Skill Development - 12th Plan Hackathon - 6th April 2013
SKILL DEVELOPMENTThe Vision and Strategy of the 12th Plan
"Vision is the art of seeing the invisible." — Jonathan Swift
Skilling India – The Paradox and the Challenge• In order for India to grow at 8 per cent or more India needs upgradation of knowledge and skills of its youth and its labourforce• In 2009-10, according to NSSO Survey 29% of the labourforce was not literate and 24 per cent had education upto primary level• 65 per cent of the workforce is employed in low paid agriculture and construction sector requiring low level of skills
Skilling India – The Paradox and the Challenge (cont…)• India has the second highest labourforce in the world but still labour shortage in jobs ranging from welding, plumbing, technicians, paramedics to engineers, IT professionals, etc.• Only 10 per cent of the workforce has vocational training compared to 96% in Korea, 80% in Japan, 75% in Germany and 68% in UK• Many trained/educated youth are unemployable
Skilling India – The Paradox and the Challenge (cont…)Unemployment Rates among Diploma- Undergraduates• Technical degree – 21.4%• Agri – 22.6%• Engineer/technician – 25.7%• Medicine – 10.7%Unemployment Rates among Diploma – Graduates andAbove• Technical degree – 36.5%• Engineer/technician – 30.2%• Medicine – 15.9%
Strategy in the 12th Plan• Enhancing capacity of training institutions both in the Government as well as in the private sector in relevant skills• Developing standards for training curriculum and upgrading these to meet the dynamic job market conditions• Creating convergence between school education and vocational/technical training streams
Strategy in the 12th Plan (cont…)• Developing quality assurance framework through examinations and certification as well as affiliations and accreditation• Bringing together and synergising the training efforts of Central Government, State Governments, Private Sector, NGOs, etc. through a National Agency• Developing labour market information system for informed policy action
What are the different modes of imparting skill training?• Institution based skill development and training through: – Industrial Training Institutes – Vocational Schools/Vocation Education in Schools – Technical Schools – Polytechnics – Professional Colleges and Universities• Sectoral Training Schemes of Ministries/Deptts.• Training by enterprises including Apprenticeship training• Training through Sector Skill Councils of the NSDC and private service providers• Training through initiatives of private business, business houses and industry associations
What are the different modes of imparting skill training? (cont…)• Non-formal training civil society organizations, etc.• Training passed on as a family or community trade• E-learning, web-based learning and distance learning through Government and Universities
New Initiatives proposed in the 12th Plan• Increasing training capacity in Government institutions as well as the private sector• Making training relevant to job market• Setting up the National Skill Development Agency for better coordination of diverse and fragmented training efforts• Putting in place the National Vocational Qualification framework for ensuring that vocational qualifications meet quality standards• Validating training process through accreditation of training providers/institutions, research and information.
New Initiatives proposed in the 12th Plan• Encouraging public-private partnership in skill development on a larger scale• Strengthening the National Skill Development Corporation and Sector Skills Councils• Extending the outreach to more areas and socially disadvantaged groups• Using IT based systems for career planning and opening Career and Counselling Window in Employment Exchanges
Strengthening Private Initiative through NSDC• NSDC is a public private initiative to develop relevant skills, particularly in the unorganised sector through Sector Skills Councils, training of trainer programmes, international outreach, connecting with organisations, Labour Market Information System, NVQF, etc.
Strengthening Private Initiative through NSDC (cont…)• Around 20 SSCs formed with the objective: • to reduce skills gaps and shortages • to improve productivity • to boost the skills of their sector workforces• Major sectors needing skilling: • Building and construction • Organised Retail • Auto • IT and ITES • Health Care • Textiles and Clothing • Banking, Financial Services and Insurance Industry
Major Universal Skilling Programmes of the Government• Craftsman Training Scheme – run by MOLE through Govt. ITI s and ITCs with reservation of 25% for women and 3% for physically handicapped• Apprenticeship Training Programme – Run by MOLE for trade apprentices and HRD Ministry for graduate apprentices• Modular Employable Skill Scheme – Run by MOLE for skill upgradation including recognition of prior learning for school dropouts
Sectoral Skilling Programmes of the Government• Hunar se Rozgar Scheme – Implemented by Ministry of Tourism through Institutes of Hotel Management, Food Craft Institutes and ITDC for skilling youth for the hospitality sector• Integrated Skill Development Scheme – Implemented by Ministry of Textiles for handicrafts, handlooms, sericulture, jute, technical textiles, etc.• Entrepreneurial Skill Development Programme – Implemented by Ministry of Medium, Small and Micro Enterprises for providing skill to technicians, techno-managerial skills and catering to disadvantaged groups in remote areas
Sectoral Skilling Programmes of the Government (cont…)• Tool Rooms – Implemented by Ministry of MSME to provide technical upgradation and good quality tooling through courses ranging from short term courses for school dropouts to long term courses in post graduate diploma in tool design and CAD and CAM• Rural Self Employment Training Institutes – Implemented by Ministry of Rural Development to develop micro enterprises through Entrepreneur Development Programme (EDP), apprenticeship programme, etc.
Specific Target Oriented Skilling Programmes• Aajeevika / National Rural Livelihood Mission Programme – Implemented by Ministry of Rural Development the programme is focussed on placement driven skilling of BPL rural youth• Parvaaz – Implemented by Ministry of Rural Development the programme provides education and skills to minority youth school dropouts• Himayat – Implemented by Ministry of Rural Development this is a placement driven skilling programme for the youth in Jammu and Kashmir
Specific Target Oriented Skilling Programmes (cont…)• UDAAN – Implemented by NSDC, the programme focusses on training students in J&K in retail, IT, BPO, etc.• Support to Training and Employment Programme for Women (STEP) – Implemented by the Ministry of Woman and Child Development the scheme targets marginalised, asset less women in viable group activities
Specific Target Oriented Programmes (cont…)• Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rozgar Yojana – Implemented by Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation the scheme targets BPL population with focus on women and SC/ST beneficiaries for enhancing capacity to undertake self-employment and better salaried employment• Skill Development in 34 Districts affected by Left Wing Extremism – Implemented by MOLE the programme gives long term and short term skills to youth in LWE afftected districts through newly created ITI s and Skill Development Centres
Realizing the 12th Plan VisionMedium term vision:• Target of skilling 50 million persons during the 12th PlanShort term vision:• Skilling 9 million persons during 2013-14
“…the miracle is in the unfolding of the wings.You may not know where youre going, but youknow that so long as you spread your wings,the winds will carry you.” ― C. JoyBell C.May the winds of change carry the youth andthis country to greater heights….