Activity centre performance toolkit


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Activity centre performance toolkit

  1. 1. Activity CentrePerformance Toolkit
  2. 2. Ground Floor Parmelia House191 St Georges TerracePERTH WA 6000T: 08 9426 1200F: 08 9226 Centre Performance ToolkitDISCLAIMERThe information contained in this report has been prepared with care by the authors and includes informationfrom apparently reliable secondary data sources which the authors have relied on for completeness andaccuracy. However, the authors do not guarantee the information, nor is it intended to form part of any contract.Accordingly all interested parties should make their own inquiries to verify the information and it is theresponsibility of interested parties to satisfy themselves in all respects.Photographs supplied by the Property Council PERTH: 23 Lyall Street South Perth Western Australia 6151 • t (08) 9367 1511 • f (08) 9367 4066 MELBOURNE: Cannons House Level 7, 12-20 Flinders Lane Melbourne Victoria 3000 • t (03) 9654 5775 e •
  3. 3. Activity CentrePerformance Toolkit
  4. 4. ForewordWelcome to the Activity Centres Performance Toolkit. The Performance Toolkit is the PropertyCouncil’s contribution to assist Local Government Authorities with planning for Activity Centres inPerth.Over the past decade, our population has rapidly expanded driven by strong economic growth. Thishas made it harder for people to access housing they can afford, close to amenities and in the placesthey want to live.It has also reduced the diversity of housing available. Greenfields are just part of the solution; wealso need to have new high density Activity Centre developments in order to meet the community’sneeds.The Performance Toolkit provides an evidence base for decision-making around Activity Centres thathas been rigorously developed in consultation with a range of Property Council members, includingvarious State and Local Governments, centre owners and developers.The Property Council of Australia has been engaging with State and Local Government on issuesaround Activity Centres identified by members and has been providing constructive evidence-basedadvice to inform the policy and implementation debate.Our engagement in this area has included the Property Council’s Activity Centre DevelopmentRoundtable held in late-2011, which brought together the institutions, developers and policy makersresponsible for making Activity Centres a reality in Perth.The Property Council of Australia is encouraged by examples of Local Government Authorities whoare proactive in dealing with Activity Centre developments to address the exciting growth challengespresented by Western Australia’s strong economic growth.We trust that you will find the contents of this Performance Toolkit a useful resource.Joe LenzoExecutive DirectorProperty Council of Australia
  5. 5. ForewordPracsys has been involved with activity centre performance measurement for over 15 years. Webegan with modelling the retail performance of shopping centres, but as policy has moved towards amore comprehensive view of activity centre performance, we have moved too.We have championed the use of a transparent, evidence-based decision making framework to makeplanning for centre growth a cooperative, efficient process for both centre owners and approvalauthorities.This ‘Activity Centre Performance Toolkit’ is the first of a series of publications that will form thebasis for that cooperation. It identifies simple, consistent metrics for measuring economic activityand urban form performance that can be applied to centres throughout Australia. This enablesassessment of centre strengths and weaknesses, comparison and benchmarking, and a way forcentre owners to map a path to long-term centre sustainability and vitality.Based on the same performance dimensions, we will shortly be publishing a ‘Decision-Makers Guide’,which will present the decision rules and processes by which local governments can effectively planfor a hierarchy and network of successful centres within their localities. Both centre owners and localgovernments can then use the same language and measurement techniques to assess activity centreperformance – removing much of the red tape and frustration around centre development.We would like to acknowledge the support of the South Australian Integrated Design Commissionfor assessments of best practice design in Adelaide centres. Thanks also to Hames Sharley for theirhelp in identifying appropriate urban form metrics and their assistance in developing aspects of theassessment framework.We look forward to assisting Property Council members to measure the performance of their centres,in order to streamline planning processes and continue to evolve the measurement toolkit forexcellent activity centres.Michael ChappellManaging DirectorPracsys Economics
  7. 7. 1.0 The Need for Better Planning8
