Handlooms and Handicrafts - 12th Plan (2012 - 2017)
BACKGROUNDThe tradition of making handicrafts and weaving by handconstitutes one of the richest and most vibrant aspects of theIndian cultural heritage. Handloom and Handicrafts sector provides low cost, greenlivelihood opportunities to millions of families, supplementsincomes in seasons of agrarian distress, checks migration andpreserves traditional economic relationships.Women contribute to the majority of pre- and post-loomlabour and account for over 50% of artisans.A significant mass of weavers/artisans belong to the ScheduledCastes, Scheduled Tribes and religious minorities.
.The Handlooms & Handicrafts sectors also represent theeconomic lifeline. Handlooms sector, with 23.77 lakhhandlooms, provides employment to 43.31 lakh persons,whereas Handicrafts sector provides employment to 68.86lakh crafts persons.For 12th Five Year Plan period, Government has undertakensteps to preserve this invaluable heritage.
12th Plan Interventions for Handloom Marketing, Exports, Brand Building and Promotion of Handloom Products— Marketing Events; Urban Haats; Retail Outlets; Strengthening of Handloom Organizations; Marketing Incentive Component; International Fairs and Exhibitions; and Export Projects. Infrastructure and Cluster Model—Consolidation of existing Clusters; New Clusters/Projects; Will include Group Projects/ State-specific Projects and Innovative ideas; New component of Margin Money support. Raw Material Availability—Yarn to be supplied, including supplies under 10 per cent Hank Yarn Price Subsidy and increased freight/Depot charges for NE States; Depots to take up distribution of dyes and chemicals also; Depot-cum- Warehouse for Supply of smaller quantities of yarn.
. Credit Availability—Credit Guarantee and Interest Subvention to weavers against targeted credit. Social Welfare Measures/Environmental Compliance—Health Insurance Scheme and Mahatma Gandhi Bunkar Bima Yojana; Environmental Compliance Projects; Solar lighting; Looms improvement and better ergonomics. Training, HRD, R&D and Technical Processes—Improvement in infrastructure and machinery in existing WSCs and IIHTs; Introduction of degree courses; R&D Projects; Revival and documentation of languishing handloom crafts. North Eastern Region—Umbrella scheme for greater flexibility; conversion of domestic handloom units into Minimum Economic Size (MES) commercial units.
12th Plan Interventions for Handicrafts Sector Babasheb Ambedker Hastshilp Vikas Yojna: Consolidation of clusters by strengthening existing skills, harnessing design development efforts; New clusters preferably in PPP mode. Design and Technology Up-gradation Scheme: Introduction and dissemination of new Designs; Development of Innovative Technologies/Technical Processes; Showcasing of Prototypes in Exhibitions as well as online. Marketing Support and Services Scheme: Initiation of new consumer awareness scheme for increasing domestic sales; Introduction of national level events; Brand promotion; Domestic Exhibitions and International Exhibitions/events. Human Resource Development Scheme: Introduction of Craft Training Programmes in design, technology, marketing and management through recognized institutions and universities.
. Handicrafts Artisans Comprehensive Welfare Scheme: Modified Rajiv Gandhi Shilpi Swasthya Bima and Janashree Bima Yojana; Credit Guarantee/Interest Subvention; Cards to new Artisans. Research and Development Scheme: Completion of Handicrafts Census; Studies on languishing crafts; Occupational Health and Safety Issues; Special advocacy efforts for benefit of artisans. Infrastructure and Technology Development Scheme (New): Strengthening of Raw Material Depots/CFCs as well as opening of new ones; establishment of Mini Haats/Urban Haats; Construction of warehouses; Handicraft Museums. Special Package for NER (New): Capacity development; Setting up State Initiative Design Centre/International Craft Complex; Raw Material and Design Banks; Marketing Extension activities.