Approaches to Disaster Management in the Nilgiris, Tamil Nadu.


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The Department of Administrative Reforms & Public Grievances, Government of India, organized the 2nd 'District Collectors Conference', which took place on the 6th & 7th of September in New Delhi. Over 30 district collectors participated, making presentations on best practices to overcome challenges faced in the sectors of rural development, education, urban development, law & order, and disaster management. 

The Planning Commission is providing these presentations for the public to see examples of the good work being done by young IAS officers in the field, and to promote cross-learning and innovation.

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Approaches to Disaster Management in the Nilgiris, Tamil Nadu.

  1. 1. Nilgiris lies at the junction of Eastern and Western Ghats – an integral part of Western Ghats
  2. 2.  At an altitude of 900 Meters- 2636 Meters  Most habitations lie on the mountain range  Multi hazard prone  Disasters like earthquake (zone 3), Heavy downpour, Landslide, Hailstorm, Flash flood
  3. 3. . Landslide Zonation Map- Moderately High HazardLandslide Zonation Map- Moderately High Hazard ( Source. Geologic Survey of India (GSI). . Highly landslide prone area - Red dots indicate the places where landslides occurred
  4. 4. • 106 vulnerable locations identified by GSI in the Nilgiris • Recorded history of landslides from 1891  Last in 2009, loss of 46 lives  Change in nature of disasters  Hailstorm in 2012- 6 inch thick carpet of hailstones at Doddabetta Thumanatty
  5. 5. • Shift in focus of the GOI – UNDP initiated Community Based Programme from Disaster Risk Management Programme to Disaster Risk Reduction Programme
  6. 6. • District Disaster Management Plan – Prepared and updated • Functioning of Emergency Operation Centers • 24x7(During Monsoons) – District – Taluk level – Department level • Monsoon Preparedness • Cleaning of Culverts for free flow of rain water by Highways dept, urban and rural local bodies • Maintenance of buffer stocks of essential commodities and fuel in petrol bunks • Loping of dangerous trees on road sides
  7. 7. • Enabling the field level functionaries • Supply of specialised vehicles ,emergency kits , wireless power saw, etc – funds from State Govt, HADP. • Safe Shelters • Increased from 89 to 957 (with habitation wise coordinates) • Village Level DM leaders • Akin to booth level officers in election scenario- volunteers training -tie up with IRCS • Regular monitoring of IMD warnings • Dissemination of warnings to lower level • Simple Warning System • Connecting the last Mile – New Approach • Can be operated from Emergency Managers end to the village through mobile phone • Pilot Project in 35 Habitations under HADP funding • Coordination/ Training/ Mock drill with Inter departments, 6th battalion, MRC, Cordite Factory ,
  8. 8. • District Level Training For officials and NGOs • Village Level Trainings Certificates issued to Volunteers • Training for all stake holders • Observation of International Day for Disaster Reduction (Oct 13th ) Competitions in Schools and Colleges - extensive use of electronic media • Mock drills Village Level and School Level
  9. 9. • Identification of vulnerable locations • Relocated 47 families from places like Allanchi , Marapalam • Hill Area Building rules followed Master Plan, Geo-tech Rules • Soil conservation measures Retaining Wall, Geo mat (Jute), Gabion structures • Controlling the usage of Earth movers & JCB (prior permission of DC required , usage for Agri purpose completely banned ), Mining (banned) Loose boulder check Cost effective terracing using vegetative barrier RR supporting wall protecting the road side Achanacal - After treatmentAchanacal Landslide scar -