  8. 8. 1 THE NEED FOR BETTER PLANNING“If we simply allow growth characterised by centres thatto happen – uncoordinated, service the shopping needs ofunplanned and without vision or a local catchment but do notpurpose – it will result in sprawling cater for higher order householdcities with poorly located housing, services or a strong mix of qualityinsufficient access to transport or employment opportunitiesjobs and an over-consumption of for the resident workforce. Aswater, energy and other natural a consequence, workers travelresources” – 30-Year Plan for Greater long distances to work and areAdelaide. vulnerable to fuel price shocks and road congestion, reducing theCities across Australia face new productivity and efficiency of theand emerging challenges and city.opportunities arising from strongpopulation growth and an ageing Although adequately specifyingpopulation, technological change, the level of land and built formindustry growth and diversification. inputs, the conventional approachPlanning to accommodate to activity centre planning hashundreds of thousands of new generally failed to acknowledgepeople, dwellings and jobs must and value the outcomes generatedinvolve significant research and by centres.analysis to determine the necessarysteps to achieve the vision of how Activity centres play a vital rolewe want our cities to look. within our cities. In addition to equitable distribution of jobsThe urban form we see now in and services, centres are hubsAustralian cities is the direct result of social and economic activity,of an historic planning approach, creating places for people to 9
  9. 9. Activity Centre Performance Toolkit: The Need for Better Planning interact, facilitating collaboration associated with city and activity between firms, attracting centre development. The COAG investment, maximising the use Reform Council released a ‘Review of infrastructure and fostering of Capital City Strategic Planning productivity gains. Systems’ in April 2012, recognising a clear need to improve outcomes To address problems associated in cities through: with the delivery and activation of activity centres will ultimately • Collaboration by contribute to the resolution of governments to improve broader sustainability issues data and information that are placing constraints on • A commitment to evidence- economic growth and quality of based policy interventions life in Australian cities. • Clear frameworks for Across Australia, many measuring progress and organisations and agencies are monitoring implementation attempting to both understand of strategic planning in cities. and address The Federal Department for issues Infrastructure and Transport released  ‘Our Cities, Our Future - A National Urban Policy for a productive, sustainable and liveable future’ on 18 May 2011. It also highlighted the need for integrated land use and infrastructure, improved efficiency of urban infrastructure, improved accessibility and reduced dependence on private vehicles – objectives that are driven by good activity centre planning.10
  10. 10. Activity Centre Performance Toolkit: The Need for Better PlanningThe Productivity Commission This paper outlines an evolvinghas long advocated a rigorous, system for activity centreevidence-based approach to public performance measurement thatpolicy, and the inter-jurisdictional has been developed over thechallenges associated with such past five years in consultationreforms. with various state and local governments, centre owners andDespite a national acceptance developers. It provides an evidenceof the problem, it is evident that base for decision-making, usingpolicies and strategies cannot be data that can be consistentlysuccessful unless they are properly applied across Australia. The resultimplemented. This requires is a simple and effective waycoordinated and cooperative for governments, organisationsgovernance, involving all levels and firms to reach consensusof government, an agreed vision, and work to a common goal ofstakeholder buy-in, efficient achieving sustainable, liveable andallocation of resources and productive cities.a system for monitoring andmeasuring progress.The Property Council of Australia,on behalf of its property industrymembers, held a recentActivity Centre DevelopmentRoundtable to identify issueswith the implementationof Western Australia’sActivity Centres Policy.It found challengesassociated with localand state governmentinconsistency, as well asdiscrepancies in planningand approvals betweendifferent local governments. 11
  11. 11. 2.0 Toolkit for Excellent Activity Centres12
