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The mbti® instrument in asia
 

The mbti® instrument in asia

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    The mbti® instrument in asia The mbti® instrument in asia Presentation Transcript

    • The MBTI® Instrument in Asia Memories and Ob M i d Observations over 20 years ti Presented by David Freeman ® CPP Asia Pacific, CPPAP and the CPP Asia Pacific logo are trademarks or registered trademark of CPP Asia Pacific Pty Ltd.
    • Welcome Mr JEFF HAYES - President, CPP Inc. Dr NAOMI QUENK - world expert CPP-AP Representatives from Asia Our Presenters from throughout Asia Pacific Our many Participants from around the World® CPP Asia Pacific, CPPAP and the CPP Asia Pacific logo are trademarks or registered trademark of CPP Asia Pacific Pty Ltd. 2
    • An Amazing Journey APP - di t ib t since 1987 distributor i Started in Australia with MBTI® instrument - 1989® CPP Asia Pacific, CPPAP and the CPP Asia Pacific logo are trademarks or registered trademark of CPP Asia Pacific Pty Ltd. 3
    • Big Questions Would the MBTI® instrument work in Asia? Are the MBTI® questions relevant/appropriate? Does Culture distort the results? Do Type distributions differ across Asian cultures? Is there a market for MBTI® instrument in Asia?® CPP Asia Pacific, CPPAP and the CPP Asia Pacific logo are trademarks or registered trademark of CPP Asia Pacific Pty Ltd. 4
    • Culture Mainstream question since 1966 Landmark work of Haire, Ghiselli & Porter , Seminal work of Hofstede (1980) Power Distance Individualism v Collectivism Masculinity v Femininity Uncertainty Avoidance Two competing views:® CPP Asia Pacific, CPPAP and the CPP Asia Pacific logo are trademarks or registered trademark of CPP Asia Pacific Pty Ltd. 5
    • One View of Culture: Culture is becoming less important as values converge, through combination of globalisation and the advent of new technologies that give everyone in the world access to the same information products and services (Stening 2006) information, services. (Stening, As A countries i d t i li and embrace KFC M D t i industrialise d b KFC, McDonalds, ld Hollywood movies and the pervasive American culture, we all slowly converge in terms of values and institutions and institutions, come to have similar ways of managing economic entities and conducting our lives. ( g (Harbison & Myers, 1959) y , )® CPP Asia Pacific, CPPAP and the CPP Asia Pacific logo are trademarks or registered trademark of CPP Asia Pacific Pty Ltd. 6
    • Another View of Culture: Cultural values are very deeply seated and much of the convergence that some people believe is being witnessed is only superficial or very limited in effect. (Koen, 2005)® CPP Asia Pacific, CPPAP and the CPP Asia Pacific logo are trademarks or registered trademark of CPP Asia Pacific Pty Ltd. 7
    • Hofstede & Singapore Found Singapore to be: High in deference to leaders (SJ); Collective (STJ); Neutral on Masculinity/Femininity; low avoidance of uncertainty (P) Data is D t i now over 25 years old ld Singapore has changed dramatically: Less collective - much more individualistic Family ties weaker G i i ffl Growing economic affluence Influences from abroad: “overwhelming role of MNC’s in national economy” overwhelming MNC s economy Importance/number of expats (foreign talent)® CPP Asia Pacific, CPPAP and the CPP Asia Pacific logo are trademarks or registered trademark of CPP Asia Pacific Pty Ltd. 8
    • Influence of Culture If a country had HIGH cultural imperative everyone might come out the same on MBTI® instrument g Japan Korea If not, then reasonable diversity of Type not® CPP Asia Pacific, CPPAP and the CPP Asia Pacific logo are trademarks or registered trademark of CPP Asia Pacific Pty Ltd. 9
