Athlete Development Portfolio Presentation
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A presentation as part of Applied Conditioning for Sport module for MSc Strength & Conditioning course at the University of Salford. ...

A presentation as part of Applied Conditioning for Sport module for MSc Strength & Conditioning course at the University of Salford.
Multi disciplinary approach considering nutrition, biomechanics, technical, phyio / rehab and the overall impact of S&C programming.

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  • 1. Applied Conditioning for SportsAthlete DevelopmentCase Study
  • 2. Applied Conditioning for SportsResearch Model used for the basis of case studySanctuary, C. Meir, R. & Sadler, I. 2012. The Seven Step Approach to theApplication of Sports Science in English Professional Rugby League:Practical Considerations in Strength & Conditioning. International Journal ofSports Science & Coaching Vol 7 (1) pp 33 – 44Step One: Analysis of the Sports PerformanceStep Two: Needs Analysis of the Sport / IndividualStep Three: Design of the InterventionStep Four: Implementing the InterventionStep Five: Monitoring the Intervention and Promoting AdherenceStep Six: Evaluating the Intervention – Programme Modifications andAnalysisStep Seven: Exiting the Intervention
  • 3. Applied Conditioning for SportsStep One - Needs Analysis (Sport)• Changing characteristics of anthropometric and physical components, Forwardsv Backs (7,23)• During competition, high intensity efforts are often followed by periods ofincomplete recovery (7)• Forwards demonstrate superior absolute aerobic and anaerobic power andmuscular strength (7)• Addition to rucking, mauling and scrummaging adds to the physical demands(22, 17)• Anaerobic system used for intense efforts, Aerobic system used to aid recoveryand repeated effort (7)• Positions are grouped with broad physical and technical characteristics forindividual positions (25)• Marked differences in body mass across levels of competition (26)• Implementation of field & laboratory tests allows for the examination ofadaptations to training, evaluation of player qualities, talent identification andprediction of performance
  • 4. Applied Conditioning for SportsStep One - Needs Analysis (Sport)• Speed a discriminating factor between Forwards & Backs (7)• Changes in physiological and anthropometrical characteristics overthe course of a season (5)• Work : Rest Ratio = 1: 1.4 (Forward) 1: 2.7 (Backs) (6)• Tactical considerations play a key role in the success of teams (19)
  • 5. Applied Conditioning for SportsStep Two - Needs Analysis (Athlete)• Rugby Union (Lock / Second Row)• 21 Years• Age Grade University 2nd XV, BUCS Northern 1A• Injury Status: No recent or relevant injuries• Training Status: Three years within University setting, ten years within clubrugby. Sound knowledge of basic principles and strength training application.Olympic lift and derivatives limited (developed during season).• Personal Goals for Season:Increase muscle massIncrease 1RM scores for Prone Row & SquatImprove 5 & 10m acceleration time• Team / Coaches Goals for the Season:Increase of lean massIncrease acceleration test scoresIncrease strength scores (end of season) by 20%
  • 6. Applied Conditioning for SportsStep Two - Needs Analysis (Athlete)• Rugby is late specialisation sport• Base of fundamental movement / physical literacy required toprogress to upper echelons of sporting performance• Coaching expectations (28)• Multi disciplinary approach that includes:Coaches, Physio, Nutritionist, Performance Analysis and will coverBiomechanics, S&C, nutrition and technical / tactical considerations• Development of an athlete centred approach (18)• Communication with athlete (18)• Development of feedback system (questionnaire) (27)• Baseline assessments of technical skills against RFU competencies
  • 7. Applied Conditioning for SportsStep Two - Needs Analysis (Athlete)Biomechanically• Tall athlete• Position requires quick acceleration• High frequency of contact• Triple extension fundamental to position specific movements
