Rb21 t iswa european group_september_2013_POLAND_Andrzej Tonderski
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Rb21 t iswa european group_september_2013_POLAND_Andrzej Tonderski

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Presentation by Andrzej Tonderski et al. from Gdańsk University of Technology on ISWA meeting in Brussells

Presentation by Andrzej Tonderski et al. from Gdańsk University of Technology on ISWA meeting in Brussells

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    Rb21 t iswa european group_september_2013_POLAND_Andrzej Tonderski Rb21 t iswa european group_september_2013_POLAND_Andrzej Tonderski Presentation Transcript

    • Part-financed by the European Union (European Regional Development Fund and European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument) How to move up the EU Waste Hierarchy - difficulties, challenges, efforts, successes Dr inż. Andrzej Tonderski, M.Sc. Wojciech Winiecki, GUT/POMCERT Prof. Jan Hupka, M.Sc. Andreas Haenel, GUT ISWA European Group Meeting in Brussels 3 - 4 September 2013
    • Part-financed by the European Union (European Regional Development Fund and European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument) Presentation structure: • Country description; • Challenges; • Efforts; • Successes: • Investment Concept; • Conclusions 2 STRUCTURE
    • Part-financed by the European Union (European Regional Development Fund and European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument) Driving force: • Poland undertook a number of commitments in the field of waste management (environmental protection) while ratifying the Accession Treaty in 2003. – Reduction of landfill municipal wastes; – Increase of recycling levels; – Reuse of certain selected waste fractions; 3 COUNTRY DESCRIPTION
    • Part-financed by the European Union (European Regional Development Fund and European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument) The main targets: • achievements of minimum 60% recovery level and 55% recycling of packaging waste by 31 December 2014, • reduction of stored biodegradable municipal waste by 2010 to 75%, by 2013 to 50% and by 2020 to 35%, relating to the mass of waste generated in 1995, • collecting by 2012 of 25 % and by 2016 of 45% used batteries and accumulators, • collecting 4kg/ inhabitant of used electric and electronic equipments from households per a year 4 COUNTRY DESCRIPTION
    • Part-financed by the European Union (European Regional Development Fund and European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument) Development of Waste Treatment in Poland (Source: GUS – Central Statistical Office Poland www.gus.gov.pl) 5 Treatment: COUNTRY DESCRIPTION
    • Part-financed by the European Union (European Regional Development Fund and European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument) 6 Number of waste management facilities between 2005 and 2009 Legal landfill Composting of selective collected waste Digestion Mechanical biological treatment Sorting of selectively collected waste Sorting of mixed waste Sorting of mixed and segregated waste Incineration 2005 2009 2005 2009 2005 2009 2005 2009 2005 2009 2005 2009 2005 2009 2005 2009 762 520 58 90 6 3 20 11 19 86 25 36 59 51 1 1 Infrastructure: COUNTRY DESCRIPTION
    • Part-financed by the European Union (European Regional Development Fund and European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument) Waste utilization facilities in Poland in 2011 7 [National Waste management Plan 2014] Location of facilties: COUNTRY DESCRIPTION
    • Part-financed by the European Union (European Regional Development Fund and European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument) European Perspective: 8 COUNTRY DESCRIPTION
    • Part-financed by the European Union (European Regional Development Fund and European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument) 9 European Perspective: COUNTRY DESCRIPTION
    • Part-financed by the European Union (European Regional Development Fund and European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument) Organisation: • Legislation – Law on environmental protection, – Act on municipal government, – Act on municipal services, – Act on waste, – Act on maintaining cleanliness and order in municipalities, – Act on packaging and packaging waste 10 • Planning – National Plan on Waste Management, – Provincial Plan on Waste Management, – Municipal Plan on Waste Management, • Funding – National & Local Funding, – International & European Funding, – PPP; COUNTRY DESCRIPTION
    • Part-financed by the European Union (European Regional Development Fund and European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument) Challenges: • Inadequate ownership of waste streams (system is in transformation process); • Inadequate financial incentives (taxes, fees); • Poor public awareness / participation; • Inadequate number of collection points • Unreliable data due to complex system; • Poor administrative capacity for adopting EU funds • Lack of Public-private partnerships. 11 CHALLENGES
    • Part-financed by the European Union (European Regional Development Fund and European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument) Efforts: • Municipalities owe and organize waste collection – Tenders, – PPP, • Organisation of waste management regions – Public awareness actions, – Funding, – Economy of scale 12 EFFORTS
    • Part-financed by the European Union (European Regional Development Fund and European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument) Results: POSITIVE: •Full coverage of waste collection; •Increased rate of source separation; •Increased public awareness; • NEGATIVE: • Centralisation of the WM system; • Price increase of the service; • Lack of system solution for multiapartment houses SUCCESSES
    • Part-financed by the European Union (European Regional Development Fund and European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument) Investment Concept version 3.0 Cycle of Continuous Improvement
    • Part-financed by the European Union (European Regional Development Fund and European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument) Conclusions: 1. WM in Poland that developed between 1990- 2012 could be characterised as liberal; 2. The achievements in climbing waste management hierarchy (reuse/recycling) were inadequate; 3. WM revolution in 2013, despite many shortcomings gives hope for better reuse and recycling and climbing in waste hierarchy; 4. There is development of a tool (BWIM) to support appropriate planning & implementation CONCLUSIONS
    • Part-financed by the European Union (European Regional Development Fund and European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument) THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION. Dr inż. Andrzej Tonderski b21t@pomcert.pl +48 661 360170