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4.1 - "Science & Technology for sustainable biogas production and use" - Jan Kicinski [EN]
4.1 - "Science & Technology for sustainable biogas production and use" - Jan Kicinski [EN]
4.1 - "Science & Technology for sustainable biogas production and use" - Jan Kicinski [EN]
4.1 - "Science & Technology for sustainable biogas production and use" - Jan Kicinski [EN]
4.1 - "Science & Technology for sustainable biogas production and use" - Jan Kicinski [EN]
4.1 - "Science & Technology for sustainable biogas production and use" - Jan Kicinski [EN]
4.1 - "Science & Technology for sustainable biogas production and use" - Jan Kicinski [EN]
4.1 - "Science & Technology for sustainable biogas production and use" - Jan Kicinski [EN]
4.1 - "Science & Technology for sustainable biogas production and use" - Jan Kicinski [EN]
4.1 - "Science & Technology for sustainable biogas production and use" - Jan Kicinski [EN]
4.1 - "Science & Technology for sustainable biogas production and use" - Jan Kicinski [EN]
4.1 - "Science & Technology for sustainable biogas production and use" - Jan Kicinski [EN]
4.1 - "Science & Technology for sustainable biogas production and use" - Jan Kicinski [EN]
4.1 - "Science & Technology for sustainable biogas production and use" - Jan Kicinski [EN]
4.1 - "Science & Technology for sustainable biogas production and use" - Jan Kicinski [EN]
4.1 - "Science & Technology for sustainable biogas production and use" - Jan Kicinski [EN]
4.1 - "Science & Technology for sustainable biogas production and use" - Jan Kicinski [EN]
4.1 - "Science & Technology for sustainable biogas production and use" - Jan Kicinski [EN]
4.1 - "Science & Technology for sustainable biogas production and use" - Jan Kicinski [EN]
4.1 - "Science & Technology for sustainable biogas production and use" - Jan Kicinski [EN]
4.1 - "Science & Technology for sustainable biogas production and use" - Jan Kicinski [EN]
4.1 - "Science & Technology for sustainable biogas production and use" - Jan Kicinski [EN]
4.1 - "Science & Technology for sustainable biogas production and use" - Jan Kicinski [EN]
4.1 - "Science & Technology for sustainable biogas production and use" - Jan Kicinski [EN]
4.1 - "Science & Technology for sustainable biogas production and use" - Jan Kicinski [EN]
4.1 - "Science & Technology for sustainable biogas production and use" - Jan Kicinski [EN]
4.1 - "Science & Technology for sustainable biogas production and use" - Jan Kicinski [EN]
4.1 - "Science & Technology for sustainable biogas production and use" - Jan Kicinski [EN]
4.1 - "Science & Technology for sustainable biogas production and use" - Jan Kicinski [EN]
4.1 - "Science & Technology for sustainable biogas production and use" - Jan Kicinski [EN]
4.1 - "Science & Technology for sustainable biogas production and use" - Jan Kicinski [EN]
4.1 - "Science & Technology for sustainable biogas production and use" - Jan Kicinski [EN]
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4.1 - "Science & Technology for sustainable biogas production and use" - Jan Kicinski [EN]

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  • 1. Biogas Session of the South Baltic Gas Forum “ Science & Technology for sustainable biogas production and use” IFFM PAS: L atest scientific and technological developments   C onversion of biogas technology and distributed cogenerations in small scale Kiciński Jan 1000- YEARS OF GDAŃSK Gdańsk September 2011
  • 2. General information <ul><li>Institute scientific activity is concentrated on principles of operation, design and development of equipment for </li></ul><ul><li>energy conversion in flows. </li></ul><ul><li>The Institute combines the fundamental investigation with practical applications, particularly in the area of machine construction and power engineering </li></ul>Main scientific task Main practical task Institute of Fluid Flow Machinery of the Polish Academy of Sciences
  • 3. Average employment <ul><li>Total 190 emploees (150 full time) </li></ul><ul><li>110 scientific staff </li></ul><ul><ul><li>30 professors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>40 research fellows </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>40 research assistants </li></ul></ul>The greatest Institut of the PAS in north Poland and the second largest in the country Institute possesses all possible authorisations and academic rights, including the rights to award the title of full professor in the area of mechanics as well as machine construction and exploitation.
