Development of general and soccer-specific perceptual motor skills in early puberty   – a two-year follow-up study in a re...
Contents <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>”  Continuation of the study presented in IACSS 2007 in Calgary” </li></ul...
Introduction <ul><li>The perceptual and cognitive skills improve, with increasing age and experience but are likely to be ...
Methods 07 and 09 <ul><li>General perceptual motor skill tests: </li></ul><ul><li>simple reaction time [SR] </li></ul><ul>...
Methods <ul><li>Soccer-specific skill test track: </li></ul>accuracy 0.02 s, elite vs sub-elite (n=18, t=6.106, p<0.001), ...
Methods 07 and 09 <ul><li>Soccer-specific skill test: </li></ul><ul><li>4 + 16 trials /45 s </li></ul><ul><li>anticipation...
In practice 2007 <ul><li>Study 2007 compared 10y vs 14y players </li></ul>
Results 2007 <ul><li>General perceptual motor skills and soccer performance was more related in the younger age group   </...
Results 2007 <ul><li>Soccer-specific perceptual motor skills and soccer performance was more related in the older age grou...
Results 2007 <ul><li>Aiming time was the only phase in soccer test where 14y  took more time than 10y </li></ul><ul><li>Di...
Conclusions 2007 <ul><li>General and task specific perceptual motor skills improve with increasing age  </li></ul><ul><li>...
Purpose <ul><li>The purpose of this study was to examine how general and soccer-specific perceptual motor skills develop f...
Methods <ul><li>10y male soccer players ( n=10) </li></ul><ul><li>From a local club of the area around 130.000 inhabitants...
Results The results of general perceptual motor skill tests   The results of soccer-specific perceptual motor skill tests ...
Results  <ul><li>No change in peripheral reaction vs. soccer performance </li></ul>
Results <ul><li>Anticipation time became more important </li></ul>
Results <ul><li>Tendency:  ANT (-) ,  VEL(-)  and  AIM (+)   </li></ul>
Results
Conclusions 2007 <ul><li>General and task specific perceptual motor skills improved with increasing age. </li></ul><ul><li...
Conclusions 2009 <ul><li>General and soccer-specific perceptual motor skills improved with age  </li></ul><ul><li>The role...
Conclusion <ul><li>The results of the present study suggested that general and soccer-specific perceptual motor skills imp...
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Development of general and soccer-specific perceptual motor skills in early puberty

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Tomi Vänttinen

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Transcript of "Development of general and soccer-specific perceptual motor skills in early puberty"

