Yes, It is as much a health issue, as it is a social issue.
Repeated abortions for a SON adversely affect the sexual and reproductive health of women.
It also adversely impacts mental health of women as they are normally blamed for their inability to produce a son.
Sex selection is also an ethical issue and needs to be viewed in the light of medical ethics.
The Pre-conception and Pre-natal Diagnostic Techniques (Prohibition of Sex Selection) Act 2003
To provide for the prohibition of sex selection, before or after conception
For regulation of pre-natal diagnostic techniques for the purposes of detecting abnormalities or metabolic disorders or chromosomal abnormalities or certain congenital malformations or sex-linked disorders
The prevention of their misuse for sex determination leading to female foeticide and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto
All gynaecological or obstetrical or medical procedures such as:
Taking or removing samples of amniotic fluid, chorionic villi, blood, any tissue, fluid of a man or a woman before or after conception for being sent to a Genetic Laboratory or Genetic Clinic for conducting any type of analysis or pre-natal diagnostic tests for selection of sex before or after conception.
It is mandatory for everybody registered under this Act to display the certificate of registration at a conspicuous place in such centre, laboratory or clinic.
Maintenance of records by USG centers Declaration on each report that he/she has neither detected nor disclosed the sex of foetus. Declaration of pregnant woman that she does not want to know sex of the foetus. Report to be sent by 5th of every month to appropriate authority. Records to be made available to appropriate authority for inspection. All records to be preserved for two years.
Powers Of Appropriate Authority Registration/Renewal of registration of Institutions Seal and Seize: if the center is unrecognized. Cancellation or Suspension of Registration Summoning Cognizance of offence – Court shall take cognizance of an offence on complaint made by Appropriate Authority or authorized person
Any officer authorized in this behalf by the Central Government or State Government or the Appropriate Authority
A person who has given notice of at least 15 days to the Appropriate Authority of the alleged offence and of his intention to make a complaint in the court i.e. if the Appropriate Authority fails to take action on the complaint made by a person, on the lapse of 15 days, that person can directly approach the court
It is choice of individual clients, what is wrong if couple choose to have a son?
Response : Strong desire to have a son, puts tremendous psychological pressure on women. Obsession for boys can lead to domestic violence, with women bearing the brunt for her inability to produce a male child. This can also lead to desertion and/or bigamy.