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The Case of SAFE and Smart cities


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  • 1. The Case of SAFE and SMART Cities November, 2012Balaji SrimoolanathanPrincipal ConsultantAerospace, Defence & Security 1
  • 2. AGENDA Presentation on SAFE and SMART Cities- Overview and Definition of SAFE and SMART Cities- Key Trends and Concepts- SAFE/SMART Cities of the Future- Competitive Environment and Convergence- Go - To Market Models 2
  • 3. Urbanization Challenge 50% of the world’s population lives in cities today and 70% of the global population is expected to live in urban environments by 2050 Urban Key Drivers population share by Growth/ Development/ Acuteness of: continent – Terrorism, Crime and Emergencies – Road congestion – Energy consumption – Gas emission and waste contamination – Demographics – … Need/ requirement for: – Clean water and air storage – Effective transportation networks Source: UN Population Division, World Urbanization Prospects – Reliability and efficiency of energy•50% of the worlds GDP is produced in Cities with over – Safety and Security750k population – Connectivity and Communication•75% of energy produced is consumed by cities Ability and necessity to transfer current approach of urbanization•80% of the world Co2 Emissions are from cities development to the format of Safe and Smart Cities 3
  • 4. Why are we talking about Cities? • Security becomes more critical as cities and their infrastructure evolve; • Cities get bigger (urbanisation) = more and more anonymous threats; • Increasing pressure on Local authorities to cope with expected and unexpected security threats against citizens • Large number of potential end-users with real budget is another key driver and a challenge at the same time • Technology adoption and penetration allows us to think about a connected Safe City 50% Of The Top 20 Megacities In 2025 Will Be From The Developing Countries 45 Top 20 Megacities in 2025 Top 20 Megacities in 2025 40 1. Population (million) 35 Tokyo 6. 9. 11.Mumbai 30 2. Mexico São City 8. Paulo 16. Delhi 25 New Shanghai 12. Osaka- York Kobe New definition of Megacity ‘25 20 15 3. Los 18. Guangzhou 14. Beijing 17. Moscow Angeles 10. U.N. definition 10 Buenos of Megacity ‘09 Aires 5 5. Chicago 7.Paris 15.Hong Kong 19.Seoul 4. London 20. Miami 13.Philadelphia 0(3) (1) 1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 Ranking based on population and GDP * Size of the bubble – GDP 2025 * Size of the bubble – GDP 2009 * Cities with current or future plans to become Safe Cities 4 Note: All figures are rounded; the base year is 2009. Source: Frost & Sullivan
  • 5. Defining Safe Cities Safe City can be defined as: Safe City (1) An initiative to integrate security solutions across stakeholder groups in a given city to enhance response to security and safety incidents… Integrated Solutions (2) The implementation of reliable and all-coverage security measures to counter incidents that a city and its inhabitants + are susceptible to… Reliability (3) A combination of civic partners (law enforcement, + businesses, and residents) to maintain order and create stability in cities by deploying advanced security systems… Centralised & Remote Control (4) Security concept where key entities of a city work together + to identify and act in real-time to security threats of any scale and time Scalable ResponseSafe City is a plan to enhance public security and welfare by deploying networked security systems across several entities in a society to optimise the necessary response from detection to action 5