  • 4. <ul><li>Research activities are conducted in </li></ul><ul><li>the frame: </li></ul><ul><li>Centre for Mechanics of Liquid </li></ul><ul><li>Centre for Thermomechanics of Fluid </li></ul><ul><li>Centre for Plasma and Laser Engineering </li></ul><ul><li>Centre for Mechanics of Machines </li></ul>
  • 5. Our main activity (1) Large-scale Power Engineering Rotor of the Last Stage, FEM Calculations – Natural frequencies and mode shapes P ower of several hundred MW,
  • 6. Modern T echnologies in Monitoring and Diagnostics for Power Generation
  • 7. Our main activity (2) S mall-scale distributed P ower Engineering based on R enewable E nergy Sources Domestic micro-CHP Micro-CHP to operate in homes or small commercial buildings, C onversion of biogas technology P ower from several to tens KW
  • 8. <ul><li>The sector distinguished in terms of : - Potential for reducing greenhouse gas emissions </li></ul><ul><li>and pollution </li></ul><ul><li>Use of local and decentralized energy sources </li></ul><ul><li>Stimulate world-class standing in high-tech industry </li></ul>Why we change our policy? Why renewables?
  • 9. Expected Global Warming natural and anthropogenic factors natural factors 3.2 deg C
  • 10. The first effects of Global Warming
  • 11. What we can do ? O ne possible solution is distributed cogeneration LOCAL COMBINED HEAT AND POWER PLANT IN SMALL SCALE CHP PLANT Uneffective centralized system of power generation 10% production loss 35% of energy utilised at home 90% of energy utilised at home Distributed cogeneration: effective heat & power production in mini- & micro - CHP 60% production loss Conventional fuel or biomass 5% transmission loss
  • 12. NEW IDEA: SMART GRIDS = INTELLIGENT HOUSES WHAT WE NEED? LESS PRODUCTION, MORE INTELLIGENT MANAGEMENT VIRTUAL POWER PLANTS CHP APPLICATIONS MICROGRID MICROGRID MICROGRID
  • 13. MODEL FOR POLAND ECO ENERGY SECTOR THE BIGGEST CIVILISATIONAL CHALLENGE of XXI CENTURY FOR POLAND & FOR EUROPE J. Buzek, President of the European Parliament, at Ecoforum in Polkowice, Poland 2009 2020 MODEL FOR POLAND: 70 – 15 - 15 COAL RENOWABLE NUCLEAR COAL, RENOWABLE & NUCLEAR POWER SHOULD NOT & CANNOT BE RIVALS SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF TECHNOLOGIES
  • 14. TRENDS for POLAND until YEAR 2020 <ul><li>FAST TRANSFORMATION OF 2-3 MLN ha of WASTE LANDS </li></ul><ul><li>(10- 15% of FARM LAND) </li></ul><ul><li>1.5 MLN ha of CORN YIELDS 7.5 BLN M3 of BIOMETHANE, EQUIVELENT of CURRENT POLISH IMPORTS of NATURAL GAS </li></ul>Surprising !! P otential of polish energy agriculture RENEWABLE ENERGY from BIOMASS 78%, WIND and HYDRO 22% Biomass will be most important factor in polish green energy
  • 15. CHALLENGE FOR IFFM PAS Our possibilities and projects
  • 16. Task 4. Development of integrated technologies for the production of fuel and energy from biomass, agricultural waste and other www.strateg-z4.imp.gda.pl Advanced Power Generation Technologies Strategic Program 1
  • 17. The main objectives of the project B uilding and implementation of 16 pilot plant demonstration. These installations, as the main result of this offering, will provide the basis for future deployments of new technologies in the field of energy conversion of biomass and waste, and construction of biogas systems integrated with co-generation sets
