Favelas In Brazil


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GCSE Settlement Module

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Favelas In Brazil

  1. 1. Favelas in Brazil Shanty Towns Click the title to see a short video about slum dwellers in Bangkok – Thailand. This is not Brazil but will give you an idea of what conditions are like. 4:24
  2. 2. Why do people move to the City ? <ul><li>Push </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of electrical, water and sewage services. </li></ul><ul><li>Hard work, long hours and little pay for farmers. </li></ul><ul><li>Shortage of education, health and welfare services. </li></ul><ul><li>Chance of natural disasters leading to crop failure. </li></ul><ul><li>Pull </li></ul><ul><li>The availability of schools, doctors, hospitals and entertainment. </li></ul><ul><li>A greater variety of jobs with higher wages. </li></ul><ul><li>Improved housing. </li></ul><ul><li>More reliable sources of food </li></ul><ul><li>More enjoyment of life. </li></ul>Click on the title to see a short video about push / pull factors. Rural-urban migration
  3. 3. Houses in Favelas <ul><li>The houses are usually made first from wattle-and-daub, a mixture of sand and clay, and eventually to the use of wood, brick and sheet metal. </li></ul><ul><li>Usually the first settle near the bottom of the hills and as time goes by the hill fills upward </li></ul>
  4. 4. Houses in Favelas <ul><li>The housing that is created is often located away from their work. There was an attempt to replace some favelas on the same site with three-storey apartment buildings that would still allow the faveladors to work where they have been. This was only a limited experiment and was never considered to replace all favelas. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Rio de Janeiro Rich Poor
  6. 6. Problems of Urban Growth in LEDC’s <ul><li>Traffic problems </li></ul><ul><li>Unemployment </li></ul><ul><li>Poverty </li></ul><ul><li>Housing Problems </li></ul><ul><li>Crime </li></ul>
  7. 7. Problems caused by growth of Shanty towns <ul><li>No services i.e.. Doctors, water, toilets, electric. </li></ul><ul><li>Disease can spread quickly. </li></ul><ul><li>Crime. </li></ul><ul><li>No education. </li></ul><ul><li>Fire hazards. </li></ul><ul><li>Rubbish/pollution. </li></ul><ul><li>Houses situated on unsafe land. </li></ul><ul><li>No social life. </li></ul><ul><li>Low standard of living. </li></ul>
  8. 8. What are Favelas like to live in <ul><li>Each favela has its own community complete with grocery markets, clothing stores, pharmacies, repair shops and other types of small businesses. This varies depending on the location of the favela and by the size of its population </li></ul><ul><li>For groceries, the prices are higher in the favelas than elsewhere in the city. </li></ul>
  9. 9. The different types of Favelas <ul><li>Favelas located in the South Zone have the best chance of finding work. </li></ul><ul><li>This is due to the infrastructure of the wealthy and their need for people to complete odd jobs. Many times these jobs can lead into positions of housekeeper, nanny or groundskeeper for the wealthy residents. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Education in Favelas <ul><li>In Rio, schooling is divided by address of residency. Because of this, faveladors are not allowed to attend these schools. If a parent has a connection or job with one of the wealthy residents, they can claim that as their home address and allow their children to attend that school. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Things done to improve Favelas <ul><li>Rio de Janeiro plans to invest $1 billion U.S dollars in improving the ‘Favela-Bairro’, one of the worst favelas in Brazil. It is recognised as one of the worst in the world. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Land Use Zones in LEDC’s