  12. 12. 2 TOOLKIT FOR EXCELLENT ACTIVITY CENTRESChanging the form and This system for measuring theperformance of activity centres will performance of centres has beenrequire a new planning paradigm developed over five years andthat considers a full range of applied to more than 100 centresoutcomes, rather than limited land across Australia. The key outcomeand building inputs. principles for activity centres used in this system include:Streamlining the processes bywhich activity centre planning Economic sustainabilitydecisions are made will reduceinefficiencies in the planning • Activity diversitysystem. • Activity intensityThe toolkit provides the • Employment qualityopportunity to merge the • Centre accessibilityeconomic needs of centres witha definable, best practice design Urban Formapproach in order to facilitate • Urban qualitythe development of high quality,implementable activity centres. • Urban amenity • Centre mobility • Centre safety 13
  13. 13. Activity Centre Performance Toolkit: Toolkit for Excellent Activity Centres Some aspects of earlier research Melville) have expressed interest were incorporated into the Western in adopting the same system Australian Activity Centres Policy of measurement. The approach (SPP 4.2), including guidelines for has also been commissioned by mixed-use and residential density. centre owners (including Westfield However many issues surrounding Whitford City, AMP Ocean Keys, implementation remain, with Perron Cockburn Gateways, GPT developers experiencing problems Casuarina Square), who see long- with approval processes in term financial benefits associated particular and local governments with more sustainable and lacking guidance about how to user-friendly centres. Providing prepare their local strategies. a consistent measurement framework is an important step In the southern suburbs of Perth, towards removing the conflict the City of Cockburn is promoting between local authorities and the use of these performance centre owners around scale and metrics following the success mix of development. of their new Local Commercial and Activity Centres Strategy The purpose of the toolkit is to (LCACS). Several other Perth local move project assessment away governments (Canning, Stirling and from qualitative and aesthetic14
  14. 14. Activity Centre Performance Toolkit: Toolkit for Excellent Activity Centrestesting of place, to a measurable with a new model of moreunderstanding of what makes balanced, sustainable activityan appropriate activity centre centre developmentfor Australian cities. As a simple • Prototype a toolkit fortoolkit, it can: designers to aim for best-• Present centre owners and of-type for centres in each developers with a way of stratum of the activity centres evaluating activity centre hierarchy performance that promotes ‘Top-down’ employment allocation a diverse range of activities, modelling directs targets for rather than just retail employment and housing to• Provide government and centres to maximise efficiency and policy makers with a high- effectiveness. A strong quantitative level framework to measure understanding of the function of the value of a wide range of employment and industry ensures activities within traditional that the intensity, diversity, quality retail centres and quantity of new development contribute to the ‘bottom-up’• Challenge economists, operation of successful and financiers and leasing agents sustainable activity centres. 15
  15. 15. 3.0 Evidence-Based Decision-Making16
  16. 16. 3 EVIDENCE-BASED DECISION- MAKINGApplying quantified metrics The measurement of centreenables decision-makers to characteristics produces aundertake evidence-based compelling centre performanceassessment of the value of framework that can be used as adevelopment proposals, providing basis for making decisions aboutthe foundation for decision rules where and when to prioritisethat can guide the evolution resources. Metrics provideof centres to higher levels of data useful to developers andperformance. government alike, and applying a clear and objective measurementWithout gathering data and framework throughout themeasuring performance, it is planning process will take much ofimpossible to identify problems the subjectivity and guesswork outand introduce improvements. of planning decisions.Implementing appropriate metricsenables centres to be analysed,scored and compared with relevantbenchmarks. 17
  17. 17. Activity Centre Performance Toolkit: Evidence-Based Decision-Making The following economic sustainability metrics are derived sustainability and urban form primarily from the ABS Census, principles have been identified using employment rather than as relevant to activity centre floor space as part of the indicator performance, based on their for intensity and diversity. impact on a centre’s ability to attract and retain sustainable user The majority of urban form metrics catchments. have been measured using aerial photography. Each activity centre Each principle contains two or is divided into street/pedestrian more metrics, which combine to way/mall sections and metrics measure a centre’s performance. are taken for each section. This The metrics used have been approach allows for