  • 6. Defining SMART vs Sustainable Cities Smart City Sustainable City• Smart cities are cities built on “Smart” and “Intelligent” • Sustainable cities are cities that are built on eco-friendly Solutions and technology that will lead to adoption of basis. These may not necessarily include “intelligent” at least 5 out of the 8 following smart parameters systems but are built more on an energy-efficient or• Smart Energy environmental friendly objective. Sustainable Cities will• Smart Building have 1 or more parameters of the following:• Smart Mobility • Green energy• Smart Healthcare • Green buildings• Smart Infrastructure • Green mobility• Smart Technology • Green healthcare• Smart Governance • Green infrastructure• Smart Citizens • Green technology• Frost & Sullivan believes as of 2012, there is no smart • Green governance city. We expect 26 complete smart cities in 2025. We • Green citizens exclude smart “projects” within a city in this count – as • Frost & Sullivan research indicates there will be 92 they do not apply to an entire city sustainable cities in 2025 6
  • 7. How SMART drives SAFE and Vice-Versa SMART Buildings: At least SMART Mass Transport: 50% of Buildings Will be Multimodal Transport Hubs Green and Intelligent Built Providing Excellent Air, Rail, Road with BIPV; 20% of the Connectivity to Other Mega Buildings Will be Net Zero ‘SAFE’ Cities. Buildings. SMART Energy: 20% of Energy Produced inSMART the City WillTechnology: be RenewableIntelligent (Wind, SolarCommunication etc).SystemsConnecting ‘SAFE’Home, Office, SMART GRID:iPhone and Car Infrastructure toon a Single Enable Real TimeWireless IT Monitoring ofPlatform. Power Flow and Provide Energy Surplus Back to Satellite Towns: Main the Grid. City Centre Will Merge with Several Satellite SMART Cars: At least 10% of Cars Towns to Form ONE BIG will be Electric Vehicles. Free Fast MEGA CITY. Charging Stations at Every Half Mile.Source: Google Images 7
  • 8. Integration is the Key Enabler and the biggest Challenge to “Creating” a Safe or SMART city City Infrastructure Energy Transport Communications Safe CityKey Elements City Operators Law Enforcers Service Providers Infrastructure (Fire, Police, etc.) (medical, wastage, etc.) Operators City Users Inhabitants Visitors Businesses (People) (People) (People & Infras.)Implications • It demands the procurement of new systems. • It increases workload by sharing responsibility across different operators. • It is a long-term commitment that is susceptible to governance chance and political agenda. 8
  • 9. Communication Infrastructure is Critical and is the Backbone for Scalability Access Control, Video Surveillance Intrusion Detection, Biometrics, Perimeter and Occupancy Sensors, Fire Alarm Panels, Detection Devices (Smoke/Heat/Gas/Flame), Fire suppression, Notification and EvacuationEnergy Logistics, Distribution Physical Integrated Fire Department, Security Police and Medical Services,Channels (electricity, water, gas), and SafetyUtility Monitor, Heat, Lighting, Centralised and Remote Energy Response Command and Control,Back-Up Power, Leakage Monitor Management Management Scalable Decision Making Universal Process CommunicationVoice/Video/Data, Audio Visual, LogicalStructured Cabling, TCP/IP/BAS Security and Mobility Traffic Control & MonitoringProtocols, Remote VPN Access, Communications Management (rail, underground, buses,Computer Logon, Network Access Building Management personal vehicles), 24/7 SupplyLogon, Firewalls, Managed Management (logistics)Security Services, Mobile Security,Security Infrastructure Building Automation, Building Control, Networked Systems, Crisis Management Solution (power, infrastructure damage, evacuation) 9
  • 10. Operating a Safe or SMART City: The Challenge of “WHO vs HOW” – Multi – Agency Co - Operation is Critical for Successful City Operations The WHO The HOW City Governance City Operators City OperatorsLaw Enforcers Service Providers Infrastructure Infrastructure City Operators Service Providers Law Enforcers(Fire, Police, etc.) (medical, wastage,) Operators Operators (medical, wastage, etc) (Fire, Police, etc) Centralised Universal Communication Operator City Infrastructure City Users Citizens Response Transport (People) Management Energy Mobility Management Management Businesses Energy (People & Infras.) Logical Building Security Physical Management and City Infrastructure Communications Security Visitors and Safety Communications (People) City Users 10
  • 11. “SMART” City Opportunities 11
