Past Simple Tense
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    Past Simple Tense Past Simple Tense Presentation Transcript

    • PAST SIMPLE TENSE KruChantira Phoosumlee Bodindecha 4
    • Pre - test PAST SIMPLE TENSE Try to do the best
    • Choose the best answer.
        • Dang ……………. in Cheingmai when he was a boy.
      a. lives b. lived c. was living d. have lived
    • 2. I ……………. that book yesterday
      • read b. reads
      • c. have read d. had been reading
              • 3. He ………….. here from 1956 to 1970.
      • living b. lived
      • c. has lived d. were living
    • 4. She had studied English before she …….. to England.
      • go b. went
      • c. has gone d. had gone
    • 5. We …………… parents last week.
      • visit b. visited
      • c. was visiting d. has visited
    • 6. When did John arrived?
      • He arrives last night.
      • b. He arrived last night.
      • c. He was arriving last night.
      • d. He has arrived last night.
    • 7. When …………….. you go there last night?
      • do b. does
      • c. did d. were
    • 8. I …………… to the cinema twice last week
      • go b. went
      • c. going d. gone
    • 9. I …………. your sister in Songkla last month.
      • met b. meeting
      • c. meet d. meets
              • 10. She ……. her handbag at that store yesterday.
      • loose b. has lost
      • c. lost d. was lost
    • Let’s check your answers 1. b 2. a 3. b 4. b 5. b 6. b 7. c 8. b 9. a 10. c
    • PAST SIMPLE TENSE
    • 1. PAST SIMPLE TENSE มีลักษณะการใช้ดังนี้ * แสดงเหตุการณ์ที่ได้เกิดขึ้นและสิ้นสุดลงแล้วในอดีต ในประโยคมักมีคำเหล่านี้อยู่ด้วย yesterday , last week , last month , last year , ago , once เช่น - I went to the cinema twice last week . - I met your sister in Chiengmai last month . - She lost her handbag yesterday .
      • PAST SIMPLE TENSE มีลักษณะประโยคดังนี้
      ** ประธาน + กริยาช่องที่ 2 **
    • ประโยคบอกเล่า She lost her book yesterday S + V2 ( lost -lose ) My uncle bough t a new car last year. S + V2 ( bought – buy )
    • ประโยคคำถาม ใช้ “ Did “ มาช่วย โดยวางไว้หน้าประโยค Did she lose her book yesterday? Did + S +V1 ( lose – lost ) Did my uncle buy a new car last year? Did + S +V1 ( buy – bought ) ข้อสังเกต เมื่อใช้ “ Did ” มาช่วยทำให้เป็นคำถามแล้ว กริยาต้องกลับเป็นช่องที่ 1
    • ประโยคปฏิเสธ ใช้ “ did not “ มาช่วย โดยวางไว้หลังประธาน เช่น She did not lose her book yesterday. S + did + not + V1 My uncle did not buy a new car last year. S + did + not + V1 ข้อสังเกต เมื่อใช้ “ did ” แล้ว กริยาต้องกลับเป็นช่องที่ 1
    • Exercise Past Simple Tense Complete new sentences by using these words Example : Amy / sleep A : What did Amy do B : She slept .
    • 1. Sita / walk to school. A : ……………………………………………... B : ……………………………………………...
    • 2. Billy / sing a song A : ……………………………………………... B : ……………………………………………...
    • 3. Bobby and I / read books A : ……………………………………………... B : ……………………………………………...
    • 4. Saipin / write a letter A : ……………………………………………... B : ……………………………………………...
    • 5. you / have lunch A : ……………………………………………... B : ……………………………………………...
    • 6. many birds / fly A : ……………………………………………... B : ……………………………………………...
    • 7. Somporn / drive a car A : ……………………………………………... B : ……………………………………………...
    • 8. Anan / work very hard A : ……………………………………………... B : ……………………………………………...
    • 9. Peter / have dinner with his friend A : ……………………………………………... B : ……………………………………………...
    • 10. Somchai / run to the market. A : ……………………………………………... B : ……………………………………………...