medium-grain chosen based on availability of features such as street trees and data and consistency of data across footpaths to be taken into account Australian states. As a result of with a high degree of accuracy. inconsistent land use surveying by planning departments, the The division of the activity centre economic into segments provides data on specific areas of good and poor quality and can be used to pinpoint areas which are functioning well or those which need to be improved. Where possible an on-the- ground survey is also used to gather fine-grain and up- to-date data, such as the current levels of property occupancy or general disorder. Additional data is gathered for the entire centre from reliable government sources, including crime statistics and road network data.18
  18. 18. Activity Centre Performance Toolkit: Evidence-Based Decision-MakingPrinciple Impact on Centre Success Metrics A diverse mix of users and activity are desirable for an economically, environmentally and socially sustainable Mixed Use Threshold,Activity Diversity city, enabling users to access multiple needs with fewer Equitability Index trips and contributing to higher rates of employment self-sufficiency. Co-locating activity within a vibrant, intense space ensures walkability, social interaction and economic activation. Residential Density,Activity Intensity Intense agglomerations of activity have been shown to Job Density increase industry productivity. Centres require both a quantity and quality of employment, as befits their position within the centres hierarchy. High EmploymentEmployment Quality quality employment (knowledge or export-based) drives Quantum, economic development and facilitates higher levels of Employment Quality employment self-sufficiency. Centres must be accessible to a wide mix of user groups utilising different modes of transport. This reduces the TransportCentre Accessibility impact of petrol price shocks, increases sustainable Infrastructure, centre catchments and facilitates movement between Distance from CBD employment nodes. Improving the aesthetics, attractiveness and pleasantness Attractive andUrban Quality of the physical environment makes an urban area more Unattractive conducive to frequent and prolonged use. Features Public Realm, Offering opportunities for recreation and leisure within the Comfort, Continuing centre and ensuring the comfortable use of the centre by Noise Emissions,Urban Amenity pedestrians increases centre attractiveness and activation Street Furniture, and is conducive to more frequent and prolonged use. Leisure/Recreation Facilities Facilitating easy movement around the centre for all Walkability, Bicycle users and ensuring a variety of well linked and positioned Access, VehicleMobility transport options means the potential for the centre to Access, Public be equitably accessed by a range of user groups will be Transport maximised, and use of the centre may be induced. Improving infrastructure directed at enabling safe movement throughout the centre and improving the Perception of Safety,Safety perception of safety in the centre will increase the Personal and Traffic attractiveness of using the centre over a greater daily time Safety period and for a greater range of user groups. 19
  19. 19. 4.0 Case Studies20
  20. 20. 4 CASE STUDIESData has been collected for centres surrounded by car parkingacross a wide range of typologies. and located in suburbanFour case studies contained in this residential areas. These arereport provide a snapshot of how often referred to as ‘Shoppingdevelopers, local governments Centres’ or ‘Shopping Malls’.and statutory authorities can use • ‘Principal’ centres providing athe toolkit to enable valuable diverse range of employment,benchmarking and performance goods and services to a largeanalysis in planning for new and regional catchment. Theyexpanding centres. often began as retail malls but their level of maturityThe four broad typologies (and geographical location)identified are: means that they have evolved• ‘Inner urban’ including to include a scale and variety centres found within 10km of of employment, services and the city CBD that have often entertainment that provides developed along a transport an alternative to a city’s CBD. corridor. Their location means • ‘Regional location’ centres that they are generally more located in non-metropolitan mature than outer lying areas are often a key focus centres, impacting upon of a regional community. diversity and intensity. These Although smaller and less are also often referred to as mature than principal centres, ‘Main Streets’. they generally experience• ‘Retail-centric’ referring lower rates of competition to centres that have and must include a diversity developed primarily around of activity for a more isolated a large shopping mall, usually community. 21
