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Employment Planning and Activity Centres
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Employment Planning and Activity Centres

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  • 1. MEAM and IDEAM Employment Planning & Activity Centres
  • 2. Overview
  • 3. Integrating ‘top-down’ & ‘bottom-up’
  • 4. MEAM - Scope Activity centres (not only retail) are the functional economic units of our metropolitan economy Therefore any understanding of the metropolitan/sub-regional economy must begin with an understanding of how activity centres act individually, and as networks “ Local planning strategies and district structure plans should define employment locations and job targets for activity centres, consistent with sub-regional targets.” - Activity Centres Policy, WA
  • 5. Melbourne Employment Allocation Model Melbourne 2030 Policies Compact Networks Liveable Dwelling targets 316,000 in established areas 284,000 in growth areas Population projections for LGAs/SLAs Victoria in Future 2008 Prosperous Affordable Sustainable
  • 6. What does this mean for jobs? Developing employment or ESS targets Maturity Potential for increasing population-driven jobs/capita Existence of activity centre(s) ECFs or potential for strategic job growth Investment in infrastructure i.e. hospital, uni Capacity of transport system
  • 7. Local government scenario example Pracsys Databases/Benchmarking: Population-driven jobs per capita, thresholds Employment type Employment quality
  • 8. What does this mean for Activity Centres? LGA example – future requirement 77,560 population-driven jobs 23,741 strategic jobs Existing and future centres must be planned with a job allocation in mind to ensure: Correct zoning Land and floorspace capacity Infrastructure investment
  • 9. MEAM - Methodology 60% ESS 125,000 Jobs 55,824 Non-Centre Based 69,176 Centre based 5,495 KICS 22,197 Strategic 41,485 CS/PS Employment Allocation Centre 1 Jobs Centre 2 Jobs Centre 3 Jobs Centre 1 Land Centre 2 Land Centre 3 Land
  • 10. MEAM - Assumptions Measure existing indicators Employment quality Agglomerations of activity Centre-based/non-centre based Population distribution Centres hierarchy, maturity, plot ratios Benchmark Consultation with government Knowledge of land & infrastructure capacity
  • 11. Outputs by Activity Centre - Perth
  • 12. Outputs - Perth Strategic Metropolitan Centre - Joondalup
  • 13. Outputs - Perth
  • 14. IDEAM – evaluate centre sustainability Our developed framework operates by: Data: Destination zone data (employment by industry, dwellings, area) and trip data is collected for a sample of metropolitan centres to develop sustainability indicators Scoring: Within each indicator (i.e. diversity), the relevant metric (i.e. percentage of non-retail employment) is assigned a score, ranked from 1-10 Targets: The target score is based on the average score and the ‘best-of-type’ score for centres at the relevant level of the hierarchy Comparison: Centres can be assessed against each other, against the best and average centre at its level in the hierarchy, or against a higher centre type to see improvement required to move up in the hierarchy
  • 15. Intensity Refers to Concentration of activity within a centre Potential benefits of more intense centres: Optimisation of investment in transport and other infrastructure; More efficient use of land resources; Reduction in dependence on private motor vehicles Metrics Residential Density Total NLA/Total Land Area (pseudo plot ratio)
  • 16. Diversity Refers to Range of activity within a centre Potential benefits of more diverse centres: Optimisation of investment in transport and other infrastructure; More efficient use of land resources; Reduction in dependence on private motor vehicles Metrics Richness “Mixed of uses” Evenness (The number of categories with greater than 4% of total floorspace)
  • 17. Employment Refers to The quantum and quality of employment within a centre Potential benefits of more employment in centres: large diverse centres create more employment choice for the local population, and enable multiple activities – work, shop, recreate, live Metrics The total jobs per gross hectare The percentage of employment that is knowledge intensive and/or export orientated (KIEO)
  • 18. Accessibility Refers to The extent to which the centre is accessible both externally to it’s catchment, and internally Potential benefits of more accessible centres: Optimisation of investment in transport and other infrastructure; More efficient use of land resources; Reduction in dependence on private motor vehicles Metrics Infrastructure Provision Mode share
  • 19. IDEAM - Outputs
  • 20. IDEAM - Maturity