  • 8. Applied Conditioning for SportsStep Two - Needs Analysis (Athlete)Nutrition• Training and competition will affect muscle and liver glycogenstores (29)• For optimal performance good nutrition is vital (1)• Nutrient deficiency in young athletes may affect growth,muscle development and performance (20)• For this individual an increase is body mass is a targetedgoal, so the mechanisms of achieving that need to beanalysed• Increased requirement for protein in strength trained athletes(24)
  • 9. Applied Conditioning for SportsStep Two - Needs Analysis (Athlete)Psychology• Position requires controlled aggression• Tendency to become “over aroused” under pressure• Firm belief in his point of view and can be unwilling to shiftfrom that• Difficult to reason with once frame of mind is set
  • 10. Applied Conditioning for SportsStep Two - Needs Analysis (Athlete)Performance Analysis• Set criteria• Video & data analysis of team and individual performance• Weekly analysis sessions set aside to identify strengths andareas to develop along with goal setting
  • 11. Applied Conditioning for SportsStep Two - Needs Analysis (Athlete)Activity Frequency DurationTechnical 4 2 x 1hr2 x 2hrsS&C 4 4 x 1hr
  • 12. Applied Conditioning for SportsStep Three - Design• Training variation is increasingly acknowledged as serving a key function insuccessful training prescriptions (11)• Periodization offers a framework for planned and systematic variation of trainingparameters, in a way that directs physiological adaptations on the training goalsrequired for the sport (4)• Periodized training offers superior development of strength, power, bodycomposition and other performance variables (8)• A major obstacle for coaches working in seasonal team sports is the frequentmatches and extended competition period (11)• Team sports using the classic model would taper considerably for the duration ofthe competition phase which is clearly counter productive (2)• Coaches must take into account the interaction of metabolic conditioning that isperformed alongside strength and power training (12)• It has been suggested that undulating nonlinear periodized approaches are moreviable when planning the training year for team sports (7,9)
  • 13. Applied Conditioning for SportsStep Three – Design (Macro / Meso / Micro Cycles)It is the merging of science and sweat that will allow athletes to excel (17)• S&C Programming Booklet• Block One – Hypertrophy (German Volume Training)• Block Two – Strength (15)• Block Three – Strength Speed (13)• Block Four – Maintenance (3)
  • 14. Applied Conditioning for SportsStep Six – Evaluation (S&C)Positive• Sequence of training day (11)• Block Periodized model (14)• Use of Olympic Lifts (13, 15)• Skill Based Conditioning Games (10)Develop• Monitoring of Training Loads (16)
  • 15. Applied Conditioning for SportsStep Six – Evaluation (Nutrition)Positive• Macro Nutrient Split (20, 24)Develop• Reliance on supplementation
  • 16. Applied Conditioning for SportsStep Six – Evaluation (Performance Analysis)Positive• Set criteria (7)• Two way process• Video analysisDevelop• GPS Analysis
  • 17. Applied Conditioning for SportsStep Seven - Exit• Signposting developmental pathway (RFU)• Signposting to local clubs at completion ofUniversity studies• Progression S&C plan
  • 18. Applied Conditioning for SportsReferences1. Aerenhouts, D. Deriemaker, P. Hebbelinck, M. Clarys, P. 2011. Energy and macronutrient intake in adolescent sprint athletes: A follow up study.Journal of Sport Sciences 29 (1) pp 73-822. Baker D. 1998. Applying In Season periodization of strength and power training to football. Strength and Conditioning Journal Vol 25(3) pp 23 –283. Bosquet, L. Montpetit, J. Arvisas, D. & Mujika, I. 2007. Effects of Tapering on Performance: A meta analysis. Medicine, Science and SportsExercise Vol 39 (8) pp 1358 - 654. Brown L. & Greenwood M. 2005. Periodization essentials and innovations in resistance training protocols. Strength and Conditioning JournalVol 27(4) pp 80 – 855. Campi, S. Guglielmini, C. Guerzoni, P. et al. 1992. Variations