Water - 12th Five Year Plan (2012 - 2017)


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Water - 12th Five Year Plan (2012 - 2017)

  1. 1. Strategies for Water Sector in the Twelfth Five Year Plan
  2. 2. Current StatusAnnual Water availability is almostconstantPer capita water storage is 190 m3Irrigation efficiency is 38-40%Against 139.89 m.ha. of ultimateirrigation potential, about 113.24 m.ha.created by the end of XI PlanFlood prone area is 49.8 m.ha.
  3. 3. Current Status contd…Out of 16,66,075 Rural habitations,12,31,411 have 100% populationcovered with drinking waterAgainst 12.57 crore households, 9.08cr provided individual toilets
  4. 4. Challenges in the Water Sector Rising Water Demand Growing population and economy strains the demand supply balance Limited water resources with spatial & temporal variation Falling groundwater tables Groundwater contamination Surface water pollution Climate change impact on hydrological cycle
  5. 5. Challenges contd…Lower efficiency in water usesFrequent spells of floods & droughtsIncreasing water conflictsSustainability of the resourcesOver dependence on Ground Water leading to slipback and contaminationLack of convergence Rural water supply withsanitation-toilets constructed under TSCInequity in urban water supplyDisaggregated demand supply details required forvarious regions
  6. 6. Action Plan for the Water SectorImproving water use efficiencySustainable participatory groundwatermanagementWatershed restoration and groundwater rechargeNew approach to rural drinking water supply onpopulation basisIntegrate urban water supply with sewage systemsEmphasis on recycle & reuse of waterNew legal and institutional frameworkBasin approach for water planning & management
  7. 7. Major&Medium Irrigation & Accelerated Irrigation Benefits ProgrammePrioritize investible funds to complete ongoingprojectsClose irrigation capacity and utilization gap by 10m.ha.Modify AIBP and tie with Command AreaDevelopment ProgrammeLink AIBP assistance to reforms and opt multidisciplinary approach instead of engineering onlyNational Irrigation Management Fund fordeepening reforms
  8. 8. Incomplete Major and Medium Irrigation Projects across Plan Periods 700No of Projects 600 500 400 300 200 100 0 V IX an II XI VI 9 2 -6 -9 Pl 66 90 e AP AP Pr Plan Periods Increasing Gap between Irrigation Potential Created and Utilised under Major and Medium Irrigation 50 45 Created 40 Utilised 35 Irr.Pot (MHa) 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 X II VI IV I V IX III XI lan II I 9 0 2 VI VI -6 -8 -9 P 66 78 90 e- AP AP AP Pr Plan Periods
  9. 9. Ground Water Resources Development Scenario(No. of blocks)Total Units Assessed - 5842 9
  10. 10. Groundwater Action Plan contd…Aquifer mapping for GroundwaterManagement as primary focusBreaking groundwater energy nexusPromoting groundwater developmentin Eastern India
  11. 11. Rural Water Supply and Sanitation- Action Plan contd…By 2017, 50% households to have 40 lpcdpiped water supply.Waste water treatment and sanitation-integral part of water supply plansIn sanitation to focus on habitationsaturation approachSolid and liquid waste management to formpart of Nirmal Gram
  12. 12. Urban Water Supply and Sanitation- Action Plan contd…Focus on demand managementBridge water supply and sewage treatment gapInter-se reallocation of water among varioussectorsAll generated sewage to be tapped and treatedEfficient systems, Minimise loss, progressivetariff structureIndustry- Reduce water use and recycleWater audits in public and private institutions
  13. 13. Flood and its Management-Action Plan contd…Emphasis on restoring traditionalwater bodies and natural drainagesystemsInvolve civil society organization tomanage floodsEncourage non structural measures
  14. 14. Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP)25 m.ha. to be covered in the XII PlanFocus on physical outcomes andmonitorable indicatorsIWMP to be integrated with NRLM, RRR ofwater bodies and MGNREGAIWMP to be used as a scientific tool forrecharging of ground water
  15. 15. Expected OutcomesBridging the irrigation capacity utilization gapby 10 m.ha.Creating 18.35 m.ha. new irrigation capacity25 m.ha. to be covered under IWMP50% of the population to have piped watersupply50% of the Gram Panchayats to attain NirmalGram statusCover all rural habitations with sanitationAll urban water supply projects to combinesewage treatment facilities also
  16. 16. Further ReferencePlanning Commission : http://planningcommission.nic.in/Water Chapter, 12th Five Year Plan :http://planningcommission.nic.in/plans/planrel/12thplan/pdf/vol_1.pdfRural Development Chapter, 12th Five Year Plan :http://planningcommission.gov.in/plans/planrel/12thplan/pdf/vol_2.pdfMinistry of Water Resources : http://wrmin.nic.in/Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation: http://www.mdws.gov.in/Central Water Commission : http://www.cwc.gov.in/Central Ground Water Board : http://cgwb.gov.in/Department of Land Resources : http://dolr.nic.in/Article on “Water : Towards a Paradigm Shift in the Twelfth Plan” by Dr. Mihir Shah,Member, Planning Commission in Economic and Political Weekly Vol - XLVIII No. 03,January 19, 2013 : http://www.epw.in/authors/mihir-shah/