Transcript of "National licenses : stakes and perspectives"
National licenses :
stakes and perspectives
So, there are a lot of
advantages but the
number of solutions to
the implementation is
as varied as the
number of concerned
The future is maybe
licenses... To be
equality for research :
● Fair access to all researchers to
documentary resources, whatever the
Appeared in the 17th century, science journals
are an important step in the process of validation
of the researchers' discoveries. They are a true
scientific heritage since they organise, spread
and keep the research works.
institution they are associate with.
● Resources, which are often expensive,
In future, what would
be the values-added for
The new landscape of scientific edition :
proposed by national licenses, establishments are urged to draw their
value elsewhere than in their documentary
National licenses creation's process :
Inadequacy between offer and demand :
80% of the looking ups concern 20% of
Increase of the journal's price caused
theabandon of numerous suscritpions
for the librairies.
A necessity : the creation of groups of
buyers. They made the offer of license
(contract by which the holder of the
copyright defines with his co contracting
the condition in which this program can
be used, spread or modified).
● role of the documentary mediation
● highlighted collections of
● Documentary expenses are optimized
It evolves towards national licenses :
contracts taken care by the State for
● Numerous purchases of a same resource
National licenses in France
The main actors of national licenses are :
● Couperin (Consortium Universitaire de
Publications Numériques) and a leading committee
● a technical committee
● the ABES (Agence bibliographique de
● Higher education and research institutions
Here is a simplified view of the way these actors
coordinate themselves for digital resources
Leading committee :
are removed in favor of a single contract
signed by the State
● True talks are led with the
We have compared and analysed the
various systems of national licenses at the
world level to highlight their main stakes.
In front of the pooling of the resources
● personification of access platforms
research libraries ?
● The building up of stronger and stronger
editorial monopolies (Reed Elsevier, Wolters
Kluwer...) : negotiations for libraries and research
centers are difficult
Online and paper publications
of science journals
● Most of the
are also published
are pooling in the way to
sign / buy
Higer education and
The first contracts were signed in 2011, with
regard to retrospective purchases :
July 2011 : Springer,
publisher : articles from 1000 electronic
journals published before 1996 and more of
7500 electronic books before 2004.
November 2011 :
Numérique (french publisher) :
24 historical french dictionaries.
November 2011 : Acces to the
EEBO source (Early English
Books Online, Proquest publishing) :
125 000 books since 1473 to 1700
In future, to improve visibility and utility :
● the respective roles of the actors should
be cleared up
● the french model could be inspired by
RENARD A. STEPHAN L. VIDAL A.
Master 1 PANIST 2012
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