  1. 1. Development of general and soccer-specific perceptual motor skills in early puberty – a two-year follow-up study in a regional soccer team – <ul><li>Tomi Vänttinen </li></ul><ul><li>- Titless, useless - </li></ul><ul><li>Minna Blomqvist </li></ul><ul><li>-Researcher in Sport Pedagogy- </li></ul>
  2. 2. Contents <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>” Continuation of the study presented in IACSS 2007 in Calgary” </li></ul><ul><li>Purpose </li></ul><ul><li>Methods </li></ul><ul><li>Results </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusions </li></ul>” Anticipation- Reaction-Motor skills-Development”
  3. 3. Introduction <ul><li>The perceptual and cognitive skills improve, with increasing age and experience but are likely to be partly determined by genetics ( Abernethy 1988, Williams & Davids 1995, Tenenbaum 2000 & al.) </li></ul><ul><li>There seems to be a consensus in cognitive psychology research that superior performance isn’t linked to differences in visual or sensory abilities ( Abernethy 1988 ) </li></ul><ul><li>Expert-novice comparisons have also indicated that perceptual skills are task specific and that this specificity is shown to appear as early as 8-9 years of age ( Helsen & Starkes 1999 , Ward P. & Williams M ) </li></ul><ul><li>In the top level where the differences between the players in physical performance are minimal it is more likely that cognitive skills act as the limiting factors of performance ( Williams 2004) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Methods 07 and 09 <ul><li>General perceptual motor skill tests: </li></ul><ul><li>simple reaction time [SR] </li></ul><ul><li>reaction time to peripheral stimulus [PAT] </li></ul><ul><li>eye-hand-foot coordination [EHF] </li></ul>
  5. 5. Methods <ul><li>Soccer-specific skill test track: </li></ul>accuracy 0.02 s, elite vs sub-elite (n=18, t=6.106, p<0.001), intra-observer 0.93 (p<0.001), inter-observer 0.86 (p<0.01), test-retest 0.81 (p<0.01)
  6. 6. Methods 07 and 09 <ul><li>Soccer-specific skill test: </li></ul><ul><li>4 + 16 trials /45 s </li></ul><ul><li>anticipation/reaction time [ANT] </li></ul><ul><li>dribbling time [DRB] </li></ul><ul><li>reaction time during dribbling [Reaction] </li></ul><ul><li>time to aim the pass [AIM] </li></ul><ul><li>passing “velocity” [Pass] </li></ul><ul><li>performance time [Total] </li></ul><ul><li>passing accuracy [ACC] </li></ul>
  7. 7. In practice 2007 <ul><li>Study 2007 compared 10y vs 14y players </li></ul>
  8. 8. Results 2007 <ul><li>General perceptual motor skills and soccer performance was more related in the younger age group </li></ul>
  9. 9. Results 2007 <ul><li>Soccer-specific perceptual motor skills and soccer performance was more related in the older age group </li></ul>
  10. 10. Results 2007 <ul><li>Aiming time was the only phase in soccer test where 14y took more time than 10y </li></ul><ul><li>Difference in cognitive strategy??? </li></ul>
  11. 11. Conclusions 2007 <ul><li>General and task specific perceptual motor skills improve with increasing age </li></ul><ul><li>General perceptual motor skills are more related to each other at younger age </li></ul><ul><li>There was evidence to imply that specific types of activities in soccer training lead to the acquisition and development of soccer-specific perceptual motor skills which are not directly related to general perceptual motor skills. </li></ul><ul><li>There were differences in cognitive strategies between age groups which might be worth to take into deeper consideration in further research </li></ul>
  12. 12. Purpose <ul><li>The purpose of this study was to examine how general and soccer-specific perceptual motor skills develop from 10 to 12 years in a regional soccer team </li></ul>
  13. 13. Methods <ul><li>10y male soccer players ( n=10) </li></ul><ul><li>From a local club of the area around 130.000 inhabitants </li></ul><ul><li>Soccer from 7 years of age </li></ul><ul><li>Anthropometrics: </li></ul><ul><li> 10-11y 12-13y </li></ul><ul><li>1.44 ± 0.06 m 1.69 ± 0.08 m </li></ul><ul><li>33.4 ± 4.2 kg 57.1 ± 11.0 kg </li></ul><ul><li>9.7 ± 3.3 % 8.7 ± 6.5 % </li></ul>
  14. 14. Results The results of general perceptual motor skill tests The results of soccer-specific perceptual motor skill tests *2007 Identification-Selection- Action ACTION! Poorer or future development?
  15. 15. Results <ul><li>No change in peripheral reaction vs. soccer performance </li></ul>
  16. 16. Results <ul><li>Anticipation time became more important </li></ul>
  17. 17. Results <ul><li>Tendency: ANT (-) , VEL(-) and AIM (+) </li></ul>
  18. 18. Results
  19. 19. Conclusions 2007 <ul><li>General and task specific perceptual motor skills improved with increasing age. </li></ul><ul><li>General perceptual motor skills were more related to each other at younger age. </li></ul><ul><li>There was evidence to imply that specific types of activities in soccer training lead to the acquisition and development of soccer-specific perceptual motor skills which are not directly related to general perceptual motor skills. </li></ul><ul><li>The older age group aimed longer to direct the pass into target which implied that there were differences in cognitive strategies between age groups. </li></ul>TRUE TRUE ?????? False ?
  20. 20. Conclusions 2009 <ul><li>General and soccer-specific perceptual motor skills improved with age </li></ul><ul><li>The role of general perceptual motor skills did not change during follow-up </li></ul><ul><li>Tasks requiring motor skills developed more from 10y to 12y than tasks requiring mainly perceptual skills </li></ul><ul><li>Soccer-specific perceptual motor skills became more important with age </li></ul>
  21. 21. Conclusion <ul><li>The results of the present study suggested that general and soccer-specific perceptual motor skills improved with age but these skills were not related to each other. </li></ul><ul><li>It is likely that soccer training leads to development of soccer-specific perceptual motor skills which are not directly related to general perceptual motor skills. </li></ul><ul><li>It seemed that in on-the-ball soccer performance the soccer-specific perceptual motor skills became more important with age. </li></ul>
  22. 22. That`s all Folks

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