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Urban Design Protocol Master Class – GBCA
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Urban Design Protocol Master Class – GBCA

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Our aim is to enable you to apply criteria 4 (urban design) of the green star community rating tool. Upon completion you should: …

Our aim is to enable you to apply criteria 4 (urban design) of the green star community rating tool. Upon completion you should:
1. have consolidated your understanding of the Green Star Rating Tool and the Australian Urban Design Protocol;
2. be able to apply the principles of the Protocol at a project level;
3. be able to develop criteria to assess projects;
4. appreciate the variability in applying urban design principles and how they are open to interpretation; and
5. understand the design review process.

Not a ‘how to do urban design’ or ‘how to develop an urban design strategy’

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  • Every city seems to need markets (and laneways)!
  • Photo of my favourite oz place what's yours?
    Great view, gritty place (functioning rear lane with rubbish bins and cobblestones). Doesn't meet classic urban design criteria - no active edges, although the graffiti helps as does Movida restaurant.
  • The Nolli plan (in this instance Rome) is a useful urban design tool. It shows buildings in black and the spaces in between in white. Generally the more complex the pattern the more interesting the place. Think of the pattern of your nearest big box shopping centre - box in black surrounded by hectares of white parking!
    What would the Nolli plan be of your favourite place?
  • Suburban fringe residential development by Mirvac (through Landcom) which is closer to the street, two stories and not dominated by garages.
    Shame about the bollards?
  • Suburban fringe residential development by Mirvac (through Landcom) which is closer to the street, two stories and not dominated by garages.
    Shame about the bollards?
  • During the design stage we need to plan (and budget) for the social fabric which will play a large part in place creation.
  • This drawing (produced in a design workshop) should deliver good permeability and connectivity. The density is high around the new train station, with a good street network and mix of uses.
    Walkability – safe and comfortable routes, not too far too walk and something to do when you get there!
  • Diversity is a key driver for successful places – part of the reason we enjoy being in the inner city.
    This resident of affordable housing at the end of Hartop Lane in KGUV maintains the street plants. She is coordinating the construction of a community vege garden in the adjacent park.
    Because this Brisbane Housing Company site is on the main street it delivers retail and commercial at the front... with an awning!
  • The first quality and possibly the hardest to reproduce?
    A unique Australian Street - the front walk on Rottnest Island. Largely unchanged over the last 150 years of continuous use. Building from local material make a significant contribution to character.
    Can you spot the quokka?
  • Good urban design helps create sustainable cities.
  • This quality replaces robustness in the manual because it refers to fit – including the concept of ‘loose fit’
    Where new developments aspire to street level retail uses they provide higher floor to ceiling heights for ground floor apartments in the short term.
  • James St is one of the original streets in inner NE Brisbane. When CocaCola retreated to the outer suburbs, the land on either side of the street was redeveloped with retail and commercial uses. Shops, bars and cafes interact with the footpaths and a boutique cinema is a magnet.
    This is the Cru Bar which (apparently) stays open like this late into the night.
    Across the street is a small (approx. 30m²) park with a water feature. A small gesture for the kids while mum and dad are having lunch.
    You can drive here and get a park – but the focus is on pedestrian pleasure.
    Coincidently, there is public housing around the corner.
    PS – no one stopped me taking this photo!
  • Good urban design introduces, maintains and intensifies human activity within the public realm.
    An example of an active building:
    retail use
    transparent facade
    interaction with the street
    a little whimsical?
  • We talked about sense of place in the introduction.
    No doubt Birdsville delivers good built form outcomes. However, people probably travel long distances for the event and the associated festival (and the thrill of getting there!).
  • The new residential development at Mawson Lakes is impressive given it’s distance from the city.
    These footpaths are well overlooked by the buildings.
    Some people like gritty and grungy places which some of us may describe as being unsafe?
  • Urban design is an activity and an end result.
    The linear park in KGUV looked good on plan, but may be missing a clear function. Could be a really good playground or skate park, or performance space?
  • Good urban design helps people be more active. Not like the people catching the escalator up to the Gym!
    The plan for Rochdale seems like it would encourage you to walk?
  • The Nolli plan (in this instance Rome) is a useful urban design tool. It shows buildings in black and the spaces in between in white. Generally the more complex the pattern the more interesting the place. Think of the pattern of your nearest big box shopping centre - box in black surrounded by hectares of white parking!
    What would the Nolli plan be of your favourite place?
  • The Nolli plan (in this instance Rome) is a useful urban design tool. It shows buildings in black and the spaces in between in white. Generally the more complex the pattern the more interesting the place. Think of the pattern of your nearest big box shopping centre - box in black surrounded by hectares of white parking!
