Desertification In The Sahel

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  • 1. MEMORY MAPS Drought in the Sahel
  • 2.
    • * * * * NEWS FLASH * * * *
    • MONDAY 22 ND MARCH 1973
    • DROUGHTS HAVE PLAGUED THE LAND HERE IN THE SAHEL STRETCHING FROM WEST AFRICA EASTWARDS FOR FIVE YEARS BUT IS DROUGHT HERE REALLY THE PROBLEM?
    • LAND USE PRACTISES HAVE CAUSED THE DEATHS OF MORE THAN 100,000 PEOPLE
    • OVER 12 MILLION CATTLE HAVE DIED
    • SOCIAL ORGANISATIONS HAVE BEEN DISRUPTED ON A NATIONAL SCALE
  • 3. DESERTIFICATION
    • What is desertification ?
    Desertification is when a desert gradually spreads to the surrounding areas of semi-desert
  • 4. The SAHEL The Sahel is located in the southern region of the Sahara desert, Africa. Look at the following pictures. In pairs discuss where you think the Sahel is located.
  • 5.
    • The Sahel regions are areas which experience
    • desertification.
  • 6.
    • Why does the Sahel suffer from desertification?
    DESERTIFICATION Increase in population Increase in cattle Deforestation for fire wood Grassland grazed more intensively Roots no longer hold soil together Roots may be eaten as well as grass Leaves no longer protect soil from weather Less vegetation means less protection from weather Loose top soil blown away by wind (Soil Erosion) = Loose top soil blown away by wind (Soil Erosion) = DESERTIFICATION
  • 7. EFFECTS OF DESERTIFICATION YOU HAVE 5 MINUTES FOR EACH TASK. TASK 1 – DRAW A SPIDER DIAGRAM LISTING AT LEAST 8 EFFECTS OF DESERTIFICATION. EFFECTS OF DESERTIFICATION TASK 2 – I WILL SHOW YOU ON THE NEXT SLIDE A PHOTOGRAPH. YOU ARE A JOURNALIST AND YOU MUST GIVE AN APPROPRIATE CAPTION OR TITLE TO THE PHOTOGRAPH. THE BEST CAPTION/TITLE WILL BE STORED WITH THIS PHOTO FOREVER
  • 8. CAPTION NEEDED…