Shale Gas Revolution in EnergeticsThe North American Perspective  Tomasz A. Gryżewski     Gdańsk, September 6th 2011r.
OPERATIONS OF TALISMAN ENERGY IN THE WORLD3 MAIN AREAS + WORLDWIDE RESEARCH . . .                                         ...
GAS RESOURCES IN SHALE ROCKS                                         Sweden                                               ...
Gas resources in Poland (Paleozoic, Silurian)                                                • GAS in BED ROCK            ...
THERE ARE STILL MANY UNCERTAINTIES ON GAS DEPOSITS IN POLAND                       • Reported quantities are only ESTIMATE...
WHAT IS THE UNCONVENTIONAL GAS ?• Gas from shale rocks is a conventional gas– methane contained in rockbed.• Known for man...
OCCURANCE OF GAS     SHALES - BEDROCK                        7
SHALE GAS OPERATIONAL BOREHOLE• State-of-the-art technologies  - horizontal drills (multiple at one site)  - minimalizatio...
ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION – CANADIAN SPECIALTY• Preparation of the work plan• Selection of a drilling site• Acquiring water f...
NATURAL ENVIRONMENT• DRILL SITES ARE CAREFULLY SELECTED   - Outside the NATURA 2000 areas   - Distant from rivers and priv...
GAS EXTRACTION– NATURAL PRODUCTION NATURE PROTECTION IS THE BIGGEST CHALLENGE FOR THE GAS INDUSTRY  • Gas production deve...
WATER IN HYDRAULIC FRACTURING                                12
GAS PRODUCTION – UNDERGROUND, NOT ABOVETHE GROUNDAfter disassembling all the drilling devices,only a small control-survey ...
TALISMAN ENERGY – CANDIAN WAY OF CARING      ABOUT THE PEOPLE AND THE ENVIRONMENT• Everywhere and everytime – dialogue wit...
IF WE SUCCEED ...Successful studies, decisions on the extraction and production of gas will positively   influence the eco...
Shale Gas – NEW WORKPLACES                                 Engineers                                 Technicians          ...
MAIN CONCLUSIONS FROM EXPLOATATION The Can-Do-Spirit!   1. THE DRILLING SITE SHOULD BE CHOSEN CAREFULLY      (geology, nat...
TALISMAN CONTACTS IN POLAND        Tomasz A Gryżewski       Corporate Affairs Director   Talisman Energy Polska Sp. z o.o ...
Auxiliary slides  Additional slides – auxiliary:  Fracturing  Deposit thickness  Drillings  Use of water  etc.            ...
POLISH GAS FROM SHALE DEPOSITS                                                                          Poland            ...
3D SEISMIC SURVEY - DFW INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT(Chesapeake website, 2008)                                                21
DRILLING – Dawson Creek, Canada                                  22
DRILLING – Dawson Creek, Canada                                  23
DRILLING – Dawson Creek, Canada                                  24
FRACTURING – Dawson Creek, Canada                                    25
FRACTURING – Dawson Creek, Canada                                    26
FRACTURING – Dawson Creek, Canada                                    27
FRACTURING – Dawson Creek, Canada                                    28
WATER REQUIREMENTS FOR VARIOUS ENERGYRESOURCES     The Can-Do-Spirit!                                        29
GAS VALVE IN THE GERMAN TURIST CITY                                      30
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2.5 "Shale Gas - Revolution in Energetics - The North American Perspective" - Tomasz A. Gryżewski [EN]

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2.5 "Shale Gas - Revolution in Energetics - The North American Perspective" - Tomasz A. Gryżewski [EN]

  1. 1. Shale Gas Revolution in EnergeticsThe North American Perspective Tomasz A. Gryżewski Gdańsk, September 6th 2011r.
