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Migration - IB Geography Labour Flows

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Mexico to USA migration presentation

Mexico to USA migration presentation

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  • 1. Migration - Mexico to the USAIB Geography H/L Extension
    Objective: To explain the causes and effects of the flow of labour between Mexico and the USA.
  • 2. Whatis the situation?
    There is a 2000km border between USA and Mexico.
    1 million + Mexicans migrate to the USA every year.
    Illegal migration is a huge problem for USA and Mexico
    US Border Patrol guard the border and try to prevent illegal immigrants
    850,000 were caught in 1995 and were deported
  • 3. Push Factors
    Poor medical facilities - 1800 per doctor
    Low paid jobs - (GDP = $13,800)
    Adult literacy rates 86% - (poorer education prospects although has been improved recently possibly to due high remittance levels)
    Life expectancy 72 yrs
    5-25% Unemployed
    25% - Underemployed
  • 4. Pull Factors
    Excellent medical facilities - 400 per doctor
    Well paid jobs - GDP = $47,400)
    Adult literacy rates 99% - good education prospects
    Life expectancy 78 yrs
    Many jobs available for low paid workers such as Mexicans
  • 5. What are the impacts on the USA
    Illegal migration costs the USA millions of dollars for border patrols and prisons
    Mexicans are seen as a drain on the USA economy
    Migrant workers keep wages low which affects Americans
    They cause problems in cities due cultural and racial issues
    Mexican migrants benefit the US economy by working for low wages
    Mexican culture has enriched the US border states with food, language and music
    The incidents of TB has been increasing greatly due to the increased migration
  • 6. What are the impacts on Mexico?
    The Mexican countryside has a shortage of economically active people
    Many men emigrate leaving a majority of women who have trouble finding marriage partners
    Young people tend to migrate leaving the old and the very young
    Legal and illegal immigrants together send some $6 billion a year back to Mexico
    Certain villages such as Santa Ines have lost 2/3 of its inhabitants
    Thanks to www.sln.org.uk
  • 7. Resources for your case study.
    Mapping migration http://www.uwec.edu/geography/Ivogeler/w188/border/Mexicans-moneyFlows-map.gif
    Whymigrate? http://www.uwec.edu/geography/Ivogeler/w188/border/migrate.htm
    25 page case studyhttp://irps.ucsd.edu/assets/004/5380.pdf

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