  • 12. Smart Cities Now and Tomorrow Smart Cities Selection Current Smart Cities Mapping "Smart Growth“ concept has emerged in the last 10–20 years driven by "new guard" urban planners, innovative Europe architects, visionary developers, community activists 37% North and historic preservationists. There are many America institutions engaged in Smart City selection, which apply >100 active 34% Middle Asia East similar approach to 6 aforementioned elements, but and upcoming Pacific 6% with different criteria. Smart City 21% projects Latin worldwide America Participator Short Different Final 2% application listing Diagnostics Scoring Sum-up of existing Smart City projects Worldwide spending in technologies for Smart• Two types: “Greenfield” and “Brownfield” City programs development $bn• Population in size of less 1.5 millions of citizens• Presence of major initiator (often a Grid company) About $115bn in cumulative• Community of different stakeholders CAGR spending is• Sufficient “room” for smart mobility and grid issues 30% expected during• Proper and convenient territory allocation 2012 – 2017 period• Government support (legal and financial)• Set of prepared investors 12
  • 13. Over 26 Global Cities to be “Complete” SMART Cities by 2025 - More than 50% of Smart cities of 2025 will be from Europe and N. America Calgary Amsterdam Copenhagen Vancouver Beijing Tokyo Stockholm Oslo Helsinki London Berlin Toronto Paris Seattle Vienna Chicago Barcelona San Francisco New York Los Angeles Tianjin Wuhan Seoul Singapore Shenzhen Sydney Photo Credits: Dreamstime,,, sol-group.netSelected Smart Cities in 2025 Source: Forbes Smart City List, Innovation City Index, Specific Smart Project Websites for Each City, Frost & Sullivan 13
  • 14. Selection of Worldwide Cities Engaged in Smart Projects (listed alphabetically)1. Amsterdam (The Netherlands) 18. Gold Coast City (Australia) 35. Recife (Brazil)2. Ballarat (Australia) 19. Gujarat Tech-city (India) 36. Riverside (U.S.A.)3. Besançon (France) 20. Ipswich (Australia) 37. Rotterdam (The Netherlands)4. Birmingham (U.K.) 21. Issy-les-Moulineaux (France) 38. Shanghai (China)5. Bottrop (Germany) 22. Jubail (Saudi Arabia) 39. Shenyang (China)6. Bristol (U.S.A.) 23. Kalundborg (Denmark) 40. Songdo (South Korea)7. Cape Town (South Africa) 24. Lavasa (India) 41. Sopron (Hungary)8. Chattanooga (U.S.A.) 25. Lyon (France) 42. Suwon (South Korea)9. Cleveland (U.S.A.) 26. Malaga (Spain) 43. Tallinn (Estonia)10. Copenhagen (Denmark) 27. Malmö (Sweden) 44. Taoyuan (Taiwan)11. Curitiba (Brazil) 28. Masdar (UAE) 45. Tianjin Binhai (China)12. Dakota County (U.S.A.) 29. Moncton (Canada) 46. Toronto (Canada)13. Dongtan (China) 30. Ottawa (Canada) 47. Trikala (Greece)14. Dublin (Ireland) 31. Paredes (Portugal) 48. Trondheim (Norway)15. Dublin (U.S.A.) 32. Pedra Branca (Brazil) 49. Urumqi (China)16. Eindhoven (The Netherlands) 33. Porto Alegre (Brazil) 50. Windsor-Essex (Canada)17. Gdansk (Poland) 34. Quebec City (Canada) 51. Winnipeg (Canada) Source: “Getting Smart about Smart Cities” by Alcatel-Lucent (2011) 14
  • 15. Emerging Markets which are Accessible to International Companies have Started to Implement and/or Plan Safe/SMART City Projects Fast Growing Security Market with over 7 Safe CityIndia Projects Announced to Begin in the Next Few Years Successful Deployment of Safe City Concepts in Mexico City is Fostering the Interest of Other LocalMexico Authorities across the Country High Growth in the HLS Domain is also Driving Authorities toPoland Expand Security Measures to Municipalities in the Med-termBrazil Safe City Projects Driven by the 2014 World Cup 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 (Beyond) 15
  • 16. Safe City:Competitive Environment 16
  • 17. Competitive Environment – “A Fuzzy Picture” The figure below highlights the complexities of the competitive landscape in relation to safe city solutions but also opportunities. Competition, partnerships, and future acquisition will occur across application and solution areas. CNI Defence Defence Integrators Integrators Public Safety Commercial Information Technology Integrators Security & Building Technology Technology Providers NetworkCommercial Security Communication ProvidersResidential Residential Integrators & Service Providers System Integration Technology Cyber/Network Source: Frost & Sullivan analysis. 17