  2. 2. OPERATIONS OF TALISMAN ENERGY IN THE WORLD3 MAIN AREAS + WORLDWIDE RESEARCH . . . SHALE GAS IN POLAND 1,5 - 3,5 Bm3 South-east Asia North Sea North America Self funding Own investments Sustainable development built in growth Expansion in extraction and fixed incomes Oil and GasRapid development of POTENTIAL POLISH RESOURCES OF THE NATURAL GAS TRAPPED shale gas IN SHALE ROCKS IS A GREAT CHANCE FOR THE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT 2
  3. 3. GAS RESOURCES IN SHALE ROCKS Sweden Poland: UK - Deep and saturated gas deposits - Large area of exploration But the deposits need VERIFICATION Poland Germany Ukraine Austria France Hungary Italy Romania Bulgaria Spain Turkey Algeria POLAND MAY BE RICH IN GAS 3
  4. 4. Gas resources in Poland (Paleozoic, Silurian) • GAS in BED ROCK in 3 basins: - the BALTIC basin (Sth Baltic) - the Mazowiecki basin - the Lubelski basin • TALISMAN ENERGY together with SAN LEON hold 3 concesions: GDANSK BRANIEWO SZCZAWNO • Possible economic and social consequences: - domestic gas consumption: 14 bcm/pa, where 4 bcm is domestic production - shale gas resources are estimated on 1.4 – 5.0 tcm, meaning over 300 years of operation and energy independence 4
  5. 5. THERE ARE STILL MANY UNCERTAINTIES ON GAS DEPOSITS IN POLAND • Reported quantities are only ESTIMATED • Lack of GEOLOGICAL data • UNKNOWN TECHNICAL PARAMETERS OF GAS • unknown COST-EFFECTIVENESS of EXTRACTIONDEPOSITS AND THEIR POSSIBLE EXPLOITATION REQUIRES STUDIES 5
  6. 6. WHAT IS THE UNCONVENTIONAL GAS ?• Gas from shale rocks is a conventional gas– methane contained in rockbed.• Known for many years but only recently aproper extraction technology was developed.• the USA and Canada are leading in shalegas production.• Boreholes are 2-4 km deep. Gas evaporates due to hydraulic fracturing. 6
  7. 7. OCCURANCE OF GAS SHALES - BEDROCK 7
  8. 8. SHALE GAS OPERATIONAL BOREHOLE• State-of-the-art technologies - horizontal drills (multiple at one site) - minimalization of above-the-surface works• Strict Quality Control: - protecting the hole - protecting the groundwater - cement and steel casing 8
  9. 9. ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION – CANADIAN SPECIALTY• Preparation of the work plan• Selection of a drilling site• Acquiring water for fracturing• Controlling the process and minimalizing thelosses of water• Components softening water - < 0,5%• Reclamation and restoration of the area to theoriginal condition• Complete safety for the people and nature 9
  10. 10. NATURAL ENVIRONMENT• DRILL SITES ARE CAREFULLY SELECTED - Outside the NATURA 2000 areas - Distant from rivers and private houses• DRILLING WELLS ARE CAREFULLY PROTECTED - Thick steel pipe + cement - Multilayered protection 10
  11. 11. GAS EXTRACTION– NATURAL PRODUCTION NATURE PROTECTION IS THE BIGGEST CHALLENGE FOR THE GAS INDUSTRY • Gas production develops on the areas where nature and its conservations is treated with utmost attention (e.g. Montney Province Alberta/British Columbia), • As well as on populated areas where dense network of settlements mixes with the areas of nature preservation (e.g. Marcellus – Pennsylvania, USA) • The issue of water use in fracturing causes popular upset because of the dim knowledge about the process • The industry developes technologies aimed at minimalizing the pressure on the environment Delaware River 11
  12. 12. WATER IN HYDRAULIC FRACTURING 12
  13. 13. GAS PRODUCTION – UNDERGROUND, NOT ABOVETHE GROUNDAfter disassembling all the drilling devices,only a small control-survey valvestays on the surface.In its close vicinity people can live, rest,have fun, crop and plant fruits, etc. 13
