Drug Awareness Program- Say No to Drugs.

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The Department of Administrative Reforms & Public Grievances, Government of India, organized the 2nd 'District Collectors Conference', which took place on the 6th & 7th of September in New Delhi. Over 30 district collectors participated, making presentations on best practices to overcome challenges faced in the sectors of rural development, education, urban development, law & order, and disaster management. 



The Planning Commission is providing these presentations for the public to see examples of the good work being done by young IAS officers in the field, and to promote cross-learning and innovation.

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Drug Awareness Program- Say No to Drugs.

  1. 1. Presentation by NARCOTICS CONTROL BUREAU GOVT. OF INDIA 1
  2. 2. DRUGS AND YOU 2
  3. 3. 3
  4. 4. Drugs and their Abuse 4
  5. 5. • Drugs 5
  6. 6. • The ingredients of drugs also have positive utility : – Morphine is drug of choice worldwide for pain relief- cancer – Codeine used as 6
  7. 7. 7
  8. 8. Which are the drugs of abuse ? 8
  9. 9. 9
  10. 10. Natural Opium Poppy Plant Cannabis Coca 10 Semi-synthetic Morphin e Heroin Cocai ne
  11. 11. Synthetic LSD (d-lysergic acid diethylamide ) - Hallucinogen Ketamin e Amphetam ine 11
  12. 12. Hallucinogens • They distort the mind, create false sensory experiences and distort your perceptions of reality. q Marijuana q Ecstasy 12
  13. 13. Stimulants • They are known as “performance enhancing” drugs that give users a brief, but intense high. q Ecstasy q ATS 13
  14. 14. Depressants • Most widely abused drug group in the world, they affect in a number of ways q Marijuana q Heroin q Brown Sugar q Mandrax q Alcohol 14
  15. 15. Drug Scenario 15
  16. 16. • 5% of global population aged 15-64 use drugs • 0.6 % (27 m) of world population are problem drug users • Cannabis most widely used drug • Decrease in consumption of Heroin. • Increase in use of synthetic and prescription drugs • 18.9% (3 m) of injecting drug users (16 m) are HIV positive • 2,53,000 deaths each year are caused by drugs Trends - World 16 * Source : UNODC World Drug Report 2012
  17. 17. Trends - India India is flanked by the Golden Crescent on the West and Golden Triangle on the East, the two main sources of over 90% of the world’s illicit supply of opium
  18. 18. Trends - India • 2 million users of Opiates in India • 9 million users of Cannabis in India • Bhang (leaves)- taken orally • Ganja (dried flowering stem of the plant) – smoked • Charas / Hashish (extracted from the resin covering the plant) – smoked • Hashish Oil (extracting THC using chemical methods) - smoked
  19. 19. Trends - India • Synthetic drugs q Methamphtamine (Speed, Ice, Chalk, Meth, Crystal, Crank, Fire, Glass) q Lysergic Acid Diethylamide (LSD, Acid, Boomers, Yellow Sunshines) • Pharmaceutical drugs q Codeine-based cough syrups q Diazepam, Nitrazepam q Ketamine (Special K, K, Vitamin 19
  20. 20. Trends - India • Injecting Drug use q Buprenorphine is commonly injected q HIV, Hepatitis-C • Spread of drug abuse to rural areas • Poly-drug use q Use of two or more drugs in combination to achieve a particular effect 20
  21. 21. Why do we fall prey to drugs ? 21
  22. 22. 22  Imitate friends  Peer pressure  Curiosity  Risk taking and rebellion  Boredom  Relax, enjoy Why do we fall prey to drugs ?
  23. 23. Smoking Peer pressure, curiosity Status symbol ? Influence of TV, films Smoking isn’t cool Once you start, its hard to stop ! Harmful Effects  Loss of stamina, high B.P.  Cancer  Heart Diseases  Death :50% of lifetime smokers dies from this
  24. 24. Alcohol • 2.5 million deaths each year • 320 000 ( 9%) young people of age group 15 -29 die from alcohol- related causes • Alcohol is world’s third largest risk factor for disease burden
  25. 25. Alcohol  Short-term risks q Injuries, Accidents q Aggression, Violence q Risky sexual behaviour q Alcohol poisoning  Long-term risks q Neurological and cardiovascular disorders q Psychiatric problems q Social problems q Family problems ; Unemployment