  • 18. What is Included in a Safe City and Who is Providing it? The range of security solutions required for a safe city solution provider is not supplied by one single player. A selection of some of the providers below highlights the gaps that exist in product portfolios today. Systems integrators will not always look to fill the gap. Video Networks & Systems Data Mining & Video Sensors C3i Cyber Analytics Storage Integrator Analytics IT Defence Telecoms SecurityTechnology BuildingTechnology Network SecurityResidential Approximately Most Isolated half of the Industry No capability organisations Examples industry has Leadership have capability capability Source: Frost & Sullivan analysis. 18
  • 19. What is Included in a Safe City and Who is Providing it? The following is a non-exhaustive list of organisations that are respective leaders in their field. The list is not an indication of market share but players that have demonstrated strong security credentials and/or public safety expertise. Video: Cisco, Pelco, Axis, Panasonic, Bosch, C3I: Analytics & Integration: Sony, Toshiba, Samsung, IQinVision, AGT International, Northrop Grumman,AGT International, ObjectVideo, Nice, Verint Lockheed Martin, L3 Communications,Cieffe, Viasys, ioimage, Verint, Vidsys, Frequentis, Unisys, Avaya, NSN, Selex Avigilon, Arcont Vision, Axxon Elsag, Sepura, Rohde & Schwarz, Motorola, Siemens, Thales, EADS, Rohill, Mer Systems, Intergraph Next Generation: Sensors: UAV, UAS, GIS Safe City Solution ShotSpotter, Lenel, Harris Network & Storage: EMC, IBM, Nexsan, Hewlett Packard,Services and System Integrators: Cisco, HDS, NetApp, Dell, SunAGT International, Cisco, Raytheon, Microsystems, Pivot3, Intransa, Vico,Lockheed Martin, Cassidian, Thales, Kintronics, QNAP, Veracity, Avaya,BAE Systems, IBM, Alcate-Lucent, Alctatel Lucent, Huawei, NSN,Frequentis, Mer Group, AIS Motorola, Airware, Seupra, NEC, Fujitsu, among others Source: Frost & Sullivan analysis. 19
  • 20. Safe Cities:Go-to Market Models 20
  • 21. Steps in City Development InitiativesStrategy Development: Roadmapping:• Develop vision and strategy • Pre-select initiatives on feasibility,• Principles and technical architecture cost and sustainability definition • Identify and attract potential• Approach determination partners • Program plan and legal framework development Projects:Full Scale Roll-out: • Projects, plans, business cases• Evaluation and selection of successful • Partner funding initiatives and partners • Project execution• Result communication • Project monitoring• Full scale implementation support 21
  • 22. Miscellaneous Business Models of Smart Cities General Motivations Big company challenge One or several large domestic companies initiate and manageEconomic: a smart city project with the focus on their business• Innovation and hi-tech engagement. The business model is basically based on private company funding of the projects.• Industrial basis support Different factors:• New jobs and opportunities Stakeholder balance All-sufficient environment• Overall state competitiveness Government Turnkey smart cities in which many elements are covered in a very ambitious and wide ranging plan. The business model involvement involves public-private initiatives with an importantSocial: Environment contribution provided by governments or government• Better living conditions conditions agencies.• Improved government services Residents’• Convenient communications mentality Specifically focused … The projects are usually treated as independent and separate, with little or no integration to a global smart city concept.Sustainability: comes to four Various aspects of the smart city applications can be taken as basis, though grid often used as starting point.• Eco-friendly industries business models• Smart & eco – apartments National pride• Prudent resource management The project is usually led and managed by a government or• Renewable energy government affiliated agency. A closed ecosystem includes• Carbon footprint reduction carefully selected companies which are in most cases government-affiliated (or important domestic) companies. 22