  21. 21. Activity Centre Performance Toolkit: Case Studies Subiaco, in Western Australia, As a case study, it represents a is often acknowledged as an principal activity centre, providing exemplar centre in terms of urban a CBD alternative for high-level design, public transport and employment and services. quality of employment. It is an example of an inner urban centre, Casuarina in the Northern Territory located less than 4km from the is considered a regionally located Perth CBD. centre due to its size and function within Darwin. It has a strong Marion in South Australia retail catchment and is located represents a retail-centric centre, between several of Darwin’s major developed around a Westfield- community institutions. owned shopping mall. It has a regional retail catchment but lacks A benefit of the toolkit is that it a diversity of other uses. enables centres to be assessed in many different ways. For example, Chatswood in New South Wales centres within the WA activity is one of the North Shore’s major centres network can be compared commercial and retail districts. with others at the same level of22
  22. 22. the hierarchy or withcentres at a differenthierarchical level.Alternatively, Perthcentres can be assessedagainst more establishedcentres in other cities, oragainst the average and best of aparticular typology.The typologies contained inthis paper are simply one waythat centres can be categorised,recognising that not all centresare expected to function in thesame way. However, the toolkitprovides the ability for centres thatare retail centric, for example, tobe compared with more diverseprincipal centres to map out a pathto improved performance andsustainability. 23
  23. 23. Subiaco snapshot Activity Centre Performance Toolkit: Case Studies Subiaco is an inner western Results suburb of Perth, located less than four kilometres from the Perth Subiaco attained the highest urban CBD. It contains medium density form score of the case studies, with housing, a strong fashion and particularly high scores in safety food main street, entertainment, and amenity. It also achieved recreation, major hospital the second highest economic facilities and a concentration of sustainability score, after the professional services employment principal centre of Chatswood. in proximity to the train station. It is an established inner suburb Subiaco rated equal to the ‘best- that underwent transformation of-type’ centre with respect to when a portion of the train line accessibility, due to its close was undergrounded and industrial proximity to the Perth CBD and land redeveloped to accommodate other employment nodes and a diversity of new housing and the presence of well-integrated employment uses, facilitating a public transport infrastructure. connected urban centre. It also achieved a better than average employment quality Average Best score, operating as a high amenity Economic Subiaco Inner Inner Measure CBD alternative for footloose Urban Urban professional services. Diversity 6.50 7.00 8.70 Intensity 8.20 6.65 9.20 Recommendations Employment 8.25 7.75 9.50 Quality Subiaco is rated relatively poorly Accessibility 8.50 8.25 8.50 in the urban quality category due Score out 8.01 7.41 8.98 to the presence of unattractive of ten features such as vacant land Urban Form Measure Subiaco parcels, vacant buildings and car Urban Quality 5.70 parks interfacing with the public realm. Improvements in passive Urban Amenity 8.80 surveillance of the public realm Mobility 7.20 and providing more traffic calming Safety 9.20 devices would assist in creating Score out of ten 7.73 a higher quality pedestrian environment.24
  24. 24. Activity Centre Performance Toolkit: Case StudiesDiversity of activityachieved is also lowerthan the average due toa high representationof retail and office uses.There is the potentialfor better linksbetween nodes (suchas community, healthand recreation) andthe addition of high-rise accommodation Improvements in urbanoptions to complement the variety quality and internal mobilityof high quality medium density will enable Subiaco to buildhousing. its employment attraction capability. Ensuring new developments focus on creating higher intensity environments with a mix of uses will maximise Subiaco’s potential 25
