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Space Science Technology and Applications at CPUT By Prof Robert van Zyl
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Space Science Technology and Applications at CPUT By Prof Robert van Zyl

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  • 1. F’SATI 1 F’SATI Postgraduate Programme in Satellite Systems Engineering Space Science Technology and Applications at CPUT EOSA-RTC Symposium 2013 Towards a Vision for Space Science in Namibia www.clyde-space.com Robert van Zyl 24 July 2013
  • 2. 2 Sustainable, relevant, and quality HCD IN SUPPORT OF YOUR VISION
  • 3. 3
  • 4. 4 To look out for: Solid academic and research foundation Government support Partnerships Technology immersed environment Community/school engagement Innovation and commercialisation Multi-disciplinary Relevance to society
  • 5. Rationale
  • 6. Rationale
  • 7. 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 TechnicalR&Dworkforcepermillion Brazil Korea, Rep. South Africa iSTEM Challenge
  • 8. DST response DST 10-year Innovation Plan
  • 9. Our response ZACUBE-1 South Africa’s first nano-satellite Launch 2013
  • 10. 10 Time line • F’SATI at CPUT – 2008 • Satellite Programme – 2009 • Africa Space Innovation Centre – 2013 • Launch of satellite ZACUBE-1 – 2013
  • 11. 11 Multi-National Institute
  • 12. 12 Multi-National Institute
  • 13. 13 F’SATI at CPUT – Africa Space Innovation 13 • Institutional structure Faculty of Engineering F’SATI / ASIC Elec Eng PLMCC AMTL Mech EngSARChI Faculty of Applied Sciences Faculty of Informatics and Design ….. DVC
  • 14. 14 Serving the complete value chain Phase 1: PGD /Honours in Satellite Engineering and Applications Phase 2: Dual Master’s Dual Doctorate Phase 3: Innovation, Professional Development (Internship) Phase 4: Commercialisation (spin out company)
  • 15. Phase 1 | Academic
  • 16. MTech/MSc • The dual Master’s degree consists of two discrete degrees: one South African and one French. – South Africa: MTech in Electrical Engineering from CPUT (100% research based) – France: MSc in Electronics from ESIEE, Paris • Consists of 90 ECTS (European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System) credits – 60 ECTS for academic course work – 30 ECTS credit recognition for the MTech dissertation
  • 17. MSc course modules • Core modules • Technical writing, Ethics and Research Methodology • Satellite Systems and Operations • Mathematics (Optimisation) • Electromagnetic Field Theory, including Space Weather • Signal Theory • Embedded and Real-Time Systems • System Simulation and Control Dynamics, including Orbital Mechanics • French
  • 18. MSc course modules • Electives • Satellite Power Systems – Power Electronics – Satellite Power Systems • Satellite Communication Systems – Antennas – Satellite Communication Systems
  • 19. MSc course modules • Electives • Satellite Computers Systems – Software Systems for Satellites – Intelligence and Security Systems • Remote sensing applications (Polytechnic of Namibia) – Satellite Image Processing and Interpretation (core) – Environmental Remote Sensing (elective)
  • 20. Phase 2 | Research
  • 21. MTech research focus areas • Nano-satellite technology platform – CubeSats • Research domains: – Communications – Computer and Embedded – Power – Space science – EMC – Sensors – Earth observation
  • 22. Postgraduate output
  • 23. Postgraduate output
  • 24. South African Research Chair Initiative
  • 25. Phase 3 | Innovation
  • 26. Technology, applications innovation ZACUBE-1 Exhibited at IAC ’11 To launched 2013
  • 27. 27 • ZACUBE-2 • QB50 – ZA-Aerosat ZACUBE-2 Technology, applications innovation
  • 28. Technology, applications innovation
  • 29. Professional Development and Job Creation – 6 Engineers-in-training – 4 Development engineers – 1 Senior engineer – 41 alumni throughout Africa Technology, applications innovation
  • 30. … (r)evolutionise space technology to (r)evolutionise STEM education to (r)evolutionise space technology to (r)evolutionise STEM education to … Community|schools engagement
  • 31. South Africa, 2013 Community|schools engagement
  • 32. Namibian Science Week, 2012, 2013 Community|schools engagement
  • 33. Dubai, June 2013 Community|schools engagement
  • 34. International engagement
  • 35. CubeSats – history 21st century (r)evolution in space industry
  • 36. CubeSats – real space craft Sputnik 84 kg 58 cm diameter 825 kg/m3 ZACUBE-1 1.3 kg 10 cm side 1300 kg/m3
  • 37. 37 Sputnik 1 ZACUBE-01 Determine the density of the upper atmosphere through the rate of decay of its orbit Characterise the propagation and distribution of radio waves in the ionosphere Characterise the propagation and distribution of radio waves in the ionosphere Validate the theoretical model and technical solutions associated with launching a satellite into orbit. Determine the density of the upper atmosphere through the rate of decay of its orbit Low resolution camera Deployable mechanisms ADCS Deorbiting mechanism Expensive, limited HCD Cost effective HCD vehicle CubeSats – real space craft
  • 38. CubeSats – useful applications • Education and training (100%) • Technology demonstrators (33%) • Earth observation and remote sensing (18%) • Space weather research (25%) The percentage gives the proportion of missions launched by 2008 (from www.clyde-space.com).
