The Rhine Ruhr Region

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The Rhine Ruhr Region

  1. 1. The Rhine Ruhr Region Aim: To complete a case study on this large industrial area in the EU.
  2. 2. Location within the EU.
  3. 3. North Sea
  4. 4. Need to know …… <ul><li>This is the European Union’s largest industrial area located on the river’s Rhine and Ruhr. </li></ul><ul><li>The region is called North Rhine-Westphalia and is the richest and most populous of all German states. </li></ul><ul><li>Area covers the Ruhr coalfield and areas of the Rhine valley. </li></ul>
  5. 5. The types of industry….. <ul><li>Was dominated by coalmining, then by secondary industry that relied upon it: </li></ul><ul><li>Coal </li></ul><ul><li>Textiles </li></ul><ul><li>Steel Making </li></ul><ul><li>Smelting metals </li></ul><ul><li>Heavy engineering </li></ul><ul><li>Chemicals </li></ul>Click on image for a short film about the problems caused by coal mining in Germany 2:39
  6. 6. In 2009….. <ul><li>Heavy industries remain important </li></ul><ul><li>Oil refining is an important industry </li></ul><ul><li>Food processing is now the most important of all industries. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Why is it such a good location for industry? <ul><li>The Ruhr coalfield is the largest coal supply in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>There are different types and quality of coal. </li></ul><ul><li>Heavy industries were attracted to the area (because they needed coal) and therefore reduced their transport costs. </li></ul>Click on picture for a short film about the modern day methods of coal mining in Leipzig
  8. 8. <ul><li>4. Massive concentration of Steel industries around the region </li></ul><ul><li>This caused other industries to locate to the area that used lots of steel in their production such as industries needing machines for their factories. </li></ul><ul><li>The geography of the area is fantastic – right in the centre of Europe and a market of over 300 million people! </li></ul><ul><li>Transport – River Rhine – easy access to other areas on the Rhine or to the North Sea. </li></ul>
  9. 9. The changes …. <ul><li>Decline in the number of workers. 500,000 miners in 1950 down to 100,000 in 1995 </li></ul><ul><li>Changing types of industry – Lots of Motor manufacturing e.g. Ford & VW </li></ul><ul><li>Rise in the importance of tertiary industry (services) e.g. telecommunications and media (now 130,000 jobs) </li></ul>Click on the Ford icon for a short film about the Re-Industrialization of Leipzig, Germany
  10. 10. The problems … <ul><li>Unemployment </li></ul><ul><li>Over dependence upon mining and heavy industry </li></ul><ul><li>Major environmental problems </li></ul>

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