  25. 25. Marion snapshot Activity Centre Performance Toolkit: Case Studies Marion is the largest shopping Results complex in Adelaide, located approximately 13km from the Marion received the lowest score Adelaide CBD. At approximately of the case study centres for urban 120,000m2, it contains two quality, however it performed well department stores, three in terms of amenity and safety. discount department stores and two supermarkets along with Marion attracts a regional more than 300 speciality stores catchment to its retail offer and a variety of entertainment but lacks a diversity of other options, including cinemas and employment uses, including a bowling alley. Although the higher quality knowledge-based centre also contains office space employment. accommodating professional services (medical, legal, Residential density around the accounting, management), it centre is also low in comparison functions primarily as a shopping to centres in other cities, in part destination for the region. due to the predominance of surrounding car parks. Average Best Economic Marion Retail- Retail- Oaklands railway station is Measure centric centric approximately 800m-1km from Diversity 4.00 6.25 8.10 Marion centre, while in other cities Intensity 6.40 4.70 6.70 such as Sydney, stations have Employment 3.00 4.25 7.75 much better integration with retail Quality centres. Accessibility 6.50 6.00 7.25 Score out of Recommendations 5.15 5.30 7.45 ten Marion’s urban quality score has the Urban Form Measure Marion potential for improvement through Urban Quality 3.7 attention to landscaping, street Urban Amenity 7.3 trees and public art. Addressing Mobility 4.9 vacant land and car park interfaces Safety 6.2 with the public realm could assist Score out of ten 5.5 with both the urban quality score and the intensity of activity,26
  26. 26. Activity Centre Performance Toolkit: Case Studiesallowing expansionof office space andresidential dwellings inproximity to the centre.The integration ofcultural, aquatic andleisure centres andplaces for eating anddrinking within thecentre boundariesbuild on Marion’sconsumer services strengths, The challenge for Marion is towhich combined with a higherquality public realm and better build on its substantial retailtrain accessibility could attract strengths to become a morethe requisite higher order diverse regional town centre.employment. Greater external focus and connectivity will make it a more desirable place for future commercial and residential development 27
  27. 27. Chatswood snapshot Activity Centre Performance Toolkit: Case Studies Chatswood is a suburb on Results the North Shore of Sydney, Chatswood achieved very high approximately ten kilometres scores in economic sustainability from the Sydney CBD. Chatswood compared with other case studies contains two major shopping and compared to the average of centres, linked by a main street the principal centres measured. containing a mix of specialties, mini majors and smaller shopping Intensity is very high, due to centres. Chatswood centre is a combination of office and also home to a large number residential towers, developed of commercial offices including within walking distance of the train several technology headquarters, station. located within a walkable Employment quality is also high, catchment from the Chatswood reflecting the centre’s role as a train station, which accesses both major commercial centre for the the North Shore and Northern rail North Shore and an alternative to lines. In addition to commercial and the CBD. retail development, Chatswood accommodates a number of high- In contrast, urban form scores are density residential towers. lower than those achieved in inner urban centres such as Subiaco. Economic Average Best The large size of the centre and Chatswood Measure Principal Principal the intensity of activity mean that Diversity 7.25 7.25 8.60 external pedestrian amenities Intensity 9.20 6.35 9.55 and features have been replaced Employment 9.00 8.00 9.75 with internal spaces and it is often Quality difficult to navigate streets at peak Accessibility 7.75 6.00 9.50 times. Score out of ten 8.46 6.90 9.35 Recommendations Urban Form Measure Chatswood Quality was rated relatively poorly due to a lack of landscaping, few Urban Quality 5.0 green spaces viewable from the Urban Amenity 6.3 majority of the centre, lack of public Mobility 6.5 art and presence of a number of Safety 6.3 building sites. The mobility score Score out of ten 6.0 also reflected a lower frequency28 of bus stops, little provision for
  28. 28. Activity Centre Performance Toolkit: Case Studiesbicycle parking andfew marked cyclepaths. Althoughthe train station iswell integrated, thecentre must alsoaddress issues withcar accessibility andparking issues.The challenge forChatswood is toinsure that the high intensity(and growing) environment is From a strong base, Chatswoodaccompanied by attractive and can build its employment anduser-friendly urban form. This resident attraction capabilitywill assist in creating a more through improvements toinviting community space, internal mobility, urbanensure workers and residents quality in the public realm andare retained in the centre, and a focus on community andimprove the commercial success entertainment to complementof all components through greater the retail offermobility and legibility. 29
