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  • 1. INTEROPERABILITY OF THE ENHANCED BOOKS The enhanced book’s production is growing but still remains marginal in 2013. One of the reasons why its developpement isn’t optimal is bound to the interoperability issue. Some formats are open and some people would like to see them becoming standards, but others are proprietary formats and are much more developped. Let’s take a look ! LEGROS PRISCILLE SOTO CAMILLE DJOUFAK MARY HUNG KUNG SOW DAPHNÉ MASTER PUBLICATION ET ARCHIVES NUMÉRIQUES INFORMATION SCIENTIFIQUE ET TECHNIQUE KF8 by Amazon is derived from ePub 2 and can only be read by Amazon products. It uses HTML 5 support, CSS3 support. Lots of possibilities, but not as developped as Apple format. Fixed layout ePub and iBooks by Apple is derived from ePub 2 and can only be read by Apple products. This is the most developped format regarding the enhanced books. Created by the Open eBook Forum used as a basis to create other formats as LIT for Microsoft Reader or PRC for Mobipocket Reader. Created by IDPF. ePUB means «electronic publication». It can be adapted to all supports. • ePub 2 : DAISY consortium and IDPF. File extension of an XML format for digital books and publications. • ePub 3 : Most developed interoperable format. The work of IDPF ePub Working Group is accessible in open source. Use HTML 5 for a large possibility of extensions. IS THE INTEROPERABILITY POSSIBLE ? For us the interoperability is conceivable, but is subject to conditions. The following statements are the way we imagine the future of the interoperability for the enhanced book MAJOR OPEN STANDARD FORMATS MAJOR PROPRIETARY FORMATS OEB 1999 ePUB2 2010 ePUB3 2011 KF8 2012 Fixed Layout The readium foundation created in 2013 by IDPF is developing technology to accelerate adoption of EPUB 3. Its main members are Google, Hachette Livre, Kobo, IBM, Sony Corporation, Adobe... Start-up & publishers want their enhanced books to be accessible to the largest possible number. For them interoperability would create a virtuous circle : better sales, more productivity, more enhanced books available. The Book Industry Study Book is a leading book trade association for standardized best practices, they support the ePub 3. The European and International Booksellers Federation also supports the ePub3 for the safety of their working area. STANDARDIZATION : WHO AND WHY ? Apple is an american multinational based on production and commercialisation of electronic products. Its power is largely based on research and development. It develops a technology always more evolved and ahead of the market. Ipad is the electronic medium of Apple. Amazon is a digital american librarian which became the world leader of the digital book industry. It favors the expension of its format so that this one is the most used. Kindle is the electronic medium of Amazon. In fact, proprietary formats are more evolved. The lobbying of the digital giant societies creates competition and revitalizes the market of enhanced books. PROPRIETARY : WHO AND WHY ? BIBLIOGRAPHY EXAMPLE OF EPUB3 The solution for an effective establishment of the enhanced books’ interoperability : • The industrialisation of the several medias to reduce the developpement cost. • Means a less developped technology (ePub 3 for example) but accessible to the largest possible number. YES What about the enhanced books with high technology ? • They will remain « luxury products » such as beautiful old books. • They will be rare and expensive but technologically advanced. NO