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The LABOR CODE made EASY (by Atty. PoL Sangalang)
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The LABOR CODE made EASY (by Atty. PoL Sangalang)

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The LABOR CODE made EASY (by Atty. Apollo X.C.S. Sangalang). …

The LABOR CODE made EASY (by Atty. Apollo X.C.S. Sangalang).

This is the slide presentation of Atty. PoL Sangalang in his talk at the event "LAW AND ORDER: Enhancing Knowledge On The Labor Code Of The Philippines" organized by the Thomasian Junior Association for People Management of the University of Sto. Tomas - Human Resources Development Management (UST-HRDM) on September 20, 2013 at the Albertus Magnus (Education) Auditorium, UST Campus, Manila.

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  • 1. THE LABOR CODE MADE EASY Atty. PoLSangalang’s
  • 2. LABOR LAW MADE EASY (A FACEBOOK PAGE) https://www.facebook.com/legalcoach
  • 3. 3 TRIVIA ABOUT THE LABOR CODE  It’s a martial law era Presidential Decree, but it’s authored by a non-lawyer.  It’s all about Employment, but it’s mainly about traditional or industrial work arrangements.  It’s the principal source of Labor Law, but it’s not the only source.
  • 4. 3FACTS ABOUT EMPLOYMENT  Ignorance of Labor Law isn’t an excuse.  Employment is a Contract; but it’s a contract so impressed with public interest that it must yield to the common good.  Ownership of the enterprise makes the employment relations lopsided in favor of employers.
  • 5. 3FUNDAMENTALS OF LABOR LAW  It’s ultimate purpose is to place employees at an equal footing with their employers.  It’s all about minimum standards and basic requirements.  In case of doubt, it’s to be interpreted in favor of employees (Article 4, Labor Code).
  • 6. 3 BASIC RIGHTS OF EMPLOYEES  Freedom from Slavery (Constitution).  Enhanced bySecurity of Tenure.  Enhanced by Due Process.  Self-Organization (Constitution & Labor Code).  Labor Standards (Labor Code & other statutes).  Non-discrimination and equal opportunity.  Terms and conditions of employment.
  • 7. 3 BASIC RIGHTS OF EMPLOYERS  Ownership (Constitution and Civil Code).  ROI, expansion and growth (fruits).  Use and abuse; and sell and dispose.  Contracts (Constitution and Civil Code).  Includes Selection and Termination.  Control (or Management Prerogative).
  • 8. 3 SOURCES OF LABOR LAW  The State (i.e. Labor Code and other statutes, rules&regulations, jurisprudence, etc.).  The Parties (i.e. contracts, company policies, CBAs, compromise, quitclaims, etc.)  Principles of Equity (e.g. good faith, reasonableness, proportionality, non- diminution of benefits, unjust enrichment, etc.)
  • 9. 3 CASES IN POINT (SOURCES OF LABOR LAW)  BPI Employees Union versus BPI, G.R. No. 174912, July 24, 2013.  BPI’s policy of contracting out cashiering and bookkeeping services was considered as a valid exercise of management prerogative which is further authorized by the Central Bank in CBP Circular No. 1388, Series of 1993.  Rules & regulations are labor law sources.
  • 10. 3 CASES IN POINT (SOURCES OF LABOR LAW)  ZuelligPharma Corp. versus Sibal, et. al., G.R. No. 173587, July 15, 2013.  The collective bargaining agreement (CBA) is the law between the parties.  The complaining employees are not entitled to the monetary equivalent of their unused sick leave credits because the CBA, the existing company policies, and the quitclaims do not cover them.  Contracts are labor law sources.
  • 11. 3 CASES IN POINT (SOURCES OF LABOR LAW)  Abbott Laboratories Phils. versus Alcaraz, G.R. No. 192571, July 23, 2013.  Abbott was held liable for P30,000 as indemnity because it failed to comply with its own procedural process in terminating probationary employees.  But the company officers were not held liable because there was no proof that they acted in bad faith or were motivated with ill-will.  Principles of equity are labor law sources.
  • 12. 3 TIPS ONENHANCING KNOWLEDGE  Engagelabor law like you’re playing a game.  Read the Bible and live the Golden Rule. D.O.C.U.M.E.N.T.(© 2013)
  • 13. HOW TO D.O.C.U.M.E.N.T. (© 2013) Documentation, documentation, documentation!!! O pen-mindedness. Clarity. Understand LR. M aster HR. Embrace best practices. Negotiate, negotiate, negotiate!!! Take advice only from experts.
  • 14. LABOR LAW MADE EASY (A FACEBOOK PAGE) https://www.facebook.com/legalcoach