12th Plan Communication Plan Health Division, Planning CommissionHealth Division, Planning Commission () 12th Plan Communication Plan 1 / 9
Objectives of Health System Lower mortality. raise life expectancy Lower morbidity, raise quality of healthy life lived Financial protection Choice to consumerHealth Division, Planning Commission () 12th Plan Communication Plan 2 / 9
Constitutional Provisions Welfare State: Directive Principles of State Policy Health is a State subject: Public health and sanitation; hospitals and dispensaries. Items in concurrent list are: Vital Statistics, medical education, medical profession, Food and drugs, population control, spread of infectious diseases across States.Health Division, Planning Commission () 12th Plan Communication Plan 3 / 9
Health SystemsHealth Division, Planning Commission () 12th Plan Communication Plan 4 / 9
Issues in health systems in India Poor quality Low availability Cost leading to Out-of-pocket expenses and impoverishment Dual burden of disease Weak governance of health systems Ineective regulation Insucient health information and its useHealth Division, Planning Commission () 12th Plan Communication Plan 5 / 9
Income and Life Expectancy Relation Between Income and Life Expectancy exists, but with Dispersion based on eciency of Health Systems Monaco Japan GAPMINDER WORLD 2012 Israel Italy France San Marino Iceland Andorra Switzerland Kong Australia Hong Mapping the Wealth and Health of Nations Spain South Korea Sweden Canada Norway Singapore Liechtenstein Ireland Netherlands New Zealand 80 Cuba Costa Rica Chile Portugal Greece Cyprus UK Austria Germany Luxembourg Healthy Malta Slovenia Finland Belgium Mexico Puerto Rico Taiwan Denmark USA Qatar Brunei Maldives Albania Uruguay Barbados Czech Rep. Bosnia and H. Poland Syria Belize Grenada Serbia DominicaCroatia United Arab Emirates Vietnam 75 Poor Rich Cape Ecuador Sri Lanka Thailand Macedonia Panama Montenegro St.Lucia ArgentinaAntigua St. Kitts Slovak Rep. Barbuda Bahamas Bahrain Palestine Libya Venezuela Estonia Verde Tunisia Nevis Kuwait Nicaragua Armenia Egypt Peru Malaysia Hungary Romania Mauritius Seychelles Dom.R. map layout by Paolo Fausone Georgia Honduras Jordan Colombia Turkey Latvia Saudi Paraguay Samoa Jamaica Iran Arabia Oman Morocco Algeria Palau Brazil Bulgaria Lebanon Lithuania Sick China Micronesia Tonga El Salvador St.Vincent life expectancy in years and G. Vanuatu Guatemala Suriname 70 Life Expectancy of the World Bangladesh Guyana Iraq Kosovo Azerbaijan Belarus Trinidad and Tobago North Korea Moldova Indonesia Nepal Solomon Islands Uzbekistan Fiji Mongolia Ukraine Russia Colour by region Laos Philippines Tajikistan Kyrgyzstan Bhutan Kazakhstan Madagascar Pakistan Bolivia Nauru Yemen 65 Myanmar Tuvalu Turkmenistan India Sao Tome Ghana and Principe Cambodia Kiribati Size by population Papua New Guinea Timor-Leste Gabon Namibia Haiti Eritrea Sudan 1000 Income per Person of the World Comoros 100 3 or 10 millions 60 Ethiopia South Sudan less Senegal Tanzania Gambia Mauritania 2011 data for all 193 UN Members and for Djibouti Hong Kong, Kosovo, Palestine, Puerto Congo, Rep. Rico and Taiwan. Liberia Togo Kenya Burkina Benin Documentation and Rwanda Faso Cote dIvoire pdf version for print at: 55 Niger gapminder.org/downloads/world-pdf Malawi Guinea Uganda Free to copy, share and Botswana remix, but attribute to South Africa Mali Gapminder Foundation. Zimbabwe Somalia Cameroon Nigeria Angola Equatorial Guinea If you want to see more data visit: Burundi 50 Mozambique www.gapminder.org Zambia Chad Central African Rep. Swaziland Dem. Rep. Congo Lesotho Version 11 September 2012 Guinea-Bissau Afghanistan Sierra Leone 500 1 000 2 000 5 000 10 000 20 000 50 000Health Division, Planning Commission () 12th Plan Communication Plan 6 / 9
12th Plan Strategy Strengthening of public sector health care Substantially increase in health care expenditure Ecient Financial and managerial systems Coordinated delivery of services Cooperation between the public and private sector Expansion of skilled human resource Prescription drugs reforms Eective regulation through a Public Health Cadre Inclusive agenda Pilots on Universal Health CareHealth Division, Planning Commission () 12th Plan Communication Plan 7 / 9
Priorities in 12th Plan Document Financing: Funding as an instrument of incentive and reform National Health Mission with universal coverage and greater exibility to States Public Health Cadre for decentralized planning, program management, Behaviour Change Communication, community participation, quality control, HIS, regulation, convergence of social determinants of health. Access to Essential Medicines in All Public Facilities: Operationalize CPA Human Resource strengthening Building eective Health Information Systems Health Systems StrengtheningHealth Division, Planning Commission () 12th Plan Communication Plan 8 / 9
12th Plan goals Reduce Maternal Mortality from 212 to 100 Reduce IMR from 44 to 25 Reduce underweight children below 3 years from 40% to 23% Increase child sex ratio from 914 to 950 Reduce levels of anaemia among women from 55% to 28% Reduce Total Fertility Rate from 2.5 to 2.1 Reduce poor households out-of-pocket expenditure on healthHealth Division, Planning Commission () 12th Plan Communication Plan 9 / 9
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