  • 18. Scientific - Industrial Consortium IFFM - ENERGA SA
  • 19. ECO-ENERGY CHP STATIONS BIOMASS CHP STATIONS MULTI-FUEL BURNER MICROTURBINE ORC (LOW-TEMPERATURE BOILING MEDIA) MICRO WIND TURBINE STATIONS MICRO HYDRO POWER STATIONS MICROGRIDS FINAL EFFECTS: PROTOTYPES, DEMOS, CUSTOMER IMPLEMENTATIONS Cheap wind turbine for Individual customers Low head hydro turbines <ul><li>HYBRID </li></ul><ul><li>SYSTEMS: </li></ul><ul><li>SOLAR AIR- </li></ul><ul><li>CONDITIONING </li></ul><ul><li>FULE CELLS </li></ul>SMALL PHOTOVOLTAIC STATIONS Biomass pellet boiler (thermal output of 1.1 MW) ORC Power Station With electric Power 145 KW
  • 20. <ul><li>Possibility to use low-temperature heat sources, </li></ul><ul><li> Possibility to use biogas and biomass, </li></ul><ul><li> Possibility to utilise recovery heat, </li></ul><ul><li> Modular construction, </li></ul><ul><li> Possibility of trigeneration, operation with diesel engine, gas turbine, fuel cells </li></ul>Why ORC (Organic Rankine Cycle) ? (low-boiling medium) <ul><li>Vapour Rankine cycle with a turbine working on low-boiling fluid in a specific power range, </li></ul><ul><li> Innovative design of multi-fuel burner operating with ORC, </li></ul><ul><li>Innovative design of high-rotating turbogenerator , technology of high-rotating bearings, </li></ul><ul><li>Innovative design of micro heat exchangers, </li></ul>Innovation of ORC – scientific input
  • 21. Block & schematic diagram of pilot installation in Żychlin. Multi-optional poligeneration system. NEW INITIATIVE: COMBI Systems: POLIGENERATION COMPLEX Communal or Home - scale Energy Centers Cooperation with ENERGA S.A. Internal combustion engine electric current multifuel boiler steam microturbine (ORC) Thermal oil hot water biomethane wood fuel, pellets biomethane air exhaust gases thermal energy (heat) receiver Electric energy receiver Internal comb. engine Multifuel boiler Thermal oil cycle ORC system loses district heating substation cold production system (for district cooling) COMBINING OF DIESEL & ORC CYCLES
  • 22. Operational Programme: Innovative Economy (POIG) R&D PROJECT „ MODEL AGROENERGY COMPLEX IN DISTRIBUTED COGENERATION OF HEAT AND POWER” Coordinator: IFFM-PAS 2 Key project
  • 23. CHP – ORC systems [ from a few to a few hundred KW ] Cogeneration micro power plants in cooperation with ecological boilers. Organic Rankine cycles - ORC. Feeding: biomass, biogas, biofuel HOME MICRO POWER PLANTS Electric current Heat
  • 24. Oil boiler with a cooling loop Parameters: Capacity 30kW, Maximum pressure 16bar Max. temperature 250 C, Coil volume 40l, Mass 500kg
  • 25. MAIN IDEA: APPLICATION OF LOW BOILING AGENT BOTH IN THE THERMODYNAMIC CYCLE OF MICROTURBINE AS WELL AS FOR LUBRICATIONS PURPOSES IN BEARINGS SYSTEM <ul><li>ADVANTAGES: </li></ul><ul><li>ELIMINATION OF ISOLATION PROBLEMS IN BEARING </li></ul><ul><li>INTERSPACES AND ELIMINATION AN ADDITIONAL </li></ul><ul><li>SYSTEM FOR LUBRICATION IN BEARINGS </li></ul><ul><li>- SMALL VISCOSITY OF LOW BOILING MEDIUM </li></ul>LIQUID PHASE STEAM PHASE T G LOW BOILING AGENT IN A LIQUID PHASE LOW BOILING AGENT IN A STEAM PHASE HYDRODYNAMIC BEARINGS GAS BEARINGS