    • A Guinea Pig - Elaine in Hong Kong (1990) Reported Type: ESFJ Self-Estimate: ESFJ Self Estimate: Verified Type: ESFJ The “acid test”: “My husband read the profile in Introduction To Type® and pronounced it 100% accurate!”® CPP Asia Pacific, CPPAP and the CPP Asia Pacific logo are trademarks or registered trademark of CPP Asia Pacific Pty Ltd. 10
    • So into Singapore we strode - confident of success Small immediate problems:® CPP Asia Pacific, CPPAP and the CPP Asia Pacific logo are trademarks or registered trademark of CPP Asia Pacific Pty Ltd. 11
    • MBTI® - Form G (Used until 1998) If you were asked on a Saturday morning, what you were going to do that day would you day, you… Be able to tell pretty well, or List twice too many things or things, Have to wait and see?® CPP Asia Pacific, CPPAP and the CPP Asia Pacific logo are trademarks or registered trademark of CPP Asia Pacific Pty Ltd. 12
    • MBTI® - Form G (Used until 1998) Which Whi h word appeals t you more? d l to ? Foundation - spire® CPP Asia Pacific, CPPAP and the CPP Asia Pacific logo are trademarks or registered trademark of CPP Asia Pacific Pty Ltd. 13
    • Establishing the right “MINDSET” Imagine you are NOT at work. OH REALLY - Give me a break!® CPP Asia Pacific, CPPAP and the CPP Asia Pacific logo are trademarks or registered trademark of CPP Asia Pacific Pty Ltd. 14
    • The MBTI® Accreditation Program Family “I feel really at home in this group - and it’s the first time. time ” “Why don’t I feel this way anywhere else?”® CPP Asia Pacific, CPPAP and the CPP Asia Pacific logo are trademarks or registered trademark of CPP Asia Pacific Pty Ltd. 15
    • Typical Accreditation Program Composition ‘Verified Type’ Table – July 1996 ISTJ ISFJ INFJ INTJ Pref No. Modal 1 1 2 4 Type E 27 - 82% E ISTP ISFP INFP INTP I 6 2 2 S 13 N ESTP ESFP ENFP ENTP N 20 - 61% 2 1 4 2 9 T 24 - 73% T F 9 ESTJ ESFJ ENFJ ENTJ 8 1 2 7 18 J 22 - 67% J P 11 11 2 7 13 33% 6% 21% 39% N = 33Expected 48% 15% 13% 24%® CPP Asia Pacific, CPPAP and the CPP Asia Pacific logo are trademarks or registered trademark of CPP Asia Pacific Pty Ltd. 16
    • The Difference? In many Accreditation programs: 150% more NF’s and NT’s than in Singapore population Half the ST’s and SF’s WHY?® CPP Asia Pacific, CPPAP and the CPP Asia Pacific logo are trademarks or registered trademark of CPP Asia Pacific Pty Ltd. 17
    • Composition of an Accreditation Program In most countries: In the first few years - relatively large p y y g percentage of NF’s g In the next few years - increasing p y g percentage of NT’s g After about six years - increasing percentages of STJ’s STJ s® CPP Asia Pacific, CPPAP and the CPP Asia Pacific logo are trademarks or registered trademark of CPP Asia Pacific Pty Ltd. 18
    • Singapore Population Types - (Estimated) Online Form M & Q ‘Reported’ Type, 2007 N = 2906 (Bell, A, 2008) ISTJ ISFJ INFJ INTJ E – 52% 548 172 62 180 I 19% 6% 2% 6% ISTP ISFP INFP INTP S – 62% 138 68 87 130 N 5% 2% 3% 4% ESTP ESFP ENFP ENTP T – 71% 144 50 162 167 F 5% 2% 6% 6% ESTJ ESFJ ENFJ ENTJ J – 67% 557 133 97 211 P 19% 5% 3% 7% 48% 15% 13% 24%® CPP Asia Pacific, CPPAP and the CPP Asia Pacific logo are trademarks or registered trademark of CPP Asia Pacific Pty Ltd. 19
    • Singapore School (Secondary 4) Types Form G ‘Reported’ Type, 1991 N = 1733 (Male – 47.3% Female 52.7%) – Lim TK, 1994 ISTJ ISFJ INFJ INTJ E – 51% M 17% M 6% M 3% M 4% I F 16% F 8% F 4% F 5% % ISTP ISFP INFP INTP S – 65% M 7% M 3% M 4% M 5% N F 6% F 3% F 3% F 4% ESTP ESFP ENFP ENTP T – 67% M 8% M 4% M 5% M 5% F F 6% F 3% F 6% F 6% ESTJ ESFJ ENFJ ENTJ J – 60%* * M 58% M 16% M 5% M 2% M 6% P F 63% F 16% F 7% F 3% F 5% M 48% M 18% M 14% M 20% F 44% F 20% F 16% F 20%® CPP Asia Pacific, CPPAP and the CPP Asia Pacific logo are trademarks or registered trademark of CPP Asia Pacific Pty Ltd. 20
