WHY DO A REVIEW OF RESEARCH? When you integrateTo provide the various recent You realise research if there arereader with a articles into amosaic of what plausible meaningful is happening answers to picture, you concerning a your can discover a given topic number of questions. interesting things
WHY DO A REVIEW? Although you may find conflicting result in the There are also research othershave conducted, you differences in might realise that procedures and the different materials used in samples used in the research. studies conduct to different results.
WHY DO A REVIEW? When you review With this, you realise if literature, it will give your proposed study isyou an overview of the different kinds of even feasible methodologies, instruments for given your time, collecting data, materials, and ways in which to and financialanalyse data commonlyused in the research for constraints. a given area.
FOUR ANALYSIS TASKS OFTHE LITERATURE REVIEW PROCESS OF LITERATURE REVIEW SYNTHESISE SUMMARY CRITIQUE COMPARE
SAMPLE LANGUAGENormadin (2001) has demonstrated…Early work by Hausman, Schwarz, andGraves (1998) was concerned with…Elsayed and Stern (2000) compared …Additional work by Karasawa et. al, Azadivar,and Parry et. al (2010) deals with…
EXAMPLE: SUMMARYAND SYNTHESISPiaget’s theory of stages of cognitive development andErikson’s stages of psychosocial development arecommonly used for educational psychology courses(Borich Tombari, 1997; LeFrancois, 1997; Slavin,1997). Piaget described characteristic behaviors,including artistic ones such as drawing, as evidence ofhow children think and what children do as theyprogress beyond developmental milestones into andthrough stages of development.
COMPARISON ANDCRITIQUEEvaluates the strengths and weaknesses of the work: How do the different studies relate? What is new, different, or controversial? What views need further testing? What evidence is lacking, inconclusive, contradicting, or too limited? What research designs or methods seem unsatisfactory?
SAMPLE LANGUAGE These general results, reflecting thestochastic nature of the flow of goods,are similar to those reported byRosenblatt and Roll…
EXAMPLE: The situationist model has also receivedits share of criticism. One of the mostfrequently cited shortcomings of thisapproach centres around the assumptionthat individuals enter into the workcontext tabula rasa.
BESIDES ENLARGING YOUR KNOWLEDGE ABOUT A TOPIC, WRITING A LITERATURE REVIEW LETS YOU GAIN AND DEMONSTRATE SKILLS IN TWO AREAS:Information seeking: The ability to scan the literatureefficiently, using manual or computerised methods, toidentify a set of useful articles and books.Critical appraisal: The ability to apply principles ofanalysis to identify unbiased and valid studies.
A LITERATUREREVIEW MUST:Be organised around and related directly to thethesis or research question you are developing.Synthesise results into a summary of what isand is not known.Identify areas of controversy in the literature.
WHAT ARE THE PARTS OFA LITERATURE REVIEW? Introduction Body paragraphs Conclusion