  26. 26. What are the signs of drug abuse ? 26
  27. 27. Physical Symptoms • Dull- looking/glazed eyes • Drowsiness • Runny nose • Coughing • Needle marks 27
  28. 28. Physical Symptoms • Weight loss • Malnutrition • Some form of acute acne • Tremors/Hallucination s • Constant desire for junk food 28
  29. 29. Behavioral Symptoms • Irresponsible behavior • Argumentative • Lack of motivation • Solitary behaviour • Lying • Changes in speech-rapid, slowed, slurred 29
  30. 30. Other Symptoms • Secretiveness • Falling grades • Use of mouthwash, mints, gum • White specks on nostrils or clothing • Frequent trips to the bathroom 30
  31. 31. What are the costs of drug abuse ? 31
  32. 32. Social Cost 32 • Broken families • Loss of reputation • Peer group pressure • Social stigma • School drop outs
  33. 33. Legal Cost 33 • Road accidents • Domestic violence • Crimes • Aggression and violence • Insurgency and anti national activities
  34. 34. • HIV, hepatitis B and C and tuberculosis • Infertility • Psycho-somatic disorders • Reduced immunity levels • Premature death • Miscarriage and still birth • Unprotected sex and Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD) 34 Health Cost
  35. 35. 35
  36. 36. • Productivity suffers a t workplace and home • Loss of job – human capital • Loss of earnings – financial burden • Cost of treatment – medical care and rehabilitation • Corruption and Black money 36 Economic Cost
  37. 37. • Low self esteem • Feeling of loneliness, guilt, helplessness • Fear of abandonment and chronic depression • Poor mental health • Suicides 37 Psychological Cost
  38. 38. Who Gains ? • Drug traffickers • Drug cartels • Drug peddlers • Flesh trade • Entertainment joints, pubs etc 38
  39. 39. What can we all do ? 39
  40. 40. Healthy Lifestyle • Daily routine • Cut down on junk • Fitness- physical and mental
  41. 41. What celebrities say: 41
  42. 42. 42
  43. 43. 43
  44. 44. 44
  45. 45. 45
  46. 46. 46
  47. 47. 47
  48. 48. 48
  49. 49. 49
  50. 50. 50
  51. 51. 51
  52. 52. 52
  53. 53. Counselling
  54. 54. Watch list for Parents and Teachers • Friends. Has your teen stopped hanging around with usual friends? • Mood. Have you noticed mood swings? • Appearance. Has your teen’s appearance changed significantly? • Eating. Have you noticed any big changes? 54
  55. 55. • Sleep. Has your teen’s sleep pattern changed? • Sickness. Does your teen frequently ask for cough or cold medicine? • Hidden trash. Have you found empty bottles of medicine or empty packages in the trash? 55
  56. 56.  Increase in borrowing money  Drug paraphernalia such as pipes, rolling papers, etc.  Inhalant products (hairspray, nail polish, fluids)  Bottles of eye drops 56
  57. 57. What parents can do ? • Don’t react impulsively • Gather evidence, do research • Discuss with open mind • Choose the right time and way to talk to children • Encourage children to become involved in sports, music s, community service, drama etc • 57
  58. 58. • Use experience to guide your child • Build strong bond with your child • Be highly involved in your child's life. Know her friends, know what happens at school, on the team, in activities, and with homework 58
  59. 59. • Set clear rules of conduct and consistently enforce them • Let your teen know how much he is an integral part of the family • Create opportunities for family time such as chores, cooking, family dinners, taking walks, games, sports, etc. 59
  60. 60. Explain to your child that you expect him to succeed and live a healthy life - and that you want him to respect his body, behave appropriately and protect himself in potentially dangerous situations. 60
  61. 61. Role of Society • Family • Schools & Colleges • Peer Groups/Friends • Workplace • Rehabilitation Centres • De-addiction Centres • NGOs • Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
  62. 62. Community Awareness
  63. 63. Street Play by NGO
  64. 64. 64
  65. 65. THANK YOU

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