    What would the Nolli plan be of your favourite place?
  • Wonderful Degraves Lane with Flinders St Station in the background.
    A functioning laneway which changes during the day and night.

Transcript

  • 1. GREEN STAR COMMUNITIES Claisebrook Cove, East Perth, WA, AUS
  • 2. INTRODUCTION ▸ Welcome ▸ Introduction ▸ Emergency + OHS (AH) ▸ Lighting/AC ▸ Participant list ▸ Terminology ▸ Learning styles + requirements ▸ Questions? Roma Street Parkland, Brisbane, QLD, AUS
  • 3. CASE STUDY Claisebrook Cove, East Perth, WA, AUS
  • 4. Swanston St, Melbourne, VIC, AUS ▸ OUR AIM IS TO ENABLE YOU TO APPLY CRITERIA 4 (URBAN DESIGN) OF THE GREEN STAR COMMUNITY RATING TOOL. ▸ Upon completion you should: ▸ have consolidated your understanding of the Green Star Rating Tool and the Australian Urban Design Protocol ▸ be able to apply the principles of the Protocol at a project level ▸ be able to develop criteria to assess projects ▸ appreciate the variability in applying urban design principles and how they are open to interpretation ▸ Understand the design review process ▸ Not a ‘how to do urban design’ or ‘how to develop an urban design strategy’ OUTCOMES
  • 5. INTRODUCTIONS ▸ Introduce yourself to your colleague so they can ‘present you’ ▸ Name ▸ Training ▸ Job ▸ What would you like to get out of this module? Orion Springfield Town Centre - Springfield, QLD, AUS
  • 6. Q&A - GREEN STAR COMMUNITIES Kuranda Park Way, Fitzgibbon, Brisbane, QLD, AUS
  • 7. North Lakes State College, Northlakes, QLD, AUS 1. Case Study (AH) + QA Green Star Communities 2. Creating Places for People - UD Protocol 3. Evaluation of Case Study (Walking Tour) 4. Design Review 5. Discussion and close PROGRAM WhatApplication
  • 8. Federation Square, Melbourne, VIC, AUS CREATING PLACES FOR PEOPLE ▸ http://www.urbandesign.gov.au/ ▸ It is concerned with the arrangement, appearance and function of our suburbs, towns and cities. ▸ It is both a process and an outcome of creating localities in which people live, engage with each other, and the physical place around them. ▸ It involves many different disciplines. ▸ It operates from the macro to the micro scale. ▸ It influences economics, the physical scale and the social and cultural nature of a locality ▸ It is a long-term process that continues to evolve over time.
  • 9. CREATING PLACES FOR PEOPLE
  • 10. CREATING PLACES FOR PEOPLE PeoplePlaceLeadership
  • 11. ENHANCING ▸ Triple bottom line ▸ Environmental sustainability ▸ Cultural heritage and conservation ▸ Living (green) infrastructure ▸ Design dividend (synergy) ▸ Prosperity Westwaters Hotel, Caroline Springs, Melbourne, VIC, AUS
  • 12. ENHANCED? ▸ respects the needs and aspirations of the local community who live and work there; ▸ creates opportunities for people to prosper and businesses to thrive; ▸ sustains and enhances the natural environment; ▸ enhances the built environment visually, physically, and functionally; and; ▸ celebrates the unique characteristics of the place, its heritage, culture and community, that create a sense of place and identity. Pixel Building - Queensberry Street, Carlton, VIC, AUS
  • 13. PLACE - CONNECTED PeoplePlaceLeadership
  • 14. CONNECTED ▸ Connectivity ▸ Transport options ▸ Permeability ▸ Legibility ▸ Way‐finding ▸ Communication ▸ Agglomeration Juniper Bank Way, Subiaco, Perth, WA, AUS
  • 15. CONNECTED? ▸ It is connected to surrounding areas; ▸ You can see where you are and where you are going; ▸ There is a range of transport options; ▸ It is connected to places with jobs, schools, shops, facilities and services; ▸ It is connected with the past – the heritage of a place – and with the community and its culture; and ▸ It feels connected with the natural environment. Varsity Station Village, Gold Coast (Deicke Richards)
  • 16. PLACE - DIVERSE PeoplePlaceLeadership
  • 17. DIVERSE ▸ Local character and authenticity – expresses or reinterprets ▸ Residential density and mix ▸ Efficient use of land and infrastructure resources ▸ Mixed land use –diverse and complementary , vertically or horizontally integrated ▸ Bulk, mass and scale of buildings – to form centres appropriate to the location ▸ Bio-diversity – retention and enhancement of natural areas Marcus Clarke Street, Canberra, ACT, AUS
  • 18. Town Square Rouse Hill Town Centre, Sydney, NSW, AUS DIVERSE? ▸ Each locality has its own character and qualities ▸ There is a rich range of experiences ▸ There is a range of facilities, services and activities ▸ Despite the diversity, there is an overall harmonious blend ▸ You can take different routes depending on your mood, or if you’re visiting different places on your way ▸ It meets different people’s needs, including a diversity of housing options ▸ There is biodiversity in the flora and fauna
  • 19. PLACE - ENDURING PeoplePlaceLeadership
  • 20. Lochiel Park – Adelaide, SA, AUS ENDURING ▸ Resilience –adverse events and built to last ▸ Mitigation and adaptation ▸ Aesthetics – relevant and attractive and functional ▸ Efficient use of resources ▸ Evolution and layering –existing fabric, character, culture, etc.
