Sustainable Rural DevelopmentStrategies for Sustainable and Inclusive Development in Ruralareas in the 12th Five Year Plan and Beyond Kuldeep Singh, Rural Development Division, Planning Commission
Percentage of Population Below Poverty Line (BPL) 45 Rural 42 Population: 40 121 68.8% 37.2 Crore Population of 35 India (2011 33.8 Rural Census ) Urban Urban Population: 30 29.8 31.2% All India 25 25.45 20.9 20 2004-05 2009-10 Beneficiaries (In Thousands) 400000 Expenditure (Rs. in crores) 350000 250000 300000 250000 200000 11Th Five Year Plan 200000 150000 (Beneficiaries ~ Expenditures) Rural 150000 100000Development Programs 100000 50000 50000 0 0
Major Challenges for Rural Transformation Untapped Unemployment, Under- Lack of Conducive Low employment and seasonal Environment for Emerging Contribution employment , Low Opportunities Productivity in agriculture & Entrepreneurship in GDP for livelihood allied sectors Low Inadequate Low coverage and Large segment dependent on Social Productivity assistance under Agriculture, Small & Marginal Farmers , in Rain fed Low capacity to invest, low output Security NSAP Agriculture System Lack of Financial Low level of skill & Inclusion, Inaccessibility Inadequacy Poverty education, Low to credit, High lending of Credit Trap Productivity & rate by MFI and unsustainable Income informal source of finances Weak Local Institutions, low Poor connectivity and Poor public participation and Lack of marketing Infrastructure, Infrastructure Delivery democratic decentralization Lack of power & other Mechanism facilities
Present Creation of EmploymentProgram - MGNREGAContinuum - NRLM Housing, with Basic amenities through Sustainable Agriculture & convergence Rural Connectivity - IAY Sustainable Rural -IWMP including synergy with MGNREGA - TSC Development - MKSP - NRDWP - PMGSY Social Protection Program - NSAP
Focus on ‘horizontal’ issues through ‘vertical’ programs that cut across sectors Employment Women Empowerment Social Security (Old Age, Disabled & Widows Pension and Family Benefit) Sustainable Agriculture Skill Development for Rural Youth Financial Inclusion Public Private Partnership (PPP) Rural Transformation Infrastructure Development Effective Delivery Mechanism Training & capacity building Entrepreneurship Development Use of IT and Institution Watershed Development Institutions of Poor Rural Connectivity Building Skill Development Houses for Poor Drinking water Asset Creation Sanitation Sectoral Group
Approach to Poverty reduction through Sustainable Rural Development1 Self Employment and wage Employment under various Rural Employment Development Programs.2 Sustainable Multilevel approach to increase investment in agriculture, watershed livelihood through development and empowerment of women through MKSP. Agriculture3 Focus of MGNREGA to create durable and quality assets . Durable Asset Connecting rural People with Banking system, Post offices and4 Financial Banking Correspondents (BC) for payments etc. Inclusion Promotion of proven technologies and best practices with multiplier5 Innovative Tech.& effects. Best Practices Rural Flexi-Fund to incentivize better performing States and6 managing the inequality of the region through better targeting and Flexi-Fund focused projects on state-specific priorities.
Approach to Poverty reduction through Sustainable Rural Development 7 Convergence Multilayer convergence at all levels with Inter and Intra-ministerial programs. 8 Focus of major Rural Development Programs on women and skilling Women and the youth . Youth 9 Participation of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in all major Vulnerable Flagship Programs of Rural Development. Section10 Information electronic Financial Management System (e-FMS) to ensure availability Technology of funds at each level along with effective and time bound payments. 11 • electronic Muster & Measurement system (e-MMS) to strengthen Transparency monitoring process expediting the payment of wages and removal of duplicity. • Social Audit along with Grievance Re-dressal Mechanism to promote accountability.
Expected Outcomes1. Sustainable Development for Rural Transformation.2. Skill development of large number of rural poor youth for employment3. To facilitate 30 lakh entrepreneurs among the poor to set up micro- enterprises.4. Nurturing and strengthening the ‘Institutions of Poor’5. Women Empowerment6. Better Quality IAY Houses.7. Comprehensive Financial Inclusion through linkages to banks, Post offices and other Financial Institutions.
Additional Information1. Rural Development Chapter, 12th Five Year Plan (Chapter 17) http://planningcommission.gov.in/plans/planrel/12thplan/welcome.html2. Planning Commission http://planningcommission.gov.in3. Ministry of Rural Development http://rural.nic.in/4. Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA http://nrega.nic.in/5. National Rural Livelihoods Mission (NRLM-AAJEEVIKA) http://aajeevika.gov.in/6. Provision of Urban Amenities in Rural Areas(PURA) http://rural.nic.in/sites/pura.asp7. Indira Awaas Yojana (IAY) http://iay.nic.in