    • Let’s check your answers
    • 1. Sita / walk to school. A : What did Sita do? B : She walked to school.
    • 2. Billy / sing a song A : What did Billy do? B : He sang a song.
    • 3. Bobby and I / read books A : What did Bobby and I do? B : We read books.
    • 4. Saipin / write a letter A : What did Saipin do? B : She wrote a letter.
    • 5. you / have lunch A : What did you do? B : I had lunch.
    • 6. many birds / fly A : What did many birds do? B : They flew.
    • 7. Somporn / drive a car A : What did Somporn do? B : He drove a car.
    • 8. Anan / work very hard A : What did Anan do? B : He worked very hard.
    • 9. Peter / have dinner with his friend A : What did Peter do? B : He had dinner with his friend.
    • 10. Somchai / run to the market. A : What did Somchai do? B : He ran to the market.
    • Exercise Past Simple Tense Make these sentences into question and negative Example : Amy / slept in her bedroom Did Amy sleep in her bedroom? Amy did not sleep in her bedroom.
    • 1. Satita / walked to school with her brother. - ……………………………………………………........... - ……………………………………………………............
    • 2. Bobby / sang a sweet song - ……………………………………………………........... - ……………………………………………………............
    • 3. Dick and I / read a book about ghost - ……………………………………………………........... - ……………………………………………………............
    • 4. Lamyai / wrote a letter to her parents - ……………………………………………………........... - ……………………………………………………............
    • 5. Mali / had lunch in the canteen - ……………………………………………………........... - ……………………………………………………............
    • 6. many birds / flew on the sky - ……………………………………………………........... - ……………………………………………………............
    • 7. You / drove a car to Phuket. - ……………………………………………………........... - ……………………………………………………............
    • 8. Anny / worked very hard - ……………………………………………………........... - ……………………………………………………............
    • 9. Peter and Pattrick / had dinner with his friend - ……………………………………………………........... - ……………………………………………………............
    • 10. James / stood behind me. - ……………………………………………………........... - ……………………………………………………............
    • Let’s check your answers
    • 1. Satita / walked to school with her brother. - Did Satita walk to school with her brother? - Satita did not walk to school with her brother.
    • 2. Bobby / sang a sweet song - Did Bobby sing a sweet song? - Bobby did not sing a sweet song.
    • 3. Dick and I / read a book about ghost - Did Dick and I read a book about ghost? - Dick and I did not read a book about ghost.
    • 4. Lamyai / wrote a letter to her parents - Did Lamyai write a letter to her parents? - Lamyai did not write a letter to her parents.
    • 5. Mali / had lunch in the canteen - Did Mali have lunch in the canteen? - Mali did have lunch in the canteen.
    • 6. many birds / flew on the sky - Did many birds fly on the sky? - Many birds did not fly on the sky.
    • 7. You / drove a car to Phuket. - Did you drive a car to Phuket? - You did not drive a car to Phuket.
    • 8. Anny / worked very hard - Did Anny work very hard? - Anny did not work very hard.
    • 9. Peter and Pattrick / had dinner with his friend - Did Peter and Pattrick have dinner with his friend? - Peter and Pattrick did not have dinner with his friends.
    • 10. James / stood behind me. - Did James stand behind me? - James did not stand behind me.