  • 21. Christie Walk Eco-Village – Adelaide, SA, AUS ENDURING? ▸ Things are built to last, where appropriate – they’re made of robust materials, are designed well and there’s a sense of quality ▸ It is visually engaging as well as practical ▸ The place is well-maintained and cared for ▸ It is designed to save resources such as water, energy and materials, and minimises its impact on the environment ▸ The place can evolve and adapt over time.
  • 22. PEOPLE - COMFORTABLE PeoplePlaceLeadership
  • 23. Market St, Village Centre, Breakfast Point, NSW, AUS PEOPLE - COMFORTABLE ▸ ‘Urban identity – natural and built elements ▸ Social interaction – urban spaces ▸ Egalitarianism, equity, inclusiveness ▸ Fit for purpose ▸ Environments for all people – diverse spaces and/or elements ▸ Social inclusion
  • 24. James St, Brisbane, QLD, AUS PEOPLE - COMFORTABLE? ▸ It feels comfortable to walk through, sit, stand, play, talk, read, or just relax and contemplate; ▸ It is not too exposed to unpleasant noise, wind, heat, rain, traffic or pollution; ▸ You can freely use the place, or at least part of it, without having to pay; and, ▸ You can be yourself and feel included as part of the community.
  • 25. PEOPLE - VIBRANT PeoplePlaceLeadership
  • 26. Darwin Waterfront, Darwin, NT, AUS PEOPLE - VIBRANT ▸ Social economy – interaction between users. ▸ Activated frontages + streetscapes ▸ Streetscapes are generous and relevant ▸ Places for children and the elderly ▸ Parks + open spaces
  • 27. Musk Ave - Kelvin Grove Urban Village, Brisbane QLD PEOPLE – VIBRANT? ▸ You can see that there are other people around; ▸ People are enjoying themselves and each other’s company; ▸ There are places to meet and interact, play, explore, recreate and unwind; and ▸ Overall it is a place you want to visit, experience, or live in.
  • 28. PEOPLE – SAFE PeoplePlaceLeadership
  • 29. Salamanca Square - Hobart, TAS, AUS PEOPLE – SAFE ▸ Road safety – design and configuration to all users ▸ Cycling + walking infrastructure ▸ CPTED ▸ Safety + surveillance – mix of day and night uses and location
  • 30. Riverside Quay Southbank, Melbourne, VIC, AUS PEOPLE – SAFE? ▸ You feel safe and secure, even at night or on your own; ▸ There aren’t signs of decay such as graffiti, rubbish, weeds or derelict places; and ▸ Roads and paths are safe for adults and children to walk or ride their bikes.
  • 31. PEOPLE – WALKABLE PeoplePlaceLeadership
  • 32. WALKABLE ▸ Active Transport - safe for users and non-users. ▸ Access for people with disabilities ▸ Supporting infrastructure The Garage, South Bank, Brisbane, QLD, AUS
  • 33. WALKABLE? Main St, Point Cook, VIC, AUS ▸ Prioritises people walking or riding before vehicles; ▸ Easy to get around on foot, bike, wheelchair, pushing a pram or wheeling luggage; ▸ Buildings and streets feel like they’re the right size and type for that place; and; ▸ Encourages physical activity and social interaction, and promotes a healthy lifestyle.