in energy producing muscle metabolism during the competitive season in 60 eliterugby players. Hun Rev Sports Med 33 (3) pp 149-546. Deutsch, MU. Maw, GJ. Jenkins, D. et al. 1998. Heart rate, blood lactate, and kinematic data of elite colts (under 19) rugby union players duringcompetition. Journal of Sports Science 16 pp 561-707. Duthie. G, Pyne, D, Hooper. S. 2003. Applied Physiology and Game Analysis of Rugby Union. Sports Med 33 (13) pp 973-9918. Fleck S. 1997. Periodized strength training: A critical review. Journal of strength and Conditioning Research Vol 13 (1) pp 82 - 899. Fleck S. & Kraemer W. 1997. Designing resistance training programs. (2nd edition). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics10. Gabbett T. 2006. Skills Based Conditioning Games As An Alternative to Traditional Conditioning for Rugby League Players. Journal of Strengthand Conditioning Research Vol 20 (2) pp 309 – 31511. Gamble P. 2006. Periodization of Training for Team Sports athletes. Strength and Conditioning Journal Vol 28 (5) pp 56 – 6612. Gamble P. 2004. Physical preparation of elite level rugby union football players. Strength and Conditioning Journal Vol 26(4) pp 10 –23Mayes, R. Nuttall, FE. 1995. A comparison of the physiological characteristics of senior and U21 elite rugby union players. Journal of SportsScience 13 pp 50713. Hori N. & Stone M. 2005. Weightlifting Exercises Enhance Athletic Performance That Requires High Load Speed Strength. Strength andConditioning Journal Vol 27 (4) pp 50 – 5514. Issurin V. 2010. New Horizons for the Methodology and Physiology of Training Perioidzation. Sports Med 40 (3) pp 189 – 20615. Kawamori N. & Haff G. 2004. The Optimal Training Load for the Development of Muscular Power. Journal of Strength and ConditioningResearch Vol 18 (3) pp 675-68416. Kelly V. & Coutts A. 2007. Planning and Monitoring Training Loads During Competition Phase in Team Sports. Strength and ConditioningJournal Vol 29 (4) pp 32 - 3717. Mayes, R. Nuttall, FE. 1995. A comparison of the physiological characteristics of senior and U21 elite rugby union players. Journal of SportsScience 13 pp 50718. McGladrey, B. Murray, M. Hannon, J. 2010. Developing and Practicing an Athlete-Centred Coaching Philosophy. YouthFirst: The Journal of YouthSports Vol 5 (2) pp 4 – 819. Mckenzie, AD. Holmyard, DJ. Docherty, D. 1989. Quantitative analysis of rugby: Factors associated with success in contact. Journal of HumanMovement Study 17 pp 101-13
  • 19. Applied Conditioning for SportsReferences20. Meyer, F. O’Connor, H. Shirreffs, S. 2007. Nutrition for the young athlete Journal of Sport Sciences 25 (1) pp 73 – 8221. Meyers M. 2006. Enhancing sports performance: Merging sports science with coaching. International Journal of Sports Science andCoaching Vol 1(1) pp 89 – 10022. Miller, S. Hendy, L. 2000. The effects of ever increasing load on electromyographic parameters in selected lower limb muscles during theparallel squat.23. Olds, T. 2001. The evolution of physique in male rugby union players in the twentieth century. Journal of Sports Science 19 pp 253-6224. Phillips, S. 2006. Dietary protein for athletes: from requirements to metabolic advantage. Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism 31pp647-65425. Quarrie, K. Williams, S. 2002. Factors associated with pre season fitness attributes in Rugby players. Sydney the University Press pp 89 – 9826. Quarrie, KL. Handcock, P. Toomey, MJ. Et al. 1995. The New Zealand rugby injury and performance project:III. Antropometric and physicalperformance characteristics of players. Br Journal Sports med 29 (4) pp 263 – 7027. Rhind, D. Jowett, S. 2012. Development of the Coach-Athlete Relationship Maintenance Questionnaire (CARM-Q). International Journal ofSports Science & Coaching Vol 7 (1) pp 121 - 13728. Solomon, B. 2010. The Influence of Coach Expectations on Athlete Development. Journal of Sports Pyschology in Action 1 pp 76-8529. Wildman, R. Kersick, C. Campbell, B. 2010. Carbohydrates, physical training and sports performance. Strength & Conditioning Journal 32 (1)pp 21-29