    • หลักการเติม ed ที่ท้ายคำกริยา
              • love - loved - รัก
              • move - moved - เคลื่อนย้าย
              • hope - hoped - หวัง
      หลักการเติม ed ที่ท้ายคำกริยา มีหลักเกณฑ์ ดังนี้ 1. กริยาที่ลงท้ายด้วย e อยู่แล้วให้เติม d ได้เลย เช่น
    • 2. กริยาที่ลงท้ายด้วย y และหน้า y เป็นพยัญชนะ ให้เปลี่ยน y เป็น i เสียก่อน แล้วจึงเติม ed เช่น cry - cried - ร้องไห้ rely - relied - เชื่อถือ carry - carried - ถือ marry - married - แต่งงาน
              • play - played - เล่น
              • stay - stayed - พัก อาศัย
              • enjoy - enjoyed - ร่าเริง
      3. กริยาที่ลงท้ายด้วย y แต่หน้า y เป็นสระ ให้เติม ed ได้เลย ไม่ต้องเปลี่ยน y เป็นอะไรทั้งสิ้น เช่น
    • 4. กริยาที่มีพยางค์เดียว มีสระตัวเดียว ตัวสะกดตัวเดียว ให้เพิ่มพยัญชนะที่ลงท้ายนั้นเข้าไปอีกหนึ่งตัวเสียก่อน แล้วจึงเติม ed เช่น hop - hopped - กระโดด plan - planned - วางแผน stop - stopped - หยุด
      • กริยามีเสียงสองพยางค์ แต่ลงเสียงหนักพยางค์หลัง และพยางค์หลัง
      • นั้นมีสระตัวเดียว ลงท้ายด้วยตัวสะกดตัวเดียว ต้องเพิ่มพยัญชนะ
      • ที่ลงท้ายนั้นเข้าไปอีกหนึ่งตัวเสียก่อน แล้วจึงเติม ed เช่น
      occur - occurred - เกิดขึ้น refer - referred - อ้างถึง ยกเว้น : ถ้าออกเสียงหนักที่พยางค์แรก ไม่ต้องซ้อนพยัญชนะตัวสุดท้ายเข้ามา เช่น cover - covered - ปกคลุม open - opened - เปิด
        • 6. นอกจากกฎที่กล่าวมาจาก 1 ถึง 5 แล้ว
        • เมื่อต้องการให้เป็นช่อง 2 ให้เติม ed ได้เลย เช่น
      walk - walked - เดิน work - worked - ทำงาน end - ended - จบ reach - reached - ถึง
    • Irregular Verbs Come Came Come Caught Caught Catch Bought Bought Buy Brought Brought Bring Broken Broke Break begun Began Begin Been Was / were Be Past Participle Past Base Form
    • Got Got Get Forgotten Forgot Forget Felt Felt Feel Fallen Fell Fall Eaten Ate Eat Driven Drove Drive Drunk Drank Drink Done Did Do Cut Cut Cut Past Participle Past Base Form
    • Lent Lent Lend Left Left Leave Known Knew Know Hurt Hurt Hurt Hit Hit Hit Heard Heard Hear Had Had Have Gone Went Go Given Gave Give Past Participle Past Base Form
    • Ridden Rode Ride Read Read Read Put Put Put Paid Paid Pay Met Met Meet Meant Meant Mean Made made Make Lost Lost Lose Let Let Let Past Participle Past Base Form
    • Slept Slept Sleep Sat Sat Sit Sung Sang Sing Shown Showed Show Sent Sent Send Sold Sold Sell Seen Saw See Said Said Say Run Ran Run Past Participle Past Base Form
    • Understood Understood Understand Thought Thought Think Told Told Tell Taught Taught Teach Taken Took Take Swum Swam Swim Stolen Stole Steal Stood Stood Stand Spoken Spoke Speak Past Participle Past Base Form
    • Do you understand? Written Wrote Write Worn Wore Wear Woken Woke Wake Past Participle Past Base Form
    • Do this exercise!