    • Singapore students: Less extraverted than Americans (Am:62% Si:51%) 68% boys were T’s - expected 65% of girls were also T - totally unexpected 33% males & 32% females were STJ Lim argues that culture plays a role here: Over 40 years - poor trading port to modern State Govt played major role Just to survive Singapore had to be practical, organised, efficient, decisive, duty-bound, conventional, detail-oriented & systematic Education system emphasised factual learning and objective problem-solving over imagination and creativity Males and females were treated alike and given equal opportunity All social pressures (cultural imperatives) to be S T & J S, Hofstede: Deference to Leaders (H), Collectivism (H) and preferences for Masculinity (N) and Uncertainty Avoidance (L)® CPP Asia Pacific, CPPAP and the CPP Asia Pacific logo are trademarks or registered trademark of CPP Asia Pacific Pty Ltd. 21
    • An Observation (speculation?) With the passage of time and lessening of need for systematic, decisive, structured and careful y management, as Singapore reaps the rewards for its diligence over many y g y years, its been able to engage in more creative and imaginative thinking and more caring approach. g pp This seems to have been accompanied with an increasing percentage of students in the JC’s verifying preferences for N and F F.® CPP Asia Pacific, CPPAP and the CPP Asia Pacific logo are trademarks or registered trademark of CPP Asia Pacific Pty Ltd. 22
    • Onward throughout Asia Pacific… Chinese translations - 1993 Hong Kong - first QP - 2000 Shanghai - 2000 Beijing B iji - 2004 India - 2005 Taiwan - 2007 2007 - became CPP-AP CPP AP® CPP Asia Pacific, CPPAP and the CPP Asia Pacific logo are trademarks or registered trademark of CPP Asia Pacific Pty Ltd. 23
    • Indian MBTI® Certification Program - 2006® CPP Asia Pacific, CPPAP and the CPP Asia Pacific logo are trademarks or registered trademark of CPP Asia Pacific Pty Ltd. 24
    • Hong Kong Accreditation Program Types Aggregated ‘Reported’ Type N = 298 (Ball, R, 2008) ISTJ ISFJ INFJ INTJ E – 55% 36 15 11 20 I 12% 5% % 4% 7% % ISTP ISFP INFP INTP S 10 3 22 17 N - 56% 3% 1% 7% 6% ESTP ESFP ENFP ENTP T – 54% 6 5 35 16 F 2% 2% 11% 5% ESTJ ESFJ ENFJ ENTJ J – 62% 31 24 24 23 P 11% 8% 8% 8% 28% 16% 30% 26%® CPP Asia Pacific, CPPAP and the CPP Asia Pacific logo are trademarks or registered trademark of CPP Asia Pacific Pty Ltd. 25
    • Hong Kong Program: Overall an ENTJ group (like Singapore) Majority of N’s rather than S’s Large percentage of NF’s Probable under-representation of ST’s under representation ST s® CPP Asia Pacific, CPPAP and the CPP Asia Pacific logo are trademarks or registered trademark of CPP Asia Pacific Pty Ltd. 26
    • Hong Kong Training Program Participants Form M ‘Reported’ Type, 2000-8 N = 847 (Ball, R, 2008) ISTJ ISFJ INFJ INTJ E – 52% 129 66 25 62 I 16% 8% 3% 7% % ISTP ISFP INFP INTP S - 55% 36 14 48 29 N 4% 2% 6% 3% ESTP ESFP ENFP ENTP T – 56% 17 28 74 33 F 2% 3% 9% 4% ESTJ ESFJ ENFJ ENTJ J – 67% 112 60 54 60 P 13% 7% 6% % 35% 20% 24% 21%® CPP Asia Pacific, CPPAP and the CPP Asia Pacific logo are trademarks or registered trademark of CPP Asia Pacific Pty Ltd. 27
    • Very similar to Singapore (STJ) Includes Accreditation participants Not sorted for gender Reported type - not verified We really DON’T have representative samples of countries other than USA and UK If anybody would like to donate for the research® CPP Asia Pacific, CPPAP and the CPP Asia Pacific logo are trademarks or registered trademark of CPP Asia Pacific Pty Ltd. 28
