Promoting Regional EqualityStrategies in the 12th Five Year Plan
Challenges• Inter-State Inequalities in per capita income have been rising• Intra-State and Rural-Urban inequalities also an issue of concern• While growth rates have been increasing, this is not reflected in improvements in income disparities• Gap in Human Development Index (State level) has however decreased
Convergence of GDP GrowthRates during successive Plans
Interventions to tackle Regional Disparities• Investments in less developed States through Centrally Sponsored Schemes using more favourable norms for distribution of assistance• Area Programmes
Area Programmes• BRGF- District Component- State Component Special Plans for Bihar, West Bengal and KBK districts Drought Mitigation Package for Bundelkhand region IAP for Selected Tribal and Backward Districts
Area Programmes (contd)• Hill Area Development Programme/Western Ghats Development Programme• Border Area Development Programme
Projected Outcomes• Better Infrastructure in the less developed areas including hill and border areas.• Improvement in delivery system through active participation of Panchayati Raj Institutions in planning, execution and monitoring.• Area Specific Targetting and untied funds to bridge critical gaps leading to narrowing of development divide between developed and less developed regions.• Address disparities within the District.
Panchayati Raj• Goal - to attain decentralised and participatory local self government through Panchayati Raj Institutions• Objectives – empowerment, enablement and increased accountability of PRIs• Challenges:- Actual transfer of functions.- Building capacity to make PRIs effective local governing bodies.- Amendment of relevant Laws/Acts.
Projected Outcomes• Progressive devolution of functions, functionaries and funds to PRIs• Increased participation of women/other disadvantaged groups in decision making through Gram Sabhas and Panchayat Committees• Implementation of PESA, 1996• Developing strong PRIs.• Institutionalising the role of DPCs in district planning.