    • Irregular Verbs ……………… Came Come Caught Caught …………… ……………… Bought Buy Brought ……………… Bring ……………… Broke Break begun Began …………… Been ……………… Be Past Participle Past Base Form
    • …………… Got Get Forgotten Forgot …………… Felt Felt …………… …………… Fell Fall …………… Ate Eat Driven …………… Drive Drunk …………… Drink …………… Did Do …………… Cut …………… Past Participle Past Base Form
    • Lent …………… . Lend Left Left …………… . …………… . Knew Know Hurt …………… . Hurt Hit …………… . Hit Heard …………… . Hear …………… . Had Have Gone …………… . Go Given …………… . Give Past Participle Past Base Form
    • …………… . Rode Ride Read …………… . Read …………… . …………… . Put …………… . Paid Pay Met …………… . Meet Meant …………… . Mean Made made …………… . Lost …………… . Lose …………… . Let Let Past Participle Past Base Form
    • Slept …………… .. Sleep …………… .. Sat Sit Sung Sang …………… .. …………… .. Showed Show Sent …………… .. Send Sold Sold …………… .. Seen …………… .. See Said …………… .. Say …………… .. Ran Run Past Participle Past Base Form
    • Understood Understood …………… . Thought Thought …………… . …………… . Told Tell Taught …………… . Teach …………… . Took Take Swum Swam …………… . …………… . Stole Steal …………… . …………… . Stand Spoken …………… . Speak Past Participle Past Base Form
    • Can you do it? …………… .. Wrote Write Worn Wore …………… Woken …………… . Wake Past Participle Past Base Form
    • Let’s check your answers
    • Irregular Verbs Was / were Broken Brought Bought Catch Come Begin ……………… Came Come Caught Caught …………… ……………… Bought Buy Brought ……………… Bring ……………… Broke Break begun Began …………… Been ……………… Be Past Participle Past Base Form
    • Cut Done Drank Drove Eaten Fallen Feel Forget Got Cut …………… Got Get Forgotten Forgot …………… Felt Felt …………… …………… Fell Fall …………… Ate Eat Driven …………… Drive Drunk …………… Drink …………… Did Do …………… Cut …………… Past Participle Past Base Form
    • Gave Went Had Heard Hit Hurt Known Leave Lent Lent …………… . Lend Left Left …………… . …………… . Knew Know Hurt …………… . Hurt Hit …………… . Hit Heard …………… . Hear …………… . Had Have Gone …………… . Go Given …………… . Give Past Participle Past Base Form
    • Let Lost Make Meant Met Paid Put Put Read Ridden …………… . Rode Ride Read …………… . Read …………… . …………… . Put …………… . Paid Pay Met …………… . Meet Meant …………… . Mean Made Made …………… . Lost …………… . Lose …………… . Let Let Past Participle Past Base Form
    • Run Said Saw Sell Sent Shown Sing Set Slept Slept …………… .. Sleep …………… .. Sat Sit Sung Sang …………… .. …………… .. Showed Show Sent …………… .. Send Sold Sold …………… .. Seen …………… .. See Said …………… .. Say …………… .. Ran Run Past Participle Past Base Form
    • Spoke Stood Stood Stolen Swim Taken Taught Told Think Understand Understood Understood …………… . Thought Thought …………… . …………… . Told Tell Taught …………… . Teach …………… . Took Take Swum Swam …………… . …………… . Stole Steal …………… . …………… . Stand Spoken …………… . Speak Past Participle Past Base Form
    • Can you do it? Woke Wear Written …………… .. Wrote Write Worn Wore …………… Woken …………… . Wake Past Participle Past Base Form
    • Post - test PAST SIMPLE TENSE Try to do again.
    • Choose the best answer.
        • Dang ……………. in Cheingmai when he was a boy.
      a. lives b. lived c. was living d. have lived
              • 2. He ………….. here from 1956 to 1970.
      • living b. lived
      • c. has lived d. were living
    • 3. We …………… parents last week.
      • visit b. visited
      • c. was visiting d. has visited
    • 4. When …………….. you go there last night?
      • do b. does
      • c. did d. were
    • 5. I …………. your sister in Songkla last month.
      • met b. meeting
      • c. meet d. meets
    • 6. I ……………. that book yesterday
      • read b. reads
      • c. have read d. had been reading
    • 7. She had studied English before she …….. to England.
      • go b. went
      • c. has gone d. had gone
    • 8. When did John arrived?
      • He arrives last night.
      • b. He arrived last night.
      • c. He was arriving last night.
      • d. He has arrived last night.
    • 9. I …………… to the cinema twice last week
      • go b. went
      • c. going d. gone
              • 10. She ……. her handbag at that store yesterday.
      • loose b. has lost
      • c. lost d. was lost
    • Let’s check your answers 1. b 2. b 3. b 4. c 5. a 6. a 7. b 8. b 9. b 10. c