  14. 14. TALISMAN ENERGY – CANDIAN WAY OF CARING ABOUT THE PEOPLE AND THE ENVIRONMENT• Everywhere and everytime – dialogue with the communities and carefull attention to their opinions• CONSERVATION OF NATURE AND RESOURCES• Keeping the Human – Environment balance• We are dealing with subjects causing concerns: - acquisition and use of water - protection of the groundwater - nature conservation – time and intensiveness of the drilling - noise and road transport - economic gains GOOD NEIGHBOUR – CORPORATE RESPONSIBILITY PROGRAMME 14
  15. 15. IF WE SUCCEED ...Successful studies, decisions on the extraction and production of gas will positively influence the economic prosperity of the region and country (for example Pennsylvania/USA): • NEW WORK PLACES (exploratios, studies, evaluation, contracts – geologists, analysts, workers, managers, landowners)• BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT (drilling, transport, ground and roadworks, waste recycling, technologies – engineers, roadmen, hotels) • DEVELOPMENT IN TECHNOLOGIES (up-to-date surveys and drilling equipment, heads, gas compressors, transport pipelines, new energy blocs, providing communities with gas)• RISE IN THE INCOMES – COUNTRY AND MUNICIPALITYWIDE(licences, exploatation fees, local taxes, VAT, excise tax, land fees, rise inconsumption) 15
  16. 16. Shale Gas – NEW WORKPLACES Engineers Technicians Specialists Geologists IT Specialists Chemists Technology research Drilling technology Technical service Natural Envirement Economy and geology Construction of Gas Networks Gas Trade Real-estates Trade Gas markets – Exchange 16
  17. 17. MAIN CONCLUSIONS FROM EXPLOATATION The Can-Do-Spirit! 1. THE DRILLING SITE SHOULD BE CHOSEN CAREFULLY (geology, nature, men, transport, future development) 2. PROPERLY MADE DRILLING IS SAFE (survey, piping, casing, cementing, site, supervision) 3. FRACTURING IS SAFE FOR THE ENVIRONMENT (water as a sand carrier, REACH, purification) 4. IT SHOULD BOND STANDARDS OF SECURITY, HUMAN AND EQUIPMENT WORK (norms, standards, law, sense, experience) 5. GOOD COLABORATION WITH LOCAL COMMUNITYS IS A GUARANTY OF PROJECT STABILITY (meetings, conversations, education, understanding, cooperation) 17
  18. 18. TALISMAN CONTACTS IN POLAND Tomasz A Gryżewski Corporate Affairs Director Talisman Energy Polska Sp. z o.o Warszawskie Centrum Finansowe Ul. Emilii Plater 53 00-113 Warszawa Poland 18
  19. 19. Auxiliary slides Additional slides – auxiliary: Fracturing Deposit thickness Drillings Use of water etc. 19
  20. 20. POLISH GAS FROM SHALE DEPOSITS Poland Polska Parameters Parametry Montney Montney Marcellus Marcellus (estimate) (szacunki) OGIP OGIP (bcm/sq.km.) ~~ 5 450 40 -–130 0.5 1.5 2.5 - 17 220 - 1,550 (bcf/sq. mile) 1,000- Grubość (ft) Thickness (m) 300-500 20 - 100 50 - 250 200 - 800 600 - 2,300 1,400 GŁĘBOKOŚĆ TVD Depth (km) 6.5 --4 2 11 4.5 – 6.8 1.5 - 2.5 2.5- – 4.5 8 14 (000’ft) Total Organic Total Organic Carbon 1 - 5% 5% 4- 4 - 7% 0.9 --9% 1 9% Carbon (range) (nasycenie) • Expected large reserves • Transfer of experiences from North America • Seismic investigations – ending (April 2011) • Preparation of drilling field– Lewino, Linia commune • Trial drilling planned for Sepember 2011 20
  21. 21. 3D SEISMIC SURVEY - DFW INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT(Chesapeake website, 2008) 21
  22. 22. DRILLING – Dawson Creek, Canada 22
  23. 23. DRILLING – Dawson Creek, Canada 23
  24. 24. DRILLING – Dawson Creek, Canada 24
  25. 25. FRACTURING – Dawson Creek, Canada 25
  26. 26. FRACTURING – Dawson Creek, Canada 26
  27. 27. FRACTURING – Dawson Creek, Canada 27
  28. 28. FRACTURING – Dawson Creek, Canada 28
  29. 29. WATER REQUIREMENTS FOR VARIOUS ENERGYRESOURCES The Can-Do-Spirit! 29
  30. 30. GAS VALVE IN THE GERMAN TURIST CITY 30

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