  • 23. Different Levels of Government Involvement (Examples) Private companies with Government alone takes all Government work closely with minor government initiatives private companies support • Masdar City • Amsterdam • Jubail Presidential law created a special Government in cooperation with Bechtel Group started the project to economic zone an electric grid operator (Liander) make better use of natural gas started a project to reduce energy resources and to develop related • Cape Town consumption and tackle related ecological challenges • Lavasa Local government issued a decree Lavasa Corporation in partnership with transforming the way local • Birmingham Wipro plans, builds and manages ICT government services are delivered services City council worked with partners from the business, public and local • Malaga • Suwon city communities to stimulate Endesa company leads management Korean Ministry of Information economic growth and inward and Communication in over 50 partners for a project to investment reduce energy consumption and CO2 collaboration with the Ministry of Construction and Transportation emissions created a task force to cope with • Dublin • Songdo City issues related to Ubiquitous City Government cooperated with an Gale International (U.S. real estate (U-city) environments that will be energy agency (Codema) to firm) and Posco (Korean steelmaker) realized mainly in newly created reduce energy consumption and communities CO2 emissions are backers of a project to build a new city on a 1,500 acre man-made island off the coast of Incheon 2323
  • 24. Return on Security Investment Security Risk Strategic Effectiveness Protection SecurityTraditional Return Additional Pillars of Return on Security on Investment InvestmentDirect calculations Calculations based on Investments, Direct based on Gains, Loss Prevention, Risk Management, Investments and Operational Efficiencies, Cost Savings, Gains from the Revenue Implications etc. Investment 24
  • 25. Where is the Return on Investment in Security? High Strategic Security Increase revenue, reduce operating expensesTotal Return Risk Protection Business continuity, productivity, asset Security protection, reputation Effectiveness Total Cost of Ownership, Security CAPEX, Security OPEX Low Reduce Streamline Reduce Variable Costs Fixed Costs Costs Increase Revenues Sources of ROSI 25
  • 26. Delivering Safe/Smart City ProjectsChallenges for Municipalities and City Corporations How will the Industry Deal with this Squeeze? 26
  • 27. Delivering Safe/Smart City Projects – PPP Contract ModelMajor Installations During CoreInvestment Period Pre -Financing Annuity Financing Operations, Maintenance and Obsolence Management through regular monthly/quarterly/ annual paymentsInvestment Period (Upto 5 years) O&M Period (20 Years) End of Contract 27
  • 28. Delivering Safe/Smart City Projects – Accepting the Risk Transfer Municipalities/City Corporations Integrator/Security Supplier • Price risks of personal, material • Planning risks • Changes in regulation • Effects of delay and cost overruns • Change of legal and technical standards • Financial risk • Costs in consequence of accidents and • Availability of facilities vandalism • Operation and maintenance risks• PPP and partnering contracts offer fast replacement of old facilities to improve safety and security• The models can be standardised and repeated, but financing needs to be adapted to the institutionsavailable. 28
  • 29. The Last Word 29
  • 30. The Challenges Associated with Cities End Users Industry • Budget • Revenue Opportunities (Need to understand the ROI) (where? Who?) • Political Aspirations • Market Positioning (legacy vs. budget allocated) • (Integrator vs. System Supplier vs. Partnerships) • Technology Limitations • Open Innovation• (scalability, upgrade, maintenance) • Value proposition (What solutions? What price?) 30
  • 31. Thank You 31