  • 39. 39 “ZACUBE-1” • South Africa’s first nano-satellite • Developed by students and staff at F’SATI • Collaboration with SANSA Space Science • Launch Q1 of 2013 on Dnepr from Yasni Support of DST is acknowledged with appreciation
  • 40. 40 ZACUBE-1 mission objectives • Space weather mission – SuperDARN characterisation – Ionospheric propagation studies • Human capacity development – Postgraduate – Professional development • Technology demonstrator – Deployable HF antenna – UHF/VHF antenna • Camera – Waau factor! • Research output – Conferences, journals, patents
  • 41. 41 ZACUBE-1 layout
  • 42. 42 ZACUBE-1 HF beacon
  • 43. ZACUBE-1 environmental testing
  • 44. 44 ZACUBE-1 time line • ZACUBE-1 – 2011/12 – 30 000 man/hrs
  • 45. ZACUBE-1 Space Weather Experiment
  • 46. 46 ZACUBE-1 Space Weather Experiment HF Antenna at SANAE-4 Part of the SuperDARN radar network
  • 47. 47 ZACUBE-1 Space Weather Experiment SANAE-4 base in Antarctica
  • 48. 48 “ZACUBE-2” • S-Band Transmitter • ADCS System • L-Band Receiver • VHF/UHF Communication System • HF Beacon Payload • Space Weather experiment tbd • 5 MP Camera Payload • Engineering model 2013
  • 49. Future nano-sat missions • Nano-satellite constellations provides a paradigm shift from existing platforms: – High temporal resolution / medium ground sampling resolution • 30 min / 20 m vs. 8 hours / 10 m – Shift in applications – Technology threshold low – Can be done by Africa, for Africa, in collaboration with our international partners
  • 50. • Services • Disaster monitoring • Quasi-real-time monitoring of flooding, veld fires, mud slides, etc. • Resource Management • Water Management • Deforestation • Evaporation of lakes • Tracking animals (Big 5) • Crop yield and quality • Ocean temperature • Town planning and land management • Smart grid management for power utilities Future nano-sat missions
  • 51. • Services • Security/tracking • Low-cost tracking of vehicles, assets, etc • Tracking boats - especially in view of piracy off the east coast of Africa • Tracking trains • Amateur payloads • Low bit rate services to isolated villages, communities • Awareness • Education and training • Telemedicine • Low bit rate services Future nano-sat missions
  • 52. In-situ monitoring Case study: Smart Grid Management Smart sensors, generic communications link
  • 53. 54 Clusters of Excellence in Space Science, Engineering and Technology throughout Africa, for Africa, by Africa and our partners A vision
  • 54. 55 • Working Group in African Space Strategy and Policy • African Union Commission is committed to promote elements of human intellectual development, encourage technological and scientific leadership and inspire young generations in Africa. • ARMC agreement between South Africa, Kenya, Algeria and Nigeria, has put Africa firmly on the path of developing home-grown satellite technology and applications resources. A vision
  • 55. 56 Current Namibian students in the F’SATI Programme