Strategies for Agriculture in the 12th Plan (2012 - 2017)
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Strategies for Agriculture in the 12th Plan (2012 - 2017)






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Strategies for Agriculture in the 12th Plan (2012 - 2017) Strategies for Agriculture in the 12th Plan (2012 - 2017) Presentation Transcript

  • ACCELERATING INCLUSIVEAGRICULTURAL GROWTHStrategies for 12th Five Year Plan and Beyond
  • PRESENT STATUSContribution to GDP 14% Growth in Value Output (%)Acceleration in growth rate from 2.4% in 5X Plan to 3.6% in XI Plan 4.5 • Growth in 15 States over 4% 4 • Low irrigation States performed better 3.5Gross Capital formation improved from 314.9% in 2006-07 to 20% of Agri-GDP X Plan 2.5 XI PlanHighest employer in rural area - 57% 2Record production of food grains ~259m tons; fruits and vegetable 1.5 Higher growth in productivity 1 of all crops 0.5 0 Crops Livestock Fisheries
  • INDIA’S PRODUCTIVITY World average India6543210 Rice Wheat Maize
  • MAJOR CHALLENGESNatural Resources• Shrinking land base• Dwindling water resources• Extreme weather eventsFarm Operations • Shortages of farm labour • Youths’ participation in agriculture declining • Inadequate mechanizationCost and Prices• Increasing costs of inputs• Price volatility• Subsidies vs public investment
  • GROWTH DRIVERSViability of farm enterprise and returns • Scale, market access, prices and riskAvailability and dissemination of improvedtechnologies • Quality of research and skill developmentPlan expenditure in agriculture & infrastructure • Functioning of markets and efficient use of natural resources • Focus on disadvantaged regionsGovernance & Institutions • Better delivery of services-credit and quality inputs
  • DEMAND AND SUPPLY PROJECTIONS OF FOOD ITEMS- XII PLAN & BEYOND300 Production 2011-12 Demand 2016-17 Demand 2020-21 • Structured diversification and 277 259.32 257 sustaining growth in horticulture250 • Enhancing use efficiency of200 189 resources and climate resilient 161 technologies 150.58150 124 • Vertical diversification for profit 97 maximization100 59 71 75.29 • Building-up carbon stock in soils50 29.8 • Efficient Fertilizer and rainwater 22 25 17.09 use 0 • Non-Pesticidal Management of diseases/insects-pests
  • FARM VIABILITYBuilding capacity of institutions to encourage groupformation,Small and women farmers at all points of value chainFormation of FPOs- appropriate policy and legalinitiativesExtension reforms-use of ITs for precision farming
  • PROGRAMMESFLAGSHIP SCHEME:• Rastriya Krishi Vikas YojanaFIVE MISSIONS • National Food Security Mission • National Horticulture Mission • National Mission on Oilseeds & Oil palm • National Mission on Agriculture Extension and Technology • National Mission on Sustainable AgricultureFOUR CENTRAL SECTOR SCHEMES • Integrated scheme on agricultural marketing • Integrating scheme on agricultural cooperation • Integrated scheme for farmers’ income security • Integrated scheme on Agri. Census & Statistics
  • AGRICULTURAL RESEARCHIncrease funding to agricultural R&DFarming system based technology developmentsNational Initiative on Climate Resilient AgricultureInter-Departmental platforms for multi-disciplinary research inpriority areasFarmers’ FIRST, Student READY (Rural Entrepreneurship andAwareness Yojana) , Attracting and Retaining Rural Youths inAgriculture (ARYA).Agro-Innovate to promote research industry partnershipNational Agricultural Entrepreneurship Project to nurtureentrepreneurship through translational researchNational Agricultural Education Project to improve educationquality in SAUs.
  • LIVESTOCK, DAIRYING & FISHERIES • Milk production 127.9 million tons • Egg production 65.48 billion numbersProduction • Meat production 5.11 million tons (2011-12) • Wool production 44.40 million kg • Fish production 8.29 million tons • Fish seed production 34993 million
  • STRATEGIES: LIVESTOCK, DAIRYING & FISHERIESLivestock & Dairying FisheriesEnhancing availability of feed Raise the production from inland fresh water fisheries resourceand fodder Utilize water bodies & irrigation reservoirs inBreeding strategies rainfed areas Regulate aquaculture activity in coastal areasBetter health services following CAA normsConservation of indigenous Utilization of natural wetlands (excluding heritage)breeds Tanks created under MGNREGA/WatershedsClean milk production- restrictingbacteria load Harnessing offshore fishery resources
  • MAJOR PROGRAMMES-DAHDF • National Livestock Mission • National Programme for Bovine Breeding & Dairy • Livestock Health & Disease Control • National Dairy Plan • Dairy Entrepreneurship Development Programme • National Fisheries Development Board
  • EXPECTED OUTCOMEFaster and inclusive growth through moreDiversified AgricultureEconomies of Scale to Small & marginalFarmers4% growth in GDP of Agriculture & AlliedSectorEnhanced Food & Nutritional SecurityStability in food prices
  • ADDITIONAL INFORMATIONAgriculture Chapter, 12th Five Year Plan (Chapter 12 ) Commission of Agriculture & Cooperationhttp://www.agricoop.nic.inNational Food Security Mission( NFSM) Horticulture Mission (NHM)http://www.nhm.nic.inDepartment of Animal Husbandry, dairying & Fisheryhttp://www.dahd.nic.inDepartment of Agricultural Research & Education (DARE)http://www.dare.nic.inIndian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) of Economics & Statistics, DAC