  • 26. OBJECT OF INVESTIGATIONS Object 1. Five - stage axial microturbine rotor of electric power of 3 KW and rotor speed 8 000 rpm (for low-boiling agents ORC). Bearing journal diameters: d1=d2=20 mm. Model MES: 380 000 DOF Object 2. Four - stage radial microturbine rotor of electric power of 3 KW and rotor speed 23 800 rpm (for low-boiling agents ORC). Bearing journal diameters: d1=24 mm, d2=34 m m . Model MES: 200 000 DOF K. Kosowski Z. Kozanecki Classic hydrodynamic bearings
  • 27. We suggest mini & micro-scale ORC-based CHP ORC Technology (Organic Rankine Cycle) utilises working fluid with low boiling-medium for steam cycles in small and micro-scale cogeneration Mini-scale CHP (Local/Commune Energy Centers) Thermal power: from several hundred kW to 5 MW Electric power: from several dozen kW to 1 MW Micro-scale CHP (Home/building scale combined H&P ) Thermal power: several dozen kW Electric power: from few to several kW WORKING FLUID WITH LOW BOILING MEDIUM (LIQUID STATE) WORKING FLUID WITH LOW BOILING MEDIUM (GAS STATE) HOT WATER TWO SEPARATE CYCLES: working fluid with low boiling medium & water mCHP-ORC In our opinion it is the most promising technology with short realization time
  • 28. THE LARGEST ECOENERGY CLUSTER in POLAND!! BKEE GOLDEN TRIANGLE BALTIC ECOENERGY CLUSTER contains 90 entities SCIENCE COMPANIES LOCAL AUTHORITIES REGIONAL INNOVATION STRATEGY Coordinator: IFFM-PAS
  • 29. EU PROJECTS: „Bioenergy Promotion” The project aims to strengthen the development towards a sustainable, competitive and territorially integrated Baltic Sea Region in the field of sustainable use of bioenergy . Lead Partner : Swedish Energy Agency Duration: 2009-2012 Total budget: € 5 mln (IFFM-BEEC € 166 500) To find out more please visit : http:// www.bioenergypromotion.net IFFM-BEEC realizes selected tasks among different Work Packages in the project, and above all, plays a role of the WP5 Business Leader! 34 partners from 9 Baltic Sea Region Countries
  • 30. PEA – Public Energy Alternatives – Sustainable Energy Strategies as a chance for regional development The project aims to foster regional development through reduction of energy related costs, added value based on new value chains and sustainable technological innovations. Lead Partner : City of Wittenberge, Germany Duration: 2010-2013 Total budget: ca. € 3,7 mln (IFFM-BEEC € 244 657) I FFM-BEEC will realize selected tasks among different Work Packages in the project, and will play a role of the WP5 Leader! WP5 – „Sustainable energy production, supply chain management and preparation of investments” 21 partners from 6 Baltic Sea Region Countries
  • 31. CHP APPLICATIONS = RENOWABLE ENERGY = GREEN ENERGY NEW ENERGY EQUATION FOR XXI CENTURY: DER = CHP + PQR + CR DER – DISTRIBUTED ENERGY RESOURCES CHP - COMBINED HEAT AND POWER PQR - POWER QUALITY AND RELIABILITY CR - CARBON REDUCTION
  • 32. THANK YOU AND GREETINGS FROM BALTIC SEA AND GDAŃSK 1000- YEARS OF GDAŃSK

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