  29. 29. Casuarina snapshot Activity Centre Performance Toolkit: Case Studies Casuarina Square is located in Results the northern suburbs of Darwin, 1km from Charles Darwin Casuarina receives a low score for University, 2km from the Royal urban form due to the disconnect Darwin Hospital and less than of the shopping centre from the 3km from Darwin International main street, lack of landscaping, Airport. Casuarina is classified as internal public realm and presence a major centre under the Greater of large car parking areas isolating Darwin Region Land Use Plan, the centre core. and operates as one of two sub- regional centres servicing a main Although the centre is based trade area of almost 120,000 around a retail mall, the presence residents. The centre is the subject of surrounding community uses of a current redevelopment plan, and links to health and education aimed at enhancing its role within improve both the intensity and the community and creating employment quality scores. an environment that attracts and retains new residents and An absence of residential businesses. accommodation means that the centre is not activated at night, Economic Average Best reducing safety and the success Casuarina Measure Regional Regional of entertainment uses. The lack of Diversity 6.50 6.75 8.90 integration of the transit centre Intensity 4.70 3.15 6.35 affects accessibility and safety Employment scores. 8.00 5.50 9.00 Quality Accessibility 5.25 4.00 8.50 Recommendations Score out 6.11 4.85 8.19 Plans to integrate the transit centre of ten with the core and a redeveloped Urban Form Measure Casuarina public realm will improve Urban Quality 4.2 centre safety and accessibility. Urban Amenity 5.5 Opening the internally focused Mobility 5.0 mall to link with the main street Safety 4.9 creates opportunities for new Score out of ten 4.9 entertainment and community30
  30. 30. Activity Centre Performance Toolkit: Case Studiesuses that will extendactivation beyond retailtrading hours.The addition ofresidential apartmentsand commercial officewithin the centre willimprove diversity andintensity of activity,and a focus on pedestrian andcycle paths will benefit links with The vision for Casuarina as aexternal nodes. diverse, vibrant town centre can be achieved through improvements to the public realm, transit centre and main street integration. This will in turn attract greater residential and commercial development and improve visitation. 31
  31. 31. 5.0 Beyond the Prototype: Future Directions32
  32. 32. 5 BEYOND THE PROTOTYPE: FUTURE DIRECTIONSThis toolkit demonstrates how The toolkit can also be developedapplying metrics to an activity specifically for the use ofcentre can provide practical data developers or local governmentsfor both developers and local for the purpose of planning andgovernments. Subset toolkits approving developments on acan be developed to collate data small or large scale, programmingshowing the performance of revitalisation projects, planningactivity centres for specific user maintenance schedules or newgroups - such as children, the public infrastructure, such as parkselderly, the mobility-impaired or community centres. Applicationor DINKS (double-income no- of the toolkit can show developerskids). This will allow developers what is expected of them whento design new developments to developing a site and used tocater for their intended target assess the performance rating ofgroup or groups, and provide local a proposal from plans submittedgovernment with the information for local government approval.they need to improve centres for all The toolkit criteria can be builtusers. into local and state government strategic plans to ensure that all development is based on a consistent, comprehensive and 33
  33. 33. Activity Centre Performance Toolkit: Beyond the Prototype: Future Directions agreed upon vision. Design Population health is another guidelines for an area can be tested important issue which can be against the toolkit to determine targeted by the toolkit - measuring whether they will be effective the performance of a centre in creating an excellent activity against criteria conducive to centre. various types of physical activity for all users, the provision of To address the pressing need healthy eating options and food to improve the environmental sources, opportunities to take part sustainability of our cities, the in organised sports, support for activity centre toolkit is designed organised and incidental social to create an urban fabric capable of interaction, and provision of access ensuring low waste and emissions, to the natural environment for the improved food security, a low- improvement of mental health and cost lifestyle, a centre with cycling restoration. and walking the primary form of transport, and more. For more information or a demonstration of the activity centre toolkit, please contact Pracsys Economics www.pracsys.
  34. 34. PERTH • MELBOURNEFor more information or a demonstration of the activity centre, please contact Pracsys Economics
  35. 35. Property Council of Australia Limited Centre Performance Toolkit