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Online course on eu   20120619

Online course on eu 20120619



Powerpoint presentation Plan EU: introduction to the EU institutions and what you can do in the lobby trajectory.

Powerpoint presentation Plan EU: introduction to the EU institutions and what you can do in the lobby trajectory.



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    Online course on eu   20120619 Online course on eu 20120619 Presentation Transcript

    • Youth in Action
    • AGENDA Introduction to the European Union  European institutions EU’s role in development  The Cotonou Partnership How to advocate in the EU
    • Candidate CountriesCroatiaFormer Yugoslav Republic ofMacedoniaTurkeyPotential CandidateCountriesAlbaniaBosnia & HerzegovinaMontenegroSerbia including Kosovo underUN Security CouncilResolution 1244
    • Introduction to the EuropeanUnion The EU in a nutshell 27 member states (MS) and a population of over 500 million (USA = 312 million) In 2007, around 96 million young people aged between 15 and 29 years Young people represent about 20% of the EU population This means the EU is also YOU
    • What is the Motto of the EuropeanUnion? a) United in prosperity (wealth) b) United in austerity (saving) c) United in diversity
    • The institutions of the EU The The European European Parliament Commisson (EP) (EC) The Council of The the European European Union (The Council Council)
    • The European Parliament Directly elected by the citizens of Europe in elections every 5 years 753 Members (MEPs): www.europarl.europa.eu/meps/en/search.html MEPs sit in the plenary according to political groups not national groups 20 committees + extra sub-committees in Brussels prepare the work of the plenary sessions Vote in Plenary in Strasburg and Brussels
    • An MEP can help you put your topic on the EU agenda!
    • The European Parliament Which committees work on your issue? Development; Chaired by Ms. Eva Jolyhttp://www.europarl.europa.eu/meps/en/performsearch.h tml Woman’s rights and gender equality; Chaired by Mr. Mikael Gustafssonhttp://www.europarl.europa.eu/meps/en/performsearch.h tml Employment and social affairs; Chaired by Ms. Pervenche Berèshttp://www.europarl.europa.eu/meps/en/performsearch.h tml
    • When will the next EuropeanParliament elections take place? a) 2013 b) 2014 c) 2015
    • The European Commission The main executive body of the EU Led by a President nominated by the European Council every 5 years 25 EU Commissioners  Each is responsible for a specific area (e.g. Development Cooperation, Trade)  Selected by the president , but must be approved by the Council and the EP José Manuel Barosso (Portugal) is the current President (2009-2014)
    • The European Commission Who works on development? EuropeAid Development and Cooperation (DEVCO)  Responsible for designing EU development policies and delivering aid through programmes and projects across the world  Commissioner Andris Piebalgs (Latvia) Humanitarian Aid Department (ECHO)  Responsible for providing emergency assistance and relief to the victims of natural disasters or armed conflict outside the EU  Commissioner Kristalina Georgieva (Bulgaria)
    •  European Commission’s page for the Youth:http://ec.europa.eu/youth/index_en.htm Barroso calls for using 82 billion euro unspent funds to help job creationhttp://www.europeanvoice.com/article/imported/barroso- calls-for-unspent-funds-to-help-job-creation-/73437.aspx Youth opportunities initiative (video on youth employment):http://ec.europa.eu/avservices/video/player.cfm?ref=I073435 &sitelang=en
    • Questions?
    • How many stars does the Europeanflag have? a) 12 b) 15 c) 25
    • EU’s role in Development The fundamental principles guiding EC development effort Poverty reduction Coordination and complementarily between the EU and member states Coherence between the EU’s development objectives and its external policies which would affect developing countries like Ghana or Cameroon
    • The Cotonou PartnershipAgreement Is an agreement between the EU and 79 African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) countries, including Ghana, Sierra Leone and Cameroon Main aims:  Reduce poverty  Include non state actors (NGOs like Plan) in aid policy  Reinforce economic- and trade partnerships Aid to the ACP countries is funded through the European Development Fund (EDF) Is important for you: you write to your government to remind them of the objectives of this agreement and their responsibilities!
    • The Cotonou PartnershipAgreement Article 26 …cooperation shall support policies, measures and operations aimed at:b) promoting the skills, energy, innovation and potential of youth in order to enhance theireconomic, social and cultural opportunities and enlarge their employment opportunities in the productive sector;
    • How many Europeans participate personally inhelping poor countries either by donating moneyor volunteering in relevant organisations? a) 22 % b) 30% c) 41%
    • How to Advocate in the EU What is the problem you want to address? How is the problem relevant to you? How is the EU part of the solution to your problem? Which concrete changes in policy and/or practice do you want to achieve?
    • How to influence EU Policy and Practice Raising your issues with EU Lawmakers Other advocacy opportunities
    • Influencing EU Legislation Legislation concerning cooperation with third countries is adopted through the ordinary legislative procedure (Co-decision):  Starts with a legislative proposal from the Commission to the Council and the EP  The proposal is debated, amended and eventually adopted by the EP and the Council
    • Influencing the Commission? Identify who will be responsible for drafting the legislative proposal in the Commission(which Directorate General (DG), which Unit and what officials)  For youth employment within Europe: DG Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion (Directorate C Europe 2020: Employment policies , Unit C3, M. Uebe)  For employment in development cooperation: Directorate General for Development and Cooperation (EuropeAid, DEVCO D. Human and Society development, Unit D3, H. Bourgade) Build alliances with other likeminded NGOs and network with established NGO networks in Brussels to raise awareness of your issues  e.g. Youth Employment Action (YEA): www.youthemploymentaction.org/
    • Influencing the EuropeanParliamentMake a mapping of important MEPs for The Netherlands and Lithuania (see link to relevant committees above)Network with influential MEPs and your national Permanent Representation to the EU
    • Influencing the EuropeanParliament Who else to target at the EP Rapporteur: The MEP responsible for drafting a committee’s report  E.g. Dutch MEP Marije Cornelissen was rapporteur for the report on employment and social aspects in the Annual Growth Survey 2012, which also stresses the need to tackle youth unemployment Shadow Rapporteurs: MEPs from a different political group who shadow the drafting of the report Political advisers
    • Influencing MEPs Target your national MEPs Find out their interests (search for their parliamentary questions and reports) Meet them face to face Use clear messages and impressive facts and statistics Share the newest relevant research/reports Establish yourself as the expert Try to win over their assistant Provide, concise, relevant and to the point information about your project and goals with clear advice on what you want them to do
    • Other Advocacy opportunities Outside of the EU, you can contact the EU through the EU Delegation in your country: http://eeas.europa.eu/delegations/web_en.htm Written Declaration (WD)  A WD is a text of a maximum of 200 words on a matter falling within the European Union’s sphere of activities.  Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) can use WDs to launch or re-launch a debate on a subject that comes within the EU’s remit.  378 out of 756 signatures are required to adopt the text.  During plenary sessions, MEPs can sign WDs in front of the chamber
    • Other Advocacy opportunities Regional and Country Strategy Papers  Based on strategy papers and annual action programmes, EU funding is delivered through budget support, grants and contracts  You can assist your partners in the south to influence the programming of aid through influencing Regional and Country Strategy Papers e.g. under the Cotonou Partnership
    • TIPS Have clear objectives, messages and outcomes Identify the institution in charge and your key targets Establish your organisation as “youth on the field” Use your own government as first contact Network for collective influencing Use MEPs friendly to your cause Build key contacts in Brussels institutions and among the NGOs
    • How many official languages arethere in the EU? a) 20 b) 23 c) 27
    • Q&A