering temporary use
  • 4. IntroductionNeed for space is constantly changingAlways periods of transitionRecent contextual changes causingvacancy:• Demographic,• Economical &• Functional changes
  • 5. Introduction“Is there no end to the pop uprevolution?”
  • 6. IntroductionIt’s not a new phenomenon
  • 7. IntroductionHow temporary is temporary?
  • 8. DefinitionTemporary use:The planned or unplanneduse of vacant spaces,with the intention of using the spaceon a temporary basis(from a few weeks up to 10 years).
  • 9. FunctionsThe function of temporary use may be:• Programme related• Communicative• Physical• Social• Financial
  • 10. FunctionsProgramme related functionExperimenting with new functions
  • 11. FunctionsCommunicative functionImproving the (negative)image of the area
  • 12. FunctionsPhysical functionPrevention of decay,improving attractivenessof the area
  • 13. FunctionsSocial functionImprovingliveability
  • 14. FunctionsFinancial functionRevenue from rent,Improving neighborhood economy
  • 15. Value as a starting point.But what moved me in the first place?Different functions, differentvalues…
  • 16. BadeshiffBerlin, GermanyTemporary LeisureBerlinThe no. 1 city ofTemporary Use
  • 17. UtrechtBron: Temp.architecture.urbanism, 2012AmsterdamVacant urban space
  • 18. Luik GuilleminsCalatrava, 2009
  • 19. BredaUtrechtDelftZwolleDutch station areas
  • 20. Different functions, differentvalues…SocialcohesionPublicspaceImageExperienceFunctionalityEcologyIdentityBut which are needed in the project location?
  • 21. What is important in this area?• Stakeholder analysis• Urban analysis
  • 22. What is important in a station area?Otherstakeholders?Stakeholder analysis:
  • 23. ZwolleUrban analysisArea scale:• Monofunctional• Low ‘experience’ factor (NS, 2012)• Introvert building blocks• Historical value is currently unused
  • 24. UrbanAnalysisLocal scale:• Unclear entrance• Bad accessibility• Low quality of public space
  • 25. Analysis frameworkfor mini-casestudies4 focus points for stationarea Zwolle:• Public space• Experience (beleving)• Functionality• Economic utilizationNext: Measuring the influence ofexisting examples of temporary usePublic space ExperienceFunctionality EconomicUtilization
  • 26. Public SpaceSafety and protection (Gehl, 2006):• Social contol, lightingComfort and enjoyment (Gehl, 2006):• Possibilities to see (sightlines), sit (furniture)
  • 27. Reizende tuinenArnhem‘Traveling Gardens’
  • 28. NoorderparkbarAmsterdam100% Marktplaats.nlTemporary Bar
  • 29. Experience (Beleving)• Aesthetics, Amusement, Escape, Learning (Pine and Gilmore, 1990)• Atmosphere: Possibilities to meet, historical value
  • 30. Wijn of WaterRotterdamTemporary Restaurant
  • 31. Boxpark ShoreditchLondon, EngelandTemporary Retail
  • 32. Economic UtilizationDirect:• Generating financial profit by the exploitation of the temporary functionIndirect:• Creating future value (improving/creating an image; increasing land value)• Reusable/portable temporary use
  • 33. Temporary ParkingHaarlem
  • 34. Temporary StudenthousingWageningen
  • 35. Dumpster Swiming PoolNew York, USATemporary Swimmingpool
  • 36. Functional• Solving temporary problems• Improving wayfinding• Improving accessibility
  • 37. Temporary StationRotterdam
  • 38. Temporary Bike StorageDelft
  • 39. Small investment, big effectIt does not have to be expensive to achieve big results…
  • 40. PrinzessinnengartenBerlin, GermanyCommunity garden
  • 41. Types of development: TwoextremesBerlin:• Bottom up• Cheap• SocialZuidas, Amsterdam:• Top-down• High quality design
  • 42. BerlinTentstation:• Bottom updevelopment• Small investments• No focus on design
  • 43. BerlinRAW Tempel:• Old Train yard• Given to the civiliansof Berlin• Multifunctional hotspot:Temporary Art, ClimbingDancehall, Terraces
  • 44. Zuidas,AmsterdamOase (2013, Q2)• TemporaryUrban Camping• Top down• Focus on designWhy? Location!
  • 45. Zuidas, AmsterdamStation entrance: Before• Entrance: Hole under the highway• No facilities for train travelerFuture developments:A10 under ground
  • 46. Temporary station entrance (Claus & Kaan, 2012)
  • 47. Interim area development &urbanismPossible influence of temporary use on the urban lay-out?• Improving public space• Creating sightlines• Introducing or emphasizing urban axes (connections) and buildingvolumes• Testing functions• Guiding and drawing people
  • 48. Plan Zuid (Berlage, 1905)
  • 49. Current situation• Appropriate end of ‘Berlage axis’• New facade added to the square• Improved mix of functions• Improved social control & safety• Setting the standards for the future
  • 50. To take in considerationRole of temporary use:What are your goals specifically for this location?What role do the temporary functions play in the urban lay-out of the area?Development:Top down of Bottom up? How much control do you want in which area?Which stakeholders would you involve? Local parties?Other succesfactors…
  • 51. Alexandra deel 2
  • 52. Success factors(moet ander plaatjevoor komen)
  • 53. Sustainable temporary useTemporary use may be very sustainable, if you keep in mind..Hergebruik van gebouwen en materialenKans om in te spelen op behoeften van mensenFinancieel zichzelf bedruipend
  • 54. Keep in mind! / Tips
  • 55. Reading adviseUrban Pioneers (Verlag, 2007)The Temporary City (Bishop et al. , 2012)