  • 34. LEADERSHIP – CONTEXT PeoplePlaceLeadership
  • 35. LEADERSHIP – CONTEXT ▸ Works within the planning, physical + social context ▸ A good strategic planning framework ▸ Strategic policies implemented through a variety of means ▸ Respond to the National Urban Policy objectives and the principles outlined in the Urban Design Protocol. ▸ Work within the strategic policies and statutory plans of the relevant State / Territory and local authorities South Bank, Brisbane, QLD, AUS
  • 36. LEADERSHIP – CONTEXT ▸ It sets, or works within the strategic planning framework ▸ It integrates with the physical environment, including its topography, biodiversity, landscape and views, existing streets and buildings, and infrastructure; ▸ It incorporates the heritage, culture and historical context of surrounding communities and places; and ▸ It is compatible with the surrounding social and economic activities. KGUV – Brisbane. Google Earth
  • 37. LEADERSHIP – ENGAGEMENT PeoplePlaceLeadership
  • 38. LEADERSHIP – ENGAGEMENT ▸ Relevant stakeholders, including the broader community, should provide input and feedback at key stages of process. ▸ They can help to develop the vision, review design options and provide feedback during public exhibition. QUT Gardens Point, Brisbane, QLD AUS
  • 39. LEADERSHIP – ENGAGEMENT ▸ It acknowledges that urban design is primarily about creating places for people; ▸ It engages people in the development of their community; and ▸ It adopts a multi-disciplinary and collaborative approach to planning and design. Caroline Springs Blvd, Caroline Springs, Melbourne, VIC, AUS
  • 40. LEADERSHIP – EXCELLENCE PeoplePlaceLeadership
  • 41. LEADERSHIP – EXCELLENCE ▸ A process that embraces design excellence requires visionary leadership. ▸ Collaboration and teamwork ▸ Invest up front in quality, integrated processes ▸ Foster a culture which critically assesses urban design, celebrates its best examples and builds design literacy. Reward design excellence. Hibberson St, Gungahlin, Canberra, ACT, AUS
  • 42. LEADERSHIP – EXCELLENCE ▸ It prioritises best practice planning, design, engineering, procurement and maintenance; ▸ It champions universal design and accessibility; ▸ It integrates design, and design expertise, from the earliest stages of a plan or project through to completion; and ▸ It engages competent, skilled professionals to design and deliver on projects. Claisebrook Cove, East Perth, WA, AUS
  • 43. LEADERSHIP – CUSTODIANSHIP PeoplePlaceLeadership
  • 44. LEADERSHIP – CUSTODIANSHIP ▸ Ensure that systems are in place for ongoing operations, management and upkeep so that the place is well- maintained and sustainable over the long term. Park St, Sydney Olympic Park, Sydney, NSW, AUS
  • 45. LEADERSHIP – CUSTODIANSHIP ▸ It recognises that communities, environments and cities are continually evolving and adapting; ▸ It considers the wider environmental, social and economic costs and benefits of development, operations, maintenance and disposal; ▸ It ensures that the design of a place is appropriate for its ongoing maintenance, operations and upkeep; and ▸ It incorporates strategies to reduce and adapt to climate change. Darling Harbour, Sydney, NSW, AUS
  • 46. PROTOCOL – ROB ADAMS ▸ 56:55
  • 47. Carselgrove Ave, Fitzgibbon Chase, Brisbane, QLD, AUS 1. Case Study (AH) + QA Green Star Communities 2. Creating Places for People - UD Protocol 3. Evaluation of Case Study (Walking Tour) 4. Design Review 5. Discussion and close PROGRAM WhatApplication
  • 48. CASE STUDY - MEASURE PeoplePlaceLeadership
  • 49. George Street, North Strathfield, Sydney, NSW, AUS 1. Case Study (AH) + QA Green Star Communities 2. Creating Places for People - UD Protocol 3. Evaluation of Case Study (Walking Tour) 4. Design Review 5. Discussion and close PROGRAM WhatApplication
  • 50. Joondalup, Perth, WA, AUS MOCK DESIGN REVIEW ▸ Roles – Panel, Project Team ▸ Preparation – presentation/questions ▸ Introduction (5 min) ▸ Project Presentation (10 min) ▸ Questions from the panel (15 min) ▸ Panel deliberation (20 min) ▸ Recommendations and point allocation (10 min)
  • 51. Old Belvidere Prom - East Perth, WA, AUS FEEDBACK – SIX THINKING HATS 1. Process (blue) 2. What worked? (yellow) 3. What didn’t? (black) 4. What if? (green) 5. Gut feel? (red) http://www.loosetooth.com/Vis com/gf/6thinkinghats.htm
  • 52. Portside Markets, Hercules Street, Brisbane, QLD, AUS 7.0 DISCUSSION AND CLOSE 1. Green Star Communities 2. Creating Places for People - the Urban Design Protocol for Australian Cities 3. Design Review 4. Close + Feedback