    • Who Uses the MBTI® Instrument in Asia MNC’s Large companies g p Government Departments - MinDef, MOE etc Self Employed Self-Employed Consultants Each year 23,000 people take the MBTI in Singapore y , p p g p alone Mainly used as an OD tool In a country of 4.2 million - seems like everybody has been told to get their type done by 2010. (Wood,A. (Wood A 2005)® CPP Asia Pacific, CPPAP and the CPP Asia Pacific logo are trademarks or registered trademark of CPP Asia Pacific Pty Ltd. 29
    • What is it Mainly Used for: Teambuilding Improving intra group communication intra-group Improving employee self-understanding Resolving i t R l i intra-group conflicts fli t Leadership/senior management team development Least popular uses were: Stress management Individual employee counselling (Wood, A. 2005)® CPP Asia Pacific, CPPAP and the CPP Asia Pacific logo are trademarks or registered trademark of CPP Asia Pacific Pty Ltd. 30
    • However… Only 22% of the surveyed organisations reported using the instrument: g MNC’s with HQ in English-speaking countries Service industries - particularly banking and finance p y g Higher than average proportion of expats Of those NOT using the Instrument: Most were SME s SME’s Did not know of it and its applications, or Were using other products in particular DiSC products, particular,® CPP Asia Pacific, CPPAP and the CPP Asia Pacific logo are trademarks or registered trademark of CPP Asia Pacific Pty Ltd. 31
    • Future Opportunities/Challenges Staying abreast of updated administration guidelines Knowing what to do after administration (applications) Ensuring MBTI® instrument is not used to stereotype New delivery channels New applications: pp 360 degree feedback Links with other theories - EQ, decision-making etc® CPP Asia Pacific, CPPAP and the CPP Asia Pacific logo are trademarks or registered trademark of CPP Asia Pacific Pty Ltd. 32
    • Other Instruments FIRO-B® Instrument TKI Instrument CPI 260® Instrument ITSA Abilities Tests® CPP Asia Pacific, CPPAP and the CPP Asia Pacific logo are trademarks or registered trademark of CPP Asia Pacific Pty Ltd. 33
    • Questions Political statements Other contributions® CPP Asia Pacific, CPPAP and the CPP Asia Pacific logo are trademarks or registered trademark of CPP Asia Pacific Pty Ltd. 34
    • References Haire,M., Ghiselli,E.E., & Porter, L.W. (1966) Managerial Thinking: An international study. New York: John Wiley Harbison, F.H., & Myers, C.A. (1959) Management in the industrial world: An international analysis. New York: McGraw-Hill Hofstede, G. (1980) Culture’s consequences: International differences in work-related values. Beverly Hills, CA.: Sage Koen, C.I. (2005) Comparative international management. London: McGraw-Hill Lim, T.K. (1994) Personality types among Singapore and American students. Journal of Psychological , ( ) y yp g g p y g Type, Vol 31, P.10 1994 Myers, I.B.,McCaulley, M.H., Quenk,N.L., & Hammer, A.L. (1998) MBTI Manual: A guide to the development and use of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, 3rd Edn CPP Inc., Palo Alto CA Stening, B.W. ( g (2006) Cultural intelligence: Put it ( g ) on the Asian HRM agenda. Research and ) g (High) g Practice in Human Resource Management 14(2), 74-84 Wood, A.S. (2005) The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator® as an organizational development tool: A Singapore perspective. MBA Dissertation: University of Manchester. Manchester Business School Trademarks ® FIRO-B, FIRO, CPI 260, SkillsOne and the CPP logo are registered trademarks of CPP Inc. ® MBTI, Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, Introduction to Type and the MBTI logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Trust in the United States and other countries. Myers Briggs countries® CPP Asia Pacific, CPPAP and the CPP Asia Pacific logo are trademarks or registered trademark of CPP Asia Pacific Pty Ltd. 35
    • ®2008 MBTI Asia Conference - Singapore MBTI Asia Conference 2008